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Adam Clapp

Birthdate: (86)
Birthplace: Guilford, North Carolina, United States
Death: August 15, 1841 (86)
Alexander County, Illinois
Place of Burial: Jonesboro, IL, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of John Phillip Clapp and Barbara Marie May
Husband of Ruth Lawrence and Emma Ruth Marley
Father of Catherine Clapp; William Clapp; Joel Clapp; Elisha Clapp; Nancy Clapp and 5 others
Brother of Valentine 'Felty' Clapp; Anna Christina Clapp Albright; Maria Barbara Clapp; Magdalena 'Molly' Clapp; Catherine Clapp and 6 others
Half brother of Sarah 'Sallie' Ferguson; Valentine Clapp and Margaretta (Margaret) May

Occupation: Farmer
Managed by: Grant David Meadors
Last Updated:

About Adam Clapp

See Media section for photographs from _A Window_to_the_Past_ by Neal N. Cotner.

Listed on

Revolutionary War: Private, Guilford County, North Carolina

Pension S30937

Described as below on

[begin quote]

Union County IL Archives Military Records.....Clapp, Adam

Revwar - Pension

  • ***********************************************

Copyright. All rights reserved.

  • ***********************************************

File contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by:

Nancy Poquette June 24, 2006, 2:31 pm

Pension Application Of Adam Clapp, Natl Archives Microseries M804, Roll 547, Application # S30937

ADAM CLAPP, a resident of Union County, Illinois, aged 77 years:

“He lived in the County of Guilford, state of North Carolina sometime in the fall

of 1776 or 1777. He volunteered in the service of his country as a soldier under

Captain HENRY WHITESELL and was put under the regimental command of Colonel

ALEXANDER MARTIN, by whom they were marched to Salisbury, where General RUTHERFORD

took the command of the troops then assembled from the different counties.”

“The soldiers about thousand or upwards strong, were marched by General RUTHERFORD

to the Cherokee nation, where they were joined by the troops from South Carolina,

aided by the Catawba Indians. The day after this junction, they fell in with the

Cherokee Indians, who first attacked the troops from South Carolina. In the battle,

the Americans lost no men, and the Indians but few. The remainder of this term of

service, three months and two weeks, they were occupied in scouring the country and

demolishing such villages as they could find.”

“They were marched back to Salisbury, where, where at the end of this term of

service, they were discharged. He does not recollect the precise time either of his

entering in or leaving it, but is certain that it was in the latter part of 1776 or

1777 he was discharged. There was no regular soldiers with them.”

“In the beginning of the year 1778, he turned out again under Captain WHITESELL,

under whose command the company was stationed at Guilford Courthouse as guard over

the public ammunition. There were no other troops there, while Captain WHITESELL

remained, a period of two months, at the expiration of which time they were

discharged and dismissed to their homes. Another company was then stationed there in

the stead of Captain WHITESELL’s.”

“During the year 1781, he thinks before the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, he turned

out as a drafted militiaman, under Captain ELI NEWLAND on a twenty-days tour, under

the regimental command of Colonel WILLIAM O’NEAL, to be marched to Cross Creek, now

called Fayette he believes, against the Scotch Tories. Upon their route, having

reached the neighborhood of a strong body of the enemy, Colonel O’NEAL made

preparations to sustain an attack from him, which he (Col. O’NEAL) was informed

would be made. But that after waiting some time in readiness, he proceeded to where

the Tories and Scotch were thought to be embodied, and upon arriving there found

that they had fled.”

“The Americans immediately hurried upon the pursuit, and overtook them as they had

crossed Deep River. As soon as we could obtain a passage across the River we

recommenced the pursuit, but the Scotch and Tories dispersed upon the pursuit

growing closer, and thereby put it out of our power to overtake them, so as

satisfactorily to effect the object of our expedition. We were then marched back to

Guilford County, where we were discharged. On this service or tour, we were engaged

two months or upwards, although we were called out for twenty days only.”

“Soon after, in two or three weeks, the Tories having again gathered and embodied

themselves, as was reported, this applicant again turned out under the same

[Captain], but under a different Colonel whose name he does not recollect. We were

again marched in the same direction, but without any important result, the Tories

having again scattered. We, however, succeeded in taking some few who were summarily

punished and turned loose.”

“In the course of two or three weeks, the British having come down into Guilford, we

returned to Guilford County, where Captain NEWLAND’s company was transferred to the

command of Captain WHITESELL. The captain marched the company towards the

courthouse, near which they were put under the command of Colonel WILLIAM [probably

meant John] PAISLEY, by whom they were marched to the main army, where General

GREENE took command as General-in-chief. They arrived at the courthouse the day

after the battle of that took place. They proceeded immediately after the British,

who had retired towards Newbern. The militia went as far as the county line only,

where they were discharged, and General GREENE followed with the regulars. We were

engaged in this service against the British about twenty days. In this service he

remembers to have seen Col. WASHINGTON and General GREENE, the only regular officers

whom he now recollects.”

[If this file is unreadable, see the same pension application at ncgenweb, Guilford

County military page.]

File at:

This file has been created by a form at

File size: 5.0 Kb

[end quote]

  1. Name: Adam CLAPP
  2. Sex: M
  3. Birth: 10 DEC 1754 in Orange (later Guilford) Co. North Carolina
  4. Death: 15 AUG 1841 in Alexander Co. Illinois
  5. Military Service: served in Revolutionary War
  6. Event: Joined church 2 MAY 1778 Brick Church, Guilford Co. NC
  7. Burial: DAR Marker errected in St. John's cemetery near Jonesboro, Union Co. IL
  8. Occupation: Farmer

Father: John Phillip CLAPP b: 20 FEB 1730/31 in Oley, Berks Co. Pennsylvania Mother: Barbara Marriage 1 Ruth LAWRENCE b: BEF 1765


  1. Has No Children Catherine CLAPP b: ABT 1798 in Sumner Co. Tennessee
  2. Has Children William CLAPP b: ABT 1800 in Sumner Co., Tennessee
  3. Has No Children Joel CLAPP b: ABT 1801 in Robertson Co., Tennessee
  4. Has No Children Elisha CLAPP b: 1803 in Tennessee
  5. Has No Children Nancy CLAPP b: 1806 in Robertson Co., Tennessee
  6. Has Children Abel CLAPP b: 1807

Marriage 2 Emma MARLEY b: ABT 1760

   * Married: ABT 1782 in Guilford Co. North Carolina


  1. Has Children John Ike CLAPP b: 7 JUN 1783 in Guilford Co. NC
  2. Has Children Adam CLAPP b: 11 OCT 1787 in Guilford Co. NC
  3. Has Children David CLAPP b: 2 OCT 1789 in Knox Co., Tennessee
  4. Has No Children Mary CLAPP b: 1790 in Henry Co. Tennessee
view all 15

Adam Clapp's Timeline

December 10, 1754
Guilford, North Carolina, United States
June 7, 1787
Age 32
Guilford, NC, United States
October 11, 1787
Age 32
Guilford, NC, USA
October 2, 1789
Age 34
Knox, TN, USA
Age 35
Sumner, TN, USA
Age 43
Sumner, TN, USA
Age 45
Sumner, TN, USA
Age 46
Robertson, TN, USA
Age 48