Joseph-Louis Lagrange

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Joseph-Louis Lagrange

Italian: Giuseppe Luigi Lagrangia
Also Known As: "Giuseppe Lodovico Lagrangia"
Birthdate: (78)
Birthplace: Turin, Turin, Italy
Death: April 10, 1813 (78)
Paris, Paris, Ile de France, France
Managed by: Martin Severin Eriksen
Last Updated:

About Joseph-Louis Lagrange

Joseph-Louis Lagrange born Giuseppe Lodovico (Luigi) Lagrangia, born January 25, 1736 died April 10, 1813, buried in the Panthéon

Joseph-Louis Lagrang, was a mathematician and astronomer, who was born in Turin, Piedmont, lived part of his life in Prussia and part in France, making significant contributions to all fields of analysis, to number theory, and to classical and celestial mechanics. On the recommendation of Euler and d'Alembert, in 1766 Lagrange succeeded Euler as the director of mathematics at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, where he stayed for over twenty years, producing a large body of work and winning several prizes of the French Academy of Sciences. Lagrange's treatise on analytical mechanics (Mécanique Analytique, 4. ed., 2 vols. Paris: Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1888-89), written in Berlin and first published in 1788, offered the most comprehensive treatment of classical mechanics since Newton and formed a basis for the development of mathematical physics in the nineteenth century.

Lagrange's parents were Italian, although he also had French ancestors on his father's side. In 1787, at age 51, he moved from Berlin to France and became a member of the French Academy, and he remained in France until the end of his life. Therefore, Lagrange is alternatively considered a French and an Italian scientist. Lagrange survived the French Revolution and became the first professor of analysis at the École Polytechnique upon its opening in 1794. Napoleon named Lagrange to the Legion of Honour and made him a Count of the Empire in 1808. He is buried in the Panthéon and his name appears as one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.


Joseph Louis Lagrange

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Joseph-Louis Lagrange's Timeline

January 25, 1735
Turin, Turin, Italy
April 10, 1813
Age 78
Paris, Paris, Ile de France, France