Anna Caritas Nitschmann
|Also Known As:||""Selige Juengerin”", "“Blessed Women Disciple”"|
|Birthplace:||Kunín, Nový Jičín District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic|
|Death:||Died in Herrnhut, Dresden, Saxony, Germany|
|Place of Burial:||Herrnhut, Dresden, Saxony, Germany|
Daughter of David "Father" Nitschmann, Sr. and Anna Nitschmann
|Occupation:||Clergy woman, missionary, poet|
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching Anna Nitschmann
About Anna Nitschmann
- Birth: Nov 24 1715 - Kunewald, Mähren
- Death: May 21 1760 - Herrnhut
- Parents: Daid Nitschmann & Anna Schneider
- Siblings: Melchior Nitschmann, Rosina Nitschmann, Johann Nitschmann
- Husband: Nikolaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf
Anna Caritas Nitschmann (November 24, 1715 in Kunín, Moravia – May 21, 1760 in Herrnhut, Lusatia) was a Moravian Brethren missionary (Missionarin), lyrical poet, and the second wife of Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf. She served as the Chief Eldress of the Renewed Moravian Church for most of her life, beginning at the young age of 14. Her duties as Chief Eldress were to serve as a spiritual mentor and counselor to the female members of the congregations. Most of her life was spent in close connection with the Zinzendorf household, although a couple of years were spent doing itinerant mission work among the women of southeastern Pennsylvania. She then returned to Europe to resume her work among the various Moravian congregations. After the death of Zinzendorf's first wife, she was married to the Count (June 27, 1757), but both of them died only a couple of years later. She is buried at Herrnhut, Germany.
On 27 June 1757 Count Zinzendorf married Anna Caritas Nitschmann (24 November 1715–21 May 1760), with whom he had been very close for many years. Anna had for years been spiritual leader of the women of the movement. The marriage was not publicized broadly since Anna was a commoner, and would have been extremely controversial. Three years later, overcome with his labours, he fell ill and died (on 9 May 1760), leaving Bishop Johannes von Watteville, who had married his eldest daughter Benigna, to take his place at the head of the community. His wife, Anna, died 12 days later.
By the time of Anna Nitschmann's death in 1760, the Moravians had sent out 226 missionaries and baptized more than 3,000 converts. That was only thirty-eight years since the founding of Herrnhut community and only twenty-eight years since they had sent their first missionaries out into the world. Among those deeply influenced by the Moravians were John and Charles Wesley.
To the early Moravians, Anna was known as the “Selige Juengerin”, the “Blessed Women Disciple”. By example she demolished doubts about what a young person – or a women – could do in the service of Christ.