Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn

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Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn

Also Known As: "Cunningham;Cuninghame;Cunynghame;de Cunynghame"
Birthplace: Glencairn, Dumfries-shire, Scotland, UK
Death: Died in Battle of Sauchieburn
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert or Cuthbert Cuninghame of Kilmaurs and Anne - Agnes Montgomerie
Husband of Margaret Hepburn
Father of Robert Cunningham, Lord of Kilmaurs, 2nd Earl of Glencairn; Edward Cunningham, 1st of Auchinharvie; Isabella Cunyngham; Alexander Cunningham and Sir William Cuninghame, 1st of Craigends

Occupation: Earl 1 of Glencairn
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn

Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn

Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn, 1st Lord Kilmaurs (1426 – 11 June 1488) was a Scottish nobleman.

He was firstly created a Lord of Parliament in 1450, with the title Lord Kilmaurs.

King James III of Scotland created Lord Kilmaurs Earl of Glencairn on 28 May 1488, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal.

Fighting on his king's side, he was slain at the Battle of Sauchieburn on 11 June 1488.

The Earl married Margaret, daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes, and sister of Sir Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailes. They had four sons. The second son, William, was ancestor of the Cunninghams of Craigends, Robertland,Bedlan, Auchenharvey, and Auchenyards.

By the Act Rescissory, passed in the first parliament of James IV, 17 October 1488, all creations of new dignities granted by that monarch's father since the preceding 2 February were annulled, and, in consequence, Robert Cunningham, 2nd Lord Kilmaurs, eldest son of this Earl of Glencairn, was deprived of the title and dignity of Earl. This was, however, overturned by the 1503 Act Revocatory.


  • Anderson, William, The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, vol.v, p. 310.



  • Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn1
  • M, #39759, b. after 1425, d. 11 June 1488
  • Father Sir Robert Cunningham1 d. bt 1448 - 1451
  • Mother Anne (Agnes) Montgomerie1
  • Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn married Margaret Hepburn, daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn and Janet Borthwick.1 Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn was born after 1425 at of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland.1 He died on 11 June 1488 at Sauchieburn; Slain.1
  • Family Margaret Hepburn
  • Child
    • Robert Cunningham, 2nd Lord of Kilmaurs+1 d. c 1490
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 669.
  • From:


  • Alexander Cuninghame, 1st Earl of Glencairn1
  • M, #21835, b. after 1425, d. 11 June 1488
  • Last Edited=20 Feb 2011
  • Alexander Cuninghame, 1st Earl of Glencairn was born after 1425.1 He was the son of Sir Robert Cuninghame of Kilmaurs and Anne Montgomerie.2 He married Margaret Hepburn, daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes, in June 1488.1 He died on 11 June 1488 at Sauchieburn, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, killed in action.1
  • He was created 1st Lord Kilmaurs [Scotland] from 8 February 1462/63 to 13 January 1463/64.1 He fought in the Battle of Blackness, where he crushed an uprising against King James III.1 He was created 1st Earl of Glencairn [Scotland] on 28 May 1488.1 He fought in the Battle of Sauchieburn on 11 June 1488.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of Nationary Biography.3
  • Children of Alexander Cuninghame, 1st Earl of Glencairn and Margaret Hepburn
    • 1.Robert Cuninghame, 2nd Earl of Glencairn+2 d. c 1490
    • 2.Alexander Cuninghame1
    • 3.Edward Cuninghame1
    • 4.William Cuninghame, 1st of Craigends+1 b. c 1460, d. b 19 Jun 1520
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 993. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • 3.[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
  • From:


