Baron Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Von Buchenröder (Von Buschenrad)

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Baron Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Von Buchenröder (Von Buschenrad)

Also Known As: "Colonel", "Fritz"
Birthplace: Frankenthal, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Death: Died in Burtscheid, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Cause of death: Gout
Place of Burial: Burtscheid, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Karl Friedrich Joseph Von Buchenröder and Johanna Maria Von Buchenröder
Husband of Baroness Friederike Chalotte Louisa Johanette Von Buchenröder Von Buschenrad (Meyer)
Father of Wilhelm Ludwig Von Buchenröder; Friedrich Von Buchenröder and Baroness Maria Theresia Eleanora Wilhelmina Knobel, SM/PROG
Brother of Eleonora Wilhelmina Von Buchenröder and Johann Samuel Von Buchenröder

Managed by: Peter Bruce Knobel
Last Updated:

About Baron Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Von Buchenröder (Von Buschenrad)

Source: The Knobel Family and Relationships, J. B. Knobel, MJB 281.1(6), SA Library 1765 - At 6yo, appointed Page to the King of Prussia (Friedrich II) 1775 - Standard-bearer to the von Möllendorff Regiment, 1778 - Appointed Lieut. Adjt. in service of Archduke of Hessen-Kassel with yearly subsidy of 240 thaler May 1779 - Dismissed from the Service for insubordination Lieutenant, 2nd Battalion Hessian Hochfürst. Infantry, Erbprinz Regiment 1 Jan 1781 - entrusted with the superintendence and custody of all sketches and plans which had to be made, with a yearly subsidy of 240 thaler. Oct 1783, placed under arrest, and removed from the Prince's Life Company or Body Guard into another, and lost the post of Adjutant. Assigned to 2nd Battalion Grenadiers 20 Nov 1783, placed under arrest for insubordination and applied for discharge 24 Dec 1783, discharged 1784 Commissioned as Infantry Captain in the “Zalmische Brigade”, Holland (fighting against the German Emperor) 20 May 1785 Captain of Jäger Company 1786 - Appointed Major and commander of of Jäger Corps 18 April 1786, takes over the Paternal Estate (Väterliche Gut) at Eppelsheim, in Alzey-Worms, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Oct 1786, the war between Holland and Germany ends. He declared himself willing to remain in the service of Holland, retained his Company, and was made Major and Commandant of all combined Jäger of the Corps. 1787 - Civil War breaks out in Holland. Assiged QM General and 'Directeur' of the Army established by the Defence Committee. Awarded the Freedom of the City of Delft for his defence works. Aug 1787 - Promoted to Major of he Zalmische Corps. 1787 Civil War commences in Holland. Awarded Freedom of the City of Delft for his defensive engineering efforts. Dec 1787 - Prussian Troops put down the Civil War. Appointed major and Commander of the Jäger Corps. Dec 1787, he first experiences gout and went to Aix-la-Chapelle “Aken” [Aachen] to the bath, to Wiesbaden, and was cured at Hanau. Dec 1788. Sells the Paternal Estate (Väterliche Gut) at Eppelsheim to the Dom Capitel of Worms for 20,000 gulden Feb 1789 purchases another Estate near Hanau, named Emmerichshofen from the Geheimrath von Luiden at Mayence (Mainz) for 22,000 gulden. 1795 - Appointed Quartermater General 1799 - Pensioned as a Major (1,000 f / year) 1797-1802 Presents an ‘extensive memorial note’ to the “Government of Holland - the Batavian Republic”, including methods of improving the country's finances, and one about distilling sea water to make it available for use in sea voyages. 20 Jan 1803 the Batavian Republic agrees to a proposal of G. K. von Hogendorp in combination with other gentlemen, to send out a Colony 16 Sep 1802 - The family depart Hanau for Amsterdam 23 Dec 1802 - the fleet of three large transport ships, with the von Buchenröder to South Africa to establish a Batavian Colony in the Cape, sails from Amsterdam. 22 May 1803 - the fleet arrives in Simons Town, Cape, South Africa 26 Sep 1803 - Commences recon of suitable land for the Batavian Colony 20 Nov 1803 - returns to Cape to find his residence sold by the Governor Dec 1803 - makes 3 appeals/proposals to Governor regarding alternative land allocation for the Batavian Colony 29 Aug 1804 - Governor Janssens orders by “Resolution of Governor and Council” him to quit the Cape Colony, and to go by an American ship 'Industry', destination Charlestown, in South Carolina, then lying in Cape Town Bay, and about to sail in ten days’ time - Sep 1804 - early 1805 Returned to Antwerp alone on the ship 'Industry' via America and London. Lived in the Hague. Nov 1813 - recalled to the Army as a Staff Colonel after a contra-revolution in the Hague 5 Jan 1814 - Appointed Colonel Commanded of the Burger Levy and the blockade of Deventer as Colonel of 5th Battalion / Jägers , in which about 1600 Frenchmen were confined 18 Feb 1814 - Transferred as Lieut. Colonel to 9th Battalion of the Line. went on State service to Berlin, to bring back troops which had been released from military imprisonment, out of which I then raised the 9th Battalion Infantry of the Line 11 Jul 1814 - Retired with honour on a State Pension of 1,200 f / year 1815-16 - Attempted to start a large business house 1816 - Published a new book “Treatise on Navigation on the Trade with Agricultural Colonies” Planned to return to the Cape after receiving 2,000f compensation for his Cape losses but was forbidden to spand his pension outside of Holland. 1819-21 Appealed to be allowed to travel outside of Holland 18 Sep 1822 - Permission approved to travel to Aachen and Weisbaden for health reasons - went for 4 months. 23 Dec 1822 - Received 3 months leave for Aachen alone for continued illness 10 Feb 1824 Died at Burtschied, near Aachen

