Abraham Robinson, of Gloucester

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Abraham Robinson

Birthdate:
Birthplace: England
Death: Died in Gloucester, Essex County, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Husband of Mary Walker
Father of Abraham Robinson, Jr.

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Abraham Robinson, of Gloucester

Abraham Robinson, of Gloucester

  • Birth: estimated between 1612 and 1617, based on birth of son; probably in England
  • Death: Feb 18 1645 - Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts
  • Married: Mary (d 1690). Her parents unknown. She survived him & married 2) William Brown 3) Henry Walker
  • Child: Abraham, born between 1638-1646 "first white child in Gloucester." He married Mary Harrandaine.

Biography

Upon his death Abraham left an estate valued at 18 Pounds, 11 Shillings3.

Cutter's Biography

William Richard Cutter, Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts:

"Whatever his parentage, ancestry or place of birth. Abraham Robinson, who led that party of colonists from Plymouth to Cape Ann in the year 1631 and there planted a settlement, must have been a man of strong character and great determination, worthy of the distinguished parentage ascribed to him and worthy of the admiration of his descendants in all generations since his time. The year of his birth being unknown there appears to be no means by which to determine the span of his life, but he died February 23, 1645. after having lived on the cape about fourteen years. The name of his wife was Mary, but little else is known of her except that she died April 17, 1690, having borne her husband one son, Abraham, who was a year old at the time of his father's death; and that after the death of her first husband Mary married, July 15, 1646. William Brown, who died in 1662, and later she became the wife of Henry Walker, who survived her and died August 20, 1693. . (II) Abraham Robinson, son of Abraham and Mary Robinson, who was born in 1644, is said to have been the first child of English parents born on Cape Ann; and according to family tradition he lived to attain the remarkable age of one hundred and two years. He was living in 1730, eighty-five years after the death of his father. In making mention of him Babson's "Gloucester" says that on coming to maturity he "received several lots of land bequeathed to him by his stepfather Brown, and in 1668 grants at Eastern Point, where he fixed his residence and lived to a great age." * * * "From the mention made of him in his stepfather's will, the date of his land grants and the time of his marriage, it may be reasonably inferred that he was in early childhood at the time of that event; and that, if he lived to be a centenarian, his death must have occurred about 1740. Family tradition has preserved the memory of an ancient silver vessel once in his possession, which is said to have beep used by his celebrated ancestor on baptismal occasions." Abraham Robinson married, July 7, 1668, Mary Harrandaine, born in 1649, died September 28, 1725, aged seventy-six years. She was a daughter of Edward and Sarah Harrandaine. Edward Harrandaine (Babson's "Gloucester" gives the name as Haraden) came from Ipswich, and in 1657 bought of Robert Dutch a house, barn and land in Gloucester. Part of this property was on Planter's Neck, where Dutch had a fishing stage. Harrandaine added to his possessions at this place by subsequent purchases and appears to have been the first permanent settler in that part of the town. The place of his residence and business was undoubtedly at Squam Point. He died May 17, 1683, leaving an estate of two hundred and eighty-five pounds. His wife Sarah died March 4, 1691. Abraham and Mary (Harrandaine) Robinson had children: 1. Mary, born August 20, 1669, married John Elwell. 2. Sarah, September 17, 1671, married, June 30, 1690, John Butman. 3. Elizabeth, September 12, 1673, married. December, 1695, Timothy Somes Jr. 4. Abigail. January 4. 1675, died July 13, 1720; married, Janary 10, 1700, Joseph York. 5. Abraham."[1]

His Wife Mary

A careful reading of Essex county probate records available at American Ancestors will prove beyond any doubt that Abraham Robinson's wife Mary married three times to 1) Abraham Robinson Sr 2) William Brown and 3) Henry Walker and will also prove that her daughter Mary (Brown) Haskell was half-sister to her son Abraham Robinson, Jr.[2]

Babson does a fairly good job at outlining the probate records but the information is scattered over many pages (See page numbers below).[3] George F. Butterick actually has a more concise two page summary.[4]

See Babson, History, p. 175:

   "Henry Walker is mentioned as an owner of land before 1650. He married, Sept. 26, 1662, Widow Mary Brown, who first appeared here as the wife of Abraham Robinson. He had his residence on the west side of Annisquam River, where a creek still perpetuates the name. He was selectman in 1667 and several subsequent years. He died Aug. 29, 1693: his wife died April 17, 1690. His estate, the largest that had then been accumulated in town, was appraised £922.10s., consisting chiefly of land. Having no children, he left legacies to the descendants of his wife by her two previous husbands ..."[3] 

Also Babson, p. 135:

   Abraham Robinson "left a widow Mary, who married William Brown, July 15, 1646; and, again becoming a widow in 1662, married Henry Walker in the same year, and died April 17, 1690."[3] 