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 13
  • Cunningham, Alexander (d.1488) by Thomas Finlayson Henderson
  • CUNNINGHAM, ALEXANDER, first Earl of Glencairn (d. 1488), was descended from a family which obtained the manor of Cunningham, in the parish of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, in the twelfth century. He was the eldest son of Sir Robert Cunningham (who received a charter of the lands of Kilmaurs from Robert, duke of Albany, and was knighted by James I) by his wife Ann, a daughter of Sir John de Montgomery of Eglinton and Ardrossan. He was created a lord of parliament by the title Lord Kilmaurs about 1450. In January 1477–8 he received a charter of the lands of Drip in the parish of Kilbride, Lanarkshire (Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, vol. i. entry 1,342). He was created Earl of Glencairn (a parish in the western part of Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire) by James III 28 May 1488, for the powerful assistance he had rendered against the rebel lords at Blackness. He was slain at the battle of Sauchieburn 11 June of the same year. By his wife Margaret, daughter of Adam Hepburn of Hailes, he had four sons. By the Rescissory Act passed by James IV 17 Oct. 1488, his eldest son Robert was deprived of the earldom and reduced to the rank of Lord Kilmaurs. It was, however, revived in the person of Cuthbert, third earl, in 1505.
  • [Acts of Parliament of Scotland, vol. ii.; Reg. Magni Sig. Scotl. vol. i.; Douglas's Scotch Peerage (Wood), i. 633–4.]
  • From:,_Alexander_(d.1488)_(DNB00)
  • Dictionary of national biography (1885) Vol. XIII. Craik - Damer


  • Glencairn, Earl of (S, 1488 - dormant 1796)
  • Alexander [Cunningham], 1st Lord Kilmaurs later 1st Earl of Glencairn
  • son and heir of Sir Robert Cunningham of Kilmaurs, by his wife Anne Montgomerie, only dau. of Sir John Montgomerie of Ardrossan
  • born after 1425
  • mar. Margaret Hepburn, sister of Patrick [Hepburn], 1st Lord Hailes, and dau. of Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes by his wife Janet Borthwick, dau. of Sir William Borthwick
  • children
    • 1. Sir Robert Cunningham, later 2nd Earl of Glencairn
    • 2. William Cunningham, 1st of Craigends (d. bef. 19 Jun 1520), mar. after 12 Mar 1497/8 Marion Auchinleek, dau. of Sir John Auchinleek of Auchinleek, and had issue [he was ancestor of the Cunninghams of Craigends and said to be the ancestor of the Cunninghams of Robertland, Carncurin, Bedlaw, Auchinharvie, and Auchinyards)
    • 3. Alexander Cunningham (d. after 1483)
    • 4. Edward Cunningham (d. after 1483)
  • died 11 Jun 1488
  • created
    • betw. 8 Feb 1462/3 and 13 Jan 1463/4 Lord Kilmaurs
    • 28 May 1488 Earl of Glencairn
  • suc. by son
  • note defeated an uprising against King James III at the Battle of Blackness 1488; killed fighting for King James III against the latter's own son at the Battle of Sauchieburn
  • Robert [Cunningham], 2nd Earl of Glencairn later known as 2nd Lord Kilmaurs
  • born
  • mar. bef. 19 Jul 1476 Christian Seton (widow of John Seton, Master of Seton, 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of George [Seton], 1st Lord Seton; d. betw. 1491/2 and 11 Mar 1495/6), 1st dau. of John [Lindsay], 1st Lord Lindsay of the Byres, by his wife ..... Stewart, dau. of Robert [Stewart], 1st Lord Lorne, by his wife Lady Joan Stewart, dau. by his first wife of Robert [Stewart], 1st Duke of Albany
  • children
    • 1. Sir Cuthbert Cunningham, later 3rd Earl of Glencairn
  • died c. 1490
  • suc. by son
  • note the Earldom of Glencairn was annulled by Act of Parliament 17 Oct 1488 and he was thereafter known as Lord Kilmaurs
  • From:


