Ahhotep I . ., Queen of Egypt

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About Ahhotep I . ., Queen of Egypt

Ahhotep I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ahhotep I (alternatively spelled Ahhotpe or Aahhotep, meaning "Peace of the Moon"), was an Ancient Egyptian queen who lived circa 1560- 1530 BC, during the early New Kingdom. A member of the Seventeenth dynasty of ancient Egypt, she was the daughter of Queen Tetisheri (known as Teti the Small) and Tao I, and was likely the sister, as well as the wife, of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao II. She was a highly decorated warrior.

She is considered to have been a pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Egypt, perhaps the founder of the eighteenth dynasty. Ahhotep I had a long and influential life. She is thought to have ruled as regent after the death of Tao II and enabled two of her sons who became pharaohs, Kamose and Ahmose I, to unite Egypt following the Hyksos occupation. What is more, her matrilineal succession would extend through the eighteenth dynasty, ending with Nefertiti's daughter Ankhesenpaaten.[citation needed]

Contents [hide]

1 Life

2 Military activity

3 Family

4 Tomb

5 Sources


She is considered by some historians to be the founder of the eighteenth dynasty, although this is debated by some others. Her husband, pharaoh Tao II, had been the pharaoh of only Upper Egypt. At that time the invaders of the Intermediate Period, the Hyksos, controlled Lower Egypt. It is thought that after his death in battle against the Hyksos, Ahhotep played a crucial role in government, warfare, and guidance of Upper Egypt.

Ahhotep and her sons, Kamose and Ahmose, managed to unite Upper and Lower Egypt by expelling the Hyksos. They assumed full power over the country, and when Kamose, as his father had, died before they were able to defeat the Hyksos, Ahmose assumed the throne. However, evidence suggests that this occurred when Ahmose I was too young to rule, and hence, Ahhotep became regent and the Hyksos were driven out.

Ahhotep lived until she was approximately ninety years old and was buried beside Kamose at Thebes. Evidence suggests that she played an important role during the unsettled second intermediate period and was influential in driving the Hyksos invaders out of Egypt following the death of her husband.

Ceremonial weaponry and jewelry found in the tomb of Ahhotep I, including an axe whose blade depicts Ahmose I striking down a Hyksos soldier, and flies of honor awarded to the queen for her role against the Hyksos

Drawing on an axe blade depicting Ahmose I striking down a Hyksos soldier, part of the burial artifacts of his mother, Ahhotep I, a warrior also

[edit]Military activity

Considered a warrior queen, she was buried with, among other things, three flies of honor medals (awarded in ancient Egypt for exceptional military service) and ceremonial daggers. She also was presented with the Order of Valour. She was honored with a stela, commissioned by Ahmose I, in the temple of Amun-Re that praises her military accomplishments.

Records indicate that Ahhotep led troops into battle against the Hyksos. Evidence such as the weaponry and jewelry found in her tomb, along with the following sentence on a stela devoted to her, indicates that she was a warrior queen who rallied troops:

She is the one who has accomplished the rites and taken care of Egypt... She has looked after her soldiers, she has guarded her, she has brought back her fugitives and collected together her deserters, she has pacified Upper Egypt and expelled her rebels.


Ahhotep I was the daughter of queen Tetisheri and Tao I. She was the royal wife of the seventeenth dynasty king Tao II; he is believed to have been her brother, following the ancient Egyptian tradition of marrying a royal princess to become king and to keep royal blood within the family. The royal line is traced through the women of Ancient Egypt.

One theory is that Ahhotep was the mother of two pharaohs, Kamose and Ahmose I, who succeeded Tao II after he was killed in a battle against the Hyksos. Although it now looks far more likely that Kamose was a brother of Tao II, Ahhotep's brother and husband, and only succeeded the latter due to the combination of the strife Upper Egypt was facing and the young age of Ahmose I, who was without question the offspring of Ahhotep and Tao II. Kamose may have been killed in battle against the Hyksos as well. Ahotep I served as regent between the reign of the two.

Other children of Queen Ahhotep I include the later Queen Ahmose-Nefertari who was married to her brother Ahmose I. There were also Prince Ahmose Sipair, Prince Binpu, Princess Ahmose-Henutemipet, Princess Ahmose-Nebetta, and Princess Ahmose-Tumerisy.


Ahhotep's tomb was discovered nearly intact in AD 1859 in Dra Abu el-Naga at Thebes.

