Adam Hendrickse Vrooman

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Adam Hendrickse Vrooman

Also Known As: "Adam", "Hendricksz", "Meese", "Vrooman"
Birthplace: Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland
Death: Died in Vrooman's Land, Scholarie, Renssalaer, New York, USA,
Place of Burial: Vrooman's Land, Scholarie, Renssalaer, New York, USA,
Immediate Family:

Son of Hendrick Bartholomeus Vrooman and Jannitjen Wouters
Husband of Engeltje Barentse Blom; Margaret (Grietje) Ryckman and Margretha Hemstraat
Father of Wouter Vrooman; Barent Adamse Vrooman; Wouter Adamse Vrooman; Pieter Adamse Vrooman; Christina Adamse Swart and 12 others
Brother of Eva Hendrickse Van Valkenburg; Johannes Hendrickse Vrooman; Kathlyntje Hendrickse Vrooman; Bartholomeus Vrooman and Hendrickje Vrooman

Occupation: Carpenter, Millwright, mill wright
Managed by: Juneith Norellen (Rauch)Clark
Last Updated:

About Adam Hendrickse Vrooman

He arrived in New Netherlands on April 17, 1664 aboard the d'Eendracht.

He was born in Leiden, Holland, 14 Sep 1649 and naturalized in the province of New York in 1715. Adam Vrooman married three times, firstly to Engeltie Barentse Blom. Engeltie and her infant child were killed in the Schenectady Massacre. Adam married secondly in 1691 to Grietje Ryckman, widow of Jacques Cornelise Van Slyck, and thirdly, 13 Jan 1697 to Grietje Takelse Heemstraat. Adam Vrooman died 25 Feb 1730.


  • From Pearson's Genealogies of the First Settlers of Schenectady:

In 1670, by consent of his father, [Adam Vrooman] bound himself for two years to Cornelis Van den Burgh to learn the millwright's trade for 80 guildders and a pair of new shoes the first year and 102 guilders the second year; 1638 he built a mill on the Sand kil where the Brandywine mills now stand; 1688 bought lands of the Mohawk scahems at Fort Hunter; in 1690, when Schenectady was attacked and burned by the French and Indians, he saved his life by his bravery in defending his house which then stood on the west corner of Church and Front streets; on this occasion his first wife Engeltie, with her infant child was killed, and his two sons Barent and Wouter were carried away captives to Canada; 1697 went to Canada with an embassy to try to obtain the release of his sons (one of whom had turned Catholic), his brother (Jan?) and cousin (son of Pieter Meese of Albany), all carried away in 1690; 1703-1708 obtained a patent for the Sand kil and adjacent lands for mill purposes; 1714 obtained a patent for lands in Schoharie upong which he settled in 1715; some of the Palatines attempted to drive him off. He commenced a stone house 23ft. square by help of his sons, and had proceeded as far as the second story floor beams, when one night his unruly neighbors, led on by one Conrad Weiser, entirely demolished it. He then retired to Schenectady and petitioned to the governor for redress. The governor commanded the sheriff of Albany to arrest said Weiser, and succeeded, it is presumed, in stopping the opposition to Vrooman's cultivating his land. {Doc.History,III,412.} In 1726 he received an additional patent for 1,400 acres for his son Pieter; made his will September 12, 1729, proved June 13, 1730, spoke of the following children, save Christina and Jannetie, d. on his farm in Schoharie Feb. 25 1730 and was buried in his private burying ground No. 35 Front Street.

From Carol Clemens, Vrooman descendent: Front Street was his original burial spot, but then all of those buried there were removed and taken elsewhere….mostly to Vale Cemetery. The burial grounds on Front street were a problem (health hazard). There is no burial ground there any more. I have not been able to find a marker for him at Vale, yet though. Nov. 2007.

From "Vrooman Family."

Adam Vrooman remained in Schenectady where he operated a mill he had owned since 1683. He sold this mill to his son Wouter in 1710. In 1711 he purchased from the Indians about 600 acres, in two seperate deeds, north of town near Middleburg in the Schoharie Valley. Not having the proper utensils for surveying it, he paced off the tract and called it six hundred acres, for which he gave one hundred and ten gallons of rum and a few blankets. This tract became known as Vrooman Land. The purchase from the Indians had no legal meaning. However, as he had to live among them this was a form of “paying them off”.

One of the first two deeds contains the names of eighteen Indians, inserted in the following order: "Pennonequieeson, Canquothoo, Hendrick the Indian, [probably King Hendrick of the French war,]Kawnawahdeakeoe,Turthyowriss,Sagonadiet Tucktahraessoo, Onnadahsea, Kahenterunkqua, Amos the Indian, Cornelius the Indian, Gonhe Wannah, Oneedyea, Leweas the Indian, Johanis the Indian, Tuquaw-in-hunt, and Esras the Indian, all owners and proprietors of a certain piece of land, situate, lying and being in the bounds of the land called Skohere." The title is for two hundred and sixty acres of land near the hill "called Onitstagrawa;" two hundred of which were flats, and sixty acres wood-land. The instrument closed as follows: "In testimony whereof, we, the three races or tribes of the Maquase, the Turtle, Wolf and Bear, being present, have hereunto set our marks and seals, in the town of Schenectady, this two and twentieth day of August, and in the tenth year of her Majesty's [Queen Ann's] reign. Annoque Domini, 1711." Eighteen wax seals are attached to the conveyance, in front of which are arranged, in the order named, the devices of a turtle, a wolf and a bear, the former holding a tomahawk in one of its claws.

