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About Alles Giffard
- The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 75 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society
- 11. SIR JOHN GIFFORD LE BOEF (Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1270, was living 30 Mr. 1328, when his son was called John Giffard the Younger of Twyford in the inquisition post mortem of Sir Thomas de Gardinis, but appears to have died shortly thereafter (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 7, Edward III, page 107). He married about 1300-1 ALEXANDRA DE GARDINIS, daughter of Sir Thomas of Oxfordshire, a descendant of the baronial house of Arsic. She was dead in 1328, when her son John was the heir of his grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis.
- On 24 June 1301 John, son of John Giffard le Boef, was summond from Devonshire to the muster at Berwick on Tweed, to perform military service against the Scots (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 1, page 632). His lands at Helidon are mentioned 23 Aug. 1312 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1307-1313, page 548). He was imprisoned at Aylesbury, 7 June 1314, for a trespass of vert and venison in the Royal Forest (ib., 1313-1318, page 58). On 28 Sept. 1315 he was knight of the
- shire for co. Bucks (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and in 1316 he was certified as lord of the vills of Twyford, Charndon, and Pounden in co. Bucks (ib.). He held the Twyford lands (i.e., two part) of Ralph Pipard (Feudal Aids, vol. 1, page 109). In Oxfordshire he held lands in Begbrooke (ib., vol. 4, page 30) and also lands in Astwell. On 26 Mar. 1316 he appears as commissioner to raise soldiers for the Scotch War (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and on 5 Aug 1316 his orders to select footmen in co. Bucks for the Scotch War were countermanded (Calendar of Fine Rolls, vol. 2, page 297). On 30 May 1322 John Giffard of Tywford, Knight, was summond from Oxfordshire to the Great Council at Westminster (Parliamentary Writs, Vol. 2, page 918). On 20 June 1322 John Gifford, a knight or baneret of co. Beds and co. Bucks, was returned as ill and unable to serve in person against the Scots (ib.), and on 24 June 1322 John Gifford le Boef, man at arms, was summoned from Northamptonshire to serve against the Scots (ib.). On 31 Oct. 1322 he was returned as a man at arms between the ages of 16 and 60 years, and was called a knight accustomed to arms but gouty and incapable of acting (ib.). In 1325 John, son of Osbert Giffard (9, i), sued him to recover lands in Accott, Devonshire, which Osbert formerly held. Children:
- 12. i. JOHN, b. in 1301 (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 6).
- ii. EDMUND (?), a knight, who, with John Giffard of Twyford, comitted trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348), and was probably of Stanlak in Oxfordshire in 1361 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1360-1364, p. 194).
- 12. SIR JOHN GIFFARD, (Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born in 1301, died on the Sunday next after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul,(*) 43 Edward III [1368/9] (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232). He married first LUCY DE MORTEYN, who was living 8 Mar. 1361, daughter of Sir John and sister of Master Edmund de Morteyn, D. C. L., the King's excheator for Ireland, canon of York, and King's clerk; and secondly ALICE ---- , who was living 30 July 1379 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1377-1381, page 323.
- From his maternal grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis, he inherited large estates, namely, the manorial estates at Somerton and Fringsford and the Coggs lands in Oxfordshire, which, with the messuage at Leisdon, co Kent, came down from the Arsic family, and the manor of Ixning, which came from the De la Haye family. His father died about 1330, and he inherited the Giffard lands. On 22 July 1334 he was styled Sir John Giffard, when he witnessed an enrollment grant (Calendar Close Rolls, 1333-1337, page 326). On 26 Mar. 1338 he was to array in co. Bucks 10 men at arms, 20 armed
- men, and 40 archers for the French War (ib., 1334-1341, p. 55). In 1340 he had licence to build an oratory in his house at Twyford (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire), in the same year he was assessor of taxes in Oxfordshire (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1340-1343, pag 25), and he served frequently on commissions of ayer and terminer with William de Shreshull, the famous judge (ib., 1340-1343, pages 87, 554, 582, 583). He was one of the knights who accompanied Edward III to France, and he was in the King's division at the Battle of Crecy, 1346 (Wrottesley's Crecy and Calais). He appears to have had a brother Edmund, with whom he committed a trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348). In 1349, 1351, and 1361 he was commissioner of the peace in co. Bucks (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1350-1354), on 14 Mar. 1360 he was one of the commissioners of array in co. Bucks, for the French War, and in 1368, with Reynold de Grey of Ruthyn, he was again commissioner of array (ib., 1364-1367, page 431). Children by first wife:
- i. JOHN, living 23 Dec. 1360; d. s.p. before 11 Mar. 1368/9. (Vide infra, 13.)
- 13. ii. THOMAS, b. about 1345 (REGISTER, Vol. 74, p. 232).
- iii. RICHARD (probably son of No. 12), m. JOAN ---- , and with her levied a fine on the manor of Helidon, 7 Richard II [1383-4].
- 13. SIR THOMAS GIFFARD (Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1345, died 25 Sept. 1394 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 233). He married first, about 1361, ELIZABETH DE MISSENDEN, who died about 1367; secondly, before 4 Jan. 1367/8, MARGERY ---- (ib., vol. 74, page 231), who was living 22 Aug. 1374; and thirdly, before 6 July 1383, SYBIL ---- , who married again, had a daughter Eleanor (born about 1406) by her second husband, and died 26 FEb. 1428/9.
- From an inquisition taken at Oxford 23 Dec., 34 Edward III  (ib.), it appears that Thomas Giffard had an elder brother, John, who was living at that date, but who must had died s.p. before 11 Mar., 43 Edward III [1368/9], as Thomas Giffard, aged twenty-five years and more, was then found to be the heir of his father (ib., vol. 74, page 232). On 23 Dec. 1360 Thomas's father, John settled upon himself and his wife Lucy, for the term of their lives, his manors of Somerton and Feringford, in Oxfordshire, with 30s. rent in Cogges, Oxfordshire, with remainder to their son Thomas and his issue, and then rent to Thomas and Elizabeth de Missenden and their issue, which otherwise ought to revert to John eldest son of the said John (ib., vol. 74, page 231). On 22 Aug. 1374 Sir Thomas Giffard, with his wife Margery, enfeoffed Nicholas Twyford of London, goldsmith, with a moiety of the manor of Ixning, co. Suffolk (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1370-1374, page 477). Two inquisitions post mortem show
- holdings of Sir Thomas Giffard, Knight, at the time of his death, in Kent and in Oxfordshire respectively, and give Roger Giffard, aged twenty-six (or twenty-seven) years and more as his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232.) Child by first wife:
- 14. i. ROGER, b. about 1367.
- Children by second or third wife:
- ii. JOHN, d. s.p.
- iii. THOMAS, d. s.p.
- iv. WILLIAM, d. s.p.
- 14. ROGER GIFFARD, (Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1367, died 14 Apr. 1409, He married first, before 6 July 1383, JOAN DE BEREFORD, who died s.p., daughter of Sir Baldwin, Knight; secondly, not later than 1399, ELIZABETH ----: and thirdly, not later than 1407, ISABEL STRETELE, apparently of the family of Stretley of Creslow, co. Bucks. (REGISTER, vol. 74, pages 233-234.) She married secondly John Stokes of Twyford.
- On 21 July 1395 a licence was given to Roger Giffard to grant the manor of Somerton, in Oxfordshire, to Sybil, late wife of Thomas Giffard, for life, with remainder to the said Roger in fee (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1391-1396, page 608; cf. REGISTER, Vol. 74, page 234). The inquisitions post mortem given in REGISTER, vol 74, pages 233-234, show that Roger Giffard, at his death, held lands at Leisdon, co. Kent, at Twyford, co. Bucks, at Cogges, Bekbroke, and Newynton, co. Oxford, and at Helydon, co. Northampton, and that Thomas Giffard, aged one year and more in 1409 was his son and heir. The inquisition taken at Northampton in 1409 shows that the manor of Helydon had been settled on Roger Gifford and his second wife, Elizabeth, and their issue, and that the heir of Roger and Elizabeth was Katherine, aged ten years and more in 1409. Child by second wife:
- i. KATHERINE, b. about 1399; m. SIR THOMAS BILLING, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of England.(*)
- Child by third wife:
- 15. ii. THOMAS, b. at Fringford, co. Oxford, 1408.
- 15. THOMAS GIFFARD (Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born at Fringford, co. Oxford, in 1408, died 29 May 1469. He married ELEANOR VAUX, daughter of William, Esq., ancestor of the Lords Vaux of Harrowden, co. Northampton.
