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About Alfonso IX el Baboso, rey de León y Galicia
Alfonso IX de León (Zamora, 15 de agosto de 1171 - Sarria, 24 de septiembre de 1230) fue rey de León desde el 21 de enero de 1188 hasta su muerte.
Hijo de Fernando II de León y Urraca de Portugal, tuvo dificultades para hacerse con el poder debido a las intrigas de su madrastra Urraca López de Haro, que aspiraba a entronizar a su propio hijo, el infante Sancho. A lo largo de su reinado tuvo numerosos conflictos y tensiones con su primo Alfonso VIII de Castilla. Debido a estos, estuvo ausente en la Batalla de las Navas de Tolosa, pese a lo cual realizó una gran actividad de reconquista, recuperando para la Cristiandad las ciudades de Cáceres, Montánchez, Mérida y Badajoz.
Contrajo matrimonio por primera vez con la infanta Teresa de Portugal, hija del rey Sancho I de Portugal y de la reina Dulce de Aragón. Fruto de su matrimonio nacieron tres hijos:
- Fernando de León y Portugal (1192/1193-1214).
- Sancha de León y Portugal (1191-a.1243).
- Dulce de León y Portugal (1193/1194-1248).
Se casó por segunda vez, en 1197, con la infanta Berenguela de Castilla, hija del rey Alfonso VIII de Castilla y de la reina Leonor de Plantagenet. Fruto de su matrimonio nacieron cinco hijos:
- Leonor de León y Castilla (1198-1202).
- Constanza de León y Castilla (1200-1242). Fue religiosa en el Monasterio de las Huelgas de Burgos.
- Fernando III el Santo (1201-1252). Ocupó el trono castellano en 1217, a la muerte de Enrique I, y el trono leonés en 1230, a la muerte de su padre, Alfonso IX. Contrajo matrimonio en dos ocasiones y fue canonizado por la Iglesia Católica en 1671, durante el pontificado de Clemente X.
- Alfonso de Molina (1202-1272). Señor consorte de Molina y Mesa. Contrajo matrimonio en tres ocasiones y fue el padre de la reina María de Molina.
- Berenguela de León (1204-1237). Contrajo matrimonio en 1224 con Juan de Brienne, rey de Jerusalén y posteriormente regente del Imperio Latino de Constantinopla.
Fruto de su relación con una dama de nombre desconocido nació un hijo,
- Pedro Alfonso de León (¿1196?-1226). Maestre de la Orden de Santiago.
Fruto de su relación con Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza, hija de Íñigo López de Mendoza, nació una hija:
- Urraca Alfonso de León. Señora consorte de Vizcaya por su matrimonio con Lope Díaz II de Haro, señor de Vizcaya.
Fruto de su relación con Aldonza Martínez de Silva, hija de Martín Gómez, señor de Silva, y de su esposa Urraca Rodríguez, nacieron tres hijos:
- Rodrigo Alfonso de León (¿1210?-d.1252). Señor de Aliger y Castro del Río y Adelantado mayor de la frontera de Andalucía. Contrajo matrimonio con Inés Rodríguez, hija de Rodrigo Fernández de Valduerna "el Feo", señor de Cabrera y alférez del rey Alfonso IX.
- Aldonza Alfonso de León (¿1212?-d.1267). Contrajo matrimonio con Diego Ramírez Froilaz, señor de Mansilla y Rueda, y antes de junio de 1230<ref>Real Academia de Historia, Colección Salazar y Castro, Ref. B-3, fº 325 [http://www.rah.es/pdf/SalazaryCastro.pdf] Donación hecha el 10 de junio de 1230 por Pedro Ponce de Cabrera y doña Aldonza Alfonso, su mujer, al Monasterio de Nogales de la iglesia de San Pelayo de Pobladura, en el valle de Aria</ref> con el conde Pedro Ponce de Cabrera, hijo del conde Ponce Vela de Cabrera y la condesa Teresa Rodríguez, señor del valle de Aria.
- Teresa Alfonso de León. Según algunos historiadores contrajo matrimonio con Nuño González de Lara "el Bueno", señor de la Casa de Lara. No obstante, la mayoría de los cronistas sostienen que quien contrajo matrimonio con Nuño González de Lara fue Teresa Alfonso de Molina, hija del infante Alfonso de Molina.