Clan Cunningham

  • Clan Cunningham is a Scottish clan. .... etc.
    • Origins
  • .... The first of the name was Warnebald or his son, Robertus, who received a grant for the land of Cunningham between 1160 and 1180.[2] There is a story that states that Malcolm who was the son of Friskin, obtained the lands from Malcolm III of Scotland after he had sheltered him under hay in a barn and this is said to have given rise to the family's coat of arms which is of a shake-fork, as well as the motto Over fork over.[2] Sir George Mackenzie states however that the coat of arms are alluded to the office of Master of the King's Stables.[2] Another theory is that the Cunninghams were great allies of the Clan Comyn, whose shield bore sheaves of corn and that when the great Comyn dynasty was overthrown by the Clan Bruce, the Cunninghams adopted the shake-fork that is used to fork over sheaves of corn, therefore being a reference to their former allies.[2]
  • The Cunninghams were certainly well settled in the parish of Kilmaurs by the end of the thirteenth century.[2] The son of the Laird of Kilmaurs was Hervy de Cunningham who fought for Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs in 1263 against the Norse invaders.[2] The following year he received a charter from the king confirming all of his lands.[2]
    • Wars of Scottish Independence
  • During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Cunninghams were supporters of the Bruces in their fight for Scottish independence.[2] However prior to this their name appears in the Ragman Rolls, swearing fealty to Edward I of England in 1296.[2] Bruce being generous to his supporters and after his victory the lands of Lamburgton were added to that of Kilmaurs in 1319 by royal charter.[2] Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs was amongst the Scottish nobleman offered as a hostage to David II of Scotland's English captors in 1354.[2] Sir William's eldest son, also named William, married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Denniston of that Ilk and acquired through her substantial lands including Glen Cairn and Finlayston in Renfrewshire.[2]
    • 15th and 16th century and clan conflicts
  • Sir William Cunningham's grandson was created Lord Kilmaurs in 1462 and then later Earl of Glencairn.[2] One of his younger brothers was the ancestor of the Cunningham of Caprington branch of the clan who later achieved their own prominence.[2] Other distinguished branches of the clan are the Cunninghams of Cunninghamhead, the Cunninghams of Aitket, te Cunninghams of Robertland and the Cunninghams of Corsehill.[2]
  • In 1488 the Clan Montgomery burned down the Clan Cunningham's Kerelaw Castle.[4] This was part of a century-long feud that had apparently started when the office of Baillie in Cuninghame, held by the Cunninghams, was awarded to the son of Lord Montgomerie on 31 January 1448-9.[4] The two clans had been on opposing sides at the Battle of Sauchieburn, with Hugh Montgomery among the victorious rebels,[5] and Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn slain with the defeated James III. A longstanding rivalry (principally over the Bailieship of Cunninghame) was now a vendetta. .... etc.
  • From:


Origins of the Clan Cunningham in Scotland

  • I. Warnebald is the earliest known in the Cunningham line and was a vassal under Hugh de Morville, constable of Scotland, about the middle of the twelfth century; from from which he obtained land in Cunninghame in the vicinity of Kilmaurs. The name of Warnebald is evidently Gothic, and may indicate a Danish descent. Nowhere is records does he appear to have used a surname. He was succeeded by his eldest son,
  • II. Robert de Cunynghame de Kilmaurs. Robert de Cunynghame de Kilmaurs is possibly the same Robert who married a Richenda Barclay or Berkeley. This Robert de Cunynghame is the one who gave the patronage of the Chruch of Kilmaurs to the Abbey of Kelso. He was succeeded by his son,
  • III. Robert de Cunynghame de Kilmaurs. He had three sons: 1. Robert; 2. William; 3. Sir James. Of the last two there is no descent now known. The eldest son, Robert, appears to have succeeded him.
  • IV. Robert de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs is shown as son and heir of Robert Cunninghame Lord of Kilmaurs, in a donation to the Abbey of Paisley, about the year 1240; which corresponds, in time, as a successor to the preceding. His son was,
  • V. Hervey de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs, who participated at the battle of Largs against the Danes in 1263 and was granted a charter in 1264 for his gallant service. He died before 1268. He married the heiress of Riddele of Glengarnock, by whom he had two sons: 1. Galfridus - the second son, was ancestor of the Cunninghames of Glengarnock. His eldest son,
  • VI. Sir William Cunynghame succeeded him in Kilmaurs. He appears in records dated 1269 and 1275 and died in 1285. He was succeeded by his son,
  • VII. Edward Cunynghame of Kilmaurs appears in a record in 1290. His second son, Richard, was ancestor of the Cunninghames of Polmaise—a family not now known by that name. His eldest son,
  • VIII. Gilbert Cunynghame of Kilmaurs was one of Robert Bruce's nominees in the competition with Balliol. He was succeeded by his eldest son,
  • IX. Sir Robert Cunynghame of Kilmaurs. He swore fealty to Edward I. in 1296, but afterwards changed and joined with Bruce, and was rewarded by him with some valuable lands in the parish of Kilmaurs—part of the spoils of the Balliol party. His second son, Andrew, was ancestor of the Cunninghames of Ballindalloch, Drumquhassel, Balbougie, Banton, &c. He died about the year 1330, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
  • X. Sir William Cuninghame of Kilmaurs. He appears in several records, as in 1350, 1354 and 1364. He married Eleanor Bruce countess of Carrick; and in her right was created Earl of Carrick; by this lady he had no issue; by a former marriage he had three sons. His third son, Thomas, was ancestor of the Cunninghames of Caprington. The eldest son predeceased him, without issue. He was succeeded by the second son,
  • XI. Sir William Cuninghame of Kilmaurs, who acquired a great addition to the family estate, by marriage with Margaret, the eldest co-heir of Sir Robert Danielstoun. His part of that vast property was the lands or baronies of Danielstoun and Finlaystoun, in Renfrewshire; Kilmarnock, in Dunbartonshire; Redhall and Colintoun, in Midlothian; together with Glencairn, in Dumfrieshire, afterwards the chief title of the family. He died in 1418. His second son, William, was ancestor of Cunninghamhead. His third son, Henry, appears in 1417 in a transaction at Irvine. He was succeeded by his eldest son,
  • XII. Sir Robert Cuninghame of Kilmaurs. He married in 1425, Anne, the only daughter of Sir John de Montgomery of Ardrossan, by whom he had two sons. The second son, Archibald, was the first of the Cunninghames of Waterstoun, a family now extinct. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Alexander Cunningham, the first Earl of Glencairn.

The Earls Of Glencairn: A Chronological Listing

  • The following is a brief summary of the part of the Cunningham clan history that covers the Earls of Glencairn. The Glencairn lineage can be traced as follows:
  • 1st Earl (1488): Alexander Cunninghame
    • Alexander became the Earl of Glencairn in 1488. Took his title from the family’s estate/property located in Dumfrieshire. His title prior to being granted the earldom was Lord Kilmaurs. Receiving his title for battle services at Blackness, Alexander was killed in the same year at the Battle of Sauchieburn.
  • 2nd Earl (1488-1503): Robert Cunninghame
    • When the Earldom was rescinded by King James IV, Robert was left with only the title of the Lord of Kilmaurs
  • 3rd Earl (1503-1540): Cuthbert Cunninghame
    • The title was restored to Cuthbert who created the Burgh of Barony of Kilmaurs in the year 1527. This was introduced in the form of a charter which granted 280 Scots acres to 40 “tennamenters”, each of whom would hold a fortieth part of the total area.
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • .... etc.
  • Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs was one of the Scottish noblemen offered to David II's English captors as a substitute hostage in 1354. His son William married Margaret, the elder daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Denniston and through her acquired substantial lands, including Finlaystone in Refrewshire and Glencairn in Dumfriesshire. Sir William's grandson, Alexander Cunningham, was made Lord Kilmaurs in 1462 and later in 1488 the first Earl of Glencairn. A younger brother was ancestor to the Cunninghams of Caprington who were later to achieve prominence of their own. Other distinguished branches of the family include the Cunninghams of Cunninghamhead, Aiket, Robertland and Corsehill. However, the fortunes of the family remained firmly in the hands of the main lineage, the Earls of Glencairn. .... etc.
  • From:


Kilmaurs Place

  • .... etc.

Kilmaurs as the Clan Cunninghame seat==

  • Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs, married Margaret Denniston of Glencairn & Finlaystone in the late 14th-century and from this time Kilmaurs became increasing less significant as a family seat, Finlaystone being the preferred home. Sir William's grandson, Alexander Cunningham, was created Ist Earl of Glencairn on 28 May 1488. The Cunninghame chiefs had a much reduced connection with the barony of Kilmaurs after 1484 when Finlaystone became the de facto family seat; Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs had married Margaret Denniston, sole heir to Sir Robert Denniston in 1405 and the dowry included the baronies of Denniston and Finlaystone in Renfrewshire, the lands of Kilmaronock in Dumbartonshire, and the barony of Glencairn in Dumfrieshire.[28] In 1545 Kerelaw Castle was the summer dwelling of the Earl of Glencairn and Finlaystone was the winter abode.[29] The Cuninghames of Hill of Beith Castle and Caddel were a cadet branch of the Cunninghames of Kilmaurs.