Ahhotep's mummy was found badly decayed in a gilded coffin, containing many weapons and pieces of jewelry. These burial artifacts consisted of bracelets, collars, pendants, a necklace, a ceremonial axes, and daggers, as well as two model ships of silver and gold.

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Ahhotep II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


in hieroglyphs


Ahhotep II was believed to have been the wife of ancient Egyptian pharaoh Kamose.[1]

Other sources mention her as a wife of Amenhotep I,[2] though only one of his wives, Ahmose-Meritamon is known with certainty.[3] In Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton's The Complete Royal Families of Egypt the only queen by this name is Ahhotep, the wife of Seqenenre. In this book it is hypothesized that Kamose was not a son of Seqenenre and his wife Ahhotep, but a brother of theirs, which makes it possible that the two Ahhoteps are one and the same and she married her other brother after Seqenenre's death.

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Ahhotep [szerkesztés]

Megtekintett lap (+/-)

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából.


Tetiseri Egyiptomi királyné

XVII. dinasztia Utódja:





Dinasztia XVII. dinasztia



Apja Szenahtenré Ta-aa

Anyja Tetiseri

Férje Szekenenré Ta-aa


Kamosze (?)

I. Jahmesz




Ahmesz-Henutemipet (?)

Ahmesz-Tumeriszi (?)

Binpu (?)

Jahmesz-Szipair (?)

Ahmesz-Meritamon (?)

Ahhotep (vagy Jahhotep, „A Hold elégedett”) ókori egyiptomi királyné, a XVII. dinasztiabeli Szekenenré Ta-aa testvére és felesége; a XVIII. dinasztia első fáraójának, I. Jahmesznek és feleségének, Ahmesz-Nofertarinak az édesanyja.[1]

Származása, családja [szerkesztés]

A thébai uralkodócsalád feje, Szenahtenré Ta-aa és felesége, Tetiseri lányaként született a második átmeneti korban, amikor Egyiptom kettészakadt, északi részén a betolakodó hükszószok uralkodtak. Ahhotep feleségül ment fivéréhez, Szekenenréhez, akinek a nagy királyi hitvese lett (Szekenenrének két másik felesége is volt, Ahmesz-Inhapi és Szitdzsehuti, akik feltehetőleg szintén a testvérei voltak[2]). Feltehetőleg a fiuk volt Szekenenré utóda, Kamosze, bár az is lehet, hogy a testvérük.[2] A későbbi fáraón, Jahmeszen kívül még lehet, hogy volt egy másik Jahmesz nevű fia, aki fiatalon meghalt, valamint egy Ahmesz-Nebetta nevű lánya. Lehetséges, hogy az ő gyermekei még Ahmesz-Henutemipet, Ahmesz-Tumeriszi, Binpu, Jahmesz-Szipair és Ahmesz-Meritamon.

Élete [szerkesztés]

Szekenenré és Kamosze uralkodása alatt megkezdődött a hükszószok kiűzése Egyiptomból. Szekenenré erőszakos halált halt, feltehetőleg csatában esett el, és Kamosze is meghalt háromévi uralkodás után, így Ahhotep fia, I. Jahmesz lépett trónra, még gyermekként. Ahhotep régensként uralkodott fia helyett, és úgy tűnik, katonai szerepet is vállalt, több kitüntetést is kapott ugyanis bátorságáért. Egy sztélé tanúsága szerint gondoskodott Egyiptomról, vigyázott a katonáira, visszahozta a szökevényeket és összegyűjtötte a dezertőröket, megbékítette Felső-Egyiptomot és kiűzte a lázadókat.[3]

Nem tudni, eredetileg hol temették el Ahhotepet, valószínűleg Thébában.[4] Külső koporsóját később a Deir el-Bahari-i rejtekhelyen találták meg, múmiájának holléte nem ismert.[1]

Címei: A király leánya; A király testvére; Nagy királyi hitves; A király anyja; Az isten felesége (ez utóbbi csak koporsóján tűnik fel),[1] Alsó- és Felső-Egyiptom úrnője.[5]

Nem tudni, azonos-e egy másik Ahhotep nevű királynéval, akit csak egy koporsófelirat azonosít, és aki talán Kamosze felesége volt.[1] Amennyiben igen, és amennyiben Kamosze nem a fia volt, hanem a sógora, az is lehet, hogy Ahhotep Kamosze felesége is volt valamikor.[5]

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