Carl D. T. Runge

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Carl David Tolmé Runge

Birthplace: Bremen, Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Death: Died in Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Julius Runge and Fanny S. Runge
Husband of Aimée Runge
Father of Nerina Courant (Runge)
Brother of Herman Runge; Julius Runge; Mary Neele; Fanny Schröder; Gustav Runge and 3 others

Occupation: German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist.
Managed by: Malka Mysels
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Carl D. T. Runge

Biography Carl David Tolmé Runge

Carl David Tolmé Runge (German pronunciation: [ˈʁʊŋə]; 30 August 1856 – 3 January 1927) was a German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist.

He was co-developer and co-eponym of the Runge–Kutta method (pronounced [ˌʀʊŋəˈkʊta]), in the field of what is today known as numerical analysis.


He spent the first few years of his life in Havana, where his father Julius Runge was the Danish consul. The family later moved to Bremen, where his father died early (in 1864).

In 1880, he received his Ph.D. in mathematics at Berlin, where he studied under Karl Weierstrass. In 1886, he became a professor in Hannover, Germany.

His interests included mathematics, spectroscopy, geodesy, and astrophysics. In addition to pure mathematics, he did a great deal of experimental work studying spectral lines of various elements (together with Heinrich Kayser), and was very interested in the application of this work to astronomical spectroscopy.

In 1904, on the initiative of Felix Klein he received a call to the Georg-August University of Göttingen, which he accepted. There he remained until his retirement in 1925.

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Carl D. T. Runge's Timeline

August 30, 1856
Bremen, Bremen, Bremen, Germany
January 3, 1927
Age 70
Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany