Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick, Lady Zouche de Mortimer

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Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick, Lady Zouche de Mortimer

Also Known As: "Alice de Tony", "Alice de Toni", "Lady Leybourne", "Countess of Warwick"
Birthplace: Flamsted, Herefordshire, England
Death: Died in Flamstead, Hertfordshire, UK
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Ralph VII de Toeni, of Flamstead and Mary de Toeni
Wife of Sir Thomas Leybourne, Kt.; Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and William de Mortimer, Baron Zouche of Mortimer
Mother of Juliana de Clinton, 2nd Baroness Leybourne; Maud de Beauchamp, Lady; Elizabeth de Beauchamp, Baroness Astley; Isabella de Beauchamp; Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and 8 others
Sister of Robert De Toeni

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick, Lady Zouche de Mortimer,_Countess_of_Warwick

Alice de Toeni or Tosny, Countess of Warwick (26 April 1284 – 1 January 1324/25) was a wealthy English heiress and the second wife of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick (1272 – 12 August 1315), an English nobleman in the reign of Kings Edward I and Edward II. He was one of the principal opponents of Piers Gaveston, a favourite of Edward II. Alice married three times; Guy was her second husband. [Her other husbands were Sir Thomas Leybourne (died May 1307) and William la Zouche de Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche de Mortimer .]

Family and lineage

Alice de Toeni was born on 26 April 1284[citation needed] in Flamsted, Hertfordshire, the only daughter of Ralph VII de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted (1255–1295) and his wife, Mary, about whom nothing is known except that she was born in Scotland. Alice's paternal grandparents were Roger V de Toeni, Lord Flamsted and Alice de Bohun. The latter was a daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. Alice had an older brother Robert de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted (4 April 1276–1309), who married Maud, the daughter of Malise, 6th Earl of Strathearn, but died childless in 1309. Upon his death, Alice became his heir. Her inheritance included manors in Essex, Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and the Welsh Marches.

Marriages and issue

In 1300, when Alice was sixteen, she married her first husband, Sir Thomas Leybourne (died May 1307), son of Sir William Leybourne, by whom she had one daughter: Juliana de Leybourne (1303/1304–1367), married firstly, John, Lord Hastings, by whom she had issue, secondly Thomas le Blount, and thirdly, William Clinton.

On 28 February 1309, less than two years after the death of her first husband, Alice married secondly Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, the only son of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzJohn. He had been previously married to Isabel de Clare, the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Alice de Lusignan of Angoulême, but the marriage, which had produced no children, was annulled. Guy had already distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars and was one of the Ordainers, who sought to restrict the powers of the King. Guy de Beauchamp was one of the chief adversaries of Piers Gaveston, King Edward's favourite, who often referred to Guy as The Mad Hound, due to the Earl's habit of foaming at the mouth when angry.[1] In 1312, Guy de Beauchamp captured Gaveston and took him to his principal residence Warwick Castle where Gaveston was held prisoner and afterwards murdered.

Warwick Castle was the principal residence of Guy de Beauchamp and Alice de Toeni

Alice and Guy had two sons and five daughters:

  • Maud de Beauchamp (died 1366), married Geoffrey de Say, 2nd Lord Say, by whom she had issue.
  • Isabella de Beauchamp, married John Clinton.
  • Emma de Beauchamp, married Rowland Odingsells.
  • Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick (14 February 1313/1314 – 13 November 1369), married Katherine Mortimer, by whom he had fifteen children.
  • Lucia de Beauchamp, married Robert de Napton.
  • John de Beauchamp, Lord Beauchamp KG (1315 – 2 December 1360), carried the royal standard at the Battle of Crecy
  • Elizabeth de Beauchamp (c. 1316–1359), married in 1328, Thomas Astley, 3rd Lord Astley, by whom she had a son William Astley, 4th Lord Astley.

Following the sudden death of Guy de Beauchamp at Warwick Castle on 28 July 1315, which was rumoured to have been caused by poisoning, Alice married thirdly on 26 October 1316, William la Zouche de Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche de Mortimer (see Baron Zouche), by whom she had a son and daughter:[2]

  • Alan la Zouche de Mortimer. (born 15 September 1317), participated in the Battle of Crécy, and died shortly afterwards.
  • Joyce la Zouche de Mortimer (born 1318)


Alice de Toeni died on 1 January 1324/25.[3] The de Toeni lands and manors passed to her eldest son Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick.

Her widower, Lord Zouche, later abducted and married Eleanor de Clare, widow of Hugh Le Despenser, the Younger. Lord Zouche had been one of Le Despenser's captors and had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle.


  1. Thomas B. Costain,The Three Edwards, p. 141
  2. Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages, London, 1883, pg 599
  3. Charles Cawley in Medieval Lands confirms that Alice died before 8 January 1325; most genealogists specify the date of 1 January 1324/25

This Wikipedia page was last modified on 15 June 2013.


Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medieval Lands Database:

RAOUL [VII] de Tosny (1255-before 29 Jul 1295). m (before 1276) MARY, daughter of --- (-after 1283). Raoul [VII] & his wife had three children:

(a) ROBERT de Tosny (Thornby, Scotland 4 Apr 1276-before 28 Nov 1309). He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Tosny/Tony. m (contract 28 Apr 1293, after 2 May 1293) MATILDA of Strathearn, daughter of MALISE Earl of Strathearn & his wife Agnes Comyn (-[1340/48]). A charter dated 2 May 1293 records the recognisance of "Radulpho de Tony…versus Malisium comitem de Stratherne" (respecting his marriage, although the document does not specify that this is the case)[131].

(b) daughter . m ([1 Mar 1295]) ROBERT Tybetot, son of --- (-[1 Mar 1295/1 Mar 1297]).

(c) ALICE de Tosny ([1282/85]-[7 Nov 1324/8 Jan 1325]).

m firstly THOMAS de Leyburn, son of --- (-before 30 May 1307).

m secondly ([12 Jan/28 Feb] 1310) GUY de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, son of WILLIAM de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick & his wife Maud FitzJohn ([1270/71]-Warwick 28 Jul 1315).

m thirdly ([26 Oct 1315/25 Feb 1317]) as his first wife, WILLIAM La Zouche Lord Zouche of Mortimer, son of ROBERT de Mortimer of Richard´s Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Joyce la Zouche (-28 Feb 1337, bur Tewkesbury Abbey).

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Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick, Lady Zouche de Mortimer's Timeline

April 26, 1284
Herefordshire, England
Age 22
Leybourne, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Age 22
Warwickshire, England
Age 25
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, , England
June 17, 1312
Age 28
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England
Age 27
of Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, , England
February 14, 1313
Age 28
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England
Age 28
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England