Alexander, prince of Scotland

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Alexander of Scotland

Also Known As: "Prince of Scotland"
Birthdate: (19)
Birthplace: Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Death: January 17, 1284 (19)
Hermitage Castle, Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Place of Burial: Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland.
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander III, King of the Scots and Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scots
Partner of Rebecca of Flanders
Father of John Alexander
Brother of Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway and David Scotland, Prince Of Scotland

Occupation: Prince of Scotland
Managed by: Williams
Last Updated:

About Alexander, prince of Scotland

First Lord of Mangerton Castle. Murdered by Lord Soulis at HermitageCastle. Source- Chart of the Ten Lords of Mangerton Castle, Scotland

Second Lord of Mangerton Castle. Murdered by William Lord Soulis at afeast in Hermitage Castle, when the black bull's head was placed upon the table. Accross the river, in full view of Maingertoun and facing the north wall of the castle, stands the Milnholm Cross. Upon it's shaft is carved a long two-headed sword pointing downward. An addition bearing a shield with arms has within a recent period been surmounted upon the cross; probably about the same time the upper portion of the face was removed, leaving the letters A A and M A in relief. These replaced the original characters A A II which were visible at the end of the last century (see map of 1812) This monument was erected about 1320. from Chronicles of the Armstrongs Source-World Family Tree CD by Kitty Beck.

Alexander Armstrong, 2nd Laird of Mangerton, Called "The Young Laird" of Mangerton Castle, is understood to have been originally built by a Knight of the Baron De Soulis of Norman descent, named Maiger, and held by him before the year 1250.

Source-Ford lectures delivered in the University of Oxford by G.Y.S. Barrow F.B.A. 1977.

Bloody Civil War with England, is when Alexander Armstrong was appointed the 2nd Laird of Mangerton Castle in 1300, and believed to have been by, King of Scotland John of Baliol 1292-1306 Source-The Saga Of Siward, p. 29

Mangerton Castle, the fortress along the Border were repaired in 1244 by King Alexander II of Scotland, who also built in Liddesdale the Castle of Hermitage.

Mangerton Castle was employed as a place of strength by King Robert Bruce, whom the Armstrongs followed. In a Deed of resignation, November 2, 1482, to the Earl of Angus, friend of Thomas Armstrong, in favor of David Scott of Branxhelme, Mangerton is there stated to have belonged to Thomas Armstrong "heritably". In 1569 the Regent Murray, spending a Sunday night at Mangerton, ordered the Castle in the morning to be destroyed by gunpowder. But it withstood the shock and must soon have been repaired, for in its northerly wall is a remarkable stone upon which is carved a shield bearing the charges of Merieton and the emblem of Siward. Outside of the shield are carved the numeral, 1583 with the letters S A and E F , standing it is said for Symon Armstrong and wife Elizabeth Foster. Source-Chronicles of the Armstrongs p. 86 & 87,89.

Alexander Armstrong, 1st Laird of Mangerton, Chief of the Armstrong Clan lived here in 1320 and his descendants remained until the Union of the Crowns in 1612, when the Castle was finally destroyed by the forces of King James VI of Scotland; who became King James I of England. Only portions of the west & south walls of the fortalice remain visible. Access gained at all times by the disused railway line south of Newcastleton.

The story told in the first Ballad of "Alexander Murdered by Soulis, a Norman nobleman of ancient lineage who had been appointed overlord of "The Hermitage", a sister castle with extensive living quarters, dungeons and billets for as many an 100 soldiers charged with keeping the peace in Liddesdale. Because the Armstrongs had aided The Bruce when he was on the run and were friendly with him, de Soulis hated and envied them.