Source: The Knobel Family and Relationships, J. B. Knobel, MJB 281.1(6), SA Library Dr Frehr's Notes: Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friedrich (called Friedrich or Fritz), born 7 October 1758, in the Cur Pfaltz. He was first a page in the Prussian Court, became Lieutenant, 2nd Battalion Hessian Hoch Furst Infantry, Erbprinz Regiment. Entered service of Holland, retired from it as Major, and bought Emmmerichshofe at Hanau on the 5/10/1802; he sailed with his family to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, where the Dutch Govt sold him a “lands complex” of two hours square, and free transport there, for the sum of 15000fl. (which a Dutch house lent him on his yearly pension of 1000fl.). In March 1803 after 5 months voyage they arrived in Cape Town but were not satisfied as the promises made to him had not been kept. From this, all information about this family fails and an inquiry by the banking house of Rothschild Franfort-on-Maine in 1870, to their agent in Cape Town reported that the family could not be found there any more.

Source: The Knobel Family and Relationships, J. B. Knobel, MJB 281.1(6), SA Library Mathias says: In February 1750 I perceived that a young officer of the 2nd Battalion, named von Buchenröder who was born in Mannheim had an affection for our daughter. This young man had been as a child brought up at King’s Palace in Berlin, was for some time kept there as a page, and afterwards made an officer. Through some act of insubordination he was dismissed out of the service, and in May 1779 sent here as an officer in this corps.

Genealogies of old South African Families (Page 2,611) Von BUCHENRÖDER a1 Baron Friedrich von Buchenröder oud-majoor van die Nederlandse leer, kom hier 22 May 1803 aan met die bedoeling om 'n kolonie te stig. Die Politieke Rand (resolusie 29 Aug 1804) beveel hom om die land te verlaat en in 1805 is by terug in Holland. Hy publiseer verskeie boeke oor sy verblyf in Suid-Afrika. Volgens Theal het hy later weer teruggekeer en by Algoa Baai gewoon. getroud: Friederike Charlotte Louisa Johanna Meyr. Hierdie huwelik is in 1803 ontbind. Die gesin het na die Baron se vertrek aan die Kaap agtergebly. Wilhelm Ludwig word in 1805 vermeld as luitenant van die Hottentotse Ligte Infanterie en was in 1831 nog in lewe. Friedrich is voor 1831 oorlede. Een van die seuns woon in 1816 in Uitenhage as handelaar. Die dogter trou in 1803 met Johann Balthasar Christian Knobel. Sy sterf 3 Mar 1827, 40 jaar oud; die moeder sterf 1832. Albei is begrawe op “Feldhausen”, in Claremont waar die graftombes vandag nog to sien is. Vir verdere besonderhede vergelyk: J. Hoge: “Personalia”, bls. 52/53.

