Pauline Marion Chaplin (Levy)
Hebrew: פאולין מריון גודארד לוי
|Also Known As:||"Paulette Goddard"|
|Birthplace:||Whitestone Landing, Queens, New York, USA|
|Death:||Died in Ticino, Switzerland|
|Cause of death:||heart failure|
|Place of Burial:||Ronco sopra Ascona, Locarno, Ticino, Switzerland|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Paulette Goddard
A Hollywood leading lady from her breakthrough in 1936 and a major star of Paramount Studio in the 1940s, Paulette Goddard went from bit parts to stardom after her marvelous performance in Modern Times. Goddard was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in So Proudly We Hail! (1943).
Early information about her life is sketchy: Her birth name may have been Marion Pauline Levee, Pauline Marion Goddard Levee, or Levy, and recent scholarship indicates she was born in 1910, though sources range from 1904 to 1914. She was a Ziegfeld Girl and was married for a few years before landing in Hollywood in 1931. She met silent film superstar Chaplin in 1932 and they became a pair and eventually married. She went from bit parts to stardom after her marvelous performance in Modern Times. Goddard and Chaplin split in 1942, and she married actor Burgess Meredith in 1944. (They divorced in 1949.) Goddard was a glamorous and versatile leading lady for Paramount Pictures; her films included The Women (1939, with Joan Crawford), The Great Dictator (1940, with Chaplin), So Proudly We Hail (1943, and her only Oscar nomination), Kitty (1945) and The Diary of a Chambermaid (1946, with then-husband Meredith). She made several B movies in the 1950s, then married Remarque and retired to Europe.
The circumstances of her actual wedding to Chaplin are also clouded in mystery. Some sources say they were secretly married (at sea or in China) sometime between 1933 and 1936... Although she was never a student at the school, Goddard left her estate -- valued at $20 million -- to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts.
She had no children during her four marriages but she was stepmother to Charles Chaplin, Jr. and Sydney Chaplin, sons of Charlie Chaplin.
Actress. A child model, she made her show business debut at the age of thirteen in the Ziegfeld Follies. She quickly became very famous for her work in the show, and by the age of fifteen had already gotten married for the first time. However, the marriage didn't last long, and in 1931 she headed for Hollywood. At first she appeared only in minor roles, but found herself getting noticed nevertheless because of her good looks. One of her most important minor roles from this period of her career came in the 1932 Eddie Cantor film 'The Kid from Spain.' In that same year of 1932, she met Charlie Chaplin, who was twenty-one years her senior. She appeared in his 1936 classic 'Modern Times' as the Gamine, which proved to be her breakthrough role. She also appeared as his leading lady in his 1940 film 'The Great Dictator.' The two were said to have gotten married in 1936, and were known around Hollywood as Mr. and Mrs. Chaplin, but were never able to produce a marriage certificate. This cost Paulette the role of Scarlett O'Hara in 'Gone with the Wind,' a role which she had been the leading contender for. They ended up separating in 1942. She was signed to a contract with Paramount on the basis of her role as Miriam Aarons in the 1939 film 'The Women.' Throughout most of the Forties she was at her peak of fame, appearing in such films as 'Reap the Wild Wind' (1942), 'The Lady Has Plans' (1942), 'Kitty' (1945), 'Second Chorus' (1940), 'Pot o' Gold' (1941), and 'Unconquered' (1947). Her work in the 1943 film 'So Proudly We Hail!' got her nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, though she didn't win. In 1944 she got married again, to Burgess Meredith. This marriage lasted until 1950. During the Fifties she was in only six films, the last of which came in 1954. For the remainder of the Fifties and the early Sixties she found sporadic acting work on television. In the late Fifties she moved to Europe and married Erich Maria Remarque, the novelist who wrote 'All Quiet on the Western Front.' They were married until his death in 1970. She wasn't to return to the screen again until 1964. Her final acting role was in 'The Snoop Sisters,' a 1972 made-for-tv movie. After that she permanently retired from the acting business and was living in Switzerland when she died of heart failure at the age of seventy-nine. Goddard left more than twenty million dollars to New York University upon her death. The school named one of its residence halls after her. In addition, New York University's Tisch School of the Arts renamed its main staircase after her. and created a number of scholarships in her in her honor. (bio by: Carrie-Anne)
^ "The Religious Affiliation of Actress Paulette Goddard" באתר Adherents.com (2005)