William Cunninghame of Kilmaurs (1610–1664), 9th Earl of Glencairn

  • William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn was at first a loyal supporter of Charles I and for this reason he was forced to forfeit his title to the Scottish Parliament; but in time he realized the possibility of Scotland being drawn into the feud between Charles and his Parliament in London, upon which his support for this absolute monarch quickly diminished. William's title was restored and following the execution of Charles I, he fought with the Highland clans against General Monck when Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland.
  • Following a personal duel and skirmishes in the ranks he withdrew his forces. He thereafter fought Monk's columns at Dumbarton where overwhelming odds forced him to surrender on honorable terms. He returned home but was thrown into prison on suspicion of plotting, being mistrusted by Archbishop Sharp. Following the Restoration, Charles II rewarded him with the appointment of Privy Councilor. A few years later he was elevated to Lord Chancellor, during which time he started to enlarge Kilmaurs Place. Further political intrigues reduced his power and standing greatly and he died a disillusioned man.[30] The large vaulted room in Kilmaurs Place is known as the 'Chancellor's Hall.'
  • From:


Earl of Glencairn

  • Earl of Glencairn was a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1488 for Alexander Cunningham, 1st Lord Kilmaurs (created 1450). The name was taken from the parish of Glencairn in Dumfriesshire so named for the Cairn Waters which run through it.[1]
  • On the death of the fifteenth earl in 1796, there existing no original Letters Patent of the creation nor a given remainder in the various confirmations in title of previous earls the title became dormant.
  • The earldom was claimed by Sir Adam Fergusson of Kilkerran, Bt., as heir of line of Alexander 10th, Earl of Glencairn and was opposed by Sir Walter Montgomery Cunningham of Corshill, Bt., as presumed heir male along with Lady Henriet Don, sister of the last earl, and wife of Sir Alexander Don of Newton Don, Roxburghshire. The House of Lords Committee of Privileges on 14 July 1797, chaired by the Lord Chancellor (Lord Rosslyn), in deciding the claim of the first-named, took a view unfavourable to all the claimants, and adjudged, that while Sir Adam Fergusson had shown himself to be the heir-general of Alexander, 10th Earl of Glencairn who died in 1670, he had not made out his right to the title. However, the decision was severely criticised by the jurist John Riddell in the 19th century and by Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk in the 20th.
  • The current pretenders to the Earls of Glencairn are the Montgomery-Cuninghame baronets, although no claim has as yet been forthcoming. It may be, having been recognised by the Lord Lyon as Chief of the Arms and Name of Cunninghame, though not as rightful heir to the dormant Earldom, that Sir John Montgomery Cuninghame will pursue his claim.

Earls of Glencairn (1488)

  • Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn (1426–1488)
  • Robert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, was affected by the Act Rescissory of October 1488 and so was de jure Earl of Glencairn. He married **
  • Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn (1470–1541), restored to the Earldom by the 1503 Act Revocatory.
  • William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn (c. 1490-1547)
  • Alexander Cunningham, 5th Earl of Glencairn (d.1574)
  • William Cunningham, 6th Earl of Glencairn (1526–1580)
  • James Cunningham, 7th Earl of Glencairn (1552–1630)
  • William Cunningham, 8th Earl of Glencairn (1575–1631)
  • William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn (1610–1664)
  • Alexander Cunningham, 10th Earl of Glencairn (died without male issue, 1670).
  • John Cunningham, 11th Earl of Glencairn (d.1703) succeeded his brother and matriculated the arms in 1672.
  • William Cunningham, 12th Earl of Glencairn (d.1734)
  • William Cunningham, 13th Earl of Glencairn (d.1775)
  • James Cunningham, 14th Earl of Glencairn (1749–1791) unmarried and died without issue; succeeded by his brother.
  • John Cunningham, 15th Earl of Glencairn (1750–1796) died without issue.
  • From:


1. Alexander de Cunynghame, Lord of Kilmaurs, Earl of Glencairn, son of Sir Robert de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs; married Margaret Hepburn, daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes and Janet Borthwick. Alexander was killed on 11 June 1488 at the Battle of Sauchieburn, near Stirling, Scotland.

