Alrek Agnasson, king of Sweden

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Alrek Agnasson

Swedish: Alrik Agnasson
Also Known As: "Agneson", "Alrekur", "Airek", "Eirik", "Alrik Agneson", "Alrekr", "Alrek", "Skjalksson de Värmland", "Fredebald / Фредебальд / Фридубальд / Fridubalth", "Fredibalum"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden
Death: Died in Sweden
Immediate Family:

Son of Agni "the Powerful" Dagsson, King in Sweden and Skjalf Frostadotter, Queen of Uppsala
Husband of Dagreid (Dageith) Dagsdotter, Queen in Sweden
Father of Yngvi Alreksson, King of Uppsala; Alf Alreksson, King in Sweden and Thorborg Alreksdotter
Brother of Erik Agnesson, II

Occupation: King of Sweden, Konge i Svitjord, King in Sweden, konge, Roi de Svitjod (Novgorod, Russie; Uppsala, Suède et Vingulmark Norvège), крал, Konge i Uppsala, Konge, King of Upsal, Swedish King of the House of Yngling, King.260, konge.260 - 280
Managed by: Jennie Jacobson
Last Updated:

About Alrek Agnasson, king of Sweden

http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_och_Alrik Alrik och Erik var två bröder av Ynglingaätten enligt Heimskringla. De var söner till Agne Skjalfarbonde.

Alrik och Erik slog ihjäl varandra med sina hästbetsel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eirik In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

   Fell Alrekr,
   þar er Eiríki
   bróður vápn
   at bana urðu,
   ok hnakkmars
   með höfuðfetlum
   Dags fríendr
   of drepask kváðu;
   frá-at maðr áðr
   eykja greiði
   Freys afspring
   í folk hafa.[1][2]
   Alrek fell, by Eric slain,
   Eric's life-blood dyed the plain,
   Brother fell by brother's hand;
   And they tell it in the land,
   That they worked the wicked deed
   With the sharp bits that guide the steed.
   Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons,
   The kingly race, the noble ones,
   That they have fought in deadly battle
   With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4]

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

   Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5]

This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6] Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

   ... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø.

Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller.


Konge i Uppsala (Sverige)


Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

   Alrek fell, by Eric slain,
   Eric's life-blood dyed the plain,
   Brother fell by brother's hand;
   And they tell it in the land,
   That they worked the wicked deed
   With the sharp bits that guide the steed.
   Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons,
   The kingly race, the noble ones,
   That they have fought in deadly battle
   With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4]

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation: This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk


According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk


Alrek and his brother ruled the Swedes together after their father's death. Previously, the high king of all the Swedes resided at Uppsala, but the brother's reign was the first to include under kings who ruled in other areas. The brothers, Alrek and Eric were exceptionally talented with horses, training and teaching them, and had the most magnificent horses. One day, the brothers rode out together but did not return. When their people went to look for them, they were found, together, with no weapons but both their heads crushed in, their deaths never to be solved. Heimskringla, Ynglinga Saga, Section 23

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings.

Eyestein's wife was Hild, the daughter of the king of Vestfold, Erik Agnarsson. Erik had no son so Eystein inherited Vestfold.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk


Alrek og Eirik var kongar av Ynglingeætta. Etter Snorre Sturlason var dei søner av Agne, medan Historia Norvegiæ (Den eldste Noregshistoria) fortel at dei var søner av Dag Dyggveson, og at Alrek var far til Agne.

Om desse to er det fortald at dei var glade i hestar, og kappast med kvarandre om kven som var best til å ri dei. Ein dag vart dei funne på vollen, daude båe to, og hausane deira var krasa. Folk trudde dei hadde drepe kvarandre med beisla til hestane sine.

Tjodolv frå Kvine fortel i Ynglingatal:

Fall der Alrek der som Eirik for bror-våpn sin bane fekk, og med hestens hovud-reimar frendane hans Dag drap kvarandre. Aldri fyrr de spurdest at Ynglingar heste-beisl hadde til verju. Historia Norvegiæ fortel berre at Alrik drap bror sin med eit beisl. Tjodolv kallar brørne "frendene hans Dag", noko som tyder på at dei er nærare knytt til Dag enn til Agne (søner av Dag). I så fall er det Snorre som har snudd om på ættelista.

Nokre forskarar reknar namnet Alrik eller Alrek som ein variant av Alarik, og at forteljinga er knytt til ei minning om vestgotarkongen Alarik på eit eller anna vis. Moglegvis har dette med å gjera at gotarane og var kjende for å bruke hestar (Hreidgotar).

Henta frå «http://nn.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_og_Eirik»


Notes for Kong Alrek Agneson Sønnene Alv og Yngve dreper hverandre.


Noteringar Sveakonung. Son till Agne Skjafarbonde. Född ca 370, död 410. Nämns så tidigt som 395. Höglagd i Lillhersbyn. Regerade tillsammans med sin bror Erik I. De var mäktiga män, stora krigare och idrottskämpar.De älskade att tävlingsrida mot varandra, men en gång efter en sådan ritt kom de aldrig mer tillbaks. Man fann dem båda två med huvudena sönderslagna. Man fann inga andra vapen än deras hästbetsel och troligt är att de slagit ihjäl varandra i en tvist om vem som egentligen vann ritten. Under flera hundra år fortsatte sedan tvisten bland deras ättlingar om vem som egentligen vunnit. Slutligen stod det klart att det var Alrik. Gift med Dagoid, dotter till Dag den mäktige. Troligen höglagd tillsammans med sin bror Erik i den numer bortodlade kungshögen i G:a Uppsala.


Alrek Agnasson King In Sweden 331 SmartMatches

Birth: About 445 in , , , Sweden 1 2

Death:

Sex: M

Father: Agni Dagsson b. About 424 in , , , Sweden

Mother: Skjalf Frostasson b. About 428 in , , , Finland

   

Unknown: , , , Sweden 3 2

LDS Baptism: 12 Jan 1954

LDS Endowment: 24 Jun 1955

LDS Sealing Child: Done

Changed: 25 Mar 2002 00:00

  Spouses & Children    
  
  

 Dageith Dagsdotter (Wife) b. About 449 in , , , Sweden  

1 2

Marriage: Abt 465 in (, , , Sweden) 6 Nov 2004 14:29

Children:

Yngvi Alreksson b. About 466 in , , , Sweden

Alf Alreksson King In Sweden b. About 468 in , , , Sweden

Thorborg Alreksdotter b. About 470 in , , , Sweden


 

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  Notes    
  
  

 Individual:

Name Suffix: King In Sweden

REFN: HWS8893

Ancestral File Number: G6SZ-C8

OBJE: C:\LEGACY\PICTURES\c_crown.gif

OBJE: C:\LEGACY\PICTURES\Suede_Ancien.GIFCHAN20 Mar 2001


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  Sources    
  
  

 Title: "FamilySearch® Ancestral Fileâ„¢ v4.19"

Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Publication: 3 Feb 2001

Title: "Genealogical Research of Kirk Larson"

Author: Larson, Kirk

Publication: Personal Research Works including Bethune & Hohenlohe Desce

ndants, 1981-2001, Kirk Larson, Private Library

Title: "Héraldique européenne"

Author: Arnaud Bunel

Publication: Coats of Arms for European Royalty and Nobility (http://www

.heraldique-europeenne.org, Arnaud Bunel, 1998) , Internet"Armigerous" (ahr-MIJ-ehr-us) adjective

Bearing or entitled to bear heraldicarms.

The reason the notion of a family crest was brought into th

e languagewas that those who were armigerous (entitled to bear arms) used to put their crest or achieveme





According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk


Roi de Uppland
Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

Contents [hide]

1 In the Ynglinga saga

2 In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

3 In Gesta Danorum

4 Commentary

5 Notes

6 Secondary sources


[edit] In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Fell Alrekr,

þar er Eiríki

bróður vápn

at bana urðu,

ok hnakkmars

með höfuðfetlum

Dags fríendr

of drepask kváðu;

frá-at maðr áðr

eykja greiði

Freys afspring

í folk hafa.[1][2] Alrek fell, by Eric slain,

Eric's life-blood dyed the plain,

Brother fell by brother's hand;

And they tell it in the land,

That they worked the wicked deed

With the sharp bits that guide the steed.

Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons,

The kingly race, the noble ones,

That they have fought in deadly battle

With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4]

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5] This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

 

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

[edit] In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

[edit] In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø.

Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

[edit] Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller.

[edit] Notes

1.^ Ynglinga saga at Norrøne Tekster og Kvad

2.^ A second online presentation of Ynglingatal

3.^ Laing's translation at the Internet Sacred Text Archive

4.^ Laing's translation at Northvegr

5.^ a b c Storm, Gustav (editor) (1880). Monumenta historica Norwegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen, Monumenta Historica Norwegiae (Kristiania: Brøgger), p. 99

6.^ Ekrem, Inger (editor), Lars Boje Mortensen (editor) and Peter Fisher (translator) (2003). Historia Norwegie. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 8772898135, p. 77.

7.^ Guðni Jónsson's edition of Íslendingabók

[edit] Secondary sources

Nerman, B. Det svenska rikets uppkomst. Stockholm, 1925.


Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

   Fell Alrekr,
   þar er Eiríki
   bróður vápn
   at bana urðu,
   ok hnakkmars
   með höfuðfetlum
   Dags fríendr
   of drepask kváðu;
   frá-at maðr áðr
   eykja greiði
   Freys afspring
   í folk hafa.[1][2]

   Alrek fell, by Eric slain,
   Eric's life-blood dyed the plain,
   Brother fell by brother's hand;
   And they tell it in the land,
   That they worked the wicked deed
   With the sharp bits that guide the steed.
   Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons,
   The kingly race, the noble ones,
   That they have fought in deadly battle
   With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4]

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

   Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5]

This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

   ... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø.

Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller.


11. ALRIK - King from 260 until 280. He was born in 240 A.D. and had a brother, Erik. The Saga tells that the two brothers rode out into the fields one day and did not return. Upon investigating, they were found dead, their heads crushed. As they had no weapons, it was believed they had used the bridles of their horses to beat each other to death. Alrik's son was:

12. YNGVE ALRICKSSON - King in Svitjod from 280 until killed by his brother in the year 306 A.D.


Fridubald (vand. Fridubalth, lat. Fredibalum) - King of the Vandals-Silings in the beginning of V century, known only by chronicle Idatsius.

birth of male child: Vislav II [Vandals] d. 486

birth of male child: Etichus (Ediko) Skirus (Skirs, Skirer) [Skirer]

Title: Germany, the king of the Vandals

between 449 - 470 Death.

Under his leadership, the Vandals-Silings settled in southern Spain, in the province Betika. The memory of their stay here preserved, according to one version, the name of the Spanish province of Andalusia. The Roman government was forced to admit that the situation officially but secretly sought the means got rid of uninvited guests. In 416 the Romans called for help against Vandals and Alan Valiyu Visigothic king, who defeated Silings, captured their king, and sent him to the emperor Honorius.

Also subjected to the destruction were Alans, who ruled the Vandals and the Svevans, and their king Ataxia was killed. After these events Silings abandoned the political independence and voluntarily submitted to the King of Asdings- Vandals, Gunderih. Their example was followed by Alans.


Alrekr Agnison ble født ca 445 i Uppsaløa og døde ca 536 i Svitjod,Sverige. Dagreid ble født ca 449 og døde ca 481 i Sverige. De hadde to barn til, Alf Alreksson Konge i Sverige født ca 468, og Thorborg Arleksdotter født ca 470 i Sverige.
BIOGRAFI:

Nicknames: "Agneson", "Alrekur", "Airek", "Eirik", "Alrik Agneson", "Alrekr", "Alrek", "Skjalksson de Värmland", "Fredebald / ?????????? / ?????????? / Fridubalth", "Fredibalum"

Birthdate: cirka 430

Birthplace: Sverige

Death: Died 470 in Uppsala, Sweden

Occupation: King of Sweden, Konge i Svitjord, King in Sweden, konge, Roi de Svitjod (Novgorod, Russie; Uppsala, Suede et Vingulmark Norvege), ????, Konge i Uppsala, Konge, King of Upsal, Swedish King of the House of Yngling, King.260, konge.260 - 280

Alrek og Eirik var kongar av Ynglingeætta. Etter Snorre Sturlason var dei søner av Agne, medan Historia Norvegiæ (Den eldste Noregshistoria) fortel at dei var søner av Dag Dyggveson, og at Alrek var far til Agne.

Om desse to er det fortald at dei var glade i hestar, og kappast med kvarandre om kven som var best til å ri dei. Ein dag vart dei funne på vollen, daude båe to, og hausane deira var krasa. Folk trudde dei hadde drepe kvarandre med beisla til hestane sine.

Tjodolv frå Kvine fortel i Ynglingatal:

Fall der Alrek der som Eirik for bror-våpn sin bane fekk, og med hestens hovud-reimar frendane hans Dag drap kvarandre. Aldri fyrr de spurdest at Ynglingar heste-beisl hadde til verju. Historia Norvegiæ fortel berre at Alrik drap bror sin med eit beisl. Tjodolv kallar brørne "frendene hans Dag", noko som tyder på at dei er nærare knytt til Dag enn til Agne (søner av Dag). I så fall er det Snorre som har snudd om på ættelista.

Nokre forskarar reknar namnet Alrik eller Alrek som ein variant av Alarik, og at forteljinga er knytt til ei minning om vestgotarkongen Alarik på eit eller anna vis. Moglegvis har dette med å gjera at gotarane og var kjende for å bruke hestar (Hreidgotar).

Birth: About 445 in , , , Sweden 1 2

Death:

Sex: M

Father: Agni Dagsson b. About 424 in , , , Sweden

Mother: Skjalf Frostasson b. About 428 in , , , Finland

Unknown: , , , Sweden 3 2

LDS Baptism: 12 Jan 1954

LDS Endowment: 24 Jun 1955

LDS Sealing Child: Done

Changed: 25 Mar 2002 00:00

Spouses & Children

Dageith Dagsdotter (Wife) b. About 449 in , , , Sweden

1 2

Marriage: Abt 465 in (, , , Sweden) 6 Nov 2004 14:29

Children:

Yngvi Alreksson b. About 466 in , , , Sweden

Alf Alreksson King In Sweden b. About 468 in , , , Sweden

Thorborg Alreksdotter b. About 470 in , , , Sweden


Levde på 400-15 talet
http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_och_Alrik Alrik och Erik var två bröder av Ynglingaätten enligt Heimskringla. De var söner till Agne Skjalfarbonde.

Alrik och Erik slog ihjäl varandra med sina hästbetsel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eirik In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Fell Alrekr, þar er Eiríki bróður vápn at bana urðu, ok hnakkmars með höfuðfetlum Dags fríendr of drepask kváðu; frá-at maðr áðr eykja greiði Freys afspring í folk hafa.[1][2] Alrek fell, by Eric slain, Eric's life-blood dyed the plain, Brother fell by brother's hand; And they tell it in the land, That they worked the wicked deed With the sharp bits that guide the steed. Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons, The kingly race, the noble ones, That they have fought in deadly battle With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4] Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5] This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6] Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø. Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller. -------------------- Konge i Uppsala (Sverige)


Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Alrek fell, by Eric slain, Eric's life-blood dyed the plain, Brother fell by brother's hand; And they tell it in the land, That they worked the wicked deed With the sharp bits that guide the steed. Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons, The kingly race, the noble ones, That they have fought in deadly battle With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4] Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation: This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk -------------------- According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk -------------------- Alrek and his brother ruled the Swedes together after their father's death. Previously, the high king of all the Swedes resided at Uppsala, but the brother's reign was the first to include under kings who ruled in other areas. The brothers, Alrek and Eric were exceptionally talented with horses, training and teaching them, and had the most magnificent horses. One day, the brothers rode out together but did not return. When their people went to look for them, they were found, together, with no weapons but both their heads crushed in, their deaths never to be solved. Heimskringla, Ynglinga Saga, Section 23

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings.

Eyestein's wife was Hild, the daughter of the king of Vestfold, Erik Agnarsson. Erik had no son so Eystein inherited Vestfold.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk


Alrek og Eirik var kongar av Ynglingeætta. Etter Snorre Sturlason var dei søner av Agne, medan Historia Norvegiæ (Den eldste Noregshistoria) fortel at dei var søner av Dag Dyggveson, og at Alrek var far til Agne.

Om desse to er det fortald at dei var glade i hestar, og kappast med kvarandre om kven som var best til å ri dei. Ein dag vart dei funne på vollen, daude båe to, og hausane deira var krasa. Folk trudde dei hadde drepe kvarandre med beisla til hestane sine.

Tjodolv frå Kvine fortel i Ynglingatal:

Fall der Alrek der som Eirik for bror-våpn sin bane fekk, og med hestens hovud-reimar frendane hans Dag drap kvarandre. Aldri fyrr de spurdest at Ynglingar heste-beisl hadde til verju. Historia Norvegiæ fortel berre at Alrik drap bror sin med eit beisl. Tjodolv kallar brørne "frendene hans Dag", noko som tyder på at dei er nærare knytt til Dag enn til Agne (søner av Dag). I så fall er det Snorre som har snudd om på ættelista.

Nokre forskarar reknar namnet Alrik eller Alrek som ein variant av Alarik, og at forteljinga er knytt til ei minning om vestgotarkongen Alarik på eit eller anna vis. Moglegvis har dette med å gjera at gotarane og var kjende for å bruke hestar (Hreidgotar).

Henta frå «http://nn.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_og_Eirik»


Notes for Kong Alrek Agneson Sønnene Alv og Yngve dreper hverandre.


Noteringar Sveakonung. Son till Agne Skjafarbonde. Född ca 370, död 410. Nämns så tidigt som 395. Höglagd i Lillhersbyn. Regerade tillsammans med sin bror Erik I. De var mäktiga män, stora krigare och idrottskämpar.De älskade att tävlingsrida mot varandra, men en gång efter en sådan ritt kom de aldrig mer tillbaks. Man fann dem båda två med huvudena sönderslagna. Man fann inga andra vapen än deras hästbetsel och troligt är att de slagit ihjäl varandra i en tvist om vem som egentligen vann ritten. Under flera hundra år fortsatte sedan tvisten bland deras ättlingar om vem som egentligen vunnit. Slutligen stod det klart att det var Alrik. Gift med Dagoid, dotter till Dag den mäktige. Troligen höglagd tillsammans med sin bror Erik i den numer bortodlade kungshögen i G:a Uppsala.


Alrek Agnasson King In Sweden 331 SmartMatches

Birth: About 445 in , , , Sweden 1 2

Death:

Sex: M

Father: Agni Dagsson b. About 424 in , , , Sweden

Mother: Skjalf Frostasson b. About 428 in , , , Finland

Unknown: , , , Sweden 3 2

LDS Baptism: 12 Jan 1954

LDS Endowment: 24 Jun 1955

LDS Sealing Child: Done

Changed: 25 Mar 2002 00:00

Spouses & Children Dageith Dagsdotter (Wife) b. About 449 in , , , Sweden 1 2

Marriage: Abt 465 in (, , , Sweden) 6 Nov 2004 14:29

Children:

Yngvi Alreksson b. About 466 in , , , Sweden

Alf Alreksson King In Sweden b. About 468 in , , , Sweden

Thorborg Alreksdotter b. About 470 in , , , Sweden

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Notes Individual: Name Suffix: King In Sweden

REFN: HWS8893

Ancestral File Number: G6SZ-C8

OBJE: C:\LEGACY\PICTURES\c_crown.gif

OBJE: C:\LEGACY\PICTURES\Suede_Ancien.GIFCHAN20 Mar 2001

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Sources Title: "FamilySearch® Ancestral Fileâ„¢ v4.19" Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Publication: 3 Feb 2001

Title: "Genealogical Research of Kirk Larson"

Author: Larson, Kirk

Publication: Personal Research Works including Bethune & Hohenlohe Desce

ndants, 1981-2001, Kirk Larson, Private Library

Title: "Héraldique européenne"

Author: Arnaud Bunel

Publication: Coats of Arms for European Royalty and Nobility (http://www

.heraldique-europeenne.org, Arnaud Bunel, 1998) , Internet"Armigerous" (ahr-MIJ-ehr-us) adjective

Bearing or entitled to bear heraldicarms.