Paulette Goddard From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Paulette Goddard Paulette Goddard publicity shot, date unknown III (soft contrast).jpg Goddard in a studio publicity portrait, date unknown. Born Marion Goddard Levy June 3, 1910 Whitestone Landing, Queens, New York, U.S. Died April 23, 1990 (aged 79) Ronco sopra Ascona, Ticino, Switzerland Cause of death Heart failure Resting place Ronco Village Cemetery Nationality American Occupation Actress, film producer, dancer, model Years active 1929–1972 Spouse(s) Edgar James (m. 1927–32) Charlie Chaplin (m. 1936–42) Burgess Meredith (m. 1944–49) Erich Maria Remarque (m. 1958–70) Paulette Goddard (June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990) was an American actress. A child fashion model and a performer in several Broadway productions as a Ziegfeld Girl, she became a major star of the Paramount Studio in the 1940s. Goddard was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in 1943's So Proudly We Hail! (1943) Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Later life 4 Death 5 Personal life 6 Legacy 7 Fictional portrayals 8 Filmography 9 Notes 9.1 References 10 External links Early life
According to biographer Julie Gilbert, Goddard was born in Whitestone Landing, Queens, New York or Great Neck, Long Island on June 3, 1910, and according to her birth certificate was named Marion Goddard Levy. However, various later documents mention different birth years and places as well as names. Legal documents and a passport listed her birth year as 1905 and 1915, and when asked to clarify the confusion over her age in a 1945 interview with Life, Goddard claimed that she was in fact born in 1915. She also later claimed in a magazine column to have been born in Manhattan, and according to her second husband, Charlie Chaplin, she was born in Brooklyn. Goddard's name has also been cited as Marion Levy and Pauline Marion Levy. Goddard was the only child of Joseph Russell Levy (d. 1954), son of a prosperous Jewish cigar manufacturer from Salt Lake City, and Alta Mae Goddard (1887–1983), who was Episcopalian and of English heritage. They had married in 1908 and separated while their daughter was very young, although the divorce did not become final until 1926. According to Goddard, her father had left them, but according to J.R. Levy, Alta had vanished with her. Goddard was raised by her mother, and did not meet her father again until in the late 1930s, when she was already famous. In a 1938 interview published in Collier's, Goddard claimed that Levy was not her biological father. In response, Levy filed a suit against his daughter, claiming that the interview had ruined his reputation and lost him his job, and demanded financial support from her. In a December 17, 1945 article written by Oliver Jensen in LIFE magazine, Goddard admitted to losing the case and forced to pay her father $35 a week. In order to avoid a custody battle, Goddard and her mother moved often during her childhood, even relocating to Canada at one point. Goddard started modelling as a preteen in order to support herself and her mother, working for Saks Fifth Avenue and Hattie Carnegie amongst others. An important figure in her childhood was her great-uncle, Charles Goddard, the owner of the American Druggists Syndicate. He played a central role in starting Goddard's career, as he introduced her to Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld. In 1926, she made her stage debut as a dancer in Ziegfeld's summer review, No Foolin', which was also the first time that she used the stage name Paulette Goddard. Ziegfeld also hired her for another review, Rio Rita, which opened in February 1927, but she left the show after only three weeks to appear in the play The Unconquerable Male, produced by Archie Selwyn. It was, however, a flop and closed after only three days following its premiere in Atlantic City. Soon after the play closed, Goddard was introduced to Edgar James, president of the Southern Lumber Company, located in Asheville, North Carolina, by Charles Goddard. Although she was only sixteen at the time and considerably younger than James, they married on June 28, 1927 in Rye, New York. It was a short marriage, and Goddard was granted a divorce in Reno, Nevada in 1929, receiving a divorce settlement of $375,000. Film career
Goddard's first visit to Hollywood had taken place in 1929, when she had appeared as an uncredited extra in two films, the Laurel and Hardy short film Berth Marks and George Fitzmaurice's drama The Locked Door. Following her divorce, she briefly visited Europe before returning to Hollywood in late 1930 with her mother. Her second attempt to succeed as an actress was initially no more successful than the first, as she landed work only as an extra. In 1932, she signed her first film contract with producer Samuel Goldwyn to appear as a chorus girl in The Kid from Spain. Goddard and Goldwyn did not get along, and she soon started working for Hal Roach Studios, appearing in a string of uncredited supporting roles for the next four years.
Studio publicity portrait for Modern Times (1936), in which Goddard had her first substantial film role. However, the same year as she signed with Goldwyn, Goddard also began dating film comedian Charlie Chaplin, a relationship which received a substantial amount of attention from the press. It also marked a turning point in Goddard's career when Chaplin cast her as his leading lady in his next box office hit, Modern Times, in 1936. Her role as "The Gamin", an orphan girl who runs away from the authorities and becomes The Tramp's companion, was her first credited film appearance and garnered her mainly positive reviews, Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times describing her as "the fitting recipient of the great Charlot's championship". Following the success of Modern Times, Chaplin planned other projects with Goddard in mind as a co-star, but he worked slowly and Goddard worried that the public might forget about her if she did not continue to make regular film appearances. She signed a contract with David O. Selznick and appeared with Janet Gaynor in the comedy The Young in Heart (1938) before Selznick loaned her to MGM to appear in two films. The first of these, Dramatic School (1938), costarred Luise Rainer, but the film received mediocre reviews and failed to attract an audience. Her next film, The Women (1939), was a success. With an all-female cast headed by Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, and Rosalind Russell, the film's supporting role of Miriam Aarons was played by Goddard. Pauline Kael would later comment of Goddard, "she is a stand-out. She's fun."
Studio publicity portrait from the 1940s, when Goddard was working for Paramount Pictures. Selznick had been pleased with Goddard's recent performances, and specifically her work in The Young at Heart, and considered her for the role of Scarlett O'Hara. Initial screen tests convinced him and the director George Cukor that Goddard would require coaching to be effective in the role, but that she showed promise, and she was the first actress given a Technicolor screen test. Russell Birdwell, the head of Selznick's publicity department, had strong misgivings about Goddard. He warned Selznick of the "tremendous avalanche of criticism that will befall us and the picture should Paulette be given this part… I have never known a woman, intent on a career dependent upon her popularity with the masses, to hold and live such an insane and absurd attitude towards the press and her fellow man as does Paulette Goddard… Briefly, I think she is dynamite that will explode in our very faces if she is given the part." Selznick remained interested in Goddard and after he had been introduced to Vivien Leigh, he wrote to his wife that Leigh was a "dark horse" and that his choice had "narrowed down to Paulette, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett, and Vivien Leigh" After a series of tests with Leigh that pleased both Selznick and Cukor, Selznick cancelled the further tests that had been scheduled for Goddard, and the part was given to Leigh. It has been suggested that Goddard lost the part because Selznick feared questions surrounding her marital status with Charlie Chaplin would result in scandal. However, Selznick was aware that Leigh and Laurence Olivier lived together as their respective spouses had refused to divorce them, and in addition to offering Leigh a contract, he engaged Olivier as the leading man in his next production Rebecca (1940). Chaplin's biographer Joyce Milton wrote that Selznick was worried about legal issues by signing her to a contract that might conflict with her preexisting contracts with the Chaplin studio.
Paulette Goddard in a publicity shot for A Stranger Came Home. Goddard signed a contract with Paramount Pictures and her next film The Cat and the Canary (1939) with Bob Hope, was a turning point in the careers of both actors. She starred with Chaplin again in his 1940 film The Great Dictator. The couple split amicably soon afterward, and Goddard allegedly obtained a divorce in Mexico in 1942, with Chaplin agreeing to a generous settlement. She was Fred Astaire's leading lady in the musical Second Chorus (1940), where she met her third husband, actor Burgess Meredith. One of her best-remembered film appearances was in the variety musical Star Spangled Rhythm (1943), in which she sang a comic number, "A Sweater, a Sarong, and a Peekaboo Bang", with Dorothy Lamour and Veronica Lake. She received one Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress, for the 1943 film So Proudly We Hail!, but did not win. Her most successful film was Kitty (1945), in which she played the title role. In The Diary of a Chambermaid (1946), she starred opposite Burgess Meredith, to whom she was married at the time. Cecil B. DeMille cast her in three blockbusters: North West Mounted Police (1940), Reap the Wild Wind (1942) (where Goddard played a Scarlett O'Hara-type role), and Unconquered (1947). Her career faded in the late 1940s. In 1947 she made An Ideal Husband in Britain for Alexander Korda films, being accompanied on a publicity trip to Brussels by Clarissa Churchill, niece of Sir Winston and future wife of Prime Minister Anthony Eden. In 1949, she formed Monterey Pictures with John Steinbeck. Her last starring roles were the English production A Stranger Came Home (known as The Unholy Four in the United States), and Charge of the Lancers in 1954. She also acted in summer stock and on television, including the 1955 television remake of The Women, playing the Sylvia Fowler character. Later life
After her marriage to Erich Maria Remarque, Goddard largely retired from acting and moved to Ronco sopra Ascona, Switzerland. In 1964, she attempted a comeback in films with a supporting role in the Italian film Time of Indifference, which turned out to be her last feature film. After Remarque's death in 1970, she made one last attempt at acting, when she accepted a small role in an episode of The Snoop Sisters (1972) for television. Upon Remarque's death, Goddard inherited much of his money and several important properties across Europe including a wealth of contemporary art, which augmented her own long-standing collection. During this period, her talent at accumulating wealth became a byword among the old Hollywood élite. During the 1980s she became a fairly well known (and highly visible) socialite in New York City society, appearing, covered with jewels, at many high-profile cultural functions with several well-known men including Andy Warhol, with whom she sustained a friendship for many years until his death in 1987. Death
Goddard was treated for breast cancer, apparently successfully. On April 24, 1990, she died of heart failure at her home in Switzerland. She is buried in Ronco Village Cemetery, next to Remarque and her mother. Personal life
Goddard married lumber tycoon Edgar James on June 28, 1927, and moved to North Carolina.They separated in 1929, and divorced in 1932. In 1934, Goddard began a relationship with Charlie Chaplin. She later moved into his Beverly Hills home. They were reportedly married in secret in Canton, China in June 1936. Aside from referring to Goddard as "my wife" at the October 1940 premiere of The Great Dictator, neither Goddard nor Chaplin publicly commented on their marital status. On June 4, 1942, Goddard was granted a Mexican divorce from Chaplin. In May 1944, Goddard married Burgess Meredith at David O. Selznick's Beverly Hills home. They divorced in June 1949. In 1958, Goddard married author Erich Maria Remarque. They remained married until Remarque's death in 1970. Goddard had no children from any of her marriages, albeit in October 1944 she suffered the miscarriage of a son with Burgess Meredith. She was the first step-mother to Charlie Chaplin's sons Charles, Jr. and Sydney Chaplin whose mother was Lita Grey. Legacy
