Alexander Robertson of Struan
|Also Known As:||"Alexander Robertson 9th of Struan 5th Chief"|
|Birthplace:||Struan, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in Struan, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Place of Burial:||Dunkeld, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom|
Son of Robert "Riach" de Atholia, 1st Lord of Struan and Margaret Robertson
|Managed by:||Douglas John Nimmo|
About Alexander Robertson, 5th of Struan b1440
- Alexander Robertson1,2
- M, #37794, d. circa 1506
- Alexander Robertson was born at of Strowan, Scotland. He married Elizabeth Lyon, daughter of Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord Glamis, Lord of Kinghorn and Isabel Ogilvy, after 1 April 1440. Alexander Robertson married Elizabeth III Stewart, daughter of Sir John Stewart, 1st Earl Atholl, Ambassador to England and Eleanor Sinclair, circa 24 April 1504. Alexander Robertson died circa 1506.2
- Family 1 Elizabeth Lyon
- Robert Robertson+
- Duncan Robertson d. b 1506
- Andrew Robertson
- James Robertson
- Mary Robertson+
- Family 2 Elizabeth III Stewart
- Margaret Robertson+ d. b 12 Jun 1561
- John Robertson2
- [S11559] Unknown author, The Scots Peerage, by Sir James Balfour Paul, 1904, Vol. I, p. 442, Vol. III, p. 569.
- [S11570] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, by Sir Bernard Burke, p. 1926.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1259.htm#i37794
- Alexander Robertson, 9th of Glenerochie1
- M, #560301, d. circa 1506
- Last Edited=14 Nov 2013
- Alexander Robertson, 9th of Glenerochie was the son of Robert Robertson and Lady Margaret Stewart.2 He married Elizabeth Lyon, daughter of Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord Glamis and Isabel Ogilvy, on 1 April 1440.1 He married Lady Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl and Lady Eleanor Sinclair, on 24 April 1504.2 He died circa 1506.2
- He held the position of 5th Chief of Clan Donnachaidh.1
- Children of Alexander Robertson, 9th of Glenerochie and Elizabeth Lyon
- Duncan Robertson2 d. b 1506
- Robert Robertson+2 d. b 1506
- Andrew Robertson2
- James Robertson2
- Mary Robertson2
- Children of Alexander Robertson, 9th of Glenerochie and Lady Elizabeth Stewart
- Margaret Robertson+2
- Alexander Robertson2
- John Robertson+2 b. c 1499, d. 1540
- [S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 3363. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- [S37] BP2003. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p56031.htm#i560301
- A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain & Ireland Vol. 2 by Burke, Bernard ....
- From their ancestor DUNCAN DE ATHOLIA, Earl of Athol, they are known among the highlanders of Scotland as "Clandonachy," or descendants of Duncan. He m. 1st, a dau. of Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, and had a son, ROBERT DE ATHOLIA, ancestor of the STRUAN family. Duncan, by his 2nd wife (presumed to have been a dau. of Angus Moer, Lord of the Isles), had a son, PATRICK DE ATHOLIA, who received from his father the Barony of Lude, ancestor of the great Scottish family of ROBERTSON of Lude, represented by Col. JAMES ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, of the 82nd Regt., son and heir of Lieut.-Gen. William Robertson, of Lude, by Margaret his wife, eldest dau. of George Haldane, Esq. of Gleneagles, co. Perth. A younger branch of the Lude family were the ROBERTSONS of Tulliebelton, co. Perth,
- ROBERT DE ATHOLIA (the eldest son of Duncan de Atholia) had, by his 1st wife, dau. and co-heir of Sir John Stirling, of Glenesk, a dau. Jean, to. Alexander Menzies, of Fothergill. By his 2nd wife he had a son,
- DUNCAN DE ATHOLIA, mentioned in the Rotuli Scotiæ under the name of "Duncanus de Atholia, dominus de Ranagh." He was s. by his son,
- ROBERT DE ATHOLIA (Reoch), one of the most noted chiefs of his day. He arrested the murderers of JAMES I., and for this good service received a Crown charter, erecting his whole lands into a free barony, dated 1451, and also an honourable augmentation to his arms. He m. the Lady Margaret Stewart, by whom he had three sons,
- ALEXANDER, his heir.
- Robert, of Dalcabon, ancestor of SIR ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, who assumed the surname of COLYEAR, and was created a baronet, 1677. His son and successor, SIR DAVID COLYEAR, Bart., a military officer of reputation, was elevated to the Scottish Peerage as EARL OF PORTMORE, a dignity which remained with his descendants until the death s. p. of the late Earl of Portmore.
- He d. temp. JAMES II., and was s. by his son,
- ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, or son of Robert, which from this date, became the designation of the family. He m. 1st, Elizabeth, dau. of Patrick, Lord Glammis, by whom he had
- DUNCAN, who d. v. p.
- Robert, m. Isabell, dau. of John, Earl of Athol, and d. v. p., leaving a son,
- WILLIAM, s. his grandfather.
- Andrew, ancestor to the ROBERTSONS of Ladykirk, Edradynet, &c.
- James, ancestor of the ROBERTSONS of Kindrochit, Achlichs, &c.
- Mary, m. Andrew Moray, of Ogilvie and Abercairney.
- He m. 2ndly, Elizabeth, dau. of John, Earl of Athol, by whom he had
- Alexander, ancestor of the ROBERTSONS of Faskally.
- John, of Muirton, ancestor of ROBERTSON-WILLIAMSON, of Lawers.
- Margaret, m. George, 7th Earl of Errol, and had issue.
- He d. about 1506 or 1507, and was s. by his grandson,
- WILLIAM ROBERTSON, of Struan, who was killed in a feud with the Earl of Athol. He was s. by his son,
- .... etc.
- Clan Donnachaidh (Scottish Gaelic: Clann Donnchaidh), also known as Clan Robertson, is one of the oldest of all Scottish clans.
- .... etc.
- In 1394 a clan battle took place between Clann Dhonnchaidh, Clan Lindsay and involving Clan Ogilvy, who were the hereditary sheriffs of Angus, during a cattle raid on Angus. Sir Walter Ogilvy was slain at this battle. Clandonoquhy had rather a reputation as raiders and feuders in late medieval Scotland, though the chiefs seem always to have been loyal to the Bruce and Stewart royal dynasties.
- Robert Riabhach ("Grizzled") Duncanson, 4th Chief of Clann Dhonnchaidh, was a strong supporter of King James I (1406–1437) and was incensed by his murder at the Blackfriars Dominican Friary in Perth. He tracked down and captured two of the regicides, Sir Robert Graham and the King's uncle Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, as they hid above Invervack in Atholl, and turned them over to the Crown. They were tortured to death in the Grassmarket in Edinburgh on the orders of the Regent, James I's widow, Joan Beaufort (d. 1445). The Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia states that they were put to death with considerable savagery. The Robertson crest badge of a right hand upholding an imperial crown was awarded by James II (1437–60) to the 4th chief on 15 August 1451 as a reward for capturing his father's assassins. The highly unusual third supporter (below the shield) on the Robertson coat of arms, of a "savage man in chains" is in reference to the capture of Graham. It is in honour of Robert Riabhach that his descendants took the name Robertson. James II also erected the clan lands into the Barony of Struan, which formerly took in extensive lands in Highland Perthshire, notably in Glen Errochty, the north and south banks of Loch Tay and the area surrounding Loch Rannoch. None of these lands are any longer in the possession of the clan.
- Robert Riabhac or Riach died in 1460 from wounds received in battle. The chiefship then passed to his eldest son, Alexander. The Clan Robertson then feuded with the Clan Stewart of Atholl. William Robertson, the sixth chief was killed trying to recover lands that had been seized by the Stewarts of Atholl. The eighth chief of Clan Robertson was murdered and his brother inherited the estate.
