Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, vicomte de Beauharnais

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Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, vicomte de Beauharnais

Also Known As: "Александр Франсуа Мари виконт де Богарне"
Birthdate: (34)
Birthplace: Martinique - of Orleanais family
Death: Died in Paris, France
Cause of death: Guiliotined before Robespier.
Place of Burial: Soldier
Immediate Family:

Son of François de Beauharnais, 1st marquis de La Ferté Beauharnais and Marie Anne Henriette Francoise Pyvart de Chastullé
Husband of Joséphine de Beauharnais, 1st Empress of the French
Ex-husband of Josephine Bonaparte
Father of Duke Eugene de Beauharnais; Hortense de Beauharnais, Duchesse de Saint-Leu, Reine de Hollande; Alexandre de Beauharnais and Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg
Brother of François de Beauharnais, marquis de La Ferté-Beauharnais

Occupation: Governor of Martinique, Officier de l'armée française, general
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, vicomte de Beauharnais

His full name was Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais. He served in the American Revolution. He was Deputy of the Nobility of Blois to the States-General. During the French Revolution, he was President of the Assembly and Major-General of the Army of the Rhine. He was arrested in March 1794, and executed during the Reign of Terror.

In 1786, the Genealogist of His Majesty's Orders of Chivalry wrote of the Beauharnais family, "Monsieur [Alexandre] de Beauharnais is not entitled to the Court Honors which he solicits. His is a good middle-class family of Orléans which an old genealogy filed in the office of the Order of the Holy Ghost describes as having been originally known under the name of Beauvi, which it later abandoned to take that of Beauharnais. Some of its members were merchants, magistrates and minor judges in the tribunals of the same town, and other were counselors to the Parliament of Paris. One of its branches, known as Lords of La Bretesche, was condemned by a judgment of M. de Machault, Intendant of Orléans, on 4 April, 1667, as usurping a title of nobility, to pay 2,000 francs fine, which was reduced to 1,000."

Arms of Beauharnais: Argent a fesse Sable, in chief three martlets of the last. Reference: Alexandre de Beauharnais, (1760-1794), Martinique and the Orléanais, France: (husband of the future Empress Josephine).


Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais

Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais,_vicomte_de_Beauharnais

Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, Vicomte de Beauharnais (28 May 1760 – 23 July 1794) was a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became Empress of the First Empire.

Alexandre was arrested in March 1794, and following his sentence of death during the Reign of Terror, was executed by guillotine in Paris's Place de la Révolution.

Contents [hide]

1 Ancestry

2 Biography

3 Ancestry

4 External links

[edit] Ancestry

His paternal grandparents Claude de Beauharnais (1680 – 1738) and Renée Hardouineau (1696 – 1744) were married in La Rochelle during 1713. His father François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais (1714 – 1800) served as Governor of Martinique. Alexandre was the third of three sons born to him by his first wife Marie Henriette Pyvart de Chastullé (1722 – 1767) - the first died in infancy, and the second was Francis VI of Beauharnais. His father was remarried in 1796 to Eugenie de Tascher de la Pagerie (1739 – 1803).

[edit] Biography

Alexandre was born in Fort-Royal (today's Fort-de-France), Martinique. On 13 December 1779 in Paris, France, he married Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, the future Empress of France.

They had two children:

-1. Eugène de Beauharnais (3 September 1781 – 21 February 1824).

-2. Hortense de Beauharnais (10 April 1783 – 5 October 1837), later mother of Napoleon III of France.

Alexandre fought in Louis XVI's army in the American Revolutionary War. He was later deputy of the noblesse in the Estates-General, and was president of the National Constituent Assembly from 19 June to 3 July 1791 and from 31 July to 14 August 1791. Made a general in 1792 (during the French Revolutionary Wars), he refused, in June 1793, to become Minister of War. He was named General-in-Chief of the Army of the Rhine in 1793.

On 2 March 1794, the Committee of General Security ordered his arrest. Accused of having poorly defended Mainz during the Siege of Mainz in 1793, and considered an aristocratic "suspect", he was jailed in the Carmes prison and sentenced to death during the Reign of Terror. His wife, Josephine de Beauharnais, was jailed in the same prison on 21 April 1794, but she was freed after three months, thanks to the trial of Maximilien Robespierre.

Alexandre was guillotined, together with his cousin Augustin, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris, only five days before the deposition and execution of Robespierre.

Through his son, he became an ancestor of today's Royal Houses of Belgium, Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

[edit] Ancestry


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Alexandre de Beauharnais

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Alexandre de Beauharnais

Alexandre de Beauharnais, född 28 maj 1760 på Martinique, död 23 juli 1794 i Paris, general, son till en tidigare guvernör på Martinique.

Han gifte sig 1779 med Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie (senare omgift med Napoleon I och känd under namnet Joséphine de Beauharnais).

Han kämpade i nordamerikanska frihetskriget, begav sig sedan till Frankrike, där han så småningom blev president i nationalförsamlingen.

1793 blev han överbefälhavare i Rhenarmén, men på grund av sin obeslutsamhet, som ledde till Mainz' kapitulation, arresterades han, dömdes till döden och avrättades på schavotten den 23 juli 1794.

Sidan ändrades senast den 5 maj 2010 kl. 07.34

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Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, vicomte de Beauharnais's Timeline

May 28, 1760
Martinique - of Orleanais family
Age 18
September 3, 1781
Age 21
September 3, 1781
Age 21
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
April 10, 1783
Age 22
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
July 23, 1794
Age 34
Paris, France