Goddard, who in her youth missed out on an education because she had to support herself and her mother, bequeathed US$20 million to New York University (NYU). This was also in recognition of her friendship with the Indiana-born politician and former NYU President John Brademas. Goddard Hall, an NYU freshman residence hall on Washington Square, is named in her honor. Efforts to raise CHF 6.2M ($7M) to purchase and save Remarque and Goddard's villa from demolition, are underway, proposing to transform the Casa Monte Tabor into a museum and home to an artist-in-residence program, focused on creativity, freedom and peace. Fictional portrayals
Goddard was portrayed by Diane Lane in the 1992 film Chaplin, and by actress Natalie Wilder in the 2011 play Puma, written by Julie Gilbert, who also wrote the joint biography, Opposite Attraction: The Lives of Erich Maria Remarque and Paulette Goddard. Filmography
Film Year Title Role Notes 1929 Berth Marks Train passenger Short subject 1929 The Locked Door Girl on rum boat Uncredited 1931 City Streets Dance extra Uncredited 1931 The Girl Habit Lingerie salesgirl 1931 Ladies of the Big House Inmate in midst of crowd Uncredited 1932 The Mouthpiece Blonde at party Uncredited 1932 Show Business Blonde train passenger Uncredited Short subject 1932 Young Ironsides Herself, Miss Hollywood Uncredited Short subject 1932 Pack Up Your Troubles Bridesmaid Uncredited 1932 Girl Grief Student Uncredited Short subject 1932 The Kid From Spain Goldwyn Girl Uncredited 1933 Hollywood on Parade No. B-1 Herself Short subject 1933 The Bowery Blonde who announces Brodie's jump Uncredited 1933 Hollywood on Parade No. B-5 Herself Short subject 1933 Roman Scandals Goldwyn Girl Uncredited 1934 Kid Millions Goldwyn Girl Uncredited 1936 Modern Times Ellen Peterson – A Gamine 1936 The Bohemian Girl Gypsy vagabond Uncredited 1938 The Young in Heart Leslie Saunders 1938 Dramatic School Nana 1939 The Women Miriam Aarons 1939 The Cat and the Canary Joyce Norman 1940 The Ghost Breakers Mary Carter 1940 The Great Dictator Hannah 1940 Screen Snapshots: Sports in Hollywood Herself Short subject 1940 North West Mounted Police Louvette Corbeau Alternative titles: Northwest Mounted Police The Scarlet Riders 1940 Second Chorus Ellen Miller 1941 Pot o' Gold Molly McCorkle Alternative titles: The Golden Hour Jimmy Steps Out 1941 Hold Back the Dawn Anita Dixon 1941 Nothing But the Truth Gwen Saunders 1942 The Lady Has Plans Sidney Royce 1942 Reap the Wild Wind Loxi Claiborne Alternative title: Cecil B. DeMille's Reap the Wild Wind 1942 The Forest Rangers Celia Huston Stuart 1942 Star Spangled Rhythm Herself 1943 The Crystal Ball Toni Gerard 1943 So Proudly We Hail! Lt. Joan O'Doul Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress 1944 Standing Room Only Jane Rogers/Suzanne 1944 I Love a Soldier Evelyn Connors 1945 Duffy's Tavern Herself 1945 Kitty Kitty 1943 The Diary of a Chambermaid Célestine Producer (Uncredited) 1947 Suddenly, It's Spring Mary Morely 1947 Variety Girl Herself 1947 Unconquered Abigail "Abby" Martha Hale 1947 An Ideal Husband Mrs. Laura Cheveley Alternative title: Oscar Wilde's An Ideal Husband 1948 On Our Merry Way Martha Pease 1948 Screen Snapshots: Smiles and Styles Herself Short subject 1948 Hazard Ellen Crane 1949 Bride of Vengeance Lucretia Borgia 1949 Anna Lucasta Anna Lucasta 1949 A Yank Comes Back Herself Uncredited