- .... etc.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Donnachaidh
- Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord Glamis (1402 – 21 March 1459) P.C. was a Scottish nobleman, created Lord Glamis on 28 June 1445.
- He was the son of Sir John Lyon of Glamis (c.1377–c.1435) and Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Sir Patrick Graham of Dundaff and Kincardine and Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. Sir John was the son of Sir John Lyon (d. 1382) and Princess Joanna Stewart, daughter of Robert II of Scotland.
- Patrick Lyon was hostage in England for King James I from 1424 until 9 November 1427 when he was exchanged for another hostage. He was one of the Lords Auditors (1450–1451) and Master of the King's Household (1450–1452) to King James II. He was Ambassador to England (1451) and again (1455). He was Keeper of the Castles of Kildrummy, Kindrocht and Balveny (1456–1459).
- Late in 1427 or soon thereafter he married Isabel, daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvie of Lintrethan, Treasurer of Scotland. They had at least four children:
- Alexander Lyon, 2nd Lord Glamis
- John Lyon, 3rd Lord Glamis
- William of Peetanya
- Elizabeth, the wife of Alexander Robertson of Strowane
- The late Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, was a descendant of Lord Glamis.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Lyon,_1st_Lord_Glamis
- John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (c. 1440 – 15 September 1512), also known as Sir John Stewart of Balveny, was a Scottish nobleman and ambassador to England (in 1484).
- He was the oldest child of Joan Beaufort, widow of James I of Scotland, and her second husband Sir James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn.
- He was created Earl of Atholl in around 1457, the first earl of the eighth creation of the title. He is believed to have had a hand in suppressing the rebellion of John Macdonald, 11th Earl of Ross, the last of the Lords of the Isles. According to legend, the Earl of Atholl had whisky, honey and oats added to Macdonald's water well, which so entranced or intoxicated him that Macdonald was easily captured. The mixture became a drink named Atholl Brose.
- Stewart was buried in Dunkeld Cathedral in Perthshire.
- John Stewart married twice and had several children. However, the exact number, names and the attribution of his children to their mothers is unclear.
- He married firstly, in 1459–1460, Margaret Douglas, Fair Maid of Galloway, daughter of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. Margaret had been married already to the 8th Earl and possibly the 9th Earl of Douglas. She died between 1473 and 1475. They had three daughters:
- Janet Stewart, married Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly.
- Elizabeth Stewart, married Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray.
- Christian, married Neil Stewart of Garth.
- He married secondly, before April 1475, Eleanor Sinclair (d. 21 March 1518), daughter of William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney. They had two sons and nine daughters:
- John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl, living 1520, and died before 1522, who married Janet Campbell (died about Candlemas 1545/6), daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Arygll.
- Andrew Stewart, Bishop of Caithness.
- Jean (or Janet) Stewart, married by contract dated 31 August 1507, James Arbuthnott of Arbuthnott. He had a crown charter of the feudal barony of Arbuthnott 29 January 1507. He left a testament dated 7 March 1521, and died before 13 March 1521.
- Katherine Stewart, married Sir John Forbes, 6th Lord Forbes.
- Elizabeth/Elspeth Stewart, married Sir Robert Innes 2nd of Innermarky.
- Marjory Stewart, married Sir Colin Campbell, of Glenorchy.
- Margaret Stewart, married Sir William Murray, of Castleton who was killed at Battle of Flodden, Ancestor of the Dukes of Atholl
- Elizabeth Stewart, married Alexander Robertson, of Strowan.
- Elizabeth (or Isabel) Stewart, married John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
- Jean Stewart, married Robert Gordon, Knt., of Pitlurg.
- Margaret Stewart, married Robert Robertson younger, of Strowan.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Stewart,_1st_Earl_of_Atholl
- George Hay, 7th Earl of Erroll PC (c. 1508 – 30 January 1573) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.
