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Adrian Anglin

Also Known As: "Andrion", "Adrion Anglin", "Adrian Anglin", "Adrien Anglin"
Birthplace: probably, Ireland
Death: April 25, 1777 (83-84)
Buckingham County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Anglin and Sophronia Anglin
Husband of Elizabeth W. Anglin and Mary Anglin
Father of William Anglin; John (Johannes) Anglin; Mary Anglin; Anna Anglin; Maryann Anglin and 7 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Adrian Anglin

In 1721 Adrian filed with the court to end his 4 year indenture.

The earliest record of Adrian being in Virginia comes from the Commissioners Court of Albemarle County when on 12 Sept 1746 he and eight other men were ordered to keep their road open and clear to the courthouse. He received land patents in VA 1.) 7-20-1748, 165 acres on both sides of Slate river; 2)3/3/1760 400 acres on Slate River and 3) 8-20-1760, 370 acres south of Slate River all being in Albemarle County, Virginia. Buckingham County was created from Albemarle County in mid 1770.

Adrian Anglin was born in 1693, and his birthplace has yet to be established, but it was most likely Ireland.

He came to America in 1717 at the age of 24, paying for his passage with four years of indentured servitude, having been sold by Capt. Abraham Lewis to John Ragland of Hanover County, Virginia. We would never have known this if John Ragland had not refused to free Adrian when his four year term of servitude was over, thus forcing Adrian to sue for his freedom.

In 1727 Adrian was listed as a creditor of the Estate of John English, dec’d, of Hanover County. In 1734 he was still in Hanover County, but by 1746, Adrian had moved to the part of Goochland County which later became Albemarle, and still later Buckingham, County. His land was about 70 miles upriver from Richmond on the south side of the Fluvanna River and on both sides of the Slate River, which flowed into the Fluvanna.

Adrian raised his family there, served as a constable there and remained there the rest of his life.

Adrian was married first to Elizabeth, probably Elizabeth W. Gates, and by this marriage he had five known children: Ann, William, John, Maryann, and Ann. He later married Mary Thornhill, who bore him six children that we know of: Philip, Elizabeth, Sarah, Lydia, Adrian, and Joseph. Thornhill was apparently not Mary's maiden name, because she had a daughter, Joyce, born about 1734, apparently a step-sister to Adrian's children, who married Abner Harbour. She was the Joyce Harbour who gave her deposition in a suit between Philip Anglin and his sister Sarah's husband William Hays over the care, treatment, maintenance and property of Philip's and Sarah's (and Joyce's) mother, Mary Thornhill Anglin.

Adrian Anglin's Y-DNA haplotype has been established by testing descendants of four of Adrian's sons. SNP-testing has shown that his terminal SNP known as of March 11, 2015, was CTS3087, a subclade of R-L21. Results can be seen on the site of the Anglin DNA Project: <>

Also, a triangulated group has been discovered through autosomal testing that shares Adrian Anglin and Elizabeth (Gates) Anglin as most-recent common ancestors. They share a 6.9 cM segment on chromosome 16:

A story that Adrian Anglin was born in France has been widely circulated but is against the great preponderance of the evidence. The story often includes colorful but demonstrably false details, e.g that Adrian was an Admiral in the French Navy. Evelyn West Williams hired a genealogist in France to investigate the possibility that Adrian was born in France, and there was no evidence to support the allegation. The surname Anglin was the Anglicized form of an old Irish name, local to County Cork. We have found that Anglins who immigrated to colonial America, to the United States, to Canada, to Australia, to Gibraltar, and to Argentina came from Ireland.

↑ The “Ross list,” a handwritten list found by Leslie Ross among her aunt's things after her aunt died, and deposited in the Roanoke Library, reproduced in Evelyn West Williams's book In Search of Anglins. On the outside of the page is written: "Ages of Philip Anglin and his brothers and sisters and his father and mother, Made the 10th Aug 1859." The image in the book has been reproduced by permission of the author and can be found with additional remarks at (
↑ Petition of Adrian Anglin for his freedom, filed in Hanover County, Virginia, in 1721. An image of the petition, together with Karen Parker’s transcription of the petition, can by found at (
↑ Hanover County Record Book 1733-1735, p. 21.
↑ 12 Sept. 1746 O. S., p. 173: Road...Ordered the Road from Merideth Mannings to the Court House be kept open according to a former order and that the hands of John Lee William Ricken James Goss Adrian Angle Hugh Green Willian Louhoom John Sharp Meridith Manning & Gideon Marr be overseer. Albemarle County Road Orders 1744 - 1748.
↑ 25 Sep 1746 in Goochland County, 200 acres on both sides of Slate River and Rocky Creek. Patents 24, 1745-1746, p. 474.
↑ 20 Jul 1748 in Albemarle County, 165 acres south side of James River on both sides of Slate River. Patents No. 26, 1747-48, p. 527.
↑ 3 March 1760 in Albemarle County, 400 acres on the branches of Hunts Creek. Patents No. 33, 1756-1761, p. 670.
↑ 20 Aug 1760 in Albemarle County, 370 acres on south side and adj to Slate River. Patents No. 33, p. 852.
↑ Where the James River branches above Richmond, the larger, southern branch was called the Fluvanna River, while the smaller northern branch was called the Rivanna River. Eventually the Fluvanna was also called the James River, but it was still the Fluvanna at least until after the beautiful Fry-Jefferson Map was drawn in 1751. One can see on that map the area of Adrian Anglin’s land on the south side of the Fluvanna and on both sides of the Slate River. Library of Congress (
↑ 1764 Buckingham Tax List (found among the records of Prince Edward County). Genealogical Records of Buckingham County, Virginia, by Edythe Rucker Whitley (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1984.
↑ Ross List, cited above.
↑ Henry County, Va. Chancery Causes, 1783-1946, William Hays vs Philip Anglin, Index No. 1801-002, Local Government Records Collection, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Will of Adrian Anglin, a copy of the original will (executed by Adrian Anglin on June 13th, 1772; and probated in Buckingham County, Virginia, on Oct. 13, 1777) which copy was filed and maintained in the records of the Chancery Court of Henry County, Virginia, in the suit between Philip Anglin and William Hays. Digitized copies of these records have been placed online by The Library of Virginia


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Adrian Anglin's Timeline

probably, Ireland
March 20, 1724
Hanover County, Virginia
Age 38
March 31, 1733
Goochland, Hanover County, Virginia, Colonial America
July 30, 1734
Hanover County, Virginia
February 2, 1735
Goochland County, Virginia
July 13, 1738
Goochland County, Virginia
December 20, 1742
Slate River area, Albemarle County, Virginia