Andrea Gritti, 76th Doge of Venice

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Andrea Gritti, 76th Doge of Venice

Birthplace: Bardolino, Province of Verona, Veneto, Italy
Death: Died in Venice, Province of Venice, Veneto, Italy
Place of Burial: Venice, Province of Venice, Veneto, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Francesco Gritti and Vienna Zane
Husband of N.N. N.N. and Benedetta Vendramin
Father of Zuane Gritti da Sebenico; Lorenzo Gritti; Alvise Gritti and Francesco Gritti
Half brother of Paolo Malipiero and Michele Malipiero

Managed by: Private User
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About Andrea Gritti, 76th Doge of Venice

The patrician Andrea Gritti (1455–1538) was elected doge, or duke, of Venice in 1523, after having served the city as a military commander and diplomat. Renowned for his forceful personality and his promotion of the arts, Gritti remained an active civic leader until his death in 1538

Titian painted Gritti twice during his reign. He completed this posthumous portrait, which might have been commissioned as a memorial by the doge's family, around 1546–1548.

Dressed in the brocade robes and conical hat of his office, Gritti makes a grand impression. Glancing sternly to the viewer's left, he gathers up his cloak with his right hand and appears to stride forward, as if in a ceremonial procession. Titian further enhanced the monumental presence of the sitter by extending his image fully to the edges of the canvas.

With its free, expressive brushwork, this portrait well exemplifies Titian's mature painting style. Because the canvas has never been flattened by the process of lining, the varying surface textures, such as the transparent red of the robe and the heavy impasto of the white fur and gold buttons, reveal the ways Titian applied his paints.


Andrea Gritti (1455 – December 1538) was the Doge of Venice from 1523 to 1538, following a distinguished diplomatic and military career.

Gritti was born in Bardolino, near Verona. He spent much of his early life in Constantinople as a grain merchant, looking after Venetian interests. In the late 1490s he was using his commercial correspondence for sending encoded information to Venice regarding the movements of the Turkish navy. In 1499, he was imprisoned on charges of espionage, but escaped execution due to his friendship with the vizier, and was released several years later.

In the early sixteenth century Venice lost nearly all its territory on the Italian mainland, and Gritti played an important part in the events connected with this loss and the eventual return to the status quo ante. In 1509, after the Venetian defeat at the Battle of Agnadello, Gritti was appointed as proveditor to the Venetian army in Treviso; ordered by the Council of Ten to support revolts against the invaders, he successfully engineered the return of Padua to Venetian hands, and its subsequent defence against the Emperor. In 1510, following the death of Nicolo di Pitigliano, Gritti took command of Venice's army, but was forced to withdraw to Venice by French advances. He continued as proveditor through end of the League of Cambrai and the subsequent war of the Holy League. In 1512, he led the negotiations with Francis I that resulted in Venice leaving the League and allying with France.

Elected Doge in 1523, Gritti concluded a treaty with Charles V, ending Venice's active involvement in the Italian Wars. He attempted to maintain the neutrality of the Republic in the face of the continued struggle between Charles and Francis, urging both to turn their attention to the advances of the Ottoman Empire in Hungary. However, he could not prevent Suleiman I from attacking Corfu in 1537, drawing Venice into a war with the Ottomans. He died in 1538.

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Andrea Gritti, 76th Doge of Venice's Timeline

April 17, 1455
Bardolino, Province of Verona, Veneto, Italy
Age 20
Age 24
Istanbul, Turkey
December 28, 1538
Age 83
Venice, Province of Venice, Veneto, Italy
Venice, Province of Venice, Veneto, Italy