On the evening, in 1320, when de Soulis was feeling bored, he rode along the river, where he saw the innocent young daughter of one of the Border families picking flowers, he decided he would have her, though she was only a peasant girl. He snatched her up and was about to return to the Hermitage when her piteous cries brought her father to the scene. Things were going very badly for de Soulis, who had to release the girl to defend himself from her enraged father, and had been knocked off his horse. At this point, Alexander Armstrong, the first Laird of Mangerton appeared, understood immediately what was happening, signalled de Soulis to scramble up behind him and delivered the haughty but shaken nobleman safely to the Hermitage. A couple nights later, the laird of Mangerton was invited to the castle to dine with de Soulis, presumably so de Soulis could properly thank him for saving his life. But in the middle of the meal, the Norman approached Armstrong and instead of clapping him on the shoulder in friendly fashion, he stabbed him to the heart. Source-"I Remain Unvanquished" p. 34 by William Stephenson.

Murdered by Lord Soulis at Hermitage Castle, at a feast, when the Black Bull's head was placed upon the table. In Sir Edmund Chambers "Mediaeval Stage" he says that a scramble for the head of the bull, the most prized part of the sacrifical beast was probably a "Fertility Cult". This ancient superstision(probably Danish) was current among the peoples of Liddesdale that when "The Black Bull's Head" was placed on the banquet table, the guest of honor was to be slain. Let us remember that Lord Soulis was a superstitious man and an evil one, also. The event was commemmorated in the poetry of the Armstrongs.

Alexander, Murdered by Soulis And Mangerton was basely slain While at the festal board This is the recompense was made For saving Liddal's Laird

But Liddal's sons, from hermitage Mangerton's corpse convey'd And opposite his own high towers Was the procession staid

Till the attendants were refresh'd Who were oppress'd with grief And many a noble Armstrong there Bewail'd his fallen chief

The Cross, still standing at Millholm In antiquated state With a long sword and letters rude Emblems of Armstrong's fate

A stone, with a rude sculptur's sword Was laid upon his grave And Liddal's sons did all bewail Laird Mangerton, the Brave!

Milnholm Cross, lies beside the road south of Newcastleton near a picnic site and layby. It has interesting carvings commemorating the murder of Alexander, the 2nd Laird of Mangerton who was treacherously murdered at Hermitage Castle in 1320, his grieving clansmen bore his body to the spot, and rested there overnight, before carrying there fallen chief on to Ettleton Kirkyard for burial.

The Milnholm Cross was erected that year by the Clan, in full view from Mangerton Castle, as a memorial to Alexander.

Below- During the times of; King of Scotland John of Baliol (1292-1306) King of England-Edward 1(1272-1307) Source- Chart of the Ten Lairds of Mangerton Castle, Scotland

According to the Terwinney Records, the shield of the Armstrongs of Mangerton -which was the arm and hand holding a tree, with the mullet in the sinister chief, and the crescent in the dexter base- distinguished the first Laird of Mangerton from Fayborn the White Armstrong, that was Osbern's son, who did not immediately dwell upon the then outlying estate, but reserved those lands for later generations and himself occupied a more settled estate in Tynedale just south of Mangerton, where ancient monuments of the family may be found. Source-Chronicles of the Armstrongs, p. 59. Compiled by W.L.A.(Az.)

Notes: The Ten Lairds of Mangerton In the following table we have named the Ten Lairds of Mangerton -- the Laird being the head man or leader of the family or clan, who lived in the castle called Mangerton, situated in Liddesdale on the Liddal River in Scotland.

1st Laird -- Siward Beorn (1020 to 1055) - A Dane by birth or descent.

2nd Laird -- Alexander Armstrong - Known as the Young Laird of Mangerton.