Short subject 1950 The Torch María Dolores Penafiel Associate producer Alternative title: Bandit General 1952 Babes in Bagdad Kyra 1953 Vice Squad Mona Ross Alternative title: The Girl in Room 17 1953 Sins of Jezebel Jezebel 1953 Paris Model Betty Barnes Alternative title: Nude at Midnight 1954 Charge of the Lancers Tanya 1954 A Stranger Came Home Angie Alternative title: The Unholy Four 1964 Time of Indifference Mariagrazia Alternative titles: Les Deux Rivales Gli Indifferenti Television Year Title Role Notes 1951 Four Star Revue Guest actress Episode #1.41 1952 The Ed Sullivan Show Herself 2 episodes 1953 Ford Theatre Nancy Whiting Episode: "The Doctor's Downfall" 1954 Sherlock Holmes Lady Beryl Episode: "The Case of Lady Beryl" 1955 Producers' Showcase Sylvia Fowler Episode: "The Women" 1957 The Errol Flynn Theatre Rachel Episode: "Mademoiselle Fifi" 1957 The Joseph Cotten Show: On Trial Dolly Episode: "The Ghost of Devil's Island" 1957 Ford Theatre Holly March Episode: "Singapore" 1959 Adventures in Paradise Mme. Victorine Reynard Episode: "The Lady from South Chicago" 1959 What's My Line? Guest panelist November 29, 1959 episode 1961 The Phantom Mrs. Harris TV movie 1972 The Snoop Sisters Norma Treet TV movie Alternative title: Female Instinct Portal icon Biography portal Portal icon New York City portal Portal icon Los Angeles portal Portal icon Switzerland portal Portal icon Theatre portal Portal icon Film portal Portal icon Television portal Portal icon Judaism portal Notes
^ Jump up to: a b c d Gilbert, p. 39 Jump up ^ Jensen, Oliver (December 17, 1945). "The Mystery of Paulette Goddard". Life (Time Inc) 19 (25): 124. ISSN 0024-3019. "The interview moved on to her date of birth. It was pointed out that the dates most frequently given were 1911, 1905 and 1914. "Isn't that funny," observed Miss Goddard, "because I was actually born in 1915." In the same interview she acknowledged marrying at age 16." Jump up ^ Rimler, Walter (2009). George Gershwin: An Intimate Portrait. University of Illinois Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-252-09369-0. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Gilbert, pp. 37–41 for parents' names and backgrounds, as well as Alta's birth year; pp. 159–160 for Levy's death year and p. 477 for Alta's death year. Jump up ^ Harms, John W.; Goddard Harms, Pearl (1990). The Goddard Book 2. Gateway Press. p. 1364. ^ Jump up to: a b Gilbert, pp. 159–160 Jump up ^ Gilbert, p. 43 ^ Jump up to: a b Gilbert, p. 46 ^ Jump up to: a b c Gilbert, pp. 46–51 ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Gilbert, pp. 53–70 ^ Jump up to: a b Monush, Barry (2003). Monush, Barry, ed. Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the Silent Era to 1965, Volume 1 1. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 282. ISBN 1-557-83551-9. Jump up ^ Shipman, p. 247 Jump up ^ Kael, p. 660. ^ Jump up to: a b Haver, p. 251. Jump up ^ Haver, p. 260. ^ Jump up to: a b Haver, p. 259. Jump up ^ Walker, p. 150. Jump up ^ Haver, p. 318. Jump up ^ Milton, Joyce. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin, HarperCollins (1996) p. 373. ^ Jump up to: a b Flint, Peter B. (April 24, 1990). "Paulette Goddard, 78, Is Dead; Film Star of 1930's Through 50's". nytimes.com. p. 1. Retrieved February 15, 2013. Jump up ^ "FORMER FOLLIES GIRL SUES.; Paulette Goddard James, Wed Here in 1927, Seeks Reno Divorce". The New York Times. January 9, 1932. p. 21. Jump up ^ "Paulette Goddard Divorces Charles Chaplin in Mexico". St. Petersburg Times. June 5, 1942. p. 8. Retrieved February 16, 2013. Jump up ^ "Paulette Goddard Becomes Bride of Burgess Meredith". The Evening Independent. May 23, 1944. p. 10. Retrieved February 16, 2013. Jump up ^ "Goddard Mexican Divorce Final". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 8, 1949. p. 12. Retrieved February 16, 2013. Jump up ^ "Paulette Goddard, Chaplin's ex-wife". The Pittsburgh Press. April 23, 1990. p. B4. Retrieved February 17, 2013. Jump up ^ Ancestry.com: Paulette Goddard aka Marion Pauline Levy Jump up ^ American National Biography Online: Paulette Goddard (1910–1990) Jump up ^ (German) "La villa d'Erich Remarque en danger" sur swissinfo.ch (November 2010) Jump up ^ "New Jersey Rep Presents PUMA Through April 3 Read more about New Jersey Rep Presents PUMA Through April 3". broadwayworld.com. February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2013. References Gilbert, Julie (1995). Opposite Attraction – The Lives of Erich Maria Remarque and Paulette Goddard. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-679-41535-1. Haver, Ronald (1980). David O. Selznick's Hollywood. Bonanza Books, New York. ISBN 0-517-47665-7. Kael, Pauline (1982). 5001 Nights at the Movies. Arrow Books, London. ISBN 0-09-933550-6. Shipman, David (1970). The Great Movie Stars, The Golden Years. Bonanza Books, New York. ASIN B000O94LLG. Walker, Alexander (1987). Vivien, The Life of Vivien Leigh. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3259-6. External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paulette Goddard. Paulette Goddard at the Internet Broadway Database Paulette Goddard at the Internet Movie Database Paulette Goddard at the TCM Movie Database Paulette Goddard at AllRovi Photographs and literature Paulette Goddard portrait gallery NY Public Library (Billy Rose collection) Paulette Goddard's site (english) Photos of Paulette Goddard in 'Pot O Gold' by Ned Scott [hide] v t e Chaplin family Charlie Chaplin's parents Charles Chaplin, Sr. Hannah Chaplin Hannah Chaplin's children Sydney Chaplin Charlie Chaplin George Wheeler Dryden Charlie Chaplin's wives Mildred Harris Lita Grey Paulette Goddard Oona O'Neill Charlie Chaplin's children Norman Chaplin Charles Chaplin, Jr. Sydney Chaplin Carol Ann Barry Chaplin (Disputed) Geraldine Chaplin Michael Chaplin Josephine Chaplin Victoria Chaplin Eugene Chaplin Jane Chaplin Annette Chaplin Christopher Chaplin Charlie Chaplin's notable grandchildren Oona Castilla Chaplin Carmen Chaplin James Thiérrée Kiera Chaplin Authority control WorldCat VIAF: 100242937 LCCN: n82153280 ISNI: 0000 0001 2145 2397 GND: 119334585 SUDOC: 034297529 BNF: cb13948666g (data) NLA: 35218594 NKC: pna2004259305 Categories: 1910 births1990 deaths20th-century American actressesAmerican expatriates in SwitzerlandAmerican film actressesAmerican film producersAmerican female modelsAmerican people of Jewish descentAmerican people of English descentAmerican stage actressesAmerican television actressesBreast cancer survivorsChaplin familyVaudeville performersDeaths from heart failureParamount Pictures contract playersPeople from the Kansas City metropolitan areaActresses from New York CityZiegfeld girlsCardiovascular disease deaths in SwitzerlandPeople from Queens, New York
About פולט רמארק (עברית)
פולט גודארד פולט גודארד
גודארד מתוך הסרט "Second Chorus" (1940) תאריך לידה: 3 ביוני 1910 מקום לידה: קווינס, ניו יורק, ארצות הברית תאריך פטירה: 23 באפריל 1990 מקום פטירה: טיצ'ינו, שווייץ שנות הפעילות: 1929 - 1972 פולט גודארד (באנגלית: Paulette Goddard; 3 ביוני 1910 - 23 באפריל 1990) הייתה שחקנית קולנוע ותיאטרון אמריקאית, אשר בתחילת הקריירה שלה הייתה דוגמנית אופנה לילדים, והכוכבת המרכזית במספר הפקות של אולפני פרמאונט לברודוויי בשנות ה-40, כגון "נערות זיגפלד". היא נישאה למספר גברים ידועים, הכוללים את: צ'רלי צ'פלין, ברג'ס מרדית' ואריך מריה רמרק, והייתה מועמדת לפרס אוסקר לשחקנית המשנה הטובה ביותר בשנת 1943 על הופעתה בסרט "כה בגאווה נריע". תוכן עניינים [הסתרה] 1 שנותיה הראשונות 2 קריירה 3 חייה האישיים 4 קישורים חיצוניים 5 הערות שוליים שנותיה הראשונות[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