Source: Dictionary of South African Biography (Pages 3204-3205) Von Buchenröder, Friedrich (*Hesse, Ger. - † near Aachen, Ger., 10.2.1824), was immigration agent to the Dutch government. In 1795, having submitted plans to establish colonies of military personnel at the Cape, he obtained 15 000 guilders from Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, the Dutch statesman, to be used as mortgage on any land Von B. was granted there. On 22.5.1803 Von B. arrived with his wife, Friederike Charlotte Louisa Meyr, three children and about thirty-five servants. As his immigration scheme was at first supported by Governor J. W. Janssens and Commissioner-General J. A. de Mist he soon visited the eastern districts, since Van Hogendorp wished to set up colonies at Plettenberg Bay and Algoa Bay where the immigrants could cope without the aid of slaves. Eventually, however, Janssens and De Mist withdrew their support because the scheme appeared to be unpracticable, and Von B., turbulent and uncontrolled by nature, not a suitable person. The Cape authorities feared he would cause unrest among those colonists who were dissatisfied with the government, especially if he were allowed to settle at a great distance from Cape Town and where he was not under direct control. His servants and workers complained about his overbearing manner during the voyage and of his having appropriated some of their rations. Violent quarrels erupted between Von B. and his wife (who had been a lady-in-waiting to Empress Maria Theresa of Austria) and his younger son Friedrich. His wife having applied for a divorce on the grounds of ill-treatment and non-support, the marriage was annulled in 1803. Friedrich applied to the Council of Justice in 1804 for protection against his father's brutality while Von B. requested the authorities to put his son in custody. His son then accused him from prison of planning to separate the Cape and the East Indies from the Netherlands. As a result, the Council of Policy on 29.8.1804 ordered Von B. to leave the country. He sailed soon afterwards in the American ship Industry and arrived in Holland at the beginning of 1805. There he published two books. In one, Reize in de binnenlanden van Zuid-Afrika . . . (Amsterdam 1806) he suggested plans for the intensive development of the Colony, including the founding of five towns and seventy villages. He recommended inter cilia the introduction of Chinese to develop tea cultivation. He considered the Bushmen at heart a fair-minded and peaceful people and he deprecated armed raids against them. He noted that the northward movement of the trekboer produced a south-ward immigration of the Bushmen. In the other book Beknopt berigt nopens de volksplanting de Kaap de Goede Hoop . . . (Amsterdam, 1806) he criticized the authorities' economic policy and put forward his own ideas of a more intensive development of the Colony. He rejected W. S. van Rijneveld's recommendation to replace Cape by Spanish wool sheep, since the change-over would require increased labour and more transport facilities than were available. According to Theal, Von B. returned to South Africa about 1808 and settled near Algoa Bay. His family, who had remained in the country, were living near Cape Town. His elder son Wilhelm Ludwig von Buchenroder is mentioned in 1805 as being a lieutenant in the Light Infantry and in 1816 as a merchant in Uitenhage, where he owned property. Von B.'s daughter, Maria Theresia Wilhelmine Eleonore, was married in 1803 to Johann Balthasar Christian Knobel.

German Personalia of the Cape (page 395-396) VON BUCHENRöDER BARON FRIEDRICH. - ? Ex-major of the Dutch army. He went to South Africa with the intention to found new settlements for the furtherance of the development of the colony, a scheme for which he had got the support of Dutch businessmen. He arrived in South Africa on 22.5.1803 with his family and 35 farm-labourers. After a journey through the eastern parts of the colony, on which he had looked for suitable areas for colonisation, he asked for permission to settle in the Outeniqua district. But his proposals were rejected. Governor Janssens, who had known him in Holland, declared that “niets dat hy beloofde of ondernam gelukte, omdat hy in alles diep onkundig is” (Memorandum in B.R, 9, pp. 3630-48), and a member of the Council of Policy, R. G. van Polanen, pointed out that B. was totally unsuitable for his task on account of “zynen turbulenten en hewigen aart, den geesdrift waarmede hy in alle zyne daden bestuurd word, en welke veeltyds tot eene tomelose woede opklimt, zowel als sommigens zyner discoursen welke ter kennis van het Gouvernement zyn gekomen”. There would also be the danger of B. causing unrest among those inhabitants of the colony that were dissatisfied with the government, especially if B. were allowed to settle at a great distance from Cape Town, “alwaar by aan geene directe surveillance van het gouvernement zoude onderworpen zyn, en alwaar hy door zyne geavanceerde pretentien ten tyde van zyne landreis de inwooneren reeds geallarmeerd heft” (Memorandum in B.R. 75, pp. 173-179). Thus, by the Council of Policy's resolution of 29.8.1804, B. was ordered to leave the country. He sailed soon after in the American ship Industry and arrived in Holland in the beginning of 1805. (B.R. 2, pp. 753, 804; B.R. 3, p. 134; B.R. 4, p. 2561; B.R. 45, pp. 25, 2677 ff ; B.R. 4, p. 23 ; B.R. 5, p. 23; B.R. 53, pp. 243, 251; B.R. 9, pp. 3620 ff.; B.R. 75, pp. 173-179;. B.R. 8, p. 2777; B.R. 56, p. 395.) After his return to Holland, B. published two books. In the one he dealt with his experiences and activities at the Cape, “Reize in de Binnenlanden van Zuid-Afrika ...”, Amsterdam, 1806; in the other he criticised the Company's economic policy and gave his own ideas of a more intense development of the colony, “Beknopt Berigt nopens de Volksplanting de Kaap de Goede Hoop . . .”, Amsterdam, 1806. According to Theal, “History of South Africa since 1795”, I, p. 137, B. returned to South Africa and settled near Algoa Bay. B. was married to Friederike Charlotte Louisa Johanna Meyr. Their children were Wilhelm Ludwig, Friedrich, Maria Theresia Wilhelmine Eleonore. B.'s family remained at the Cape. His wife had divorced him in 1803, because he ill-treated her and did not support her. (Two requests in CJ 842.) His son Friedrich applied in 1804 to the Council of Justice for protection against the brutality of his father. (CJ 843 under 18.6.1804.) Wilhelm Ludwig is mentioned in 1805 as lieutenant of the Hottentot Light Infantry (B.R. 11, p. 1143) and was still alive in 1831. Friedrich died before that year. One of the sons was in 1816 resident at Uitenhage as a merchant; Latrobe was his guest in that year. (Latrobe, “A Journal of a Visit to South Africa”, 2nd ed., London, 1821, p. 298.) B.'s daughter was married in 1803 to Johann Balthasar Christian Knobel (q.v.). She died on 3.3.1827 at the age of 40. Her mother died in 1832 (Test. O.C. 116: 10-11.) Both were buried on the farm “Feldhausen” now the suburb of Claremont where their graves are still preserved.

