Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais

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Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais

Also Known As: "The Scott", "dit l'Écossais (habitait sur rue de l'Écosse)", "Lescossois", "the Scotsman", "the Scot"
Birthdate: (74)
Birthplace: Saint-Rémy, Normandie, France
Death: September 8, 1664 (74)
Québec, Québec, Canada (Il immigre en 1619 a Quebec, il a eu un procès pour viol en 1649 Abraham Martin aurait résidé sur la rue de l'Écosse à Dieppe d'où son surnom de l'Écossais. Un fils Jean, baptisé à Dieppe (St-Jacques) le 23-09-1616 )
Place of Burial: Québec, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Cergues Martin Martin L'Écossais and Jeannette Martin L'Écossais (Zyx)
Husband of Catherine Marguerite Martin dit l'Ecossais; Guillemette Couillard and Marguerite Langlois
Father of Marie Martin dit L'Écossais; <Private> Martin dit l'Écossais; Marie Anne Martin; Jean Martin; Eustache Martin and 8 others
Brother of Galeran Martin dit L'Écossais and Jean Martin L'Écossais, (1563-1623)

Occupation: pilote royal (navire), propriétaire des Plaines d'Abraham, cultivateur; master pilot, land owner, farmer, Maitre Pilote, Maitre pilote, Maître pilote, maitre pilote
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais

One states according to this site Fichier Origine this line should end here - but its all in French - which I can not read or translate properly - also there are other peoples profile entries that are connected above this person which has been merged in and that is tampering with someone else's work and research - thus it will be up to the curator(s) who have locked /MP'd the profiles to decide on if should be disconnected - JEB

It is VERY HIGHLY un-likely he is the son of the following to men who have been linked as his father as their brith dates and his indicate that if anything they would of been brothers

  • Galeran Martin dit L'Écossais Birth: 1578 Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Jean Martin L'Écossais Birth: circa 1563 Languedoc-Roussillon, Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France who married Isabelle Martin L'Écossais (née Coté Lacoste)

all the profiles within this branch were brought down in a gedcom SEPERATELY as different un-connected branches. and with careful study of this tangled mess this is the BEST connections of theses men

Other trees list a Antoine Martin dit Montpellier born 28 Aug 1654 died 6 Apr 1715 married Jeanne Cadieu & Marie-Thérèse Bonet connected to all also - best connection by date of birth is as son of Cergues Martin and Jeannette Zyx


 

Notes

  • Location info: Normandie, France (birth), Québec (marriage,death)
  • Naissance :vers 1589 Saint-Rémy, Normandie, France (PRDH).
  • Pionnier de la Nouvelle-France. Arrive au Québec en 1619 ou 1620. Retourne en France en 1626 après la prise de Québec par les frères Kirke. Revient en Nouvelle-France en 1633 avec sa femme Marguerite Langlois et son fils Charles.
    • Cette source indique que Abraham serait revenu au Québec en 1632 à bord de «La Salamandre et La Lionne» accompagné de sa femme et de ses enfants Eustache,Marguerite, et Hélène. (à investiguer)
  • Il a eu un procès pour viol en 1649.
  • Sources: Fichier Origine

Biographie Biography

Arrived in Quebec in 1617. masterpilot some records say married 1620 in France, some say from Dieppe. Abraham Martin arrived in Quebec in the summer of 1617--probably making the voyage in the same ship as Louis HÉBERT. His family accompanied him: his wife Marguerite LANGLOIS [translator's note: Jette[1] gives their date of marriage c 1620 'in France'], her sister Francoise and Francoise's husband Pierre DESPORTES. This couple would have a daughter Helene, who would become the goddaughter of Quebec's founder. This same Helene would marry, as a second husband, Medard Chouart des Groseillers, the colorful explorer, fur trader and co-founder of the Hudson's Bay Company. Sources: "Les Plaines d'Abraham, le culte de l'idéal" de Jacques Mathieu et Eugen Kedl; le dictionnaire biographique du Canada, tome 1; Les Cahiers des Dix, no 42; la Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique français, no XVII.


Text publié dans le Soleil du dimanche le 4 mai 1997 et ecrit part Louis Guy Lemieux. Voir Internet

http://www.lesoleil.com [Note tried this link it appears to be a page full of ads]

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By Yolande St-Arneault

  • Échos génealogiques
  • Société de Généalogie des Laurentides
  • Volume XVII, #1, spring 2001
  • Translated by Lorelei Maison Rockwell, May 2002 Lorelei@Kennedy-Rockwell.com

Text Box: This insignificant historical person nevertheless gave his name to the Plains of Abraham and Abraham's Coast. He was one of the trivial actors in the history of New France. An obscure character. An antihero. Paradoxically he gave his name in perpetuity to two properties that are part of Champlain's city.


On 15 February 1649 the little colony was in shock. Abraham Martin, age 60, a companion of Champlain and the head of a large and respected family was thrown in prison. The accusation: he had forfeited the honor of a strapping young girl of 16 [translator's note: statutory rape?]. Certainly it would be said that this old pig Abraham had debauched a fine 'young thing.' Three months later his wife gave him his ninth, and last, child.


Abraham Martin arrived in Quebec in the summer of 1617--probably making the voyage in the same ship as Louis HÉBERT. His family accompanied him: his wife Marguerite LANGLOIS [translator's note: Jette[1] gives their date of marriage c 1620 'in France'], her sister Francoise and Francoise's husband Pierre DESPORTES. This couple would have a daughter Helene, who would become the goddaughter of Quebec's founder. This same Helene would marry, as a second husband, Medard Chouart des Groseillers, the colorful explorer, fur trader and co-founder of the Hudson's Bay Company.


From his arrival onwards our Abraham MARTIN was in no hurry to disappear into nameless obscurity in the tiny world of the first colony.


Years later historians found his trail in the local, popular culture where his name was inscribed--first in the topography of Quebec under the French regime and then in notarial records making reference to Abraham's Coast.


A street named Abraham appears in a 1734 Quebec City map. Then, later, we find his name preserved in reports of the celebrated historic battles of 1759 and 1760. There were accounts signed by English officers and published in London as well as in the journal of New France's Chevalier de Levi.


The name Abraham MARTIN also appears in the controversial will Champlain signed in November 1635, two months before his death. Canadian history was young then and still in the making. The original will was not discovered until 324 years later, in August 1959 to be exact, by the historian and archivist Olga Jurgens, and published in 1963. In his will, Champlain "gives to Abraham and his wife 600 livres with the charge of using it to clear land in this country of New France." The founder also gave 600 livres to Marguerite, daughter of Abraham, "to support her in marrying a man of this country--New France--and no other."


The original will stated clearly that if Champlain should leave little or nothing in goods and Quebec properties to his widow, he wanted her to have the largest part of his inheritance in France.


In 1863 the historian, J. B. A. Ferland began to follow the track of the great curate Thomas Maguire. M. Maguire 'suggested that a part of the Plains had belonged to an individual by the name of Abraham."


In consulting civil registers for the parish of Notre Dame de Quebec during the time of the French regime, Ferland found only one person with the first name Abraham: Abraham Martin, called l'Ecossais [the Scot], who was shown as a royal pilot. He was our man.


In 1635 Abraham Martin accepted, from the Company of New France, a land grant of 12 arpents in Quebec. Another parcel of 20 arpents was added 10 years later. The combined land was well-situated in the upper town, but north of the present Grand Allée, on what was at that time called St-Genevieve Hill. For this reason Abraham Martin's land should not be confused with the Plains today.


What may also be seen from this little history is that should a man take his animals down to the Charles River to drink, in taking the road of descent he would come to the Coast of Abraham.


We discover in a notarial act dated 16 October 1675 the name Charles-Amador Martin, only surviving son of Abraham. Priest and co-inheritor, Charles-Amador cedes to the religious order of Ursulines 32 arpents of land situated in a place called Claire-Fontaine in exchange for the sum of 1200 livres, a small fortune at the time.


In the decisive battles of 1759 and 1760 French and English soldiers played a prominent role in insuring that the topographical name Abraham was engraved in the historical record.


The Chevalier de Levi mentioned in his journal on 19 July 1759 that the English "have four ships passing above the town and in consequence will be able to send dispatches via the Heights of Abraham and as far as Cap Rouge."


On the same day the troops of Wolfe and Montcalm clashed, 13 September 1759, a Captain in an English regiment, John Knox, wrote in his journal, later published under the title The Siege of Quebec, that once landed at the foot of the cliff, they did not stop, "till we comes to the Plains of Abraham."


Another English officer, John Montresor, wrote a book published in London and titled The General Battle of the Heights of Abraham.


If the land of Abraham Martin was not contiguous with the present Plains, the battle of 1759, on the other hand, really and truly was fought on the Plains of Abraham and on the ancient property of Abraham Martin.


The great historic battle raged all over the upper town. The French and English troops had taken position on the cliff as far as the Sainte-Foy Road and Parliamentary Hill--today approximately up to Rue Belvedere.


Reckoning from the beginning of the English regime, local cartography considerably expanded the dimensions of the Coast of Abraham and the Plains. Abraham's hillside covered the continuation west of St. Genevieve's Hill up to Rue Suéte which leads to St-Foye at Lorette.


Regarding the Plains of Abraham, more often called the "Heights of Abraham," the topographical name usually appeared on maps designating a large part of the upper town outside the ramparts. It was not until 1879 that city maps delineated exactly as it is known today.


In 1908 the federal government created Battlefield Park. But for the people of Quebec it will always be the Plains of Abraham or simply the Plains. An affectionate name. A popular and gratuitous tribute to the earliest setters of the country.


Each time has its own history. After the Conquest, the British Empire could not abandon the location of its victory to anonymity. The place name had to be in accord with the importance of the event.


Historians Jacques Mathieu and Alain Beaulieu advance an interesting theory in their monumental history of the Plains published in 1993 by Septentrion. For them, the 1759 conqueror preserved the popular name believing that it referred to the Biblical patriarch. They write: For people of the Protestant faith, strongly imbued with Biblical tradition, the designation "Abraham" makes use of a major symbolic power. The conquerors could not fail to see themselves in the image of the great prophet. It was in this way, through a series of misunderstandings, that a colorless colonist had his name immortalized. History has kept the secret!


Sources: "Les Plaines d'Abraham, le culte de l'idéal" de Jacques Mathieu et Eugen Kedl; le dictionnaire biographique du Canada, tome 1; Les Cahiers des Dix, no 42; la Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique français, no XVII.


Text publié dans le Soleil du dimanche le 4 mai 1997 et ecrit part Louis Guy Lemieux. Voir Internet

http://www.lesoleil.com [Note tried this link it appears to be a page full of ads]


Abraham Martin is Yolande St-Arneault's ancestor through 3 of his daughters: Anne, Marie, and Marguerite [more available here].Text Box: Charles-Amador Martin was the second Canadian priest. He was born at Quebec where he was baptized 7 March 1648 by Father LeJeune. He was the 9th child of Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois and he had as his godfather: Charles-Amador de St-Etienne, sieur de la Tour, who was famous for his bravery and loyalty to France during the wars in Acadia. In 1672 he built the first stone chapel at Beauport to replace the old wooden one. He continued to serve this parish until 1677, when he went to Sainte-Famille. On the erection of the Chapter House at Quebec, he became canon. He was named parish priest of Chateau-Richer in 1685. On 19 September 1697 he resigned the honor of canon and on the following 18 October he was named parish priest of Notre-Dame de Foye. He remained there until his death 19 June 1711 at the age of 63. A manuscript titled "On the devotion at Sainte-Famille by Mother Superior M-Andre Regnart-Duplessis de Sainte-Helene," we find that M. Martin was an expert chanter and that he composed the chant for the mass and divine service at Ste-Famille still used today. Taken from RÉPERTOIRE GÉNÉRAL du CLERGÉ CANADIEN, Cyprien Tanguay


She says:

I report the results of some of my research to flesh out the story of Abraham Martin. [Translator's note: Abraham Martin is also my ancestor through his daughter Marguerite].

The family of Abraham MARTIN, dit L'Ecossais

His origin is unknown. He was buried 08/09/1664 in Quebec, age 75; arrived Quebec 1619, returned to France after the capture of Quebec by Kirke 24/07/1629, and returned to Quebec in 1633 or 1634, master pilot. [MSGCF (129): 162-164, T-27, DBC I 506-507, J.J.]

Married about 1620, France



The children of Zacharie Cloutier and Sainte Dupont 

· .... · Jean Baptized in Mortagne au Perche on the 13th of May in 1620 he married Marie Martin the daughter of Abraham Martin also known as the 'Scotchman" on the 21st of January 1648. Abraham Martin's wife was Marguerite Langlois. { An interesting historical note is that the battle between the English forces ( Wolfe ) and the French army (Montcalm) for control of Quebec, was fought on the former farmland of Abraham Martin and the site is now known as "The Plains of Abraham". Jean and Marguerite had 14 children ten of whom married. Like his grandfather he was a carpenter. Jean died in 1690 and Marguerite in 1699. Both are buried at Chateau Richer on the shores of the St. Lawrence river.

Abrahm Martin "L'Ecossais", the father-in-law of Jean Cloutier was a remarkable man in his own right, A contemporary of Zachary I, he was also a river boat pilot on the St. Lawrence.

In the archives of the 'Dames Ursulines" are the titles of the two farms he owned. The historical status of the Abraham farms did not take place until long after his death. It was on the 12th of September 1759 that Wolfe scaled the ramparts to the farms of Abrahm Martin and met Montcalm on the battlefield that later became known as the 'Plains of Abraham".

· ....

A Summary of The Cloutier-Clutchey Genealogy



Name: Abraham Martin

  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1569
  • Death: 8 SEP 1644 in Quebec
  • Father: Jean Martin Mother: Isabelle Ctti
  • Marriage 1 Marguerite Langlois b: ABT. 1600 Married: ABT. 1620 in France

Children

  • Anne Martin b: 1614
  • Eustache Martin b: OCT 1621
  • Marguerite Martin b: 4 JAN 1623/24
  • Helene Martin b: 21 JUN 1627
  • Marie Martin b: 10 APR 1635
  • Adrien Martin b: 22 NOV 1638
  • Madeleine Martin b: 1640 in Quebec
  • Barbe Martin b: 4 JAN 1642/43
  • Anne Martin b: 23 MAR 1644/45 in Quebec.Quebec
  • Charles Amador Martin b: 7 MAR 1647/48

Abraham Martin est né en 1589. Il arrive dans ce pays nouveau, vers 1622, avec son épouse Marguerite Langlois, sœur de Françoise Langlois, mariée à Pierre Desportes (parents d'Hélène Desportes).

Après la prise de Québec par Kirke, le 24 juillet 1629, ils sont retournés en France, puis revenus à Québec, en 1633.

Abraham est avec Louis Hébert l'un des premiers colons canadiens. Cet illustre colon, pilote royal et pilote de navire du Saint-Laurent, est à la source de notre marine nationale. C'est lui qui jette les rudiments de la première carte du fleuve.

La terre d'Abraham Martin, au sommet du Cap Diamants, reçoit le nom des "Plaines d'Abraham" nom ensuite étendu au plateau voisin, sur lequel est livré la célèbre bataille entre Wolfe et Montcalm.

Une anecdote pittoresque rapporte que la " Côte d'Abraham " était le sentier emprunté par Martin, pour descendre à la rivière Saint-Charles abreuver ses animaux.

Sa compagne, Marguerite Langlois, lui donne neuf enfants, dont Eustache Martin, le premier fils d'un Français, né en Nouvelle-France. C'est le premier baptême qui est inscrit sur le registre de Notre-Dame de Québec, en date du 21 octobre 1621. A part la mention de son baptême, nous n'avons aucune précision quelconque sur Eustache Martin, sûrement décédé très jeune. Abraham Martin a laissé par ses filles, une très nombreuse postérité.

Le second baptême qui a lieu à Québec, est celui de Marguerite Martin, soeur d'Eustache Martin.

Sa naissance est ainsi enregistrée à la date du 4 janvier 1624.

Marguerite Martin devient, le 22 mai 1638, la femme d'Étienne Racine, fils de René Racine et de Marie Loisel, de Fumichon, en Normandie.

Si le premier enfant du pionnier Français ne laisse pas de postérité, il n'en est pas de même de la première fille, car les descendants des dix enfants de Marguerite Martin, mariée à Étienne Racine se comptent aujourd'hui par milliers.

La deuxième fille Martin, Marie, née en 1635, épouse Jean Cloutier, né en 1620, à St-Jean de Mortagne, en France, fils des ancêtres Zacharie Cloutier et Xainte Dupont.

La troisième fille Martin, nommée Anne, née en 1645, épouse l'ancêtre Jacques Raté, né vers 1631, originaire de Laleu, dans La Rochelle, en Aunis, France.

L'ancêtre Abraham Martin, dit l'Écossais est inhumé à Québec, le 8 septembre 1664, vers l'âge de 75 ans. Sa veuve, Marguerite Langlois, épouse le 17 février 1665, René Branche, et est inhumée le 17 décembre, au cours de la même année.

________________

Erreur

MARTIN dit l'Écossais, Abraham (...) ne peut être le fils du couple (Abraham, chirurgien barbier fils de (Abraham, marchand, bourgeois de la ville de Metz & ...), d Dundee, Écosse 13-06-1673 à 57 ans & Sarah Auchinleck, d Dundee, Écosse 25-07-1665 à 40 ans) étant né vers vers 1589, ses parents ne peuvent être nés vers 1616 et 1625. Il pourrait, mais c'est hautement spéculatif, être le père de cet Abraham (et le beau-père de Sarah). Plusieurs ont pourtant indiqué que Sarah était la mère de notre Abraham.

  • m vers 1620 France



Abraham Martin, our first Canadian maternal grand father, was, with Louis Hébert, one of the first colonists of Canada. His name remains with us as it is attached to the famous Plains of Abraham. He was a pilot on the Saint-Lawrence river and, with his wife, Marguerite Langlois, left us through their daughters a long line of Canadians. In the archives the Dames Ursulines are stored the titles to two parcels of land which belonged to him. United, these lands were sold to the decendants of Master Abraham. Abraham Martin's land were known as the "Plains of Abraham" and this name was also attached to adjoining lands where Wolfe and Montcalm fought their famous battle.

Abraham, as the first pilot of the Saint Lawrence river, was the first to put together rudimentary maps of that landmark. It is interesting to note that the small ship that provides pilot services at Poite-aux-Père near Rimouski carried the name of this famous pilot Abraham Martin and its sister ship, the name of "Jalobert" the first French pilot who came here with Cartier.

First clearer of lands and first river pilot, Abraham Martin carved out, through his knowledge and courage, a reputation that will remain in our history. In 1923, the Historic Society of Quebec dedicated a monument to him in the old lower part of Québec city.

Abraham Martin ("The Scotsman" or "Master Abraham) pilot, born in France in 1589, died at Québec on the 8th of September 1664. Abraham Martin arrived in New France about 1620 with his wife, Marguerite Langlois, her sister Françoise and her brother in law Pierre Desportes (the parents of Hélene Desportes). Martin could have been of Scottish descent, or he may have taken on a nickname because he had served in the army or he may have belonged to a clandestine organization. Nicknames were used to hide identities of deserters or those members of illegal organizations in case their documents were seized. It is equally possible that he was named so because he had made numerous voyages to Scotland in his youth. We are not absolutely certain that he was made official pilot, even if the title "royal pilot" as given him during his lifetime. In any case, it is proven that he fished all along the Saint-Lawrence all the way to the gulf.

The plains of Abraham would also be named after him. An interesting anecdote tells us that "Abraham's hill" was a right of way that Martin used to bring his cattle to the waters of the Saint-Charles river. His lands were 32 arpents (about 48 acres) made up of 12 arpents granted by the Company of New France in 1635 and 20 more received as a gift from Sieur Adrien Du Chesne, naval surgeon to Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny in 1645.This property was sold by the Martin Family to the Ursuline Nuns in 1667. It is possible that this same Martin was employed by Jean de Biencourt and Du Gua de Monts as navigator on the Acadian coast while he was still very young.

When David Kirk took Québec in 1629 and left his brother Lewis as governor until 1632, Martin and his family stayed in Québec. Later, Martin lost face with the citizens when he was accused of attrocities towards a young girl from Québec. He was jailed on February 15th of 1649 for that act.

The archives show that Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois had nine or ten children. Anne Martin was born in France in 1635 and married to Jean Côté the 17th of November 1635. Eustache, baptized on October 24, 1621 is the godson of Eustache Boullé and was the first Canadian born. Marguerite, born January 4 1624 and married May 22 1638 to Etienne Racine had many descendants including the two Bishops Racine. Hélène, born June 21, 1627 was goddaughter of Samuel de Champlain. She married Claude Etienne in 1640 and then Médard Chouart des Groseillers on September 31 1647. Charles-Amador, born March 7 1648, godson of Charles de Saint-Etienne de La Tour, was the second priest ordained in Canada. It is possible that Brother Dominique Scot, mentioned in the Jesuite Relations, as having arrived in Huronia still a young man is equally one of his sons. We may also suppose that a young man identified as arriving in Huronia at the same time (1634-1635) was Eustache Martin.

The Plains of Abraham

According to Mr. P.-J.-O. Chauveau, this historical name applies to the vast plateau which extends below the ramparts of Québec and which terminates to the south by a steep hill on the Saint-Lawrence river and on the other side a smaller hill which separates it from the valley of the Saint-Charles river. Where does this name come from?

It is Abraham Martin who has left his name to the plains where the French and English forces met on September 13 1759 and again on April 28 1760. The first owner of this land was the surgeon, Adrien Duchesne, who gifted it to Mr. Martin as noted in the following document:

"We, the undersigned, certify to whom it may concern, that last year, 1645, Sieur Adrien Duchesne naval surgeon on the ship of Mr. De Repentigny, being in Québec, told us that he had given the land, which was given to him in the town of Québec, to Abraham Martin river pilot, and that he could work it as he saw fit. If time permitted to prepare a contract of the gift, he would have done so. This we attest to as the truth. Made this 15th day of August 1646."

The document was signed by six citizens of Québec: MMS Giffard, Tronquet, Latardif, Delaunay, Bissot and Guitet. A document notarized by Lacoustre, notary in Québec, dated December 1647, qualifies Abraham Martin as royal pilot in this country.

