Aelia Marcia Euphemia

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Aelia Marcia Euphemia

Birthdate: (42)
Birthplace: Rome
Death: 472 (38-46)
Roma, Lazio, Italy
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Marcian, Eastern Roman Emperor and Unknown First Wife of Marcian
Wife of Anthemius, Western Roman Emperor
Mother of Alypia; Anthemiolus; Flavius Marcianus; Romulus and Flavius Procopius Anthemius
Sister of Marcianus

Managed by: Harald Sævold
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About Aelia Marcia Euphemia

Marcia Euphemia was the only known daughter of Marcian, Byzantine Emperor. The identity of her mother is unknown.[1][2][3] Her stepmother was Pulcheria, second wife of her father. Pulcheria had taken a religious vow of chastity. The second marriage was a mere political alliance, establishing Marcian as a member of the Theodosian dynasty by marriage. The marriage of Marcian to Pulcheria was never consummated, consequently Euphemia never had younger half-siblings.[1][4]

Evagrius Scholasticus quotes Priscus, stating that Marcian was "by birth a Thracian, and the son of a military man. In his desire to follow his father's mode of life, he had set out for Philippopolis, where he could be enrolled in the legions".[5] However Theodorus Lector reports Marcian to be an Illyrian.[6]


Her wedding to Anthemius is estimated to about 453.[6][6] Her new husband was son to Procopius, "magister utriusque militiae" ("Master of Soldiers of both armies", commander of both cavalry and infantry) of the Eastern Roman Empire from 422 to 424. According to Sidonius Apollinaris, the magister militum was a namesake descendant of Procopius who had served as a rival emperor from 365 to 366.[7][8]

Father and son are considered possible descendants of Artemisia. In about 380, she was mentioned by John Chrysostom as the widow of a failed Roman usurper, reduced to poverty following the end of a rebellion. By the time John mentioned her, Artemisia was living the life of a blind beggar. Zosimus reports that Procopius had been survived by his unnamed wife and children, thus the possible identification of Artemisia as his widow.[9] The reference comes from the "Letter to a Young Widow" : "It is said also that Artemisia who was the wife of a man of high reputation, since he also aimed at usurping the throne, was reduced to this same condition of poverty, and also to blindness; for the depth of her despondency, and the abundance of her tears destroyed her sight; and now she has need of persons to lead her by the hand, and to conduct her to the doors of others that she may obtain the necessary supply of food." [10]

Anthemius' namesake maternal grandfather was Anthemius, Praetorian prefect of the East and effective regent of the Eastern Roman Empire during the later reign of Arcadius and the first years of Theodosius II. He is better known for the construction of the first set of the famous Theodosian Walls.[11]

Euphemia and Anthemius would have five known children, one daughter and four sons. Their daughter Alypia is known as the wife of Ricimer. Their sons were Anthemiolus, Marcian, Procopius Anthemius and Romulus. Marcian married Leontia, a daughter of Leo I and Verina. The couple led a failed revolt against Zeno in 478-479. They were exiled to Isauria following their defeat.[6]

Following their marriage Anthemius was appointed a Comes rei militaris and was sent to fortify the Danube frontier, still in disarray following the death of Attila the Hun. He returned to Constantinople in 454, rewarded by Marcian with the offices of magister militum and Patrician. He served as co-consul with Valentinian III in 455. Historians interpret the list of honors to mean that Marcian was preparing his son-in-law for eventual elevation to the imperial office. John Malalas considered that Marcian had named Anthemius emperor of the Western Roman Empire, however this is considered an anachronism of the chronicler.[12]

Forrás / Source:

ID: I66510

Name: Aelia Marca Euphemia of Rome

Given Name: Aelia Marca Euphemia

Surname: of Rome

Sex: F

_UID: CB669C785015F0488CB290F527C8B073B707

Change Date: 14 Aug 2004

Birth: 425

Death: 472

Father: Flavius Marca Euphemia of Rome

Mother: Aelia Pulcheria of Eastern Roman Empire b: 19 JAN 398

Marriage 1 Anthemius of Rome b: ABT 420



-1. Alypia of Rome b: 445

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