Source: Ancestry Library World Tree Project ID: I65489 Name: Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Von Bouchenroeder Given Name: Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Surname: Von Bouchenroeder Prefix: Baron Sex: M Birth: 7 Oct 1758 Death: 10 Feb 1824 in Burtschisd, naby Aken Holland _UID: 24B4302F1F5C4DAD912CE22FF8779170EA18 Father: Karl Friedrich Joseph Bouchenroeder b: 8 May 1729 Mother: Johanna Maria Von Heyles b: 15 Sep 1730 Marriage 1 Friederike Charlotte Louisa Johanna Meyer b: 3 Jan 1761 Married: 3 Jan 1781 Change Date: 20 Oct 2002 Children - Wilhelm Ludwig Buchenroeder b: 21 Feb 1782 - Friedrich Buchenroeder b: 23 Oct 1783 - Maria Theresia Eleanora Wilhelmina Von Buchenroeder b: 24 Nov 1786 in Germany

Source: LAGIS: Buchenröder, Friederica Charlotta Louisa Johanna (Johannetta), nee Meyer, 1761-1831, married in Hanau 3.1.1781 Friedrich Jacob Michael Wilhelm (known as Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig) Freiherr von Buchenröder, 1758-1824. Officer. Lived in Emmerichshofen bei Hanau, 1803 Emigrated to the Cape Colony, 1805 went to Holland, 1814 Oberst und Kommandant of the civil rebellion against the French. Diplomat in Berlin. Author.

Source: Familia, C. Pama, 1980 No 3/4

Source: Geneagraphie - Families all over the World Baron ( Freiherr) Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich von Buchenröder von Buschenrad 1758 - 1824 Prefix Baron ( Freiherr) Birth 7 Oct 1758 Gender Male Died 10 Feb 1824 Burtschisd, naby Aken Holland as 'n kolonel op pensioen. [2, 3] Person ID I1376956 Family Barones Friederike Charlotte Louise Johanette Måyer, b. 3 Jan 1761, d. 10 Jun 1831, Wynberg Married 3 Jan 1781 Children

1. Barones Maria Therese Eleonore Weilhelmine von Buchenröder von Buschenrad,   b. 24 Nov 1786,   d. 3 Mar 1827, Wynberg 
2. Wilhelm von Buchenröder von Buschenrad,   d. Yes, date unknown
3. Friedrich von Buchenröder von Buschenrad,   d. Yes, date unknown

Last Modified 16 Aug 2011 Family ID F988802

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Baron Alexander Wilhelm Ludwig Friederich Von Buchenröder (Von Buschenrad)'s Timeline

October 7, 1758
Frankenthal, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
February 21, 1782
Age 23
Hanau, Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany
October 23, 1783
Age 25
November 24, 1786
Age 28
February 10, 1824
Age 65
Burtscheid, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
February 14, 1824
Age 65
Burtscheid, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany