Major-General Joseph Prentice Sanger, US Army

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Major-General Joseph Prentice Sanger, US Army

Birthdate: (85)
Birthplace: Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, United States
Death: March 15, 1926 (85)
Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
Place of Burial: Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Kirkland Sanger and Caroline Sanger
Husband of Frances E. Sanger
Father of Edith Kent Carlisle and Walter Prentice Sanger

Occupation: Career US Army Officer, Civil War service
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Major-General Joseph Prentice Sanger, US Army


SANGER, Joseph Prentice, soldier, was born in Detroit, Mich., May 4,1840; son of Henry Kirkland and Caroline (Prentice) Sanger; grandson of Richard and Rachel (Butler) Sanger, and of the Rev. Joseph and Sarah (Morgan) Prentice, and a descendant of Capt. Thomas Prentice (1621-1710) of Cambridge, Mass., and of George Barbour (1615-1685) of Dedham, Mass. He attended the University of Michigan; enrolled as lieutenant, 1st Michigan volunteers, April 19, 1861, and served with the light artillery, being brevetted captain and major for gallantry in the battles of Bermuda Hundred and Deep Bottom, Va., 1864 and 1865.

He was promoted adjutant of the 1st artillery,1866, was honor graduate of the artillery school, Fort Monroe, Va., 1869, and on its re-establishment was appointed its first adjutant; commanded a battery in the Brooklyn "Whisky Riots," 1871, and was professor of military science, tactics and law in Bowdoin college, 1872-75. He was promoted captain, 1st artillery, Feb. 7, 1875; was detailed to accompany Gen. Emory Upton on a tour of inspection of the armies of Japan, Asia, Europe and England, 1875-77; commanded a battery in the 1st artillery, 1877-84, serving in several railroad riots; was aide to Major-General Schofield, 1884-88; appointed inspector-general, with the rank of major, Feb. 12, 1889; served as aide and acting secretary to President Harrison, 1891, and as military secretary to Lieut.-Gen. Schofield. He was inspector of the South Atlantic inspection district and principal assistant to the inspector general of the army, September, 1895, to March. 1898, and appointed inspector-general of volunteers, with rank of lieutenant-colonel, July 7„ 1898, serving as acting inspector-general, U.S.A.

He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, May 27, 1898, and was in command consecutively of the 2d brigade, 2d division, 1st corps, June 1929, 1898 ; 3d division, 1st corps, June 29-Nov. 19; 3d brigade, 2d division, 1st corps, Nov. 19-Dec. 4, and 2d division, 1st corps, Dec. 4-23. He was assigned to the command of the district of Mantanzas, Cuba, Jan. 11, 1899 ; mustered out of the volunteer service, June 12, 1899, and assigned to duty with assistant secretary of war the following July 3. General Sanger was appointed by President McKinley director of the census of Cuba and Porto Rico, Aug. 9 and Sept. 8, 1899, respectively, and a member of the War college board, June 21, 1900. He was promoted colonel and inspector-general, U.S.A., Feb. 2, 1901, and brigadier-general, U.S.A., July 23, 1902. In 1903 he was supervisor of the Philippine census, with headquarters at Manila, P. I.

Bibliographic information:



Major-General (Retired), U. S. Army. Born, Detroit, Michigan, May 4, 1840.

Son of

  • Henry K. Sanger (1799-1864) and Caroline (Prentice) Sanger (1806-1886).

Grandson of

  • Richard Sanger (1769-1843) and Rachel (Butler) Sanger (-- ).
  • Joseph Prentice (1781-1836) and Sarah (Morgan) Sanger (1779 - 1824).

Great-grandson of

  • Daniel Sanger (1739-1807) and Esther (Goodman) Sanger ( -- ).
  • Eli Butler (1740-1802) and Rachel (Stocking) Butler (1744 - 1805).
  • Manasseh Prentice (1749-1824) and Mehitable (Preston) Prentice ( -- ).
  • John Morgan (1742-1816) and Eunice (Crarey) Morgan ( -- ).

Great-great-grandson of

  • Richard Sanger (1706-1786) and Deborah (Rider) Sanger (1710 -1789).
  • Benjamin Butler (1673-1755) and Thankful (Sage) Butler ( --).
  • Joseph Prentice ( --) and Mary (Wheeler) Prentice (-- ).
  • Samuel Morgan (1705-1769) and Elizabeth (Forsyth) Morgan ( --)

Great-great-great-grandson of

  • Richard Sanger (1666-1731) and Elizabeth (Morse) Sanger ( --).
  • Samuel Prentice (1680-1728) and Esther (Hammond) Prentice ( --).
  • James Morgan (1680-1721) and Bridget ( -- ) Morgan (---).

Great-great-great-great-grandson of

  • Thomas Prentice, Jr. (1649-1685) and Sarah (Stanton) Prentice (1655-1713).
  • Daniel Morse ( ) and Elizabeth (Barbour) Morse (1651-1714).
  • John Morgan (1645-1712) and Rachel (Dymond) Morgan (-- ).

Great-great-great-great-great-grandson of

  • Thomas Prentice (1621-1710) and Grace ( -- ) Prentice(-- ).
  • George Barbour (1615-1685) and Elizabeth (Clark) Barbour ( --).

Bibliographic information:


Joseph Prentice Sanger was born at Detroit, Michigan, May 4, 1840. He was a student at the University of Michigan, 1858-60 (honorary AM, Bowdoin College, 1872). He married: Frances E. Kent, December 27, 1877.

He served as Second Lieutenant, 1st Michigan Volunteer Infantry, May 1, 1861. He was mustered out of the Volunteer service, August 7, 1861 and appointed Second Lieutenant 1st United States Artillery, August 5, 1861, and was promoted to First Lieutenant, October 26, 1861. With a battery of light artillery, he was twice breveted for bravery and gallantry. He was also an Orderly Officer to President Lincoln for one week in 1862.

After the Civil War, he was adjutant of his regiment and served in an expedition against Fenians, 1866. He was an honor graduate of the Artillery School, 1869, and its First Adjutant.

He was appointed Captain, 1st United States Artillery, February 7, 1875, and was promoted to Major, Inspector General on February 12, 1889. He commanded a battery in the Brooklyn "Whiskey Raids," in 1871. He served as Professor, Military Science, Tactics and Law, Bowdin College, 1872-75. He ws also admitted to the bar, Portland, Maine, April 21, 1874.

He was subsequently detailed to accompany General Upton on a tour of inspection of the armies of Japan, China, Persia, India, Turkey, Italy, Russia, Austria, France, and England, 1875-77.

Returning to the United States, he commanded a battery, 1877-84, serving in the railroad riots as aide to Major General Schofield, 1884-88. Aide, Acting Secretary to President Harrison, 1891. Military Secretary to the Lieutenant General Commanding, 1895, Inspector, South Atlantic Inspection District and Principal Assistant to the Inspector General of Army, 1895-98.

He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Inspector General, Untied States Volunteers, 1898. And was Acting Inspector General of the Army, with the rank of Brigadier General of Volunteers, May 27, 1898. In command consecutively of 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps, June 19, 1898; 3rd Division, 1st Corps, June 29-November 19, 1898; 1st Corps, December 4-December 23, 1898. Assigned to command the Department and subsequently the District of Matanzas, Cuba, Jan 11, 1899.

He was honorably discharged from the volunteer service on June 12, 1899 and assigned to duty with the Assistant Secretary of War, July 3, 1899. He was appointed by the President to be Director of the Census for Cuba and Puerto Rico, August 9-September 8, 1899. Appointed a Member of the War College Board, June 21, 1900. He was promoted to Colonel, Inspector General, February 2, 1901. He was then Inspector General and Chief of Staff, The Division of the Philippines, July 4, 1901-October 1, 1902. He was promoted to Brigadier General, June 23, 1902. Director, Philippine Census, October 6, 1902. Major General, January 20, 1904. He retired January 21, 1904. He was a Member, Brownsville Court of Inquiry, 1908-09. He was finally a Member, Medal of Honor Board.

He died on March 15, 1926 and was buried with full military honors in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Frances E. Kent Sanger (December 2, 1850-June 8, 1938) is buried with him.

His daughter Edith Kent Sanger Carlisle, married Major James Mandsville Carlisle, and they are also buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

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Major-General Joseph Prentice Sanger, US Army's Timeline

May 4, 1840
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, United States
January 1, 1879
Age 38
New York, New York County, New York, United States
August 14, 1881
Age 41
Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island, United States
March 15, 1926
Age 85
Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
March 17, 1926
Age 85
Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, United States