- Hay was the grandson of William Hay, 3rd Earl of Erroll; George's father Thomas was killed alongside his older brother, William Hay, 4th Earl of Erroll, at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.
- After his cousin William Hay, 6th Earl of Erroll died in 1541 leaving only a young daughter, George succeeded to the earldom and with it the family title of Lord High Constable of Scotland. The sixth earl, who inherited the earldom as a toddler, died under the age of 21; by the time George inherited the titles, the barony had been in the possession of the crown for 19 years, four months.
- In September and December 1741, the crown transferred into the new earl's hands the lands and baronies of Errol, Capeth, Inchiref, and Fossoquhy in Perthshire; Cowie in Kincardine, Cassingray in Fife; Dronlaw and Innerpeffer in Forfarshire; and Slains in Aberdeenshire.
- The Peerage of Scotland is unique in that it allows the titles to descend along the female lines; Jean, the young daughter of the sixth earl of Erroll, could have conceivable inherited the earldom as Countess of Erroll. Instead, the crown negotiated for George to inherit, with the condition that he pay 4,000 merks to Helen, Dowager Countess of Erroll and to marry one of his sons to Jean Hay "at the King’s pleasure."
- Following the death of James V of Scotland—leaving only six-day old Princess Mary as his successor—Erroll was one of the Scottish nobles who signed an agreement to support taking the regency from the Earl of Arran in favour of the Queen Mother by suggesting that his father's divorce and second marriage were invalid, making Arran illegitimate. In April 1567, Erroll was a signatory to Ainslie's Tavern Band agreeing to the marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots to the Earl of Bothwell.
- He was a member of the Privy Council of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1561. He side with the Hamiltons in the interest of the captive Queen Mary in 1569, but did not forfeit his titles in his support of the queen.
- In 1528, Hay married Margaret Robertson, daughter of Alexander Robertson of Struan, 24th chief of Clan Donnachaidh, and granddaughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl and by her had nine children:
- Lady Elizabeth Hay (b. 1531), married Sir William Keith, Lord of Keith, son of William Keith, 4th Earl Marischal
- Andrew Hay, 8th Earl of Erroll, married his cousin Jean Hay, daughter of the sixth Earl of Erroll
- Lady Margaret Hay, married Laurence Oliphant, 4th Lord Oliphant
- John Hay of Muchall
- Laurence Hay, who reportedly destroyed the manse at Findo Gask
- George Hay of Ardlethen
- Lady Beatrix Hay (b. c. 1560), married William Hay of Delgatie
- Thomas Hay, parson of Turriff
- Alexander Hay
- In 1561, the earl married Helen Bryson, daughter of Walter Bryson of Pitcullen, and had two more children:
- Eupham Hay (likely died young)
- Lady Elizabeth (Isobel) Hay, married Sir John Leslie of Balquhain, and divorced him for adultery; married second, James, Lord Balfour, Baron of Glenawley
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Hay,_7th_Earl_of_Erroll
- Duncan de Atholl, 5th of Glenerochie, 1st Chief (a 1346)
- Duncan is generally accepted as the first Chief of the Clan Donnachaidh which took its name from him. In the early 15th century when (for the first time) many families chose lasting family names, the head of the family was Robert (4th Chief) and members of the senior family in the Clan took Robertson as their family name. In support of their chief, many of their kinsmen took that name also although others preferred names such as Duncanson or MacDonachie.
- m. dau of Malcolm, 5th Earl of Lennox
- 1. Robert de Atholl, 6th of Glenerochie
- m1. Jean Stirling (dau of Sir John de Striveling of Glenesk)
- A. Jean de Atholl
- m. Alexander Menzies of Fotheringill
- m2. heiress of Fordill
- B. Duncan de Atholl, 7th of Glenerochie
- i. Robert 'Ruadh', 8th of Glenerochie, 4th Chief (d c08.1460)
- Robert had most of his lands, including Glenerochie, pulled together into one Barony of Struan.