גודארד נולדה בשם מריון פולין לוי, בקווינס שבלונג איילנד. היא בתם היחידה של: ג'וזף ראסל לוי, יהודי, ולאלטה מאי גודארד, אפיסקופאלית ואנגליה במורשתה. הוריה התגרשו בילדותה, והיא גודלה על ידי אימה. אביה נעלם מחייה, אך חזר אליהם בשנות ה-30 המאוחרות, רק לאחר שנהייתה כוכבת. בתחילה המערכת היחסים ביניהם הייתה לבבית, הם הלכו יחד להקרנות בכורה של סרטים, עד שהוא תבע אותה על כך שנאמר במגזין מסוים שהוא נטש אותה בילדותה. הם מעולם לא התפייסו, ובמותו, הוא השאיר לה בצוואתו דולר אחד בלבד. יחסיה עם אמה היו טובים מאד, ואחיו של סבה, צ'ארלס גודארד, עזר לה בתחילת הקריירה שלה. קריירה[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
גודארד מתוך הקדימון לסרט "Dramatic School" משנת 1938 הופעת הבכורה שלה על הבמה הייתה בהצגה הסאטירית של פלורנץ זיגפלד "No Foolin" בשנת 1926. שנה לאחר מכן היא שינתה את שם משפחתה, לשם גודארד, כשם משפחתה של אמה, ונישאה לטייקון אדגר ג'יימס שבמקצועו היה איש עסקים. היא עברה לצפון קרולינה כדי להיחשף לחברה הגבוהה של דרום ארצות הברית, אך התגרשה ממנו בשנת 1930, וקבלה ממנו סכום גדול מהסכם הגירושין. לאחר שחתמה על חוזה עם אולפני האל רוץ' היא הגיעה עם אמה להוליווד, והחלה להופיע בקטעים קצרים במספר סרטים, שם בין היתר הופיעה עם לורל והארדי. היא הצטרפה לחברת ההפקה של סמואל גולדווין (מאוחר יותר מבעלי חברת מטרו גולדווין מאייר) והצטרפה ל"נערות גולדווין" שכללו כוכבות-לעתיד-לבוא כבטי גרייבל, לוסיל בול ואחרות שהשתתפו כשחקניות ורקדניות במופעים קולנועיים מוזיקליים בכיכובו של אדי קנטור. ב-1932 פגשה את צ'ארלי צ'פלין והחלה תקופה בת שמונה שנים של שיתוף פעולה מקצועי ואישי בין השניים. היא השתתפה בסרטו "זמנים מודרניים" מ-1936, והפכה לכוכבת. למרות שב-1940 בבכורת "הדיקטטור הגדול", בו ככבה לצידו של צ'אפלין, הציג צ'אפלין את גודארד כאשתו, לא ברור האם היא אכן הייתה אשתו בפועל כיוון שצ'אפלין מסר בנדון גרסאות שונות. סמוך לאחר מכן השניים נפרדו. במהלך 1936 הכירה את ג'ורג' גרשווין וקיימה עמו מערכת יחסים של מספר חודשים.
גודארד, פרד אסטר וברג'ס מרדית' בסרט "המקהלה השנייה" בין סרטיה הבולטים בשנות ה-30 וה-40 היו " The Young in Heart" (1938) לצד דאגלס פיירבנקס וג'נט גיינור, "Drama school" ("בית ספר לדרמה"; 1938), "The Women" ("הנשים"; 1939) בבימויו של ג'ורג' קיוקור לצד ג'ואן קרופורד ונורמה שירר, "The Cat and the Canary" ("החתול והכנרית") עם בוב הופ, "Second Chorus" ("המקהלה השנייה") יחד עם פרד אסטר בו פגשה את בעלה הבא, ברג'ס מרדית'. ב-1944 הייתה מועמדת לפרס אוסקר היחיד שלה לתפקיד משנה בסרט "כה בגאווה נריע" בבימויו של מרק סנדריץ', סרטה המצליח ביותר היה "Kitty" (1945). ב-1946 שיחקה בסרט "The Diary of a Chambermaid" ("יומנה של חדרנית") לצד ברג'ס מרדית'. בשנים שלאחר מכן הופיעה במספר תפקידים קטנים. במהלך הפקת "חלף עם הרוח" הייתה מועמדת לתפקידה של סקרלט או'הרה, אך לא נבחרה (במקומה נבחרה לגילום התפקיד ויוויאן לי). נטען שהיא אבדה את התפקיד לא בשל כשרון המשחק אלא בשל המצב הלא ברור של נישואיה לצ'אפלין, בתקופה בה חל בהוליווד קוד מוסרי מחמיר. חייה האישיים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
גודארד הייתה נשואה לשחקן ברג'ס מרדית' בין השנים 1949-1944. במהלך נישואיהם היא עברה הפלה טבעית, ולא היה לה ממנו ילדים. ב-1958 נישאה לסופר הגרמני, אריך מריה רמרק, והם נשארו ביחד עד למותו בשנת 1970. גודארד קיבלה טיפול, די יעיל, למחלת סרטן השד ממנה סבלה, אם כי הניתוח שעברה היה מורכב והוסרו ממנה מספר צלעות. מאוחר יותר עברה לגור בעיירה בשווייץ, שם נפטרה מאמפיזמה כמה חודשים לפני יום הולדתה ה-80. נקברה בבית הקברות 'רונקו' לצד אריך מריה רמרק ואמה. בצוואתה היא העניקה 20 מיליון דולר לאוניברסיטת ניו יורק, כהוקרה על ידידותה עם הפוליטיקאי והנשיא הקודם של אוניברסיטת ניו יורק, ג'ון ברדמס. אולם גודארד שבמעון המגורים של תלמידי השנה הראשונה באוניברסיטה, נקרא על שמה. קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: פולט גודארד פולט גודארד, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) הערות שוליים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
^ הנשים של צ'אפלין (באנגלית) קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםשחקני תיאטרון אמריקאיםדוגמניות אמריקאיות