Fruto de su relación con la dama Estefanía Pérez, hija de Pedro Arias de Limia y de Constanza Osorio, nació un hijo:
- Fernando Alfonso de León (1211-¿?). Falleció en su juventud.
Fruto de su relación con la dama Maura nació un hijo:
- Fernando Alfonso de León (¿?-1278). Fue Deán de la Catedral de Santiago de Compostela, Arcediano de la Catedral de Salamanca y canónigo de la Catedral de León.
Fruto de su relación con la dama Teresa Gil de Soberosa, hija de Gil Vázquez de Soberosa y de María Arias o Aries de Fornelos, nacieron cuatro hijos:
- Sancha Alfonso de León (1220-1270). Contrajo matrimonio con Simón Ruiz de los Cameros, señor de los Cameros e hijo de Rodrigo Díaz de los Cameros y de Aldonza Díaz de Haro. Posteriormente profesó como religiosa en el convento de Santa Eufemia de Cozuelos de Ojeda.
- María Alfonso de León (¿1222?-d.1252). Contrajo un primer matrimonio con Álvaro Fernández de Lara, señor de Lara, y posteriormente con Suero Arias de Valladares. Fue amante de Alfonso X el Sabio.
- Martín Alfonso de León (¿1225?-1268/1272). Caballero de la Orden de Santiago. Contrajo matrimonio en tres ocasiones.
- Urraca Alfonso de León y Gil (1228-d.1252). Contrajo un primer matrimonio con García Romeu, señor de Tormos, Pradilla y El Frago, y posteriormente con Pedro Núñez de Guzmán, señor de Guzmán.
Alfonso IX de León y Castilla fué el rey de Castilla y vivió desde el 1.199 hasta 1.252
- Alfonso IX (15 August 1171 – 23 or 24 September 1230) was king of León and Galicia from the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 until his own death. According to Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406), he is said to have been called the Baboso or Slobberer because he was subject to fits of rage during which he foamed at the mouth.
- He took steps towards modernizing and democratizing his dominion and founded the University of Salamanca in 1212. In 1188 he summoned the first parliament reflecting full representation of the citizenry ever seen in Western Europe, the Cortes of León.
- He took a part in the work of the Reconquest, conquering the area of Extremadura (including the cities of Cáceres and Badajoz).
- Alfonso was born in Zamora. He was the only son of King Ferdinand II of León and Urraca of Portugal. His father was the younger son of Alfonso VII of León and Castile, who divided his kingdoms between his sons, which set the stage for conflict in the family until the kingdoms were re-united by Alfonso IX's son, Ferdinand III of Castile.
- Alfonso IX had great difficulty in obtaining the throne through his given birthright. In July 1188 his cousin Alfonso VIII of Castile required the younger Alfonso to recognize the elder as overlord in exchange for recognizing the younger's authority in León.
- The convening of the Cortes de León in the cloisters of the Basilica of San Isidoro would be one of the most important events of Alfonso's reign. The difficult economic situation at the beginning of his reign compelled Alfonso to raise taxes on the underprivileged classes, leading to protests and a few towns revolts. In response the king summoned the Cortes, an assembly of nobles, clergy and representatives of cities, and subsequently faced demands for compensatory spending and greater external control and oversight of royal expenditures. Alfonso's convening of the Cortes is considered by many historians, including Australia's John Keane, to be instrumental to the formation of democratic parliaments across Europe. Note that Iceland had already held what may have been what is Europe's first parliament, the Þingvellir, in 930 CE. However, the Cortes' 1188 session predates the first session of the Parliament of England, which occurred in the thirteenth century.
- In spite of the democratic precedent represented by the Cortes and the founding of the University of Salamanca, Alfonso is often chiefly remembered for the difficulties his successive marriages caused between him with Pope Celestine III. He was first married in 1191 to his first cousin, Theresa of Portugal, who bore him two daughters, and a son who died young. The marriage was declared null by the papal legate Cardinal Gregory for consanguinity.
- After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile. For this second act of consanguinity, the king and the kingdom were placed under interdict by representatives of the Pope. In 1198, Pope Innocent III declared Alfonso and Berengaria's marriage invalid, but they stayed together until 1204. The annulment of this marriage by the pope drove the younger Alfonso to again attack his cousin in 1204, but treaties made in 1205, 1207, and 1209 each forced him to concede further territories and rights. The treaty in 1207 is the first existing public document in the Castilian dialect.
- The Pope was, however, compelled to modify his measures by the threat that, if the people could not obtain the services of religion, they would not support the clergy, and that heresy would spread. The king was left under interdict personally, but to that he showed himself indifferent, and he had the support of his clergy. Berengaria left him after the birth of five children, and the king then returned to Theresa, to whose daughters he left his kingdom in his will.
- Alfonso's children by Theresa of Portugal were:
- 1) Ferdinand (ca. 1192 – August 1214, aged around 22), unmarried and without issue
- 2) Sancha (ca. 1193–bef. 1243), unmarried and without issue. She and her sister Dulce became nuns or retired at the Monastery of San Guillermo Villabuena (León) where she died before 1243.
- 3) Dulce, (1194/ca. 1195 - ca./aft. 1243), unmarried and without issue
- Alfonso's children by Berengaria of Castile were:
- 4) Eleanor (1198/1199 - 11 November 1202)
- 5) Constance (1 May 1200 - 7 September 1242) became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.
- 6) King Ferdinand III the Saint (1201–1252), his successor.
- 7) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272)
- 8) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne
- Alfonso also fathered many illegitimate children, some fifteen further children born out of wedlock are documented.
- Alfonso's children by Aldonza Martínez de Silva (daughter of Martin Gomez de Silva & Urraca Rodriguez), later married to Diego Froilaz, Count of Cifuentes:
- 9) Pedro Alfonso de León, 1st Lord of Tenorio (ca. 1196/ca. 1200–1226), Grand Master of Santiago, married N de Villarmayor, and had issue
- 10) Alfonso Alfonso de León, died young
- 11) Fernando Alfonso de León, died young
- 12) Rodrigo Alfonso de León (ca. 1210 - ca. 1267), 1st Lord of Aliger and Governor of Zamora, married ca. 1240 to Inés Rodriguez de Cabrera (ca. 1200-), and had issue
- 13) Teresa Alfonso de León (ca. 1210-), wife of Nuño González de Lara el Bueno, lord of Lara
- 14) Aldonza Alfonso de León (ca.1215–1266), wife, first, of Diego Ramírez Froilaz, nephew of her stepfather, without issue, and then before June 1230 married Pedro Ponce de Cabrera (bef. 1202-between 1248 and 1254), and had issue, ancestors of the Ponce de León family.
- Alfonso's child by Inés Iñíguez de Mendoza (born c. 1180) (daughter of Lope Iñiguez de Mendoza, 1st Lord of Mendoza (ca. 1140–1189) and his wife Teresa Ximénez de los Cameros (ca. 1150-)):
- 15) Urraca Alfonso de León (ca. 1190/ca. 1197-), first wife ca. 1230 of Lope Díaz II de Haro (1192 – 15 December 1236), 6th Sovereign Lord of Viscaya and had issue, including Mécia Lopes de Haro.
- Alfonso's child by Estefánia Pérez de Limia, daughter of Pedro Arias de Limia and wife, subsequently wife of Rodrigo Suárez, Merino mayor of Galicia, had issue):
- 16) Fernando Alfonso de León (born c. 1211), died young
- Alfonso's children by Maua, of unknown origin:
- 17) Fernando Alfonso de León (ca. 1215/1218/1220 - Salamanca, 1278/1279), Archdean of Santiago de Compostella, married to Aldara de Ulloa and had issue
- Alfonso's children by Teresa Gil de Soverosa (born aft. 1175) (daughter of Gil Vasques de Soverosa and first wife Maria Aires de Fornelos):
- 18) María Alfonso de León (ca. 1190/1200/1222 - aft. 1252), first married Álvaro Fernández de Lara, without issue, married as his second wife Soeiro Aires de Valadares (ca. 1140-) and had issue and later mistress of her nephew Alfonso X of Castile
- 19) Sancha Alfonso de León (1210/ca. 1210–1270), a nun at the convent of Santa Eufemia in Cozuelos de Ojeda after divorcing without issue Simón Ruíz, Lord of Los Cameros
- 20) Martín Alfonso de León (ca. 1210/ca. 1225-1274/ca. 1275)
- 21) Urraca Alfonso of León (ca. 1210/1228 - aft.1252), married twice, first to García Romeu of Tormos, without issue, then Pedro Núñez de Guzmán, son of Guillén Pérez de Guzmán and María González Girón, with issue.
- Alfonso IX of León died on 24 September 1230. His death was particularly significant in that his son, Ferdinand III of Castile, who was already the King of Castile also inherited the throne of León from his father. This was thanks to the negotiations of his mother, Berengaria, who convinced her stepdaughters to renounce their claim on the throne. In an effort to quickly consolidate his power over León, Ferdinand III abandoned a military campaign to capture the city of Jaén immediately upon hearing news of his father's death and traveled to León to be crowned king. This coronation united the Kingdoms of León and Castile which would go on to dominate the Iberian Peninsula.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_IX_of_Le%C3%B3n
- Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz1,2,3,4,5
- M, #3967, b. 15 August 1171, d. 24 September 1230
- Father Ferdinand II, King of Leon, Galicia, & Extremadura2,3,5 b. 1135, d. 21 Jan 1188
- Mother Urraca of Portugal2,3,5 b. c 1151, d. 16 Oct 1188
- Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz married Iñes Iñiguez de Mendoza, daughter of Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza, Señor de Llodio, Soria, & Burgos and Maria Garcia de Lara, DID NOT MARRY. Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz married Teresa Gil de Soveroza, daughter of Gil Vasquez, Senor de Soveroza and Maria Aires de Fornellos, DID NOT MARRY.6 Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz Foamed at the mouth in fits of rage. He married Aldonca Martinez de Sylva, daughter of Martin Gomez de Sylva and Urraca Rodrigues Fernandes de Cabrera. Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz was born on 15 August 1171 at Zamora, Castile & Leon, Spain.2,3,5 He married Teresa of Portugal, daughter of Sancho I, King of Portugal & the Algarve and Dulce of Barcelona, on 15 February 1191 at Guimaraes, Ave, Norte, Portugal; They had 1 son (Fernando) and 2 daughters (Sancha; & Dulcia).7,2,3,5 Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz and Teresa of Portugal were divorced in 1194; Marriage was annulled for reason of consanguinity by Pope Celestine III. They separated in 1197.8,2,3,5 Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz married Berengaria of Castile, daughter of Alphonso VIII 'the Noble', King of Castile, Toledo, & Extremadura, Lord of Gascony and Eleanor of England, in December 1197 at Valladolid, Castile & Leon, Spain; 2nd marriage for both. They had 2 sons (Fernando III, King of Castile & Leon; & Alfonso, Señor de Soria, Molina, Mesa, & Cigales) and 3 daughters (Leonor; Bérengère/Berenguela, wife of Jean de Brienne, King-Consort of Jerusalem, Emperor-Regent of Constantinople; & Constanza, a nun at Las Huelgas).2,3,5 Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz and Berengaria of Castile were divorced in 1204; Due to consanguinity, being refused a dispensation.2 Alfonso IX 'the Slobberer', King of Leon, Galicia, & Badajoz died on 24 September 1230 at Villanueva de Sarria, Castile, Spain, at age 59; Buried in the chapel of St. Lorenzo in Santiago el Mayor Cathedral at Santiago de Compostela. He had 11 illegitimate children by various mistresses.2,5
- Family 1 Iñes Iñiguez de Mendoza
- Urraca-Alfonsa of Leon+9
- Family 2
- Maria Alphonsez de Leon+6
- Family 3 Teresa Gil de Soveroza
- Urraca Alfonso de Leon+6
- Mayor Arias de Leon+10
- Maria Afonso de Leon+6 b. c 1190
- Family 4 Teresa of Portugal b. c 1176, d. 18 Jun 1250
- Family 5 Aldonca Martinez de Sylva
- Aldonza Alfonso de Leon+ d. 1266
- Rodrigo Alfonso de Leon, Senor de Aliger+6 b. c 1200, d. 1267
- Family 6 Berengaria of Castile b. Aug 1181, d. 8 Nov 1246
- Ferdinand III 'the Saint', King of Castile, Leon, Galicia, Toledo, Cordoba, Jaén, & Seville+11,3,5 b. bt 5 Aug 1201 - 19 Aug 1201, d. 30 May 1252
- Alfonso, Infante de Castile, Señor de Soria, Molina, Cigales, & Mesa+3,5 b. c Oct 1202, d. 6 Jan 1272
- Berengaria of Leon+12,3,4,13,5 b. 1204, d. 12 Apr 1237
- [S580] Unknown author, Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Gerald Paget, Vol. I, p. 69.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 191.
- [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 493.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 303.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 115-116.
- [S13] Worldroots.com.
- [S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. II, Tafels 38 & 62.
- [S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. II, Tafel 62.
- [S59] GeneaNet.
- [S11600] 40000 Ancestors of the Counts of Paris, 30-371.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 190-192.
- [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 389.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 534.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p132.htm#i3967
- Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León1
- M, #102533, b. 15 August 1171, d. 24 September 1230
- Last Edited=6 Aug 2005
- Consanguinity Index=1.18%
- Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León was born on 15 August 1171 at Zamora, Spain. Hewas also reported to have been born in 1166.1 He was the son of Fernando II, Rey de León and Urraca de Portugal.1 He married, firstly, Theresa de Portugal, daughter of Sancho I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal and Dulcia de Provence, in 1190.1 He married, secondly, Berengaria de Castilla, daughter of Alfonso VIII, Rey de Castilla and Eleanor Plantagenet, circa 1198.1 He and Berengaria de Castilla were divorced in 1209. He and Theresa de Portugal were divorced in 1198.1 He died on 24 September 1230 at age 59 at Villanueva de Sarria.
- He succeeded to the title of Rey Alfonso IX de Castilla in 1188.1 He succeeded to the title of Rey Alfonso IX de León in 1188.1
- Children of Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León and Berengaria de Castilla
- Fernando III, Rey de Castilla y León+ b. 1199, d. 30 May 1252
- Berengaria de Castilla+2 b. c 1198/99, d. 12 Apr 1237
- Constanza de Castilla b. 1200, d. 1242
- Leonor de Castilla b. 1202, d. 1202
- Alfonso de Castilla, Duque de Molina+1 b. c 1203/4, d. 1272
- [S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 47. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.
- [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 59. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- From: http://thepeerage.com/p10254.htm#i102533
Additional Information for Ix Rey De León Don Alfonso El /Baboso/ IX Notes (12)
title of nobility: IX Rey de León
IX Rey de León 1188 - 1230 Description: Y El rey Alfonso IX era tío de la reina Berenguela. "... El matrimonio fue anulado por Inocencio III a pesar de tener cinco hijos. El citado papa tomó por entonces una serie de providencias para imponer orden en la vida de los soberanos europeos. La anulació del enlace de Berenguela con el rey de León se debió a la proximidad del parentesco de los cónyuges." Description: Y No se casaron pero tuvieron hijos Description: Corona de Castilla Corona de Castilla
Tras la muerte de Alfonso IX de León, su hijo Fernando , ya rey de Castilla, heredó el reino de León, a pesar de que su padre le había desheredado. A partir de entonces los reinos de Castilla y León permanecerían bajo la misma corona . Description: Y No se casaron pero tuvieron hijos !No se casaron pero tuvieron una hija fuera del matrimonio Description: XX Rey de León, XII Rey de Galicia y VII Rey de Castilla XX Rey de León, XII Rey de Galicia y VII Rey de Castilla
Alfonso IX (Zamora, 1171-Zamora, 1230), rey de León entre los años 1188 y 1230. Según la numeración cronológica real del Reino de León, debería ser conocido como Alfonso VIII de León, pero su denominación con el ordinal IX es la más habitual.
Hijo de Fernando II y de la princesa Urraca de Portugal. Se enfrentó a su madrastra y su hermanastro por la corona de León. Para hacer más fuerte su derecho al trono convoca la Curia Regia y recibe el apoyo del clero, los nobles y las autoridades. En 1218 funda, junto con su hijo, la Universidad de Salamanca.
Sus dos "estratégicos" matrimonios (con su prima Teresa de Portugal en 1196 y con su sobrina Berenguela de Castilla en 1204) fueron anulados por el Papa debido a la consanguinidad con sus esposas.
Tras romper con Berenguela se centra en la rivalidad de su reino con el de Castilla. En 1217 su ex-esposa abdica sobre el hijo de ambos, Fernando III el Santo, por lo que éste se traslada junto a su madre a gober Sources (2)
http://en.wikipedia.org Genealogía del Libertador Ramón Darío Suárez Citing This Record
"Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/398Z-XWH : accessed 2014-02-17), entry for Ix Rey De León Don Alfonso El /Baboso/ IX.