The second deed is dated April 30, 1714, and contains the eight following names: "Sinonneequerison, Tanuryso, Nisawgoreeatah, Turgourus, Honodaw, Kannakquawes, Tigreedontee, Onnodeegondee, all of the Maquaes country, native Indians, owners and proprietors, " The deed was given for three hundred and forty acres of woodland, lying eastward of the sixty acres previously conveyed, "bounded northward by the Onitstagrawa, to the southward by a hill called Kan-je-a-ra-go-re, to the westward by a ridge of hills that join to Onitstagrawa, extending southerly much like unto a half moon, till it joins the aforesaid hill Kanjearagore." This instrument closes in the manner of the one before noticed, except that each Indian's name is placed before a seal to which he had made his mark. The ensigns of the three Mohawk tribes, are conspicuously traced in the midst of the signatures. One of the two witnesses to both deeds was Leo Stevens, a woman who acted as interpreter on the occasion of granting each conveyance.

When the Palantines came in 1713, they also became traders with the Indians. Perhaps because they were jealous of the large amount of land Adam had or felt that he was going to “hem them in” they advised the Indians that the tract contained a much larger number of acres than the deeds they had signed. They convinced the chiefs of these tribes that they had been cheated by Adam. This caused them to refuse to barter with him for his goods. Instead of its being but six hundred acres, the grant that Adam recieved from the Govenor gives the same tract as eleven hundred acres.

In 1715 Vroman commenced building a house upon his land, and the Germans being jealous of his purchase, or, in truth believing he was sent to "hem them in" as they stated in the petition, took the responsibility of trespassing upon his domains in a very riotous manner; as will be seen by Adam's Letter , written from Schenectady to Gov. Hunter bearing the date of " the 9th day of July; 1715."

March 30, 1726, Adam Vrooman obtained the new Indian title to the flats know as Vrooman's Land, executed by nine individuals of the nation, "in behalf of all the Mohaugs Indians." The new title gave the land previously conveyed with the sentence, "let there be as much as there will, more or less, for we are no surveyors;" and was executed with the ensigns of the Mohawk nation - the turtle,wolf and bear.

"Schoharie County, NY"

From "Historical and Statistical Gazetteer of New York State"

by J. H. French, LL.D. - 1860:

The first white settlement was made by a colony of German Palatinates, in 1711. These people had previously settled at East and West Camp, on the Hudson. Their number is estimated at 600 to 700. They settled in 7 clusters, or villages, each under a leader or head man, from whom the dorf, or village, was usually named. The Dutch soon after began a settlement at "Vroomansland," on the W. side of the creek, 2 or 3 mi. above the German settlement. Adam Vrooman, from Schenectady, obtained a patent for 1,100 acres, Aug. 26, 1714. His tract was afterward found to contain 1,400 acres. It embraced the flats along the creek in the present town of Fulton, except Wilder Hook, (Image 47K) at which place was an Indian castle and settlement. The Palatinates at first did not secure a patent for the lands they occupied, and a short time after their settlement Nicholas Bayard appeared as agent of the British Government, and offered to give the settlers deeds for their lands; but he was assailed by a mob and was obliged to flee for his life. Upon reaching Schenectady he sent back word that for an ear of corn each he would give a clear title to the lands occupied by each; but this offer was rejected. He returned to Albany and sold the tract to 5 persons at that place. A sheriff, named Adams, was sent to arrest some of the trespassers; but no sooner was his business known than he was assailed by a mob and ridden upon a rail. For considerable time after this outrage none of the German settlers dared visit Albany; but after a time they ventured to do so, and were at once arrested and thrown into jail. They were at length released on making a written acknowledgment of the outrage they had perpetrated. The settlers at length sent an embassy, consisting of Conrad Weiser, ___ Casselman, and another, to England to petition the king for redress. The ship that took them out carried also a statement of the outrages, and the ambassadors were at once imprisioned; but after a time they were set at liberty and permitted to return. Weiser was so chagrined at the result of the controversy that soon after, with about 60 families, he emigrated to Tulpehocton, Berks co., Penn.

At about the age of 15 he came to America with his father and four siblings. He became a Millwright and moved to Schenectady, New York in 1677. He married @1678 to Engletje Blom. Had 6 children. On 9/9/1690 his home was invaded by French and their Indians. His father Hendrick, brother Bartholomeus, wife Engletje, and infant child were all murdered. his sons Wouter and Barent were carried off and held captive in Canada until 1697.Adam married again on 11/18/1691 to Grietje (Ryckman) VanSlyck and she must have died because on 1/13/1667 he married once more to Greitje Margrietje Takelse Hemmstraat.

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Adam Hendrickse Vrooman's Timeline

May 23, 1649
Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland
September 14, 1649
Leyden (Leiden), , , South Holland, NETHERLANDS,
April 17, 1664
Age 14
Schenectady, , Albany, New York, USA,
Age 29
Schenectady, Schenectady , New York
September 9, 1680
Age 31
September 9, 1680
Age 31
May 4, 1684
Age 34
Schenectady, Schenectady, NY, USA
October 18, 1685
Age 36
Age 37
Schenectady, New York, United States