3rd Laird-- Name not known (probably Alexander)

4th Laird-- Archibald Armstrong

5th Laird-- Thomas Armstrong - 15th century. 1. Alexander Armstrong (6th Laird) 2. John Armstrong of Whithaugh 3. Will Armstrong of Chingils 4. George Armstrong of Ailmure

6th Laird-- Alexander Armstrong 1460 1. Thomas Armstrong (7th Laird) 2. John Armstrong of Gilnockie 3. Christopher Armstrong of Langholm 4. George Armstrong 5. Alexander or Andro Armstrong 6. Robet Armstrong 7. William Armstrong

7th Laird -- Thomas Armstrong - Died 1548 or 1549. 1. Archibald Armstrong (8th Laird) 2. John Armstrong of Tinnisburn 3. Richard Armstrong of Dryup 4. Thomas Armstrong 5. Simon Armstrong Tinnisburn

8th Laird -- Archibald Armstrong - 1548 or 1549 to 1558. 1. Simon Armstrong (9th Laird) 2. Ninian Armstrong 3. Rowe Armstrong

9th Laird -- Simon Armstrong - 1558 to 1583. 1. Archibald Armstrong (10th Laird) 2. Ungle or Hingle Armstrong 3. Simon Armstrong of Runchbach

10th Laird -- Archibald Armstrong - 1583 to 1610. Archibald Armstrong, the tenth and last Laird of Mangerton, remained as the Laird until 1610, when he and twenty-four of his followers were charged with plundering an enemys property. They were ordered to appear before the Council but failed to do so. Shortly thereafter, Archibald was expelled from his lairdship.

In a letter to the Administrator of the Armstrong Genealogy & History Center, J. Alan Armstrong, Laird of Nether Thorniewhats, Guardian of Langholm Castle, and the former Chairman of the Clan Armstrong Trust of Scotland, provides his findings about the origins of the Armstrong name.

Excerpts from a letter dated 4 Nov. 1996 from J. Alan Armstrong, Chairman, Clan Armstrong Trust to Dennis Armstrong, Administrator, Armstrong Genealogy & History Center

The principal purpose of the Trust apart from its place as the acknowledged Armstrong Clan Society in Scotland is to "advance public education in the history and culture of the Scottish Border Area." Much has been written which is historically incorrect, some sheer fantasy, based on the writings of numerous Victorian writers to whom, many of the records now available to us were not then available.

Over time, through our activities and the good offices of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms in Scotland, The Trust has become the acknowledged Clan Society of the Armstrongs. We commenced by examining original source documents lying in the various archives in both Scotland and England. The earliest record we examined was the Anglo Saxon Chronicles written by a series of monks of the times, to ascertain the origins of the tradition of the descent from Siward Beorn, following through with State Papers, Charters and such other material. Much of what you find in the Chronicles of the Armstrongs, regarding Siward, are basically correct but as for our descent from this man I can assure you that it is totally incorrect, The earliest reference to this descent came in the 18th century out of Ireland as a result of certain correspondence between certain Parsons. The legend that Siward was our first Chief of Mangerton is truly incorrect. If you examine the dates of Siward and the date of the second Laird of Mangerton, one lived in the llth century and the next in the 14th century. A three hundred year gap! The earliest reference to anyone using the name in historical documents is in the 13th century and appears in a charter relating to a monastic settlement in Cumberland. The earliest reference to the Armstrongs in Scotland appears in a land rent roll of the 14th century.

Over the past ten years five of us have worked on the early years of the Armstrongs from the 13th century until the 15th century. Through examination of Royal Land Grants of the 13th century it is now found that the name of our family before Adam Armstrong of Ousby, was De Ireby, which family stems from the 1lth century and descends from Ivor Taillbois a Norman knight who was awarded lands in Cumberland and the Midlands of England by William the Conqueror. The Armstrongs of Ousby sold their lands and received land from Robert the Bruce, and one of the female members of the De Ireby family married the Grandfather of Robert the Bruce. She inherited land from her husband in the Liddel valley, which land subsequently came into the hands of her relatives, the Armstrongs. I am presently writing this evidence up into a book for publication by the Trust. There is a connection with Siward but it is very tenuous and only arises through a succession of female marriages and linked with the Bruces.

The story you mention in your notes on the Internet regarding the beheading of Tostig by Siward is likewise incorrect.. Tostig was still alive after the death of Siward. Charles Kingsley who held the Chair of History at Oxford University did a tremendous amount of work researching Siward and his second son Waltheof, who had no sons, only daughters. Of the first son Osbeorn and his supposed two sons, there is little evidence.

Actually there were eleven Lairds of Mangerton recorded in State Papers and elsewhere. The Armstrongs of Mangerton were never "Lords". There is in Scotland, a great deal of difference between "Lords" and "Lairds." Like yourself, until I commenced to question many of the records, by date, source document and the like, having read much of the supposed history of the Armstrongs, I believed what I read. Colourful, interesting it really is, but the true historical story is even more so.

The Legend

Although there is more than one story about the origins of the Armstrongs, perhaps one of the most widely accepted is the saga of Siward, The Viking, also know as Siward Fairbairn of the Strong Arm (The Armstrong Surname Bulletin, rocking Chair Tales, by Irma Armstrong, 1977. From the Chronicles of the Armstrongs). Siward was the son of a Danish King and lived in England from about 995 till his death in 1056. In those days, the ruler of any small territory was a king, so exactly where his father, Hringo, King of Upland, also known as Earl Beorn, would fall on the yardstick of earthly royalty is not clear; however, at the very least, he would be considered of noble birth.

Whether Siward was born in England is also not known for certain. However, he was the first to carry the name of Armstrong and was listed in the History of England as having earned the right to the title of Earl of Northumbria (Northumberland) having been conferred the title by Edward the Confessor.

Siward, the Fairbairn, was said to be of giant-like stature and a strong man, blue-eyed, very fair with light hair and beard. The legend goes that Siward took ship and sailed with 50 of his men from Danemark, arriving at what is today called the Shetland Islands, where he is said to have encountered a dragon which he slew in single combat. Dragons, as most of us know, are mythical creatures which the dictionary states were first defined as a large serpent. He apparently got a kick out of killing serpents, as he put out to sea again and finally landed in Northumbria where he began looking for another one to fight with. Here he met an old man who he thought was his god, Odin, who told him he had already killed the dragon and for him, Siward, to sail southward to the mouth of the Thames river which could bring him to the wealthy city of London (one would think that there would have been plenty of serpents there). The old man then gave him a standard (flag) to carry which signified The Raven of Earthly Terror (Edgar Allen Poe must have read about our ancestor!). He was received by Edward the Confessor, the King of England, with much ceremony and was made many promises if he would stay with the King and help him fight to retain his kingship.

The following story about Siward has endured. One day, as he was leaving the court after an audience with King Edward, he was confronted by Tostig, Earl of Huntington, on a bridge, who insulted him by throwing dirt upon him. Siward took no offense at the time, but on confronting him on his return on the same bridge, the story goes that he decapitated Earl Tostig and carried his head back to the King. The King, being suitably impressed by this brawny warrior with violent tendencies, wisely awarded Siward the Earldom of Huntington in addition to Northumbria.

As Siward's reputation as a brave and valiant knight continued to increase, so also did the Kingdom of Edward continued to be visited by other Danes who held him and his people in much less esteem than did our good Siward. In fact, they became an ever-growing nuisance-- arriving by ship and plundering the eastern coast of England. As the most of the havoc they created was located in Westmoreland, Cumberland and Northumbria Counties, some wise soul counseled the King to put Siward in charge of defending this area. While perhaps properly descriptive if not overly flattering, it was reportedly stated that it was best that the little devil should be first exposed to the great devil.

Siward governed in peace the territory of Northumbria which extended from the Humber River to the Tweed River on the border of Scotland, and was greatly respected and loved by the Northumbrians who were chiefly of Danish extraction (better a Danish devil than an English saint?). He orchestrated several forays from Northumbria to the north and was successful in putting all territory under the command of the King of England.

The surname of Siward was Beorn (meaning bear) and relates to the Nordic legends of the Fairy Bear or Fay Bairn, from which the Border name of Fairbairn, originated. The name was applied to the stories of Siward and his father and were called the Fairy Bear Stories.

Siward had a sister (who's name is not known) who married Duncan, the King of Scotland from 1034-1040 AD. Prior to his death in 1056, Siward supported his nephew Malcolm, the rightful heir, against Shakespeare's famous King Macbeth of Scotland who had killed Malcolm's father King Duncan.

By 1070, the Battle of Hastings (1066) was over and England had been conquered by William of Normandy. Malcolm III had been on the Scottish throne since the death of Macbeth in 1057 and Siward has been dead since 1056. His first son, Osberne Bulax, was killed in the battle of Macbeth in 1054, some say by the hand of Macbeth, himself. Osberne is also said to have married the daughter of Lady Godiva. Siward's second son, Waltheof (which means forest thief - nice name!) is alternately in and out of favor with William the Conqueror. For example, his wife, Juditha, is a niece of William and in 1069 we find that King William restored the earldom of Northumbria to Waltheof. However, in 1076 he was betrayed by King William and brought to the outskirts of Westminster where he was beheaded.

Osberne Bulax had two sons named Siward Barn the Red and Siward Barn the White (Fairbeorn). Not much is known of Siward the Red, but it is known that Siward Barn the White became a refugee and fled to Scotland with many other men of distinguished renown including Edgar, the Atheling, the rightful King of England.

Waltheof left no male descendant. However, Matilda (called Maude), his daughter (after her first husband died) married King David I, the son of King Malcolm of Scotland and his wife Margaret, who was the sister of Edgar the Atheling mentioned above. Both the Scottish and English royalty have descended from Waltheof to the present day.

Malcolm III, the 85th King of Scotland greeted Siward Barn the White (his cousin) with great kindness, and together they fought against William the Conqueror, driving him out of Northumbria. An interesting story apparently involves Siward the White Fairbeorn during a battle against England. During this battle, King Malcolm's horse was killed under him partially crippling him and young Siward fought his way to the King's side. Passing his left arm around the King's body under his arms, he reportedly fought his way with a great Sword through the enemy to a place of safety. For his courageous act he was knighted by the King, given land and a castle on the Scottish border, and from that time on was referred to as the Sword of the Strong Arm (or Armstrong). This was how he and his descendants came to inherit the lands of Mangerton in Liddesdale.

These lands, known as the Debateable Land, were disputed for centuries by both Scotland and England. As time went on they were protected by neither nation and, as the Armstrongs were of both Anglo and Danish descent, they were entirely different from the Celtic Clans of Northern Scotland. As a result of blood ties and loyalties not unlike those of the Mafia in Sicily some centuries later, these Clans avenged blood for blood for centuries. In this environment it is not hard to understand how a reputation for plundering, bloodshed, and violence came to be tied to these marauders of the border lands.

Little is said about the Armstrongs after the building of the Mangerton Tower, probably in 1135. Apparently no Chief was immediately recognized until 1300 when Alexander became the first Lord of Mangerton. Stories abound of the enmity between the Armstrongs and their neighbors the Lords of Soulis. For example, Alexander, the second Lord of Mangerton, was treacherously killed by William, Lord Soulis, after being invited to a feast at his castle. The Armstrong Clan flourished, however, and by the early 1500s, the Laird of Mangerton was able to gather 3,000 mounted fighters. One Scottish king said that while there were Armstrong and Elliots on the Border, Scotland was safe. The Armstrongs were ambassadors, earls, knights, farmers and above all, fighters. For example, Gilbert Armstrong, third son of Alexander, the second Lord of Mangerton, a distinguished clergyman and diplomat was the Canon of Moray from 1361 to 1375. In 1363 he served as a Commissioner to England for the ransom of King David II of Scotland who was held as a prisoner in England. In all there were ten Lords of Mangerton from Alexander through Archibald Armstrong who was denounced as a rebel in 1603, deprived of his lands in 1610, and executed at Edinburgh.

What happened to change our fortunes so greatly? James IV of Scotland was on good terms with the Scottish Border chiefs and he regularly visited and was entertained by them. His son, James V of Scotland, on the other hand, ruled by decree from distant Edinburgh and did little to protect his Border subjects or support them against repeated English incursions. In fact, in 1530, James V, with some 8000 men at arms surged into the borderlands and the betrayal of the Armstrongs began. Johnnie Armstrong, Laird of Gilknockie, was a much beloved and highly respected member of the Armstrong Clan, who James V invited to parlay. Accepting the King's invitation, he and 50 of his men went to meet with the King in good faith. Instead, they were seized and summarily executed. This incendiary act outraged the Armstrongs and their allies and set the Borders ablaze with rage and indignation-- increasing the violence and bloodshed it was intended to suppress. At the prodding of the King, the Church also entered the fray and the Armstrong's and other Border reivers were cursed by the Church excommunicated enmasse. The Armstrongs, with other Borderers, were thus left to their own devices so far as mutual self-defense was concerned.

Receiving neither aid nor comfort from the Scottish or from the English Crowns, the Armstrongs and other Border clans were forced to become makers of their own laws and protection. After Edward I of England slaughtered thousand of Scots at Berwick, self-defense and preservation became their paramount endeavor. The Borderers were forced to become the best in what had become a profession - a greater thief (raider) did never ride was one complimentary description of an Armstrong, Jock O'Syde, in Liddesdale. They would raid by night and attend Carlisle Market by day, greeted by all who knew them. Unable to do more than bare subsistence farming, the cupboard was frequently bare. When the lady of the house served her Laird a pair of spurs on a plate, this meant it was time to ride and raid the other side of the Border yet again.

The bloodshed and violence continued. In 1603, Elizabeth I died and James VI of Scotland (James I of England) was declared her heir. After a splendid coronation at Westminister Abbey, James settled down to life at the English Court. One of his highest priorities was the suppression of the Border families like the Armstrongs, as he was afraid that their incursions would make him unpopular in England. As a result, he established powerful landlords in the Debateable Land around Liddesdale and Eskdale, and appointed Sir William Cranston to put to death all within two miles of the Border. A large number of Armstrong reivers were tortured and hung at the Market Cross in Edinburgh, at Carlisle and no doubt on a number of local gibbets. The last Armstrong raid of any importance took place in 1611 and for it, Lance Armstrong of Whithaugh - along with others - was executed a year later. Cranston generated the first forced migrations to Ireland and the subsequent Undertaking of the Plantation of Ulster in 1608. In the 18th century, farms were merged and more migrations followed.

The Armstrong lands of Mangerton passed into the hands of the Buccleuchs. Many members of the once powerful Armstrong Clan were shipped off to Ireland, including Johnnie Armstrong's grandson, William who settled in Fermanagh. Thus, many who had survived found themselves on the Solway shore waiting for emigrant ships to take them from an inhospitable homeland. Homeless, leaderless, and sometimes penniless, they went westward to Ireland and North America, and south to Australia and New Zealand in search of new beginnings. Perhaps the most famous descendent of the Fermanagh Armstrongs was Neil Armstrong, the American astronaut and the first human to set foot on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission in 1969.

The dissolution and dispersal of the Armstrongs followed some two hundred years of Border brigandage and treachery, ending in the depopulated areas and vast estates of the present day Whithaugh, Mangerton and Gilknockie, which had at one time been the Clan's greatest strongholds. A proud and courageous family had been reduced to a smattering of broken men. The Armstrongs have been scattered and now have neither chief nor recognized leader. However, as individuals the Armstrongs have survived and have lived up to their clan motto of "Invictus Maneo" or "We Remain Unvanquished."

Alexander Armstrong, II was born on 1292 in Falde, Scotland to Bruce Armstrong and Clar Elizabeth Cameron. Alexander married Unknown on 1312. He passed away on 1320 in Hermitage Castle, Scotland and is buried in Ettleton Kirkyard, Scotland.

Alexander Armstrong, II, 2nd Lord of Mangerton Castle, is my 24th great uncle.

