Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callendar

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About Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callendar

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callandar (c. 1500–1553) was the guardian of Mary, Queen of Scots, during her childhood.

Alexander Livingston succeeded his father to the title of Lord Livingston in about 1518. His first wife was Janet Stewart. After her death, he married Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, and by her he had eight children.

Lord Livingston became Queen Mary's guardian in about 1543. One of his daughters was Mary Livingston, who became a lady-in-waiting to the queen. When Queen Mary went to France in 1548 following her betrothal to the Dauphin, Livingston accompanied her, and remained there until he died.

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 1 November 2010, 21:44 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Livingston,_5th_Lord_Livingston&oldid=394253020> [accessed 30 November 2012]

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  • Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston1
  • M, #65240, d. between 25 July 1549 and 4 January 1551
  • Father William Livingston, 4th Lord Livingston2 d. b 21 Apr 1518
  • Mother Agnes Hepburn2 d. a 29 Sep 1516
  • Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston married Agnes Douglas, daughter of Sir John Douglas, 2nd Earl Morton, 4th Lord Dalkeith and Janet Crichton.3 Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston died between 25 July 1549 and 4 January 1551.1
  • Family Agnes Douglas
  • Children
    • Magdalen Livingston
    • William Livingstone, 6th Lord Livingston+1 d. bt 18 Oct 1592 - 29 Nov 1592
    • John Livingston, Master of Livingston4 d. 10 Sep 1547
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VIII, p. 94-95.
  • 2.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VIII, p. 93-94.
  • 3.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VIII, p. 95.
  • 4.[S11584] The Scots Peerage, Vol. V, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 436.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2171.htm#i65240

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  • Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston1
  • M, #185122, b. circa 1500, d. before 4 January 1551
  • Last Edited=30 Aug 2013
  • Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston was born circa 1500.2 He was the son of William Livingston, 4th Lord Livingston and Agnes Hepburn.3,2 He married Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton and Janet Crichton.4 He died before 4 January 1551.2
  • He gained the title of 5th Lord Livingston.
  • Children of Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston
    • 1.Janet Livingston+1
    • 2.Magdalen Livingston4
  • Child of Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston and Lady Agnes Douglas
    • 1.William Livingston, 6th Lord Livingston+2 d. bt Oct 1592 - Nov 1592
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Volume 1, page 547. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S3268] Hans Harmsen, "re: Chester Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 21 August 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Chester Family."
  • 3.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VIII, page 94. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 4.[S37] See. [S37]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p18513.htm#i185122

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Master Alexander Livingston of Phildes and Dunipace appears to have obtained his degree of Licentiate or Master of Arts at the University of St. Andrews in 1507; and he is stated in a crown charter, dated Dec. 14, 1521, to be the son of Alexander Livingston of Dunipace and his spouse, Alison Gourlay. In a legal protest executed by him on Jan. 14, 1516-17, he is styled 'son and heir of Alexander Livingston of Dunipace,' which shows his elder brother David had been disinherited, so far at least as the estate of Dunipace was concerned, before this date. This Master Alexander Livingston of Phildes was a man of marked ability, and as early as Feb. 1513-14, and during his father's lifetime, he had been appointed join arbitrator with William Livingston of Kilsyth to settle a family dispute which had arisen between the chief of his House, William, 4th Lord Livingston of Callendar, and the latter's eldest son and heir, Alexander Livingston, 'fear of the barony of Calentar.' He was the first member of his family, also during the lifetime of his father, to obtain from the crown the restoration of the forfeited ancestral estate of Feldes or Phildes in Perthsire. For in a charter under the Great Seal, granted by Kin James the 5th at his palace of Falkland on Jan. 13, 1516-17, these lands, which had been resigned to the crown by their late owner, Master David Spens, Rector of Flisk, were now conferred on Master Alexander, son to Alexander Livingston of Dunipace. In the accounts of the Lord High Treasurer for the above year occurs an entry of 6 pounds charged against Master Alexander, as the feudal fee for the new infeftment of this estate in his favour.

