Andrew William Baker, Sr.

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Andrew William Baker, Sr.

Also Known As: "Dan", "Squire", "Esquire"
Birthdate: (89)
Birthplace: Chestnut Hill, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Death: Died in Grayson County, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Biological son of Robert Baker, the Gunsmith and Susannah 'Susan' Baker (Packer)
Adopted son of Susannah Boone Baker
Husband of Mary Agnes Baker
Father of Robert Baker; William Baker; Boling Kikpelathy "Long Hunter" Baker; Leonard Baker; Rev. Elijah Baker and 10 others
Brother of Robert Baker, Jr.; Douglas Baker; Mary Callaway; Samuel Baker; James Baker, Esq. and 1 other
Half brother of Elias Hughes; Jessie David Hughes, "Indian Fighter" and Sudna Lowther

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Andrew William Baker, Sr.

(I'm William A. Baker, 5th great grandson of the Rev. Andrew Baker (1749-1815)—confirmed by 2 separate Y-DNA tests with the Baker DNA Study Group several years ago. In doing this, we also confirmed by DNA that our Rev. Andrew Baker and Robert James "The Gunsmith" Baker (1660-1728) were not related at all. So, my Rev. Andrew Baker's father could not have been related to the gun barrel Bakers of PA. Prior to our DNA testing, there was a lot of information on genealogy sites and blogs that was incorrect, but no one knew it. After the testing, some sites have been corrected, but we have not been able to reach many other researchers. Yes, DNA can be tricky, but our two tests were done by two different male members of my family and were done a few years apart (Y-DNA, not the autosomal DNA that I just had done at, and both results were precisely the same. If anyone has real documentation that shows otherwise, please contact me! I would like nothing more than to extend my line back further to England, but have been unable to do that. I've hit a block with Rev. Andrew Baker's father. I, too, am guessing that he was this Andrew Baker, Sr., but I have no proof at all of that. And I've certainly seen no documentation that reveals the identity of Andrew Baker Sr's parents, as given here in this profile!! However if you do have documentation, please contact me at My family website is at Thanks!)


He may have been involved in the rifle manufacturing like his brothers but is not mentioned in the records except he had invested in the operation. Andrew met and married a young lady, Mary Mollie Bolling, from Prince Edward, VA. They lived in Lancaster Co., PA., near where he grew up. They had 15 children, Thirteen boys: James, John, Elijah,Cuthbert, Andrew, Richard, George,Morris, Robert, Joseph, Bowling, Abendego, and Leonard and two girls Martha Patsy, and Eleanor.

Scouts and early longhunters brought back reports of the beautiful mountain lands on the frontier, which at that time was the western portion of North Carolina. Land was plentiful and very cheap if not free.

Sometime around 1750, Andrew, his nephew James, and several other neighboring families set out on a westward journey. They had made the decision to move to what is now, Wilkes CO, NC (Wilkes County was formed in 1777 from Surry CO and the District of Washington.)

The move was about 500 miles with mules or oxen pulling a wagon with all their belongings. It was during this time frame that immigrants began to pour into this section of the state, from south-eastern Pennsylvania, South Carolina and eastern North Carolina. Andrew and his small group of Pennsylvanians would be among the first families to settle in this area (to give perspective on this time period, note that that Tennessee did not become a state for another 46 years).

Some of the party settled along the Yadkin River, others of the more adventurous nature , crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains and settled along New River in what is now Ash and Allegheny Counties, North Carolina. No white man had attempted settlement here before. New River was known at the time by it’s Indian name “Saxphaw”. It was here, along the south branch, that Andrew Baker made his first home.

It is interesting to note that Daniel Boone’s family,who was from the same area of Pennsylvania as the Baker families, also moved to Rowen County, which was later Surry County and settled on the Yadkin River. After Daniel married, he lived in that location for about ten years. Because of his skills in hunting, trapping, and scouting, he became one of the group known as the “Longhunters.” In 1759 he left on his first trip to explore Kentucky, and in September of 1773 sold his farm and moved his family, eventually to Boonsboro, Kentucky. John “Renta” Baker was about the same age as Daniel and as neighbors probably went together on many trips.

There is a conflict in the records as to exactly who was the father of John “Renta” Baker, born in 1735. It may have been Andrew or James, (son of Robert Jr). John “Renta” was one of the famous “Longhunters” who went west of the Blue Ridge Mountains on extended hunting and trapping trips. He was also a member of the “Cleveland Bull Dogs”, who ran theTories out of Wilkes/Ashe County, N.C. and surrounding areas just before the Revolutionary War. John “Renta” Baker’s exploits are described in several books currently in print.

In 1753 Andrew decided to push even deeper into Indian country. He moved down New River into what is now Grayson Co.,Virginia, very near the North Carolina line. Here Andrew staked out a large tract of land he called his “Peach Tree Bottom” tract. But the next summer, he and his family were run out by the Indians. In 1767/1768 after another attempt to resettle but in his long absence, Dr. Thomas Walker had claimed this area for the Loyal Land Company. He had to now purchase a 1000 acres of his original claim before he could resettle on it. This property had a large deposit of iron ore and Andrew was experienced in reclaiming the iron.

In 1769/1780′s, Andrew and son James built iron furnaces along Cranberry Creek. (A tributary of the south branch of New River) in Grayson Co. Virginia, near the North Carolina Line. These furnaces were at peak production during the Revolutionary War. Andrew served as a Justice of Peace of Washington Co. for several years.

There is a conflict in the records as to who was the father of Rev. Andrew Baker. (My GGGG Grandfather.) It may have been either Andrew or James (son of Robert Jr.). The Rev. Andrew Baker was an outstanding religious leader in his community and on the frontier. Andrew was born in 1749 in Grayson County.

The sixth son, George, who would have been just 17 at the beginning of the Revolutionary War, voluntered in the army and served several short terms throughout the war. In 1832, at age of 73, George applied for a veteran’s pension. We have the record of his application for pension, which is a sworn statement before a Justice of the Peace with George’s mark for his signature. The application gives his war record as follows: In 1776/1777 he served three short terms, 3 months each, in 1778/79 he served another 3 month term with a temporary rank of Captain. In 1781 he again served 3 months but this time as a private, and in 1782 he signed up for a scouting party against the Tories. No record is made as whether his application for pension was approved.

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Andrew William Baker, Sr.'s Timeline

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Age 32
Ashe County, Province of North Carolina
Age 38
Province of Virginia
October 7, 1735
Age 43
May 4, 1738
Age 46
Ashe County, North Carolina, United States
Age 49
Culpeper, Culpeper, Virginia, United States
Age 50
Province of Virginia
Age 54
Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
Age 55
Culpeper County, Virginia, United States