- a. Alexander Robertson, 9th of Glenerochie/Struan (d c1506)
- m1. (01.04.1440) Elizabeth Lyon (dau of Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord of Glamis)
- (1) Duncan Robertson (dvp)
- (2) Robert Robertson (dvp)
- m. Margaret Stewart (dau of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl)
- (A) William Robertson, 10th of Struan (d 1532)
- (i) Robert Robertson, 11th of Struan, 7th Chief
- m. (09.02.1544/5) Mariota MacIan (dau of Ian MacIan of Ardnamurchan)
- (ii) Isabel Robertson
- m. David Moncreiffe in Kirkwall (d c1625)
- (A) William Robertson, 10th of Struan (d 1532)
- (3) Andrew Robertson ancestor of Robertsons of Killichangy, Ladykirk, Eastertyre and Edradynate
- (4) James Robertson of Calvine
- (5) Mary Robertson
- m. Andrew Moray, 5th of Abercairney (d Flodden 09.09.1513)
- m2. (before 24.04.1504) Elizabeth or Isabel Stewart (dau of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl)
- (6) Alexander Robertson, 1st of Faskally (d by 03.1557)
- m. (by 01.05.1543) Elizabeth or Isobel Hay
- (7) John Robertson of Muirton ancestor of Robertson-Williamsons of Lawers
- (8) Margaret Robertson
- m1. Thomas Innes of Elrick (d before 1528)
- m2. (c1528) George Hay, 7th Earl of Erroll (d 30.01.1573-4)
- b. Robert Robertson of Dalcabon
- c. .... etc.
- B. Duncan de Atholl, 7th of Glenerochie
- Main source(s): BLG1952 (Robertson of Struan)
- From: Stirnet.com
- Sir John Stewart of Balveny, 1st Earl of Atholl (b c1440, d 19.09.1512)
- The attribution of his children between his wives is not certain. TSP(Atholl) does not even try to say which child was by which wife but BE1883 does give a lead. However, with TSP naming more daughters than BE1883, with some names being duplicated, some doubt remains on this matter which may be researched further in due course.
- m1. (1460) Margaret Douglas (b 1430, d before 1475, dau of Archibald, 5th Earl of Douglas)
- 1. Janet Stewart (d 27.10.1510)
- m. Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly (d 16.01.1524)
- 2. Elizabeth Stewart
- m. Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray (d 1514)
- m2. (before 1475) Eleanor Sinclair (dau of William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney, Earl of Caithness)
- 3. John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl (d by 1522)
- m. Janet Campbell (d c02.02.1545-6, dau of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll)
- A. John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Atholl (b 06.10.1507, .... etc.
- 4. Andrew Stewart (d 1542, Bishop of Caithness)
- 5. Jean Stewart
- m. John Gordon of Pitlurg (d 1546)
- 6. Catherine Stewart
- m. John Forbes, 6th Lord (d 1547)
- 7. Elspeth Stewart
- m. (c1510) Robert Innes, 2nd of Innermarkie (d c10.1551)
- 8. Marjory Stewart
- m. Sir Colin Campbell, 3rd of Glenorchy (d 12.08.1523)
- 9. Margaret Stewart
- m. Sir William Murray of Castleton (dvp Flodden 09.09.1513)
- 10. Isabel (or Elizabeth) Stewart
- m. (before 24.04.1504) Alexander Robertson of Strowan (d c1506)
- 11. Elizabeth (or Anne) Stewart
- m1. (mcrt 19.11.1511) John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Lennox (d 04.09.1526)
- m2. (mcrt 09.12.1529) Ninian Ross, 3rd Lord of Halkhead (d 02.1555-6)
- 12. Margaret Stewart
- m. Robert Robertson, younger of Strowan (dvp)
- 13. Christian Stewart (d 30.05.1538)
- m. Neil Stewart of Garth
- Main source(s):
- (1) Stewart of Atholl - BE1883 (Stewart of Atholl), TSP (Stewart of Atholl)
- From: Stirnet.com
Dunalastair Estate originally belonged to the Robertson family whose clan lived in and around this area. The clan name is Donnachaidh and there is a clan society of this name. Clan Donnachaidh names include Robertson, Duncan and Reid to name but a few.