Alexander was created Lord Kilmaurs in about 1450. In 1460 he petitioned the Pope with regard to his right to present to the parish of Glencairn (in west Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire). He was created a Lord of Parliament as Lord Kilmaurs in 1463/64. He was a strong supporter of James III against the rebel nobles headed by Prince James, and he defeated the rebel forces at Blackness. This was probably why he was created Earl of Glencairn on 28 May 1488. He also got a grant of land for himself and his heirs. The king was defeated at the Battle of Sauchieburn shortly after and the earl was killed alongside the king, possibly by Hugh Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Eglinton. His earldom was revoked by the new King James IV's parliament, but was later recovered by his successors.


  • 'Cunningham01'
  • This family's name is spelt with every variation in the use of I or Y, one or two Ns, U (most used) or O (used mainly by some cadet branches in Ireland but occasionally in some references to earlier families in Scotland), and with/without an E at the end.
  • Wernebald de Cuningham (a 1140)
    • 1. Robert de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs (a 1153, 1196)
    • TSP reports that Robert's wife is usually said to have been Richenda (a 1245), daughter of Sir Humphrey de Barclay of Gairntully, (which is what is reported by BE1883) but adds that "this is very doubtful", noting that Richenda's husband was still alive in 1238 (possibly a later husband?).
      • A. Robert de Cunynghame (a 1188)
      • BE1883 moves from Robert to Hervey, "great grandson of the last Robert". TSP notes that "the next step in the pedigree is conjectural" and describes Harvey as "the next on record" after ...
        • i. Richard de Cunningham possibly father or grandfather of ...
          • a. Harvey or Hervey de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs (a 1263) the first mentioned by BPGS2001
          • Neither TSP nor BPGS2001 name Hervey's wife. BE1883 identifies her as the heiress of Riddell of Glengarnock but we follow Paterson in showing her as wife of Reginald, 2nd son of Hervey's son ...
            • (1) Edward de Cunynghame of Kilmaurs (d 1285)
            • m. Mary Stewart (sister of James, High Steward)
            • BE1883 & BPGS2001 insert another generation here, a Gilbert (d 1292), but TSP suggests that the Gilbert referred to was of another family. TSP reports that apparently "the next in order" was ...
              • (A) Robert Cunningham of Kilmaurs (d 1330) inferred by TSP as succeeded by ...
                • (i) Hugh de Cunningham omitted by BE1883, probably father of ...
                  • (a) Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs, Sheriff of Ayr, 'Earl of Carrick' (d before 07.1399)
                  • TSP reports that "It is frequently stated that he got the earldom by marrying Eleanor Douglas or Bruce, Countess of Carrick, and lost it on her death, but though the lady was several times married, Sir William does not appear as one of her husbands." We provisionally follow BE1883 which identifies her as shown below. This makes her (only?) daughter of Countess Eleanor by her 1st husband (Alexander Bruce, Earl of Carrick), providing a reason for William to obtain the title, but apparently the title then followed her mother's later husbands, odd since the title came through Alexander Bruce. TCP (Carrick) notes that "there seems to be no evidence of her existence", clearly indicating some scepticism of the (alleged) connection.
                  • m1. Eleanor Bruce (dau of Alexander Bruce, Earl of Carrick)
                  • m(2). Margaret possibly mother of ...
                    • ((1)) Sir William Cunynghame of Kilmaurs, Sheriff of Ayr (d by 12.1415, 2nd son)
                    • m(1). Margaret Danielston (d before 0.1409, dau of Sir Robert Danielston of that ilk)
                      • ((A)) Sir Robert Cunningham of Kilmaurs
                      • m. (mcrt 16.06.1425) Anne Montgomery (dau of Sir John Montgomery of Ardrossan)
                        • ((i)) Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn (d Sauchieburn 11.06.1488)
                        • m. Margaret Hepburn (dau of Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes)
                        • ((ii)) Archibald Cunningham (a 1478)
                      • ((B)) William Cuningham of Bonnalay
                      • m. _ Ross
                        • ((i)) Robert Cuningham, 1st of Cuninghamhead
                        • m. _ Douglas, heiress of Cuninghamhead
                      • TSP reports that Sir William may also have married Mary Stewart, dau of King Robert III, before her 3rd/4th marriage (to Sir William Grahame), noting "There is no clear evidence that the marriage ... took place, though it is not improbable."
                      • partner unknown (may have been Agnes)
                      • ((C)) John Cuningham (a 1415)
                      • p. Agnes
                      • ((D)) William Cuningham (a 1418, vicar of Dundonald)
                    • ((2)) Thomas Cunynghame of Badlane or Bedland or Bedlan (a 1413)
                      • ((A)) Adam Cuninghame of Bedlan, 1st of Caprington
                      • m. (c1425) ?? Wallace (dau of Sir Duncan Wallace of Sundrum)
                    • The Cuninghames of Aiket were descended from those of Bedland. The connection may have come through ...
                      • ((B)) ?? Cuninghame
                        • ((i)) ?? Cuninghame
                          • ((a)) Alexander Cuninghame of Over Aitkead
                    • ((3)) Margaret Cunynghame
                    • m. (by 1364) Fergus Macduel of Mackerstoun
                    • ((4)) daughter probably of this generation
                    • m. ?? Logan of Grugar
                    • ((5))+ other issue - Robert of Garvard (dvp by 1385), Alexander (a 1413), John (a 1413)
                  • (b) Sir Andrew de Cunynghame of Polmaise and Drumquhassil
                  • TSP reports that Andrew (m. Margaret, d 1388) received Eschend and other lands in Lennox and "is said to be ancestor of the Cunninghams of Drumquhassil and others in Lennox". BLG1886 (Cuninghame of Mount Kennedy), possibly following BE1883, shows him as son rather than grandson of (Sir) Robert.
                  • (c) ? Sir Nigel Cunningham in Fife
                    • ((1)) Archibald Cunningham
                      • ((A)) William Cunningham
              • (B) Reginald Cunningham (a 1292)
              • Identified as 2nd son of Sir Edward by Mary (Stewart) by Paterson's Ayr. TSP notes that "the name of the second son is conjectural" but refers to the connection made by Paterson.
              • m. Jonet Riddell, heiress of Glengarnock
  • Main source(s): TSP (Glencairn), BE1883 (Cunynghame of Kilmaurs and Glencairn) with some support from BPGS2001 (Fergusson-Cuninghame of Caprington)
  • From:


  • 'Cunningham02'
  • Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn (d Sauchieburn 11.06.1488)
  • m. Margaret Hepburn (dau of Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes)
    • 1. Robert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn (d by 1492)
    • TSP (Glencairn) reports that, because James IV revoked some of the appointments of his father, this Robert was "deprived the dignity of an earldom conferred on his father". James IV reinstated the earldom after Robert had died. Accordingly, TSP numbers subsequent Earls differently from (say) BE1883 (eg. Cuthbert identified by TSP as 2nd Earl). We follow the numbering used by BE1883 and BP1934 (Cuninghame of Caprington).
    • m. (before 19.07.1476) Christian Lindsay (dau of John Lindsay, 1st Lord of the Byres)
      • A. .... etc.
    • 2. William Cuninghame, 1st of Craigends (a 1479)
    • m. Elizabeth Stewart (dau of Sir Walter Stewart of Arthurlie)
    • 3. Isabella Cunyngham
    • m. Walter Buchanan of Easter Catter, 1st of Spittal
    • 4.+ other issue (a 1483) - Alexander, Edward
  • Main source(s): TSP (Glencairn), BE1883 (Cuningham of Kilmaurs and Glencairn) with some support from BPGS2001 (Fergusson-Cuninghame of Caprington)
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Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn's Timeline

Glencairn, Dumfries-shire, Scotland, UK
March 1451
Age 26
Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland
Age 35
Age 55
Age 58
June 11, 1488
Age 63
Battle of Sauchieburn