Alpheus II Hyatt

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Alpheus II Hyatt

Birthdate: (63)
Birthplace: Washington D.C., United States
Death: January 15, 1902 (63)
Immediate Family:

Son of Alpheus Hyatt and Harriet Randolph Hyatt
Husband of Audella Hyatt
Father of Harriett Randolph Mayor; Alpheus III Hyatt; Anna Vaughn Huntington and <private> HYATT
Brother of Ida Hyatt; Louise HYATT and Rufus HYATT

Occupation: Zoologist, palaeontologist, a college professor
Managed by: Caitlin Daniell Clark
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Alpheus II Hyatt

Alpheus Hyatt April 5, 1838-January 15, 1902 was an American zoologist and palaeontologist.

Parents: Alpheus Hyatt and Harriet King 1814-1901

Wife Audella Beebe 1840-1932


  1. Harriet 1868
  2. Alpheus d. 1911
  3. Anna Hyatt Huntington 1876

Alpheus Hyatt II was born in Washington, D.C. to Alpheus Hyatt and Harriet Randolph (King) Hyatt. He briefly attended the Maryland Military Academy and Yale University, and after graduating from Harvard University in 1862, he enlisted as a private in the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry for the Civil War, emerging with the rank of captain.

After the war he worked for a time at the Essex Institute (now the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts. He and a colleague founded American Naturalist and Hyatt served as editor from 1867 to 1870. He became a professor of paleontology and zoology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1870, where he taught for eighteen years, and was professor of biology and zoology at Boston University from 1877 until his death in 1902. He also served as curator of the Boston Society of Natural History, and established a laboratory at the Norwood-Hyatt House in 1879 [1] for the study of Marine Biology in Annisquam, Massachusetts. The River Road building gave him access to the Annisquam River, a salt water estuary. This enterprise was moved to Woods Hole and became the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in 1888.

Hyatt studied under Louis Agassiz and was a proponent of Neo-Lamarckism with Edward Drinker Cope. In 1875 he was elected a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences and in 1898 received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Brown University.

He and his wife, Audella Beebe, were the parents of famed sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington; their other children were Harriet Randolph Hyatt Mayor, who was also a sculptor though less well known, (and mother of the art historian A. Hyatt Mayor),and Alpheus Hyatt III.

Norwood-Hyatt House is a historic house at 704 Washington Street in Gloucester, Massachusetts. Alpheus Hyatt purchased the house in 1878. He started the first marine biological laboratory in the country here in Annisquam, Massachusetts, a village of Gloucester. It later moved to Woods Hole and was named the Marine Biological Laboratory. the house is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.


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Alpheus II Hyatt's Timeline

April 5, 1838
Washington D.C., United States
Age 29
Age 31
March 10, 1876
Age 37
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
January 15, 1902
Age 63