Alexander Armstrong, II was born on 1292 in Falde, Scotland to Bruce Armstrong and Clar Elizabeth Cameron. Alexander married Unknown on 1312. He passed away on 1320 in Hermitage Castle, Scotland and is buried in Ettleton Kirkyard, Scotland.

Alexander Armstrong, II, 2nd Lord of Mangerton Castle, is my 24th great uncle.

From Wikipedia but please note: This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Alexander of Scotland, Prince of Scotland, (21 January 1264 - 17 January 1284) was the son of Alexander III of Scotland and his Queen Consort Margaret of England, and heir to the throne of Scotland. He was the grandson of Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland.

Alexander was born at Jedburgh. He married Margaret of Flanders (d. 1331), daughter of Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders, on 14 November 1282 at Roxburgh. No children were born of this union.

He died at Lindores Abbey in 1284 - note discrepancy in date of death compared to date listed in profile above, and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey. His death created a succession crisis, as his younger brother David of Scotland (1273-1281) had died at the age of 8, three years earlier, and his widowed father had no other legitimate sons. This caused Alexander's father to induce the Estates to recognize as his heir-presumptive, Margaret, Maid of Norway, Alexander's niece by his sister Margaret, and to contract a second marriage to Yolande de Dreux on 1 November 1285, though only a stillborn child would result of this union.

The far reaching effects of Alexander's death on Scotland cannot be underestimated. Had he lived and inherited the throne, John Balliol would not have been appointed as King of Scotland by Edward I of England, bringing Scotland under the control of England, and resulting in the eventual war between the two countries.,_Prince_of_Scotland ____________________________________________

ALEXANDER (Jedburgh, Roxburghshire 21 Jun 1264-Lindores Abbey, Fife 28 Jan 1283, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife). John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the birth "apud Jedword XII Kal Jan" in 1264 of "regi Alexandro filius, paterno nomine vocatus"[624]. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death "apud Lundoris" in 1283 of "Alexander filius Alexandri tercii et…Margaretæ sororis Edwardi Langschankiæ regis Angliæ" aged 20 and his burial "apud Dunfermlyng cum fratre"[625]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the death "in festo Sancte Agnetis secundo" in 1283 of "Alexander filius regis Alexandri" aged 20 and his burial "in Dunfermling"[626]. m (Roxburgh 15 Nov 1282) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Flandre, daughter of GUY de Dampierre Count of Flanders & his second wife Isabelle de Luxembourg (-1331). The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage at Roxburgh in 1279 of "Alexander filius Alexandri tercii et…Margaretæ sororis Edwardi Langschankiæ regis Angliæ" and "filiam comitis Flandreæ"[627]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the marriage "apud Roxburgh…dominica proxima post festum Martini" of "Alexander filius regis Alexandri" and "filiam comitis Flandrie" and the celebration which lasted 15 days, adding that she returned to Flanders after her husband died[628]. She married secondly (Namur 3 Jul 1286) as his second wife, Reinald I Graaf von Gelderland. The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "Rennolt…grave van Gelre" married secondly "dye dochter van dye grave van Flanderen", naming her "Mergreta" in a later passage[629]. The contract of marriage between "Renauls cuens de Ghelre et dus de Lemburgh" and "Guyon conte de Flandre et marchis de Namur et…dame Ysabel se feme…et noble damoisel Margherite fille dou conte et delle contesse devant ditte" is dated 21 Apr 1286[630]. The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "dye gravinne van Gelre, Mergreta dochter van Flanderen" died in 1321 and was buried "toe Groenendaell" (; Source: The book, 'The Oxford History of the British Monarchy' - First Lord of Mangerton Castle. Murdered by Lord Soulis at Hermitage Castle.

Source: Chart of the Ten Lords of Mangerton Castle, Scotland.

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Alexander, prince of Scotland's Timeline

January 21, 1264
Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Age 18
January 17, 1284
Age 20
Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Age 19
Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland.