Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

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Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Also Known As: "Lord Ashley"
Birthdate: (61)
Birthplace: Winbourne, Dorsetshire, England
Death: January 21, 1683 (61)
Amsterdam, Holland
Immediate Family:

Son of John Cooper, MP, 1st Bt. of Rockbourne and Ann Elizabeth Cooper
Husband of Margaret Coventry; Frances Ashley-Cooper and Margaret Spencer, Countess of Shaftesbury
Partner of Lucretia Massey
Father of Tony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury; Lady Penelope Ashley-Cooper Massie and Lucretia Cooper
Brother of Sir George Ashley , Earl of Shaftsbury Anthony Ashley Cooper; Jane Ashley and Joanna Cofer

Occupation: 1st Earl of Shaftsbury
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury,_1st_Earl_of_Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury PC (22 July 1621 – 21 January 1683), known as Anthony Ashley Cooper from 1621 to 1631, as Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Baronet from 1631 to 1661, and as The Lord Ashley from 1661 to 1672, was a prominent English politician during the Interregnum and during the reign of King Charles II. A founder of the Whig party, he is also remembered as the patron of John Locke. Wikipedia

from COOPER, Sir Anthony Ashley, 2nd Bt. (1621-83), of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset and The Close, Salisbury, Wilts.


b. 22 July 1621, 1st s. of Sir John Cooper, 1st Bt.†, of Rockbourne, Hants by 1st w. Anne, da. and h. of Sir Anthony Ashley, 1st Bt., of Wimborne St. Giles; bro. of George Cooper. educ. privately (Aaron Guerdon) 1627-37; Exeter, Oxf. 1637-8; L. Inn 1638. m. (1) 25 Feb. 1639, Margaret (d. 11 July 1649), da. of Sir Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry of Aylesborough, s.p.; (2) 15 Apr. 1650, Lady Frances Cecil (d. 31 Dec. 1652), da. of David Cecil, 3rd Earl of Exeter, 2s. (1 d.v.p.); (3) 30 Aug. 1655, (with £4,000) Margaret, da. of William Spencer†, 2nd Baron Spencer, s.p. suc. fa. 23 Mar. 1631; cr. Baron Ashley 20 Apr. 1661; Earl of Shaftesbury 23 Apr. 1672.


  • In May 1663, Ashley was one of eight Lords Proprietors (Lord Clarendon was one of the others) given title to a huge tract of land in North America, which eventually became the Province of Carolina, named in honour of King Charles.
  • In autumn 1672, Shaftesbury played a key role in setting up the Bahamas Adventurers' Company.
  • Both the Ashley River and the Cooper River in South Carolina were eventually named in his honor.



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Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury's Timeline

July 22, 1621
Winbourne, Dorsetshire, England
Age 17
Rockbourne, , Sham, England
Age 25
Dorsetshire, England
January 16, 1652
Age 30
Wimborne St.Giles
January 21, 1683
Age 61
Amsterdam, Holland