Again Babson, p. 65

   "William Brown was among the earliest settlers ... He married Mary, widow of Abraham Robinson, in 1646; and died May 3, 1662, leaving a daughter Mary, born in 1649, who married William Haskell. His widow married, for her third husband, Henry Walker. His estate, which was considerable for the time and place (£223. 7s.) was mostly left to his son-in-law, Abraham Robinson."[3] 

Abraham Robinson II was raised by his stepfather William Brown - Babson p. 135-6

   [Abraham, son of Abraham Robinson] "on coming to maturity, received several lots of land bequeathed him by his step-father Brown ... " [, at the age of eleven years] "was living with his paternal grandmother, and her husband, Henry Walker, who left him, by will, a legacy of twenty pounds. In the vicinity of this early home, which was surrounded for many miles by a dense forest, he probably acquired the passion for hunting; which in manhood often led him several days at a time upon distant excursions, from which he always returned with abundant proof of his courage and skill" 

Butternick p 522

   "Abraham Robinson II was born before 1646, his father's death; his mother married William Brown that year and upon his death, married, for the third time, Henry Walker, in 1662, when Abraham Robinson was at least sixteen-so Walker can hardly be said to have raised him. The marriage of Henry Walker's step-daughter to William Haskell, son of William Haskell."[4] 

Babson p 100

   "William married Mary Walker, July 3, 1667; who died Nov. 12, 1715, aged sixty-six. She was the daughter of William Brown; but she took the name of her step-father, Henry Walker."[3] 

Babson p. 209

"thirty-one lots laid out on the west side of the Cut in 1688 to settlers, including five Haskells and Henry Walker."[3]

There is a marriage record in St Gregory by St Paul, London, England for Mary Watson to Abraham Robinson on 15 Jul 1610 but we can't be certain it is the same couple.

Disputed Parents

Cutter and several previous genealogies floated the idea that Abraham Robinson of Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts, was the son of Rev. John Robinson, the famous "Pastor to the Mayflower Pilgrims" of Leyden. However, as survey records of Leyden show Rev John Robinson had no son by this name.[1] Robert Charles Anderson in his 2015 "Pilgram Migration" makes no mention of a family relationship to Abraham Robinson and I'm not aware of any recent peer reviewed work that has taken this theory seriously.[5][6]

I believe the following quote was a part of Cutters inconclusive ramble about his origins:

  • "Tradition has it that after the death of Rev. John Robinson, his widow, with two sons, Abraham and Isaac, came to America .... Very soon after they settled there with their families, Mr. (Abraham or Isaac) Robinson had a son born whom he called Abraham. He had four other sons, Zebulon, Samuel, Johnathan and Stephen, and one or more daughters. Abraham married young and had twelve children; three sons, John, Stephen and Andrew, and nine daughters, two of whom died young; the other seven were married and left families—Elwell, Davis, Butman, Williams, Soames. Mr. Abraham. Robinson lived to the age of 102 years, much beloved and respected by his friends and acquaintances for his piety and strict integrity." "It was engraved on his tombstone that he was the first child born of English parents on that side of the bay."

Sources

  • 1.0 1.1 William Richard Cutter, Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts (New York: Lewis Historical Pub., 1910) Vol 2 p 673
  • 2 The Probate Records of Essex County, Massachusetts, 1635-1681, 3 volumes (Salem 1916-1920; rpt. Newburyport, Massachusetts, 1988). Citations to the unpublished probate records are to case numbers, or to register volumes (which begin with volume 301).
  • 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 John J Babson, History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Ann, Including the Town of Rockport, (Gloucester, Peter Smith Publisher, Inc. 1972 (reprinted from original, published in 1860)) p35, p 65, p 100, p134-6 p175
  • 4 George F Butterick, A Guide to The Maximus Poems of Charles Olson (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1978) p 521 - 522 link This book has it all summarized on two pages clearly stated and accurately states what is in the probate records.
  • 5 Robert Charles Anderson , The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony, 1620-1633 (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic and Genealogical Society. 2015)
  • 6 Note-Book Kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., Lawyer, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641, Edward Everett Hale, Jr., ed. (Cambridge 1885; rpt. Camden, Maine, 1988). Cita­tions herein refer to the pagination as printed (and not to the manuscript pag­ination) and will therefore differ from the index entries of the 1885 edition. link
  • A A Robinson, The Robinsons and Their Kin Folk (New York: The Association, 1902) Series 3 p 94+ The Robinsons and Their Kin Folk
  • http://www.wainwrightfamily.org/robinsonfhr.htm#3
  • The Robinsons and Their Kin Folk (Google eBook) The Association, 1906. Page 93.
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Abraham Robinson, of Gloucester's Timeline

1612
1612
England
1638
1638
Age 26
Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts
1645
February 18, 1645
Age 33
Gloucester, Essex County, Massachusetts
February 23, 1645
Age 33
Gloucester, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
1996
March 6, 1996
Age 33
March 6, 1996
Age 33
April 2, 1996
Age 33
April 2, 1996
Age 33
????