Matching family tree profiles for Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
About Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
- Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
- Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (1490 – January, 1557) was a Scottish nobleman active during the reigns of James V and Mary, Queen of Scots. He was the son of George, Master of Angus, who was killed at the Battle of Flodden, and succeeded as Earl of Angus on the death of his grandfather, Archibald.
- Marriage to Margaret Tudor
- In 1509, Douglas married Margaret, daughter of the Earl of Bothwell. After her death in 1513, on August 6, 1514 he married the queen dowager and regent, Margaret Tudor, widow of James IV and elder sister of Henry VIII of England. The marriage stirred up the jealousy of the nobles and the opposition of the faction supporting French influence in Scotland. Civil war broke out, and Margaret lost the regency to John Stuart, Duke of Albany.
- Angus withdrew to his estates in Forfarshire, while Albany besieged the queen at Stirling and got possession of the royal children; then he joined Margaret after her flight at Morpeth, and on her departure for London returned and made his peace with Albany in 1516. He met her once more at Berwick in June 1517, when Margaret returned to Scotland on Albany's departure in vain hopes of regaining the regency.
- Meanwhile, during Margaret's absence, Angus had become involved with a daughter of the Laird of Traquair. Margaret avenged his neglect of her by refusing to support his claims for power and by secretly trying through Albany to get a divorce. In Edinburgh Angus held his own against the attempts of James Hamilton, to dislodge him. But the return of Albany in 1521, with whom Margaret now sided against her husband, deprived him of power. The regent took the government into his own hands; Angus was charged with high treason in December, and in March 1522 was sent practically a prisoner to France, whence he succeeded in escaping to London in 1524.
- Conquest of power
- He returned to Scotland in November with promises of support from Henry VIII, with whom he made a close alliance. Margaret, however, refused to have anything to do with her husband. On the 23rd, therefore, Angus forced his way into Edinburgh, but was fired upon by Margaret and retreated to Tantallon Castle.
- He now organized a large party of nobles against Margaret with the support of Henry VIII, and in February 1525 they entered Edinburgh and called a parliament. Angus was made a Lord of the Articles, was included in the Council of regency, bore the king's crown on the opening of the session, and with Archbishop Beaton held the chief power. In March he was appointed Lord Warden of the Marches, and suppressed the disorder and anarchy on the border. In July the guardianship of the King was entrusted to him for a fixed period till the 1st of November, but he refused at its close to retire, and advancing to Linlithgow put to flight Margaret and his opponents.
- He now with his followers engrossed all the power, succeeded in gaining over some of his antagonists, including Arran and the Hamiltons, and filled the public offices with Douglases, he himself becoming Chancellor. None that time durst strive against a Douglas nor Douglas's man.
- Counsel of King James
- The young king James V, now fourteen, was far from content under the tutelage of Angus, but he was closely guarded, and several attempts to free him were foiled. Angus defeated John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox, who had advanced towards Edinburgh with 10,000 men in August, and subsequently took Stirling. His after his military successes, he reconciled with Beaton, and in 1527 and 1528 was busy in restoring order through the country.
- On 11 March 1528, Margaret succeeded in obtaining her divorce from Angus, and about the end of the month she and her lover, Henry Stewart, were besieged at Stirling. A few weeks later, however, James escaped from Angus's custody, took refuge with Margaret and Arran at Stirling, and immediately proscribed Angus and all the Douglases, forbidding them to come within seven miles of his person.
- Alliance with and exile in England
- Angus, having fortified himself in Tantallon, was attainted and his lands confiscated. Repeated attempts by James to subdue the fortress failed, and on one occasion Angus captured the royal artillery. At length, Tantallon was given up as a condition of a truce between England and Scotland, and in May 1529 Angus sought refuge with Henry, obtained a pension and took an oath of allegiance, Henry promising to make his restoration a condition of peace.
- Angus had been largely guided in his intrigues with England by his brother, Sir George Douglas of Pittendriech, Master of Angus (died 1552), a far more clever diplomat than himself. George's life and lands were also declared forfeit, as were those of his uncle, Archibald Douglas of Kilspindie (died 1535), known by the nickname of Greysteel, who had been a friend of James. These men fled into exile.
- James avenged himself on such Douglases as he could. Angus's third sister Janet, Lady Glamis, was summoned to answer a charge of communicating with her brothers, and when she failed to appear, her estates were forfeited. In 1537, she was tried for conspiring against the king's life. She was found guilty and burnt on the Castle Hill, Edinburgh on July 17, 1537. Her innocence has been generally assumed, but Tytler (History of Scotland, iv. pp. 433, 434) considered her guilty.
- Angus remained in England until 1542, joining in the attacks upon his countrymen on the border, while James refused all demands from Henry VIII for his restoration, and kept firm to his policy of suppressing the Douglas faction.
- Return to Scotland
- On James V's death in 1542, Angus returned to Scotland, with instructions from Henry to negotiate a marriage between Mary Stuart and Edward VI. His forfeiture was rescinded, his estates restored and he was made a privy councillor and lieutenant-general.
- In 1543, he successfully negotiated a peace treaty and the marriage, and the same year he married Margaret, daughter of Robert, Lord Maxwell. Shortly afterwards, a struggle between Angus and the regent Arran broke out, and in April 1544 Angus was captured.
- Break with England
- The same year Lord Hertford's marauding expedition, which did not spare the lands of Angus, made him join the anti-English party. He entered into a bond with Arran and others to maintain their allegiance to Mary, and gave his support to the mission sent to France to offer the latter's hand. In July 1544 he was appointed lieutenant of the south of Scotland, and distinguished himself on February 27, 1545 in the victory over the English at Ancrum Moor.
- He still corresponded with Henry VIII, but nevertheless signed in 1546 the act cancelling the marriage and peace treaty, and on the 10th of September commanded the van in the great defeat of Pinkie, when he again won fame. In 1548 the attempt by Lennox and Wharton to capture him and punish him for his duplicity failed, Angus escaping after his defeat to Edinburgh by sea, and Wharton being driven back to Carlisle.
- Under the regency of Mary of Lorraine his restless and ambitious character and the number of his retainers gave cause for frequent alarms to the government. On August 31, 1547 he resigned his earldom, obtaining a regrant sibi et suis haeredibus masculis et suis assignatis quibuscumque.
- His career was a long struggle for power and for the interests of his family, to which national considerations were completely subordinate. He died in January 1557. By Margaret Tudor he had Margaret, his only surviving legitimate child, who married the Earl of Lennox, and was mother of Lord Darnley. He was succeeded by his nephew David, son of Sir George Douglas of Pittendriech.
- Lindsay of Pitscottie (1814), ii. 314.
- This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Archibald, the 6th Earl of Angus, was the head of the powerful Douglas clan. His father died at Flodden.
The book, 'The House of Tudor'
The book, 'Scotland, A Concise History'
The book, 'Scotland's Story'
Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia
- 'Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus1,2,3
- 'M, b. circa 1490, d. before 22 January 1557
- Father George Douglas, Master of Angus3 b. c 1469, d. 9 Sep 1513
- Mother Elizabeth Drummond3 d. a 21 Aug 1514
- ' Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus married (Miss) Stewart DID NOT MARRY. Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and (Miss) Stewart were divorced. Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus was born circa 1490.3 A contract for the marriage of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Margaret Hepburn was signed on 26 June 1509. Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII Tudor, King of England, Earl of Richmond and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 6 August 1514 at Chapel of Kinnoull, Kinnoull, Scotland; They had 1 daughter, Margaret.3 Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Margaret Tudor were divorced on 11 March 1527.3 Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus married Margaret Maxwell, daughter of Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell and Janet Douglas, on 9 April 1543. Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus died before 22 January 1557 at Tantallon.
- 'Family 1 (Miss) Stewart
- 'Marriage He married (Miss) Stewart DID NOT MARRY.
- 'Divorce Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and (Miss) Stewart were divorced.
- ◦Janet Douglas+ d. a 16 Dec 1552
- 'Family 2 Margaret Hepburn d. 1513
- 'Marriage Contract* A contract for the marriage of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Margaret Hepburn was signed on 26 June 1509.