The reason the notion of a family crest was brought into th

e languagewas that those who were armigerous (entitled to bear arms) used to put their crest or achieveme


According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_and_Eir%C3%ADk -------------------- Roi de Uppland -------------------- Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

Contents [hide]

1 In the Ynglinga saga

2 In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

3 In Gesta Danorum

4 Commentary

5 Notes

6 Secondary sources

[edit] In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Fell Alrekr,

þar er Eiríki

bróður vápn

at bana urðu,

ok hnakkmars

með höfuðfetlum

Dags fríendr

of drepask kváðu;

frá-at maðr áðr

eykja greiði

Freys afspring

í folk hafa.[1][2] Alrek fell, by Eric slain,

Eric's life-blood dyed the plain,

Brother fell by brother's hand;

And they tell it in the land,

That they worked the wicked deed

With the sharp bits that guide the steed.

Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons,

The kingly race, the noble ones,

That they have fought in deadly battle

With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4]

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5] This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

[edit] In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

[edit] In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø.

Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

[edit] Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller.

[edit] Notes

1.^ Ynglinga saga at Norrøne Tekster og Kvad

2.^ A second online presentation of Ynglingatal

3.^ Laing's translation at the Internet Sacred Text Archive

4.^ Laing's translation at Northvegr

5.^ a b c Storm, Gustav (editor) (1880). Monumenta historica Norwegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen, Monumenta Historica Norwegiae (Kristiania: Brøgger), p. 99

6.^ Ekrem, Inger (editor), Lars Boje Mortensen (editor) and Peter Fisher (translator) (2003). Historia Norwegie. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 8772898135, p. 77.

7.^ Guðni Jónsson's edition of Íslendingabók

[edit] Secondary sources

Nerman, B. Det svenska rikets uppkomst. Stockholm, 1925.


Alrek and Eirík (Old Norse Alrekr and Eiríkr ), English: Alaric and Eric, were two legendary kings of Sweden.

In the Ynglinga saga

According to the Ynglinga saga, Alrek and Eirík were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjálf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.

However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Fell Alrekr, þar er Eiríki bróður vápn at bana urðu, ok hnakkmars með höfuðfetlum Dags fríendr of drepask kváðu; frá-at maðr áðr eykja greiði Freys afspring í folk hafa.[1][2] Alrek fell, by Eric slain, Eric's life-blood dyed the plain, Brother fell by brother's hand; And they tell it in the land, That they worked the wicked deed With the sharp bits that guide the steed. Shall it be said of Frey's brave sons, The kingly race, the noble ones, That they have fought in deadly battle With the head-gear of their cattle?[3][4] Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eiríkr's successors.

The Historia Norwegiæ presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

Qui [Dagr] genuit Alrik; hunc frater suus Erikr freno percussit ad mortem. Alricr autem genuit Hogna [...][5] This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne.[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiæ gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source Íslendingabók cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegiæ: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

In Gautreks saga and Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar

Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirík sons of Agni by Skjálf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirík had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirík struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirík reigned for a long time as told in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrólf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjörg, the daughter of King Eirík and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjörg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrólf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirík and took up embroidery.

In Gesta Danorum

Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gøtarus (Götar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirík the Eloquent or Eiríkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skáldskaparmál as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fróði son of Fridleif, king of Denmark. Erik's expeditions on Fróði's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fróði's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fróði's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnþjófr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs. Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fróði that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fróði was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fróði was now also king of Sweden, Värmland, Helsingland, and Soleyar. Fróði then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands, Finland, and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim, an account that agrees with Hervarar saga, where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Frø. Frø is of course the god Frey, the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.

At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fróði. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fróði by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

Commentary

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan.

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.

Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirík the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirík probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller. -------------------- 11. ALRIK - King from 260 until 280. He was born in 240 A.D. and had a brother, Erik. The Saga tells that the two brothers rode out into the fields one day and did not return. Upon investigating, they were found dead, their heads crushed. As they had no weapons, it was believed they had used the bridles of their horses to beat each other to death. Alrik's son was:

12. YNGVE ALRICKSSON - King in Svitjod from 280 until killed by his brother in the year 306 A.D. -------------------- Fridubald (vand. Fridubalth, lat. Fredibalum) - King of the Vandals-Silings in the beginning of V century, known only by chronicle Idatsius.

birth of male child: Vislav II [Vandals] d. 486

birth of male child: Etichus (Ediko) Skirus (Skirs, Skirer) [Skirer]

Title: Germany, the king of the Vandals

between 449 - 470 Death.

Under his leadership, the Vandals-Silings settled in southern Spain, in the province Betika. The memory of their stay here preserved, according to one version, the name of the Spanish province of Andalusia. The Roman government was forced to admit that the situation officially but secretly sought the means got rid of uninvited guests. In 416 the Romans called for help against Vandals and Alan Valiyu Visigothic king, who defeated Silings, captured their king, and sent him to the emperor Honorius.

Also subjected to the destruction were Alans, who ruled the Vandals and the Svevans, and their king Ataxia was killed. After these events Silings abandoned the political independence and voluntarily submitted to the King of Asdings- Vandals, Gunderih. Their example was followed by Alans. -------------------- Alrekr Agnison ble født ca 445 i Uppsaløa og døde ca 536 i Svitjod,Sverige. Dagreid ble født ca 449 og døde ca 481 i Sverige. De hadde to barn til, Alf Alreksson Konge i Sverige født ca 468, og Thorborg Arleksdotter født ca 470 i Sverige. -------------------- BIOGRAFI:

Nicknames: "Agneson", "Alrekur", "Airek", "Eirik", "Alrik Agneson", "Alrekr", "Alrek", "Skjalksson de Värmland", "Fredebald / ?????????? / ?????????? / Fridubalth", "Fredibalum"

Birthdate: cirka 430

Birthplace: Sverige

Death: Died 470 in Uppsala, Sweden

Occupation: King of Sweden, Konge i Svitjord, King in Sweden, konge, Roi de Svitjod (Novgorod, Russie; Uppsala, Suede et Vingulmark Norvege), ????, Konge i Uppsala, Konge, King of Upsal, Swedish King of the House of Yngling, King.260, konge.260 - 280

Alrek og Eirik var kongar av Ynglingeætta. Etter Snorre Sturlason var dei søner av Agne, medan Historia Norvegiæ (Den eldste Noregshistoria) fortel at dei var søner av Dag Dyggveson, og at Alrek var far til Agne.

Om desse to er det fortald at dei var glade i hestar, og kappast med kvarandre om kven som var best til å ri dei. Ein dag vart dei funne på vollen, daude båe to, og hausane deira var krasa. Folk trudde dei hadde drepe kvarandre med beisla til hestane sine.

Tjodolv frå Kvine fortel i Ynglingatal:

Fall der Alrek der som Eirik for bror-våpn sin bane fekk, og med hestens hovud-reimar frendane hans Dag drap kvarandre. Aldri fyrr de spurdest at Ynglingar heste-beisl hadde til verju. Historia Norvegiæ fortel berre at Alrik drap bror sin med eit beisl. Tjodolv kallar brørne "frendene hans Dag", noko som tyder på at dei er nærare knytt til Dag enn til Agne (søner av Dag). I så fall er det Snorre som har snudd om på ættelista.

Nokre forskarar reknar namnet Alrik eller Alrek som ein variant av Alarik, og at forteljinga er knytt til ei minning om vestgotarkongen Alarik på eit eller anna vis. Moglegvis har dette med å gjera at gotarane og var kjende for å bruke hestar (Hreidgotar).

Birth: About 445 in , , , Sweden 1 2

Death:

Sex: M

Father: Agni Dagsson b. About 424 in , , , Sweden

Mother: Skjalf Frostasson b. About 428 in , , , Finland

Unknown: , , , Sweden 3 2

LDS Baptism: 12 Jan 1954

LDS Endowment: 24 Jun 1955

LDS Sealing Child: Done

Changed: 25 Mar 2002 00:00

Spouses & Children

Dageith Dagsdotter (Wife) b. About 449 in , , , Sweden

1 2

Marriage: Abt 465 in (, , , Sweden) 6 Nov 2004 14:29

Children:

Yngvi Alreksson b. About 466 in , , , Sweden

Alf Alreksson King In Sweden b. About 468 in , , , Sweden

Thorborg Alreksdotter b. About 470 in , , , Sweden -------------------- Levde på 400-15 talet


http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/3/2789.htm Born: 445, Sweden Married: Abt 465, Sweden

  Ancestral File Number: G6SZ-C8.
  Marriage Information:

Alrek married Dagreid (Dageith) DAGSDÓTTIR, daughter of Dag "The Powerful" of the Swedes and Unknown, about 465 in Sweden. (Dagreid (Dageith) DAGSDÓTTIR was born about 449 in Sweden.)


https://www.genealogieonline.nl/en/stamboom-homs/I5620814643950034262.php
Sagokung!

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_och_Alrik

Om Alrek Agnasson, konge av Sverige (Norsk)

Eirik og Alrek (norrønt Eiríkr ok Alrekr) var to brødre av Ynglingeætten som var legendariske konger i Sverige, i henhold til Ynglingesagaen. De var sønner av Agne Dagsson (Skjalfarbonde), sønn av Dag den vise. Eirik og Alrek slo hverandre i hjel med hvert sitt hestebissel Ynglingesagaen I henhold til Snorre Sturlasons Ynglingesaga var Eirik og Alrek sønner og arvinger av de tidligere kongen Agne Dagsson og dennes hustru Skjålve som Agne hadde røvet i strid i Finland. Brødrene delte kongedømmet, og Snorre gir dem godt skussmål ved at de var dyktige både som krigere og i idrett. De var spesielt dyktige ryttere og konkurrerte med hverandres hester. En dag red de ut og da de senere ble funnet hadde begge knuste skaller. De ble ikke funnet våpen, «uten hestebeksla, og folk tror de må ha drept hverandre med dem.». De ble etterfulgt av Alreks sønner Yngve og Alv.

I et stykke av Ynglingatal som ble kvedet Tjodolv den kvinværske, og som Snorre siterer, blir det slått fast at «Alrek falt, der også Eirik bane fikk, for brors våpen»

Imidlertid, i andre kilder kan det synes som om det er kun Alrek som dør. Historia Norwegiæ, en latinsk middelalderhistorie gir en oppsummering av Ynglingatal, eldre enn Snorres sitat:

Denne mann [Dag] avlet Alrek, som ble slått i hjel med et hestebissel av sin bror Eirk. Alrek var far til Agne,

I Gautreks saga og Rolv Gautrekssons saga

Den legendariske sagaen Gautreks saga gjør også Alrek og Eirik til sønner av Agne med Skjålve, og de er samkonger. Det var til disse som krigeren Starkad flyktet til etter at han hadde ofret Vikar Haraldsson til Odin. Starkad tjente dem først som følge på deres ferd i viking, og deretter etter at Alrek og Eirik hadde slått seg til ro, dro han på nye ekspedisjoner alene.

Alrek fikk derimot et kort liv, i henhold til Gautreks saga: «Kong Alrek døde snart, og det var fordi at kong Eirek, bror hans, slo han i hjel med det bislet som de hadde ridd med for å temme hestene sine. Etter dette styrte kong Eirek lenge alene over Svitjod.».

Rolf Gautrekssons saga introduserer Torbjørg, datter av kong Eirik og dronning Ingegerd, som var en dyktig skjoldmø og styrte over deler av kongedømmet. Torbjørg kalte seg faktisk for «kong Torberg», men til slutt ble hun forelsket i Rolf, Gautreks sønn, og sa ja til å gifte seg med ham. Hun ga da opp sin våpen til faren Eirik og begynte isteden med kvinnesysler som broderi.

I Gesta Danorum Saxo Grammaticus i Bok 5 av hans Gesta Danorum introduserer Ericus Desertus, som er Eirik den veltalende, sønn av en kjempe kalt Regnerus (Ragnar), begge nordmenn i tjeneste hos kong Gøtarus (Götar) i Norge, en monark som ellers det ikke finnes noe informasjon om. Denne Eirik er antagelig denne samme Eirik den veltalende eller Eirik den ordhage (vis i ord) som er nevnt av Snorre Sturlason i Skaldskaparmål: «Av nivlingætta var Gjuke, av odlingætta var Kjår[ , av ylvingætta var Eirik den ordhage». [8] Denne har ellers ikke gitt noen nedtegnelse i den bevarte norrøne litteraturen.

Saxo forsøker å bøte på dette ved å fortelle omfattende om Eiriks muntre dåder. Han forteller om hvordan Eirik som en luring narret alle sine fiender med dyktige triks og ble rådgiver for Frode[9], sønn av Fridleif, konge av Danmark. Eiriks reiser på vegne av Frode gikk alle godt på grunn av Eiriks lure og listige vett. Han ble til slutt gift med Frodes søster Gunvara og Eiriks halvbror Rollerus (Roller) ble gjort til konge av Norge (!).

Saxo fører deretter inn en konge i Sverige kalt Alricus (Alrik) som samsvarer med Alrek i den norrøne tradisjonen. Alrik var i krig med Gestiblindus, konge av Gøtaland, og Gestiblindus søkte Frodes støtte. I den norrøne Hervors saga (Hervarar saga) er Gestumblindi et navn som Odin benytter for å hemmeligholde seg selv, men om Gestiblindus også er Odin er i forkledning synes ikke sannsynlig av sammenhengen, skjønt navnet kan være tatt fra denne tradisjonen. Eirik og en Skalk fra Skåne gikk inn i krigen og drepte Alriks sønn Gunthiovus (antagelig norrøne Gunnþjófr) som ledet mennene fra Vermland (Värmland) og Soleyar (Solør). Deretter kom det forhandlinger mellom Alrik og Eirik hvor førstnevnte forsøkte å få Eirik over på sin side. Da dette ikke lyktes ber Alrik om at krigen avgjøres med en tvekamp mellom ham selv og Gestiblindus. Eirik avslår dette da Gestiblindus er gammel og utfallet ville være gitt, men tilbyr seg selv som motstander. Tvekampen kommer straks i gang. Alrik ble drept og Eirik synes dødelig såret slik at det blir fortalt til Frode at Eirik er død. Det tok tid før Eirik ble frisk og han kunne fortelle at Frode nå også var konge av Sverige, Värmland, Helsingland, og Solør. Frode ga alle disse landområdene til Eirik som han kun styre for ham, foruten også samenes land, Finland og Estland som len.

Saxo forklarer at denne Eirik var den første svenske konge som ble kalt for Eirik, men etter ham ble det et vanlig navn blant svenske konger. Han skriver også at Eirik møtte og hjalp berserken Arngrim, noe som blir bekreftet av Hervors saga hvor Arngrims sønner møtte Eiriks etterfølger Yngve (se Angantyr og Hjalmar den hugstore).

At tvekampen skjedde etter «hemmelige samtaler» kan være en antydning om at Alrik og Eirik var alene da de kjempet, akkurat som deres motparter i de norrøne redegjørelsene. At Eirik var antatt å ha dødd antyder en kunnskap om Ynglingesagaens versjon hvor begge kjempet til de døde. Hestebislene som våpen blir ikke nevnt. Men Erik er ikke ellers nevnt som en duellant, men heller som en luring som vinner ved krigslist og smarte ord og det kan være at Saxo eller hans kilde overså en krigslist hvor hestebissel spilte en rolle.

Saxo nevner også Starkads opphold i Sverige i Bok 6 i sammendraget av Starkads liv opp til dette punktet av sin historie. Men Saxo gir ingen indikasjon om hvilken konge eller konger som da styrte Sverige, og sier kun: «... han gikk inn i landet til svenskene hvor han levde i syv år sammen med sønnene til Frø.» Frø er her guden Frøy, stamfaren til de svenske kongene.

Ved begynnelsen av Bok 6 noterer Saxo at Eirik døde av sykdom og ble etterfulgt av sin sønn Haldanus (Halvdan). Halvdan blir senere drept av tronranere, men krigeren Starkad får etablert Halvdans arving Siward som den nye kongen. Siwards datter Signe ble gift med kong Harald av Danmark som var samkonge med sin bror Frode. Senere dreper Haralds sønn Halvdan, nå konge av Danmark, Siward i en krig, men Siwards sønnesønn Eirik, sønn av Halvdans onkel Frode med Signe, den direkte arvingen til tronen, sto da opp mot Halvdan. Etter en lang krig ble denne andre Eirik tatt til fange av Halvdan og ført i lenker inn i skogene for å bli spist av villdyr. Med ham, synes det som, om den svenske ættelinja til Eirik den ordhage kom til sin slutt, i henhold til Saxo.

Avslutningsvis

Det er uklart hvordan nedtegnelsene i Gesta Danorum og Ynglingesaga om den danske kongen Halvdan som ble konge i Sverige er beslektet, se Halvdan Frodesson.

Tradisjonen med tvillingbrødre som er forbundet sammen med hester er et vanlig tema i indoeuropeiske kulturer og fungerer som opphavsmyter om to tvillingbrødre hvor den ene dreper den andre, se også Kain og Abel. Det er mulig at Alrek og Eirik er en refleksjon av disse tradisjonene.

Saxos identifisering av den legendariske Eirik den ordhage med den legendariske svenske kongen Eirik (bror av Alrek) har antagelig hatt sin opprinnelse fra en urdansk eller urnorsk fortelling.

Kilde https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eirik_og_Alrek

Alrek og Eirik var kongar av Ynglingeætta. Etter Snorre Sturlason var dei søner av Agne, medan Historia Norvegiæ (Den eldste Noregshistoria) fortel at dei var søner av Dag Dyggveson, og at Alrek var far til Agne.

Om desse to er det fortald at dei var glade i hestar, og kappast med kvarandre om kven som var best til å ri dei. Ein dag vart dei funne på vollen, daude båe to, og hausane deira var krasa. Folk trudde dei hadde drepe kvarandre med beisla til hestane sine.

Tjodolv frå Kvine fortel i Ynglingatal:

Fall der Alrek der som Eirik for bror-våpn sin bane fekk, og med hestens hovud-reimar frendane hans Dag drap kvarandre. Aldri fyrr de spurdest at Ynglingar heste-beisl hadde til verju. Historia Norvegiæ fortel berre at Alrik drap bror sin med eit beisl. Tjodolv kallar brørne "frendene hans Dag", noko som tyder på at dei er nærare knytt til Dag enn til Agne (søner av Dag). I så fall er det Snorre som har snudd om på ættelista.

Nokre forskarar reknar namnet Alrik eller Alrek som ein variant av Alarik, og at forteljinga er knytt til ei minning om vestgotarkongen Alarik på eit eller anna vis. Moglegvis har dette med å gjera at gotarane og var kjende for å bruke hestar (Hreidgotar).

Henta frå «http://nn.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alrek_og_Eirik»

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Alrek Agnasson, king of Sweden's Timeline

430
430
Uppsala, Sweden
460
460
Age 30
Uppsala, Sweden
468
468
Age 38
Uppsala, Sweden
470
470
Age 40
Sweden
470
Age 40
Sweden
1954
January 12, 1954
Age 40
January 12, 1954
Age 40
January 12, 1954
Age 40
1955
June 24, 1955
Age 40