After his marriage to Elizabeth Hepburn, the kind confirmed afresh the lands of Phildes to him and his wife in conjunct infeftment, and to their legitimate heirs, by a charter dated July 24, 1525; and in June 1542 he and his wife granted this estate to the Prior and Convent of the Predicant Friars of St. Andrews, but before the 8th of May 1552 they had regained possession on allowing the convent the annual sum of 20 pounds out of these lands. This last transaction was duly confirmed by Queen Mary, or rather in her name, as the little queen was at this date in France, whereupon these lands were now settled on Master Alexander in liferent, and on his son and heir John and the latter's spouse, Margaret Elphinstone, in fee, by a crown charter dated May 8, 1552. It is in this charter that the earliest Alexander Livingston to own these lands is referred to as the 'avus' of Master Alexander Livingston. On July 10, 1545 his name is included in the list of those Livingston vassals who were specially exempted, by an order of the Privy Council, from serving in the army then being raised to resist the threatened English invasion, as they were wanted instead to guard the infant queen, then in the keepership of Lords Erskine and Livingston, at the Castle of Stirling; and in consequence he was not presentat the battle of Pinkie fought two years later. On account of his 'absence from the army at Pinkiecleuch' he had to obtain in later years (Sept. 15, 1548 and Jan. 3, 1553-4) two 'remissions' in his favour from Queen Mary's government.

On Feb. 8, 1548-9 he had conferred on him a Commission of Justiciary, for, having adopted the law for a profession, he had risen rapidly, and a few months later (Jan. 26, 1549-50) he was appointed to the important office of Director of Chancery and Keeper of the Quarter Seal; and during the same year he was still further promoted to be an Extraordinary Lord of Session, when he took the title of Lord Dunipace. In the year 1555 the town of Stirling was violently agitated over a vindictive feud between the families of Livingston and Craigingelt, arising out of their rival claims to the provostship of this royal burgh. For two years in succession (1553-4 and 1554-5) Henry Livingston of Falkirk had been elected to fill this office, which so incensed the adherents of the rival claimant, the laird of Craigingelt, that this feud developed into an open fight between the followers of Henry Livingston and those of John Craigingelt of that ilk. The Livingstons gaining the upper hand, celebrated their victory by cutting off the left arms of their two principal opponents, those of John Craigingelt and his eldest son Rober! On account of this barbaric act of vengeance, Lord Dunipace, acting in his judicial office, and not as a principal in this outrage, on Nov. 26, in ths year, 'found William Lord Livingston as surety for their (the accused parties) entry at the next Justice-aire of Stirling, to underly the law for art and part of the mutilation of John Cragyngelt of that Ilk, and Robert his son, of their left arms, committed within the burgh of Stirling on Aug. 21 last.' A few weeks later (Jan 8, 1555-6) Lord Dunipace himself became surety for Henry Livingston in Falkirk, William and Thomas his sons, and his three servants for the same offence. The culprits seem to have escaped punishment, probably owing to the fact that the Livingstons at this period were all-powerful in the county of Stirling; and the feud, apparently on the admonition of the regent, Mary of Lorraine, who was greatly shocked at this state of affairs in the royal burgh of Stirling, proceeded no further.

In Aug. 1560 Lord Dunipace attended the Convention of Estats as one of the minor barons, and he is said to have supported the Reformed party in their abolition of the Catholic religion in Scotland, which is very likely, as his feudal chief, William, 6th Lord Livingston, was one of the Lords of the Congregation.

Alexander married before July 1525 to Elizabeth Hepburn, a daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn who had fallen at Battle of Flodden (September 9, 1513). Alexander and Elizabeth had the following children: 

James Livingston (d.s.p.) John Livingston who succeeded to Dunipace and married Margaret Elphistone Janet Livingston who married first to John Leighton of Ullshaven and second to Robert Bruce Margaret Livingston who married John Strachan of Thornton Thomas Livingston William Livingston

Alexander Livingston also had four "natural" sons who are referred to in Charters of the years 1525, 1530 and 1542. It appears that Alexander and the unknown mother(s) of these children didn't bother to undertake the formality of a church ceremony: 

John Livingston Laurence Livingston Matthew Livingston Thomas Livingston, founder of the Livingstons of Kirkland and Airth

The last named seems to have been his father's favourite, and he was the founder of the cadet line of the Livingstons of the Kirklands of Dunipace, or "of Kirland,' which was the designation mostly used by this brance of the House of Dunipace. At this period it must be borne in mind, as also during mediaeval times, no social stigma attached to the natural offspring of the nobility and gentry. Natural sons certainly could not inherit titles or entailed estates, but titles and estates could and were often bestowed on them. They inheritated the family surname, and also the paternal coat of arms, the latter with a difference to denote illegitmacy, which, however, was often omitted from their arms.

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Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callendar's Timeline

1500
1500
Callendar, Stirling, Scotland
1528
1528
Age 28
Callendar, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1528
Age 28
Stirlingshire, Scotland, UK
1532
1532
Age 32
Callender, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1545
1545
Age 45
Blairlusk, Dumbarton, Scotland
1551
January 4, 1551
Age 51
Callendar, Stirling, Scotland
1555
1555
Age 51
Kirkland, Oneida, New York, USA
1560
August 27, 1560
Age 51