- 'Family 3 Margaret Tudor b. 29 Nov 1489, d. 18 Oct 1541
- 'Marriage* Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII Tudor, King of England, Earl of Richmond and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 6 August 1514 at Chapel of Kinnoull, Kinnoull, Scotland; They had 1 daughter, Margaret.3
- 'Divorce* Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Margaret Tudor were divorced on 11 March 1527.3
- ◦Margaret Douglas+3 b. 18 Oct 1515, d. 9 Mar 1578
- 1.[S5212] Unknown author, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 3rd Edition, p. 109; Lineage and Ancestry of Prince Charles, chart LII; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1195.
- 2.[S11563] The Scots Peerage, Vol. I, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 190-193.
- 3.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 726-728.
- 'Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus1
- 'M, #101481, b. circa 1490, d. January 1556/57
- Last Edited=12 Apr 2011
- Consanguinity Index=0.08%
- 'Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus was born circa 1490.3 He married by contract, firstly, Lady Margaret Hepburn, daughter of Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell and Lady Janet Douglas, on 26 June 1509.3 He married, secondly, Lady Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII Tudor, King of England and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 4 August 1514 at Kinnoul Church.4,5 He and Lady Margaret Tudor were divorced on 11 March 1527/28.3 He married, thirdly, Margaret Maxwell, daughter of Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell and Janet Douglas, on 9 April 1543.6 He died in January 1556/57 at Tantallon Castle, Scotland, from erysipelas.6 He was buried at Abernethy, Perthshire, Scotland.6
- ' He was the son of George Douglas, Master of Angus and Elizabeth Drummond.3 He succeeded to the title of 6th Earl of Angus [S., 1389] on 9 September 1513.3 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Lord Douglas [S., 1476] on 9 September 1513.7 He held the office of Member of the Council of Regency between 1517 and 1521.3 He held the office of Member of the Council of Regency between 1523 and 1526.3 He held the office of High Chancellor [Scotland] in August 1527.3 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1528.3 In 1528 the sentence of fordeiture was pronounced against him, and he retired to England.8 In March 1542/43 his sentence of forfeiture was reversed.8 He fought in the Battle of Ancrum Muir in 1545.3 He resigned as Earl of Angus on 31 August 1547 and had a regrant of the same, limited to his heirs male.8 He fought in the Battle of Pinkie on 10 September 1547.3
- ' This Earl had, for a time, supreme power in Scotland, but in 1528 the young King James V escaped his hands and the sentence of forfeiture was passed against Angus and his kinsmen. On the death of James V, Angus returned to Scotland, and was restored to his honours and possessions.3
- 'Child of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
- 1.Janet Douglas+9
- 'Child of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Lady Margaret Tudor
- 1.Lady Margaret Douglas+7 b. 18 Oct 1515, d. 9 Mar 1578
- 'Child of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus and Margaret Maxwell
- 1.James Douglas, Master of Angus6 b. bt 1544 - 1547, d. Feb 1547/48
- 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 238. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
- 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- 3.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 157. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 4.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 157, says 6 August.
- 5.[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 1282. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
- 6.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 158.
- 7.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 1742. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- 8.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 156.
- 9.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- 'Margaret TUDOR (Queen of Scotland)
- Born: 28 Nov 1489, Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England
- Died: 18 Oct 1541, Methven Castle, Scotland
- Notes: See her Biography.
- Father: HENRY VII TUDOR (King of England)
- Mother: Elizabeth PLANTAGENET (Queen of England)
- Married 1: JAMES IV STUART (King of Scotland) 8 Aug 1503, Holyrood Abbey, Scotland
- 1. James STUART (D. Rothesay)
- 2. JAMES V STUART (King of Scotland)
- 3. Dau. STUART (b. 15 Jul 1508)
- 4. Arthur STUART (D. Rothesay)
- 5. Dau. STUART (b. Nov 1512)
- 6. Alexander STUART (D. Ross)
- 'Married 2: Archibald DOUGLAS (6º E. Angus) 4 Aug 1514, Kinnoul Church - Divorce 1528
- 7. Margaret DOUGLAS (C. Lennox)
- Married 3: Henry STEWART (1º B. Methven) 3 Mar 1528
- 8. Dorothea STEWART
- http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/TUDOR.htm#Margaret TUDOR (Queen of Scotland)
Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus's Timeline
November 29, 1489
Douglasdale, Lanarkshire, Scotland
October 8, 1515
Harbottle, Northumberland, England
Scotland, United Kingdom
January 22, 1557
Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
Abernethy, Perthshire, Scotland