Abraham Martin died at Québec September 8 1664. June 1st 1667, the descendants of Abraham Martin sold to the Ursuline Nuns of Québec "a lot of 32 arpents of cleared land, situated within Québec city, with a house and a barn on that same land". This was the concessions that Abraham Martin had received from Duchesne along with more than 12 arpents given to him by the Company of New France May 16 1650. The Ursulines paid 1200 "livres" for their acquisition. In 1759, the nuns were still in possession of the Plains of Abraham.

In 1863, Mr. Chauveau described the Plains of Abraham:

"Even if historically there was nothing to them, this land merits to be know for its beauty. Two great roads parallel the lands. One follows the Saint-Lawrence, the other the Saint-Charles river. The first is named Grande-Allée or chemin Saint-Louis and the other chemin Sainte-Foy. Each position has its own monument as well. One raised to honor Wolfe, at the spot where he died, and the other to the brave of 1760, at the spot where the heat of battle was, on the site of the Dumont Mill.

(Extracted from "Ville de Québec" pp 133-134.




Abraham arrived in New France (Canada) in 1620.




Abraham MARTIN dit L'écossais, fils de Anc. Jacques MARTIN et Suzanne COSTE ?-- Il est né en 1588 environ à Montpellier-de-Médillan, Poitou-Charentes, Fr. ??? ?-- Il est né probablement à Dundee, Écosse aux environs de 1589 ???

Maître pilote de rivières (Il pilotait les navires sur le fleuve St-Laurent) Il est arrivé à Québec en 1619. Abraham est avec Louis Hébert l'un des premiers colons canadiens. Cet illustre colon, pilote royal et pilote de navire du Saint-Laurent, est à la source de notre marine nationale. C'est lui qui jette les rudiments de la première carte du fleuve.

Après la prise de Québec par Kirke, le 24 juillet 1629, ils sont retournés en France, puis revenus à Québec, en 1633.

La terre d'Abraham Martin, au sommet du Cap Diamants, reçoit le nom des "Plaines d'Abraham", nom ensuite étendu au plateau voisin, sur lequel est livré la célèbre bataille entre Wolfe et Montcalm. Une anecdote pittoresque rapporte que la"Côte d'Abraham" était le sentier emprunté par Martin, pour descendre à la rivière Saint-Charles abreuver ses animaux.

Sa compagne, Marguerite Langlois, lui donne neuf enfants, dont celui d'Eustache Martin, le premier fils d'un Français, né en Nouvelle-France. C'est le premier baptême qui est inscrit sur le registre de Notre-Dame de Québec, en date du 21 octobre 1621. A part la mention de son baptême, nous n'avons aucune précision quelconque sur Eustache Martin, sûrement décédé très jeune.

Si le premier enfant du pionnier Français ne laisse pas de postérité, il n'en est pas de même de la première fille, car les descendants des dix enfants de Marguerite Martin, mariée à Étienne Racine, se comptent aujourd'hui par milliers.




Abraham Martin was the owner of the land wich was the subject of a major battle between the Brithish and French forces . That field is now a historical site in Québec City called ( The plaines of Abraham ). His trade was listed as Royal Pilot.




2N 1624, LORS DE LA REDITION AUX FRERES KIRK, IL RESTA SUR SES PLAINES AVEC SA FAMILLE, LA OU EN 1759, LA NOUVELLE-FRANCE Y LIVRA SA DERNIERE BATAILLE, ET OU MONCALM SE RENDIT A WOLFE AVANT QUE LES 2 MEURENT DE LEURS BLESSURES. DE LA QUINZAIN E DE PIONNIERS VENANT DE COINS DE FRANCE DIFFERENTS ET PORTANT LE NOM DE MARTIN, ABRAHAM EST LE SEUL QUI ARRIVA AVEC SON EPOUSE,IL FUT PILOTE ROYAL ET SE FIXA SUR LE SOMMET DU CAP AU DIAMANTS, SUR CES PLAINES QUI PORTENT SON NOM DE PLAINES D'ABRAH AM. ON NE CONNAIT PAS DE DECENDANCE A SES FILS.




, (A demeuré sur la rue de l'Écosse à Dieppe...)

ABRAHAM AND MARGUERITE MARTIN

Abraham Martin was born in France in 1589 where he married his wife Marguerite Langlois. Abraham arrived in New France probably in 1614 with his wife, her brother-in-law Pierre Desportes and Sister Francoise. Pierre and Francois' first child, Helene, and Abraham's son Eustache are considered the first white children born in New France circa 1620/1. Eustache was baptized, 24 October, 1621. Martin may have been of Scottish descent or might have used the sobriquet if he had been enrolled in military service or a member of an illegal organization. Such occurrences were commonly used to avoid officials looking for deserters and/or records from illegal operations where names could be traced. Abraham's occupation is listed as a pilot, "King's pilot" no less. Some question as to the accuracy of this remains. He was, however, a noted fisherman and fished well down into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Abraham and his family lived in Quebec City and he traversed a path now called "Cote d'Abraham" on his way to the St. Charles River to water his animals. His trip to the fishing ship carried him across a flat meadow now carrying his name, "The Plains of Abraham". It was here, a century later, that Montcalm and Wolfe decided the future of New France. How often had Abraham sat to rest on the site of a future great battle? Was the path he had traveled for many years the same Wolf himself used to gain the heights? The nobility was kind to Martin. He had acquired 32 acres of land, some 12 having been given him by Compangnie de la Nouvelle France and 20, a gift of Sieur Adrien Du Chesne (ship's surgeon to Pierre Legarduer de Repentigny) in 1645. These 20 acres were a part of the Plains of Abraham and was land that Du Chesne had been granted by the Compagnie des Cent Associes. The land was sold by the Martin family after Abraham's death 8 September, 1664, in 1667 to the Ursulines. Abraham lost considerable favour among his neighbors when he was imprisoned in February, 1649, having been accused of improper conduct with regard to a young girl in Quebec. The Martins had 10 children, Anne, born in France and married to 1st Jean Cote and 2nd Jacques Ratte(Anne may not have been Abraham's daughter), Eustache, god-son of Eustache Boulle, Marguerite married to Etienne Racine, Helene, god-daughter of Samuel de Champlain married first Claude Etienne and 2nd to Medard Chouart des Grosselier of Raddisson-Grosselier fame, Charles Amidor, the second Canadian born ordained priest and possibly, Brother Dominique Scot, spoken of in the Jesuit Relations as having gone to Huron Country as a young man. What it must have been like to have been invited for a family dinner. Imagine the tales of the fur trade, Indians and explorations that such an ensemble could relay. 
====================================

Lineages from the MyHertiage side has the following which another is claiming is in error:

Abraham Martin Dit L'Écossais

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • Site name: girard Web Site
  • Site manager: Linda Girard
  • Birth: 1589 - St-Remy de Dieppe, arch. Rouen, Haute Normandie (ar. Dieppe, Seine-Maritime), France
  • Death: Sep 8 1664 - Québec, Nouvelle France
  • Parents: Jean (Jean-gallerand, Gontrand) Martin Dit Montpellier, Isabelle Martin Dit Montpellier (née Côté (Coste))
  • Wife: Marguerite (Catherine-marguerite) Martin (née Langlois)
  • Children: Marguerite Racine (née Martin), Marie Cloutier (née Martin), Anne Raté (Ratte) (née Martin

Abraham Martin

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • Site name: Kelly Web Site
  • Site manager: Lynelle Chenn
  • Birth: 1589 - France
  • Death: Sep 8 1664 - Ville-DE-Quebec, Qc
  • Parents: Jean Dit Martin Montpellier, Isabelle Martin [Isabelle Montpellier (born Cote') ]
  • Sister: Anne Cote' (born Martin)
  • Wife: Marguerite Langlois
  • Children: Eustache Martin, Helene Martin, Marie-anne Cloutier (born Martin), Adrien Martin, Madeleine Martin, Marguerite Racine (born Martin), Anne Rate' (born Martin), Charles-amador Martin, Barbe Biron (born Martin)

Abraham Martin Dit Lecossais

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • Site name: pelletier Web Site
  • Site manager: Irenee pelletier
  • Birth: Nov 27 1589 - larochelle, aunis, france
  • Death: Sep 8 1664 - quebec, qc.
  • Parents: Jean-galeran Martin, Isabelle Martin (born Cote)
  • Wife: Marie-marguerite Langlois
  • Children: Eustache Martin, Marie-marguerite Racine (born Martin), Helene Martin, Pierre-charles Martin, Marie-anne Cloutier (born Martin Dite Lecossais), Adrien Martin, Marie-madeleine Martin, Barbe Biron (born Martin), Anne-marie Rate (born Martin), Charles-amador Martin Dite Lecossais

=======================

Lineages from the Ancestry .com side Abraham I have group them together - there are 9 trees altogether 2 being duplicates I have "Bold" differences and has the following which another is claiming is in error:

Pguinta Family Tree

  • Public Member Tree 4 attached records, 5 sources photos
  • Name: Abraham Martin L'Ecossais
  • Birth: 27 November 1589 (27 Nov 1589) - Herault (Hérault), France
  • Death: 8 September 1664 (8 Sep 1664) - Terrebonne, Les Moulins, Quebec, Canada
  • Marriage: 1621-1671 - France
  • Parents: Galeran Jean Martin, Isabelle Cote
  • Spouse: Guillemette Couillard"
 

Larlee barker spofford 2(1)

  • Public Member Tree 13 attached records, 14 sources
  • Name: Abraham Martin Dit L'Ecossais*
  • Birth: 1587 - Angus, Scotland
  • Death: 08 Sep 1664 (8 Sep 1664) - Quebec (Quebec City), Canada
  • Marriage: 1610 - France
  • Parents: Abraham Martin*, Sarah Auchenlick*
  • Spouse: Marguerite Langlois*

The Gerald F. Goodness Family Tree

  • LiseTree Public Member Tree
  • The Gerald F. Goodness FamilyPublic Member
  • Wolf_Brown Public Member Tree
  • Collins Public Member Tree
  • Bogart Family Tree Public Member Tree
  • Name: Abraham Martin dit Lecossais
  • Birth: 27 Nov 1589 - Seine-Maritime, France
  • Death: 8 Sep 1664 - Notre Dame, France
  • Parents: Jean Galeran Martin, Isabelle Cote
  • Spouse: Marguerite Langlois
 
Web: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-Current (in Dutch)
  • Birth, Marriage & Death
  • Name: Abraham Martin L'Ecossais/ I Dit
  • Spouse: Marie-Marguerite Langlois
  • Birth: 1589
  • Death: 8 sep 1664

[ttp://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Martin-2179 Abraham "Lescossois" Martin - WikiTree]

  • Born 1589 in Xixte, Montpellier, Larochelle, France
  • Son of Jean Martin and Isabelle (Côté) Martin
  • Brother of Anne Martin and Antoine Martin
  • Husband of Marguerite Langlois — married October 24, 1621 in Québec, Canada, Nouvelle France
  • Father of Jean Martin, Marie Martin, Eustache Martin, Marguerite Martin, Hélène Martin, Pierre Charles Martin, Marie Martin, Adrien Martin, Madeleine Martin, Barbe Martin, Anne (Martin) Raté and Charles-Amador Martin
  • Died September 8, 1664 in Québec, Qc, Canada

SOURCES

Biography of Abraham Martin - Ontario Genealogical Society

MARTIN, ABRAHAM (dit “l’Écossais” or “Maître Abraham”)

Abraham Martin By Yolande St-Arneault Échos génealogiques Société de Généalogie des Laurentides Volume XVII, #1, spring 2001

Abraham MARTIN s also known as Abraham MARTIN dit L'ECOSSAIS and also page ABRAHAM MARTIN dit l'Écossais

Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais

Subject: Re: [METIS-L Abraham MARTIN (was Nadeau)]

Abraham Martin


http://www.timothyjkent.com/phantomcontents.htm



per https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Martin-2179 :

Abraham Martin, the Scotsman (1589 - 1664).

In France, he would have resided on the Rue de l'Écosse in Dieppe, hence his nickname of the Scotsman. Can be the son of Isabelle Côté and Jean Martin.

Birth: Around 1589, in Normandy, France.

Marriage: Around 1615, He married Marguerite Langlois daughter of Jeanne Millet and Guillaume Langlois in an undetermined place in France, presumably in Dieppe where Jean was baptized in 1616 [1]

Arrival in New France: Abraham Martin, the Scotsman immigrated to Quebec, New France in 1619 with his wife. He declared himself master pilot of the St. Lawrence River from 1619 to 1629.

After the capture of Quebec by the Kirke brothers, they returned to France on July 24, 1629, and then returned to Quebec in 1633. From 1629 to 1632 he declared himself a pilot of the King on the St. Lawrence River in Canada; It would be the source of our Canadian navy.

Their son Eustace would be the first "Canadian" boy born in New France; It is the first baptism that is inscribed on the register of the parish of Notre-Dame de Quebec, dated October 21st, 1621. They were however to die in the same year.

In 1629, Hélène Martin, Marguerite Martin, Marguerite Langlois and Abraham Martin, the Scots resident in Quebec City.

In 1635, Abraham Martin, the Scotsman, obtained land on the northern slope of the Cape of Diamonds; The plateau that dominates it will be called Plains of Abraham as a consequence of its name and site of the future battle of the Plains of Abraham of 1760, between Montcalm and Wolfe.

Adrien Duchesne gave his land to Abraham Martin, said the Scotsman on August 15, 1646, in the presence of Jacques de Launay, Robert Giffart Lord of Beauport, Guillaume Tronquet, Jean Guitet, Sieur François Bissot of the River and Olivier Le Tardif de Honnefleur (at).

In 1649, Abraham Martin, the Scotsman, was prosecuted for rape.

On the 6th of September, 1664, he tested before Sieur Pierre Duquet de la Chenaye.

Death: On September 8, 1664, aged 75, Abraham Martin died in Quebec and was buried there on the same day at Notre-Dame parish, Canada. The act of burial indicates former inhabitant of this country. [2]

The inventory of the goods of Abraham Martin, the Scotsman is made the 7 of October of 1664.

Contrary to what has been written: Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 140, 415: FALSE - Through the Registers - p.17, 25: FALSE - The First Colonist of Lévis - p.150 FALSE. - he is not the father of Anne Martin.

List of known children of Marguerite Langlois and Abraham Martin:

Eustache Martin (1621 - 1621)

Marguerite Martin (1624 - 1679)

Hélène Martin (1627 - 1651)

Marie Martin (1635 - 1699)

Adrien Jean Martin says the Scotsman (1638 -)

Madeleine Martin (1640 - 1688)

Barbe Martin called the Scotsman (1643 - 1660)

Anne Martin (1645 - 1717)

Charles-Amador Martin says the Scotsman (1648 - 1711)

at. Donation contract: Donation contract from Adrien Duchesne to Abraham Martin of the land which will be known as plain of Abraham

We, the undersigned, certify to whom it will belong that last year one thousand six hundred and forty-six the sieur Adrein Duchesne, surgeon in the ship of M. de Repentigny, being at Quebec, told us that he had given the land Given in the city of Quebec; To Abraham Martin, pilot of the St. Lawrence River, and whom he could work with complete confidence. If time permitted him to make a contract of donation, he would have done so. What we testify to be true, made this fifteenth day of August one thousand six hundred and forty-six. (Signed) Gifford - Tronquet - Le Tardif - de Launay - Bissot - Guitet.

Portrait of pawn families. The brother of Zachary (son), Jean, second of the family, founded a home, on the 21st of January 1648, with Marie Martin, daughter of Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois; The father-in-law, who was to leave his name at the Plains of Abraham, called himself the royal pilot of the St. Lawrence.

Kent, Timothy J. (2015), Phantoms of the French Fur Trade: Twenty Men Who Worked in the Trade Between 1618 and 1758, for a brief biographical sketch see v. 1 , pp.35-129.

MARTIN, Abraham "dit" L'Écossais or Maître Abraham, pilot; b. 1589 in France; d. 8 Sept. 1664 at Québec.

Martin arrived in New France with his wife, Marguerite Langlois, her sister Françoise and brother-in-law Pierre Desportes (the parents of Hélène Desportes) about 1620. Martin may have been of Scottishdescent or he might have used the sobriquet if he had been enrolled in military service or had been a member of an illegal organization: such names were used to avoid detection by officials looking for deserted soldiers or in case the records of an illegal organization were seized. It is also possible that he acquired the name because he had made several voyages to Scotland as a young man. There is some question as to whether Martin was really an official pilot or not, although he was referred to as “king’s pilot” in his own day. However, he did fish well down into the Gulf of St-Lawrence.

It is presumed that the Plains (or Heights) of Abraham are named after Martin. It is picturesquely said that the "Côte d'’Abraham" was the path that Martin used to descend to the St-Charles River to water his animals. His property amounted to 32 acres in all, 12 received from the Compagnie de la Nouvelle-France in 1635 and 20 as a gift from Sieur Adrien Du Chesne, ship’s surgeon to Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny in 1645. This land was sold by the Martin family to the Ursulines in 1667. It is possible that this is the same Martin who was employed by Jean de Biencourt and Du Gua de Monts as navigator on the coast of Acadia, although he would have been very young at that time. When David Kirke captured Québec in 1629 and left his brother Lewis as governor until 1632, Martin and his family stayed on. In his later years Martin fell in the estimation of his fellow citizens when he was accused of improper conduct (rape) with regard to a young girl in Québec. He was imprisoned for this on 15 Feb. 1649.

As far as can be found from the records, Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois had nine or ten children. Anne Martin, born in France and married 17 Nov. 1635 to Jean Côté, was probably not Abraham’s daughter. Eustache, baptized 24 Oct. 1621 and the godson of Eustache Boullé, was the first child born in Canada. Marguerite, born 4 Jan. 1624 and married 22 May 1638 to Étienne Racine, had many descendants, including the two bishops Racine. Hélène, born 21 June 1627, was a god-daughter of Samuel de Champlain. She married first Claude Étienne in 1640 and on 3 Sept. 1647 Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers. Charles-Amador, born 7 March 1648, the godson of Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, was the second Canadian-born priest. It is possible that Brother Dominique Scot, spoken of in the Jesuit Relations as having gone to the Huron country as a young man, was also a son. It is also possible that a young man who is mentioned as having been in the Huron country at the same time (1634-35) was Eustache Martin.

Henry B. M. Best[3][4]

Note

[5]Abraham Martin, for thirty-two years the original owner of the historic plains bearing his name, now known as the Battlefields' Park, which he cultivated and which was sold to the Ursuline nuns in 1667, arrived in New France shortly after Champlain, was the first pilot named by the king of France to navigate the St. Lawrence river. In the Jesuits' Relations, Abraham Martin is referred to as "dit l'Ecossais" or " called the Scot," so that in addition to being the first pilot of the king he was also possibly the first known Canadian of Scotch descent. Although married to a French woman, and very possibly born in France, Abraham Martin was no doubt descended from one of the numerous soldiers of fortune who fought in the army of France in the days of Louis XL.

The Canadian Pacific Railway, through the efforts, doubtless, of that lover of ancient lore, Mr. John Murray Gibbon, President of the Canadian Authors' Association, have erected an artistic memorial to Martin on the river front at Quebec. It was designed by Henri Hebert, the well known French Canadian sculptor, is of granite and shows a pillar crowned by a globe of the world supported by thistles. Carved in low relief is the Lily of France rising out of the sea. The inscription is in French and English, the latter reading:—"This monument recalls to the passer-by Abraham Martin, called the 'Scot', first King's Pilot on the St. Lawrence, who tilled the land on the illustrious plains which bear his name. Martin died on the 8th September, 1664, and was buried in Quebec's first cemetery, which was located on the site of the present Montmorency Park, adjoining Mountain Hill."

Sources

Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 53, 85, 129, 132, 187, 225, 234, 243, 344, 386, 415, 506, 509 A Travers les Registres - p.101 Histoire du Notariat au Canada - p. 4 Histoire du Notariat au Canada - p. 77 Sépulture - Burial - Abraham Martin Fichier origine Généalogie Québec Nos origines ↑ Note: Date de mariage Vers 1615; Lieu du mariage Dieppe (région); Conjointe Marguerite Langlois; Remarques Il a résidé sur la rue d'Écosse à Dieppe, d'où son surnom. Deux enfants sont baptisés à Dieppe (St-Jacques) : Jean, le 23-09-1616 (Jehan Filie, parrain et Colette Chignart, marraine) ; et Pierre, le 01-08-1630. Abraham retourne en France en 1629 après la prise de Québec par les frères Kirke, puis revient au pays avec sa femme en 1633. [1] Fichier Abraham ↑ https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G993-F936-7?mode=g&i=7&wc=9RLX-4WG%3A17585101%2C19508101%2C19508102%3Fcc%3D1321742&cc=1321742 ↑ Collection de manuscrits relatifs à la Nouv.-France, I, 61. JR (Thwaites). R-B. Casgrain, “La fontaine d’Abraham Martin et le site de son habitation,” RSCT, 2d ser., IX (1903), sect.i, 145–55. Dionne, Champlain. A. G. Doughty and G. W. Parmelee, The siege of Quebec and the battle of the Plains of Abraham (6v Quebec, 1901), II, 289–309. John Knox, An historical journal of the campaigns in North America for the years 1757, 1758, 1759 and 1760, ed. A. G. Doughty (3v., Champlain Soc., VIII-X, 1914–16), II, 97n. J. M. LeMoine, The Scot in New France, an ethnological study (Montreal, 1881). É.-Z. Massicotte, “Au sujet d’Anne Martin,” BRH, XXVIII (1922), 116–17. Léon Roy, “Anne Martin, épouse de Jean Côté,” BRH, XLIX (1943), 203–4. P.-G. Roy, La ville de Québec, I, II. Tanguay, Dictionnaire. ↑ Henry B. M. Best, “MARTIN, ABRAHAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed July 26, 2016, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/martin_abraham_1E.html ↑ Historic Tales of old Quebec, by George Hale, The Telegraph Printing Company, Quebec, 1923 page 254


http://www.nosorigines.qc.ca/biography.aspx?name=Martin_Abraham&id=4290 Biographie Martin Abraham

Abraham Martin est né en 1589. Il arrive dans ce pays nouveau, vers 1622, avec son épouse Marguerite Langlois, sœur de Françoise Langlois, mariée à Pierre Desportes (parents d'Hélène Desportes).

Après la prise de Québec par Kirke, le 24 juillet 1629, ils sont retournés en France, puis revenus à Québec, en 1633.

Abraham est avec Louis Hébert l'un des premiers colons canadiens. Cet illustre colon, pilote royal et pilote de navire du Saint-Laurent, est à la source de notre marine nationale. C'est lui qui jette les rudiments de la première carte du fleuve.

La terre d'Abraham Martin, au sommet du Cap Diamants, reçoit le nom des "Plaines d'Abraham" nom ensuite étendu au plateau voisin, sur lequel est livré la célèbre bataille entre Wolfe et Montcalm.

Une anecdote pittoresque rapporte que la " Côte d'Abraham " était le sentier emprunté par Martin, pour descendre à la rivière Saint-Charles abreuver ses animaux.

Sa compagne, Marguerite Langlois, lui donne neuf enfants, dont Eustache Martin, le premier fils d'un Français, né en Nouvelle-France. C'est le premier baptême qui est inscrit sur le registre de Notre-Dame de Québec, en date du 21 octobre 1621. A part la mention de son baptême, nous n'avons aucune précision quelconque sur Eustache Martin, sûrement décédé très jeune. Abraham Martin a laissé par ses filles, une très nombreuse postérité.

Le second baptême qui a lieu à Québec, est celui de Marguerite Martin, soeur d'Eustache Martin.

Sa naissance est ainsi enregistrée à la date du 4 janvier 1624.

Marguerite Martin devient, le 22 mai 1638, la femme d'Étienne Racine, fils de René Racine et de Marie Loisel, de Fumichon, en Normandie.

Si le premier enfant du pionnier Français ne laisse pas de postérité, il n'en est pas de même de la première fille, car les descendants des dix enfants de Marguerite Martin, mariée à Étienne Racine se comptent aujourd'hui par milliers.

La deuxième fille Martin, Marie, née en 1635, épouse Jean Cloutier, né en 1620, à St-Jean de Mortagne, en France, fils des ancêtres Zacharie Cloutier et Xainte Dupont.

La troisième fille Martin, nommée Anne, née en 1645, épouse l'ancêtre Jacques Raté, né vers 1631, originaire de Laleu, dans La Rochelle, en Aunis, France.

L'ancêtre Abraham Martin, dit l'Écossais est inhumé à Québec, le 8 septembre 1664, vers l'âge de 75 ans. Sa veuve, Marguerite Langlois, épouse le 17 février 1665, René Branche, et est inhumée le 17 décembre, au cours de la même année. ________________ Erreur

MARTIN dit l'Écossais, Abraham (...) ne peut être le fils du couple (Abraham, chirurgien barbier fils de (Abraham, marchand, bourgeois de la ville de Metz & ...), d Dundee, Écosse 13-06-1673 à 57 ans & Sarah Auchinleck, d Dundee, Écosse 25-07-1665 à 40 ans) étant né vers vers 1589, ses parents ne peuvent être nés vers 1616 et 1625. Il pourrait, mais c'est hautement spéculatif, être le père de cet Abraham (et le beau-père de Sarah). Plusieurs ont pourtant indiqué que Sarah était la mère de notre Abraham.

  • m vers 1620 France

LANGLOIS, Marguerite

https://hoguegirardin.wordpress.com/2013/10/18/abraham-martin-dit-lecossais/

October 18, 2013

Abraham Martin dit l’Écossais Abraham Martin from Don ancestry tree Avore21411

Monument to Abraham Martin on the Plains of Abraham

ABRAHAM MARTIN

(B.1589-D.1664)

ARRIVED IN NEW FRANCE IN OR

ABOUT 1620. HE PASTURED HIS

LIVESTOCK ON LAND BELONGING

TO THE URSULINES, WHICH

WAS THENCEFORTH KNOWN AS

THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM. IN THE

COURSE OF THE 18TH CENTURY,

THIS DESIGNATION WAS MADE

OFFICIAL IN MILITARY

RECORDS AND IS THE NAME

STILL USED TODAY.

Picture courtesy of Don from his ancestry tree Avore21411


Abraham Martin dit l’Écossais was another 9th great-grandfather in the Girardin line, and one of my earliest ancestors to come to New France. There is no definitive explanation of his nickname of “the Scot”. It may indicate the street he lived on in Dieppe, Normandy, France. By the way, “dit names” or nicknames are a common occurrence in the population of New France. PRDH explains it this way:

“…the use of nicknames, often referred to as “dit names”, because they are introduced in French by the word “dit” meaning “said”, which abound in the nominative history of old Quebec. They have many origins: military nickname, sobriquet related to a physical characteristic, immigrant’s place of origin, name of fief for nobles, mother’s family name, father’s first name, and so on. Some go back to the ancestor, while others are introduced by descendants; some are transmitted, others not; some belong to an entire family line, while others concern only a single branch.”

He is believed to have been born about 1589 in Normandy, France. He and his wife, Marguerite Langlois, arrived in 1620, and became one of the first families to settle near Quebec City. Martin was a river pilot and high seas fisherman. Champlain was the godfather of their daughter Helene. Helene would later marry Medard Chouart Desgroseilliers, the famous Canadian explorer who, with Radisson, was responsible for convincing King Charles II of England to grant a charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1670.

Back in 1629 England and France were still fighting for control of the North American lands. In that year the Kirke brothers captured Quebec for England. Champlain, Letardif, Martin and Langlois sailed to France, returning to Quebec in 1633 when Quebec was once again under French control. PRDH has 9 children recorded for Abraham and Marguerite, but there is a gap between 1627 and 1635. Fichier Origine indicates that they also had a child in 1616 in France before they arrived on our shores, and then another in 1630 when they were back in France.

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=66268928 rth: 1589 La Rochelle Departement de la Charente-Maritime Poitou-Charentes, France Death: Sep. 8, 1664 Quebec Capitale-Nationale Region Quebec, Canada

Abraham Martin (1589-1664)

There is a lot of confusion over the origins of Abraham. He was born about 1589, probably at La Rochelle, but since his father Jean Galleran Martin, was known as “The Merchant of Metz”, he could have also been born at Metz, Lorraine, France. His mother was Isabel Cote. Throughout his lifetime, Abraham Martin was referred to as the “Scotsman”, so many believe he was born in Scotland.

However, that nickname was often used at that time, as a derogatory term to describe a deserter or member of an illegal organization. It may have also meant that in his capacity as ship’s pilot, he had made several voyages to Scotland in his youth, or assisted the Scottish settlers who began arriving at Port Royal (then called Port Charles) about 1628, under the direction of Sir William Alexander. It seems highly unlikely that he was actually of Scottish descent. When the British took control of Kebec for the first time, everyone was shipped back home, where it is believed that her sister Francoise, and her husband Pierre, died so the Martin's became guardians to little Helene, who was now almost nine. When the family returned after the British left, they brought along Marguerite's brother Noel, who would marry Francoise Grenier and have ten children, ensuring that the Langlois name from this branch, would live on.

The Martins would become one of the first three families to be granted land in Quebec City, when they were presented with 12 acres by the Company of New France in 1635. The additional 20 acres were a gift from Sieur Adrien du Chesney, ship's surgeon to Pierre Legardeur. Abraham and Marguerite's descendants later sold this parcel of land to the Ursuline nuns.

Marguerite and her husband played a major role in the development of French Canada, and in a culture that likes it's 'firsts'; a few can be added to their credit. Besides their son Eustache being named the first French child born in Canada (this one is questionable), Abraham has been called Canada’s first pilot (though again only first French pilot since the Canadian people had been navigating the waters for thousands of years), since his occupation was listed as “King’s Pilot” (navigator); their youngest son, Charles-Amador; was the first Canadian-born priest and Abraham drew up the first map of Quebec, even though he was illiterate.

Abraham Martin died on September 08, 1664 in Quebec city, at the age of 75; and Marguerite the following year on December 17, 1665, at the age of 63. The couple had nine children. Adrien joined the Jesuits and Charles became a priest, but daughter Marie would marry Jean Cloutier and they had fourteen children. Helene married Claude Etienne and had one child before her death in 1653. Marguerite married Etienne Racine and had ten children. Madeliene married Nicolas Forget and had nine children. Barbe married Pierre Biron and had one child before her death in 1660. Anne married Jacques Ratte and had ten children.

Things would have been much different for these families had the seventeen year old French girl, Marguerite Genevieve Millette Langlois , not sought a husband and a little adventure, in the New World, almost four centuries ago.

http://www.oocities.org/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/marguerite_langlois.html

--------------------------------------------------------- Abraham Martin arrived from France on the sailboat "Le Sallemande" at Tadoussac on 30 August 1620. He was accompanied by his first wife,(name not known*) and his daughter, Anne. He received a concession of ground that formed the plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm fought the battle of Quebec. This battle ground is still known as "Les Plaines d'Abraham.

After the death of his first wife, he married Marguerite Langlois.They had a son named Eustache. p. 909 Premiere baptisee a Quebec

SOURCE:[Brøderbund Family Archive #118, Ed. 1, Canadian Genealogy Index, 1600s - 1900s, Date of Import: Apr 24, 1998, Internal Ref. #1.118.1.52290.17]


COMMENT-BIRTH-LANDGRANT-DEATH-MARRIAGE-BURIAL: From Joanne Meade's Records;

Born in Scotland in 1587. He arrived on the sailboat "Le Sallemandie" at Tadoussac on 30 AUG 1620. He received a concession of ground that formed the plateau the Wolf and Montcalm fought, Plains of Abraham. It is said that his father was devoted to the cause of Mary Queen of Scotts. He was involved in a plot to free her from the English. The plot failed and he had to flee to France. He was said to be 75 years at his death.

SOURCE: Renee Jette, "Dictionnaire Genealogique des Familles du Quebec", 1983.Publ. University of Montreal. Covering years 1608 to 1730, Page 778. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-FR/2002-06/1023634767 ----------------------------------------------

Abraham Martin Dit L'Ecossais (b. 1587, d. September 08, 1664) Abraham Martin arrived from France on the sailboat "Le Sallemande"at Tadoussac on 30 August 1620.

Abaraham was accompanied by his first wife, and his daughter, Anne.

After the death of his first wife, he married Marguerite Langlois. They had first a son named Eustache then many others.

SOURCE: http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/f/i/t/Alice-C-Fitzgerald-RI/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0341.html --------------------------------------------------------

TANQUAY DICTIONAIRE 1608-1890

Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes (Collection Tanguay), 1608 à 1890 Quebec,

Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection),

Name: Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais Relationship to Head: Chef de famille (Head) Baptism Date: 1589 Spouse's Name: Marguerite Langlois Burial Date: 8 sept. 1664 (8 Sep 1664) Burial Place: Québec (Quebec) (Quebec City)

Family Members: Name Relationship to Head

Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais Chef de famille (Head) Marguerite Langlois Conjoint(e) (Spouse)

(NOTE: a Question Mark next to M. Langlois, assumed to mean she may not be the parent of all the children, namely Anne Martin)

Anne Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)(CORRECTION daughter of Guillemette Couillard and Abraham Martin)_ Jean Côté Conjoint(e) e l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Eustache Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)

Marguerite Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child) Etienne Racine Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Claude Etienne Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse) Médard Chouart Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Hélène Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)

Marie Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child) Jean Cloutier Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Adrien Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)

Madeleine Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child) Nicolas Froget Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse) Jean-Baptiste Fonteneau Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Pierre Biron Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse) Barbe Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)

Charles-Amador Martin dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child)

Anne Martin II dit l'Ecossais Enfant (Child) Jacques Raté Conjoint(e) de l'enfant (Child's Spouse)

Source Citation: Volume: Vol. 1 Sect. 2 : Hem-Zap; Page: 415.

---------------------------------------------------------- U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Name: Abraham Martin Gender: Male Birth Year: 1589 Spouse Name: Marguerite Langlois 1613 (CORRECTION Guilemette Couillard) Spouse Birth Year: 1592 Marriage Year: Number Pages: 1

Source Citation: Source number: 295.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: JBH. -----------------------------------------------------------

Abraham Martin, "the Scotsman" (buried in 1664), pilot, clerk of the Company of Merchants.

The date of his birth had been contested (1589) because of the age of his daughter, Anne, who married Jean Cote, Nov. 17, 1635 at Quebec: She must have been born of a previous marriage since Marguerite Langlois gave birth to her last child in 1648 which brings her own birth back to around 1600. In addition, Abraham did not arrive in New France in 1613 or 1614, since there were no arrivals, but must have arrived in 1619 or 1620 with his wife and daughter Anne born of his first marriage. (see Bulletin de Recherches Historique 1922). From his research, Mr. Massicotte is certain that Anne Martin was born around 1603.

(extracted from "Dictionnaire General du Canada" - Lejeune Volume 2)


FINDAGRAVE EDITS ASSUMED TO BE CORRECT 1) Abraham Martin Sent by: Robert Comeau Sep 15, 2015 2:47 PM WAS Death Place:Quebec, Canada REPLACED Death Place: Quebec Capitale-Nationale Region Quebec, Canada

2) Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais Sent by: Anonymous Sep 20, 2016 3:34 PM Birth Place: France REPLACED Birth Place:La Rochelle Departement de la Charente-Maritime Poitou-Charentes, France


Biography of Abraham Martin- Ontario Genealogical Society 7/16/2013 posted on the Family Search website

Includes discussion of all of the above with assumptions.

https://familysearch.org/photos/stories/1749231


Re: Abraham Martin the Scot By Nona Pelletier December 12, 2001 at 02:08:48 In reply to: Re: Abraham Martin the Scot 12/11/01


All the early marriages were arranged. Jean Cote and Anne Martin's marriage, 17 November 1635, was in the presence of Robert Giffard and Guillaume Couillard, the brother-in-law of Desportes and Hebert.I would say that most surely indicates that Anne was indeed the daughter and not the sister of Abraham Martin.

SOURCE: http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/martin/16572/


Family links:

Spouse:
 Marguerite Langlois Branche (1592 - 1665)*

Children:
 Eustache Martin (1621 - 1667)*
 Marguerite Martin Racine (1624 - 1679)*
 Helene Martin Chouart (1627 - 1651)*
 Marie Martin Cloutier (1635 - 1699)*
  • Calculated relationship

Note: Remains located in general ossuary, which carries an estimate of 900-1000 people together. No marker stands for this person.


Burial: Notre Dame De Quebec Basilica-Cathedral Quebec Capitale-Nationale Region Quebec, Canada GPS (lat/lon): 46.81378, -71.2061


Maintained by: Barbara A. in CA Originally Created by: Wanda L Record added: Feb 28, 2011 Find A Grave Memorial# 66268928

view all 37

Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais's Timeline

1589
November 27, 1589
Saint-Rémy, Normandie, France

Martin dit l'Écossais Abraham Fichier d'origine

1589
1614
1614
Age 24
1616
September 23, 1616
Age 26
Dieppe (St. Remy), Normandie, France
1619
1619
Age 29
France
1619
Age 29
France