Additional Information for Ix King Don Alfonso De León The / Slimy / IX Notes ( 12)
IX King of Leon 1188 - 1230 Description : Y King Alfonso IX was the uncle of Queen Berengaria . " ... The marriage was annulled by Innocent III despite having five children. The pope said then took a series of orders to impose order in the life of European sovereigns. The Berengaria NULLIFICATION link with the king of León was due to the proximity of the relationship of the spouses. " Description : Y Not married but had children Description : Crown of Castile Crown of Castile
After the death of Alfonso IX of León, his son Ferdinand , as king of Castilla , inherited the kingdom of Leon , even though his father had him disinherited . Thereafter the kingdoms of Castile and León remain under the same crown . Description : Y Not married but had children ! Not married but had a daughter out of wedlock Description : XX King of León, Galicia and XII King of VII King of Castile XX King of León, Galicia and XII King of VII King of Castile
Alfonso IX ( Zamora, 1171- Zamora , 1230 ), King of León between 1188 and 1230 . According to the actual chronological numbering of the Kingdom of León, should be known as Alfonso VIII of León, but its name with ordinal IX is the most common .
Son of Ferdinand II and Princess Urraca of Portugal. He faced his stepmother and his half-brother for the crown of Leon. To make it strong his right to the throne announces the Curia Regia and is supported the clergy, the nobles and officials . In 1218 he founded, together with his son, University of Salamanca.
His two "strategic" marriages ( his cousin Teresa of Portugal 1196 and his niece Berengaria of Castile in 1204 ) were canceled by Pope due to inbreeding with their wives.
After breaking Berengaria focuses on the rivalry of his kingdom of Castile . In 1217 his ex - wife abdicates on the son, St. Ferdinand , so he moved with his mother to governance Sources ( 2)
http://en.wikipedia.org Genealogy Ramón Darío Suárez del Libertador Citing This Record
" Pedigree Resource File, " database , FamilySearch ( http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/398Z-XWH : accessed 02/17/2014 ) , entry for Ix King Don Alfonso De León The / Slimy / IX .
Alfonso was the son of Ferdinand II of León and Urraca of Portugal; he had difficulty gaining power due to the intrigues of his stepmother Urraca López de Haro, who aspired to enthrone her son, the Infante Sancho.
Alfonso first married Teresa of Portugal, the marriage was annulled but not after the birth of the daughters Sancha and Dulce. He then married Berengaria (1198) of Castile, who gave birth to the male child Fernando. After having this marriage annulled as well, Berengaria took her son to her homeland (of Castile) and managed to make him king on the death of Henry I in 1217. As a result, father and son became estranged from one another. Apparently, the animosity towards the Castilian Alfonso IX led him to leave the kingdom (of León) to his daughters begotten from his marriage with his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, rather than to his firstborn son. However, Fernando's mother Teresa of Portugal negotiated with the delivery of an annuity to Sancha and Dulce in exchange for their rights to the kingdom (of Castillo). This was preferable to Alfonso’s threat of war. He eventually succeeded his father as king of Leon and Castile, uniting both crowns through the Benevento Concordia.
Alfonso IX found great difficulty in claiming the throne that by birth (as the firstborn son) was his. On the one hand, his stepmother (Urraca of Portugal), who wanted him eliminate so that her son Sancho would inherited the Kingdom, despite being born later. Alfonso IX, Urraca argued he had no right to the throne because his parents’ marriage was annulled. This she did this out of a desire of joining the neighboring kingdoms of Castile and Portugal dividing the Kingdom of León. This was all resolved in Alfonso IX’s because Urraca failed to gain support regarding Leon.
The beginning of his reign (Alfonso IX’s) was very complicated, because as stated previously, the Portuguese and Spaniards coveted the lands of the Kingdom in the east and west, while the Almohads posed a great danger to the South. As if that were not enough of a threat, the new monarch found that the Kingdom was bankrupt because of policies that his father had adopted during his reign. Because of this situation, the monarch, (barely 17 years old) called the famous Cortes de Leon in 1188. This was the first time city representatives were called to intervene in state affairs. Representatives from the nobility, the clergy and the popular classes of León, Galicia, Asturias and Extremadura gathered forming the first Parliament of Europe.
Alfonso IX el Baboso, rey de León y Galicia's Timeline
August 15, 1171
Zamora, Castille and Leon, Spain