The great poet chieftain, Alexander Robertson of Struan, a staunch Jacobite, lived in a house called the Hermitage which is thought to have been on the site of or near to the current (ruined) Dunalastair House. The Hermitage was destroyed by fire after the 1745 Jacobite uprising. A double tower house was built on the site in 1801 but was burned down accidentally in 1854. The present house (now a ruin) was built in the 1860s when General Sir John Macdonald, who commanded the land forces in Scotland, owned the estate. He also built much of the village of Kinloch Rannoch including the Episcopal Church in the square and the MacDonald Arms Hotel (now called the Dunalastair Hotel although no longer belonging to the estate).
In the 1880s the estate was owned for about 9 years by a Mr.Tennent and, in 1891, it was bought by James Clark Bunten who had a foundry and engineering works in Glasgow, Anderstown Foundry. He was the present owner's great-grandfather.
James Bunten's only child, a daughter, Jeannie, married Frank de Sales La Terrière, whose ancestor had left France for Quebec in the 1760s and one of whose sons came to Britain early in the 19th century. The present owner, Ian Cameron de Sales La Terrière lives with his wife, Rose, on the estate and runs it with the help of a wonderful team. The La Terrière's have six children and ten grandchildren.
The estate consists of various enterprises: There is farming, which involves the raising of cattle and black-face sheep; forestry with a variety of trees being planted and harvested, including some land fenced off from stock to enable it to regenerate into native woodland; trout fishing on Dunalastair Loch and on the river; deer stalking and a small pheasant shoot; and holiday cottages. Ian works closely with conservation bodies in the running of the estate.
The east part of Schiehallion was sold to the John Muir Trust in 2000 but the estate retains the western half. The JMT have repaired the path up Schiehallion as it had become an eyesore from the many feet tramping up it.
If you would like to know more about the history of the area, there are several books written by local authors on the history, lore and legends of Rannoch. You will find these in the Riverbank Cafe in Kinloch Rannoch.
Dunalastair House was designed by Heiton, a Perth-based architect, who also designed the Atholl Palace Hotel and Dunkeld railway station amongst other buildings. It was really only used as it was built to be used up until the First World War because after that the staff needed to run such a big house were no longer available.
During the Second World War it was requisitioned and used first as a Polish boys’ and then girls’ school and during this period it was considerably damaged, which included the loss of a Millais painting which was destroyed in a fire in the drawing room.
The house’s contents were sold in the mid fifties after the current owner’s grandmother’s death and the house was badly vandalised in the sixties when the lead was stolen from the roof. In those days it was not viable to repair it and no grants were available and it deteriorated very quickly from then on with most removable parts being stolen.
The holiday cottages originally housed staff or were working buildings such as post office, laundry, school, turbine house when the estate was in full swing before the First World War and for a time after.
For the last forty plus years, since 1971, we have been letting cottages for holidays. In the beginning, they were very basically furnished and holiday tenants would have to clean them for the next tenants before they left, with no housekeeping available! Over the years we have renovated and refurbished and, in several cases, gutted and totally rebuilt the interiors of estate cottages, bringing back virtual ruins to useful life. They are now fully equipped with everything you would need for your comfort and enjoyment.
Said to be the first to adopt the surname "Robertson" in use.
Alexander Robertson, 5th of Struan b1440's Timeline
Struan, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
Perth, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
Perth, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
Calvine, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
Elgin, Moray, Scotland, United Kingdom
March 27, 1505
Struan, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom