Annas בן שת

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Annas בן שת

Hebrew: חנן בן שת, כהן גדול
Also Known As: "Ananus ben Seth", "Ananus", "Ananias"
Birthdate: (62)
Death: circa 40 (54-70)
Immediate Family:

Son of Seth .
Father of N.N. bat Annas; Eleazar ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea; Jonathan ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea; Theophilus ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea; Ananus ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea and 1 other

Occupation: High Priest 6-15
Managed by: Nathan De Graw
Last Updated:

About Annas בן שת

Annas [also Ananus or Ananias], son of Seth (23/22 BC–death date unknown, probably around 40CE)

was appointed by the Roman legate Quirinius as the first High Priest of the newly formed Roman province of Iudaea in 6 AD; just after the Romans had deposed Archelaus, Ethnarch of Judaea, thereby putting Judaea directly under Roman rule.

Annas officially served as High Priest for ten years (6–15 AD), when at the age of 36 he was deposed by the procurator Gratus 'for imposing and executing capital sentences which had been forbidden by the imperial government.'[3] Yet while having been officially removed from office, he remained as one of the nation's most influential political and social individuals, aided greatly by the use of his five sons and his son-in-law as puppet High Priests.[4]

His death is unrecorded, but his son Annas the Younger, also known as Ananus ben Ananus was assassinated in 66 AD for advocating peace with Rome.[2] Annas appears in the Gospels and Passion plays as a high priest before whom Jesus is brought for judgment, prior to being brought before Pontius Pilate.


High Priests under Herodians and Romans

During the First Jewish-Roman War

  • Phannias ben Samuel 67-70

The House of Boethus

  • Simon ben Boethus 23-5 BC (his daughter Mariamne was third wife of Herod the Great)
  • Joazar, son of Boethus (4 BC and before 6 AD), unpopular and an advocate of compliance with the Roman census
  • Eleazar, son of Boethus (4-3 BC)
  • Simon Cantheras, son of Boethus (41-42 AD)
  • Elioneus, son of Simon Cantheras (43-44 AD)
  • Joshua, son of Gamaliel (64 AD), whose wife Martha belonged to the house

The House of Ananus