- he was aged one year and more in 1409, after his father's death, and on 21 October of the same year the King's kinsman, William, Lord Roos of Hamlak, was granted cusstody of the young heir (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1408-1413, page 114; cf. REIGISTER, vol. 74, page 234). Lord de Roos died in 1414, and on 3 May 1415 custody of the heir was granted to Thomas, Duke of Clarence (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1413-1416, p. 321), who was killed in the Battle of Beauge in 1420. In Trinity Term, 1415, Thomas Giffard by William Rodesburgh, his guardian, bought suit against John Stokes and Isabel his wife (who was Thomas Giffard's mother), to recover the manor of Helydon, under the settlement made 8 Mar 1361 by Sir John Giffard, Knight, great-grandfather of Thomas (ib., 1358-1361, page 571), and it was agreed that Thomas should recover his seisin of this manor. (Cf. REGISTER, vol. 74, page 267.) In 1429 Thomas was holding the manor of Helydon and also the Somerton lands. He proved his age on 14 Jan. 1429/30, Sybil, the widow of his grandfather, Sir Thomas Giffard, having died 26 Feb. 1428/9, and it was shown that he was born and baptized at Fringford and was aged twenty-one years on 29 Dec. 1429. The manor of Fringford came to him after the death of Sybil. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 234, 235.) On 5 Feb. 1429/30 he and his step-father, John Stokes, gave bond for L200 to Thomas Chaumbre, Esq., William Vaux, Esq., and Thomas Tresham, to permit Eleanor, daughter of William Vaux, Esq. deceased, to have sufficient estate for her life in the manors of Astwell and Helydon in Northamptonshire and in certain lands, etc., in Astwell and Helydon and in Water Stratford, co. Bucks- apparently a marriage settlement. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 267-268.) In 1434 Thomas Giffard was one of those who were required to take oath not to maintain lawbreakers (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1429-1436, page 397), and in 1439 he was commissioned to investigate the escapes of felons in co. Bucks (ib., 1436-1441, page 269). he appears to have been a Yorkist, as he began to hold local offices in Bucks upon the victory of Edward IV at Towton in 1461. He was a commissioner of peace and array in Bucks in 1460-1464 and 1466 (ib., 1461-1467, page 560). At his death he held Twyford. John Gifford, Esq., aged thirty-eight years and more, was found, by an inquisition taken at Dadyngton, co. Oxford, in Oct. 1469, to be his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 235). Children:
- 16. i. JOHN, born about 1431.
- ii. ELIZABETH, m. ---- MOORE, Esq., according to a Visitataion pedigree.
- 16 JOHN GIFFORD (Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1431, died before 23 Sept. 1506. He married (according to the pedigree in Heralds' College entered by his great-grandson, Thomas Giffard of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks) first ALLES ---- ; and secondly AGNES WINSLOWE, daughter of Thomas of Begbroke, co. Oxford.(*)
- In 1479 and 1483 he was commissioner of the peace. He appears to have adhered to Richard III. He was high sheriff of co. Bucks in 1497 (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire, vol. 1, pag xvi). On 24 Nov. 1487 he granted his lands in Fringford, co. Oxford, to his son Thomas and his (Thomas's) wife Joan and their heirs (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 235(T)), and on 23 Sept. 22 Henry VII , his son Thomas received licence to enter, without proof of age, upon the lands of his father, John Gifford of Twyford, a tenant in chief (Calendar of Patent Rolls). Children by first wife:
- i. ELEANOR, m. ROGER SAMWELL.
- ii. ISABEL, m. JOHN ARDERNE of Cottisford, co. Oxford, Gent.
- iii. ALLES, m. THOMAS PERWICKE of Leicester.
- iv. MARGARET, m. WILLIAM PORTER, of Compton.
- Children by second wife:
- 17. v. THOMAS, living in 12 Edward IV [1472-3].
- 18. iv. ROGER, b. about 1463.
- vii. WILLIAM, m. ---- VACHELL. Child: 1. Anna, heiress, m. (1) Vincent Curzon of Waterperry, co. Oxford; m. (2) Edward [Windsor], brother of Lord Windsor.
- viii. JOHN.
- ix. EDMUND.
- x. ROBERT, mentioned 2 Dec. 1542 in a codicil to the will of his brother Roger.
- 17. THOMAS GIFFARD (John, Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, the testator of 1511 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 268), living in 12 Edward IV [1472-3], died 10 Oct. 1511 (ib., vol. 74, page 235). He married JANE (or JOAN) LANGSTON, who survived him, daughter and heiress of John of Caversfield, co. Bucks. Children: .... etc.
- 18. ROGER GIFFORD (John, Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osbern de Bolebec), of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks, Esq., the testator of 1538 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 269), born about 1463,(*) died 23 Jan. 1542/3 (ig., vol. 74, page 235). He married, about 1490, MARY NANSEGLOS, who was livin 8 Feb. 1543/4, daughter of William.(t)
- On 24 Feb. 1524 [? 1523/4] he was commissioner of the peace in co. Bucks, and on 1 Apr. 1524 he was a collector of the subsidy for the French War (Letters Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII). In 1495 he leased the manor of Middle Claydon of the Verney family for ninety-nine years. In his will, dated 24 Sept. 1538, he mentions his wife Mary, his sons John (eldest son), George (second son), Rauffe (third son), William (fourth son), and Nycholas (youngest son), and provides for the occupation of the manor of Middle Claydon by his sons. Children: .... etc.