Arsinoë ., IV of Egypt

public profile

Is your surname .?

Research the . family

Arsinoë ., IV of Egypt's Geni Profile

Records for Arsinoë .

97,495 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Arsinoë ., IV of Egypt

Norwegian: Arsinoe IV av Egypt, IV of Egypt, Greek: Ἀρσινόη ., IV of Egypt
Also Known As: "Αρσινόη Δ΄ της Αιγύπτου"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Egypt
Death: Died in Ephesus
Cause of death: Assassinated
Place of Burial: Éfeso (Ásia Menor)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Pharoah of Egypt and Cleopatra V Tryphaena
Wife of Menneus .
Sister of Berenice ., IV, Philadelphus of Egypt; Cleopatra VII Philopator, Pharoah of Egypt; Ptolemy XIII, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy XIV, Pharoah of Egypt

Occupation: ruler of Egypt
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Arsinoë ., IV of Egypt

Arsinoë IV (Greek: Ἀρσινόη, betw. 65 and 58 BC – 41 BC) was the youngest daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes and queen and co-ruler of Egypt from 48 BC-47 BC, making her one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt. Arsinoe IV was the half-sister of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, sharing a father, but having a different mother.

Continue reading on Wikipedia: English, Norsk bokmål

https://global.britannica.com/biography/Arsinoe-IV


Arsinoe IV of Egypt

Arsinoë IV (Greek: Ἀρσινόη, betw. 65 and 58 BC – 41 BC) was the youngest daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes and queen and co-ruler of Egypt from 48 BC-47 BC, making her one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt. Arsinoe IV was the half-sister of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, sharing a father, but having a different mother.

History

When Ptolemy XII died in 51 BC, he left his children, Ptolemy and Cleopatra, as joint rulers of Egypt, but her brother soon dethroned Cleopatra and forced her to flee from Alexandria. When Julius Caesar arrived in Alexandria in 48 BC and sided with Cleopatra's faction, Arsinoë escaped from the capital with her mentor, the eunuch Ganymedes, and joined the Egyptian army which, under Achillas, was besieging Alexandria. Achillas then assumed the title of pharaoh. When Achillas and Ganymedes clashed, Arsinoë had Achillas executed and Ganymedes placed in command of the army. Ganymedes initially enjoyed some success against the Romans, but the leading Egyptian officers were soon dissatisfied with him. Under a pretext of wanting peace, they negotiated with Caesar to exchange Arsinoë for Ptolemy XIII, who was subsequently released. However, Ptolemy continued the war until the Romans received reinforcements and inflicted a decisive defeat upon the Egyptians.

Captive, Arsinoe was then transported to Rome, where in 46 BC she was forced to appear in Caesar's triumph. Despite the custom of strangling prominent prisoners in triumphs when the festivities were at an end, Caesar was pressured to spare Arsinoe and granted her sanctuary at the temple of Artemis in Ephesus. Arsinoe lived in the temple for a few years, always keeping a watchful eye on her sister Cleopatra, who perceived Arsinoe as a threat to her power. In 41 BC, at Cleopatra's instigation, Mark Antony ordered Arsinoë executed on the steps of the temple, a gross violation of the temple sanctuary and an act which scandalised Rome. The eunuch priest (Megabyzos) who had welcomed Arsinoë on her arrival at the temple as Queen was only pardoned when an embassy from Ephesus made a petition to Cleopatra.

Her tomb at Ephesus

In the 1990s an octagonal monument situated in the centre of Ephesus was proposed by Hilke Thür of the Austrian Academy of Sciences to be the tomb of Arsinoë. Although no inscription remains on the tomb, it can be dated to between 50 to 20 BC. In 1926 a female body estimated at 15–20 years old was found in the burial chamber. Thür's proposed identification of the skeleton was based on the shape of the tomb (octagonal, like the Lighthouse of Alexandria), the carbon dating of the bones (between 200- 20 BC), the gender of the skeleton, and the age of the young woman at death. It is also claimed that the tomb contains Egyptian motifs, such as "papyri-bundle" columns.

Others remained less certain regarding the identification, for example, pointing out that she would have been between 8 and 14 at the time of Caesar's arrival in Alexandria, too young for someone to have led an uprising against Rome. Her actions in the brief war that followed had suggested she was older than that. As a result of the earlier assumption that she was older, her date of birth was usually placed between 68 BC and 62 BC. which would have made it impossible for her to be the woman buried in the octagon. The date of Arsinoe's birth is unknown, however, and the possibility remains that she was in fact younger than had previously been assumed, and that she may just have been a figurehead rather than an active participant in the war. A writer from The Times described the identification of the skeleton as "a triumph of conjecture over certainty".

The skull was lost in Germany during World War II. However, Hilke Thuer examined the old notes and photographs of the now-missing skull, and concluded that it shows signs of an admixture of African and Egyptian ancestry mixed with classical Grecian features[8] – despite the fact that Boas, Gravlee, Bernard and Leonard and others have demonstrated that skull measurements are not a reliable indicator of race.

If the monument is the tomb of Arsinoë, she would be the only member of the Ptolemaic dynasty whose remains have been recovered. Forensic/archaeological analysis of the origins of the skeleton and tomb is ongoing.

Source :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsinoe_IV_of_Egypt

Acerca de Arsínoe IV (Español)

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ars%C3%ADnoe_IV

Arsínoe IV Reina de Chipre-n. Posiblemente cerca de Alejandria- Egipto- Fue una de las últimas reinas de Egipto, perteneciente a la dinastía Ptolemaica. Era la cuarta hija de Ptolomeo XII Auletes, hermana por tanto de Ptolomeo XIII, de la famosa Cleopatra VII y de Ptolomeo XIV. Después de de la entronización de Cleopatra y muertos,los príncipes Ptolomeos,incluso las luchas de Cesar. Escapo con Ganímedes al campamento egipcio aún siendo proclamada Reina. Arsínoe es capturada y enviada a Roma como prisionera antes de ser ejecutada. Pero César decide perdonarle la vida por conveniencia política, y es confinada en Mileto. No obstante, tras el asesinato de Julio César, Marco Antonio ordena su ejecución para evitar que pueda intentar reclamar el trono de Egipto. Fallece el año 41 AC. Sus restos se encuentran en EFESO.

Fuente : Información de Enciclopedia Británica Su rostro fue una reconstruccion de Arqueologas Austriaca Hilke Tur . Caroline Wilkinson Norteamericana:y Brian Janssen

view all

Arsinoë ., IV of Egypt's Timeline

-65
-65
Egypt
-41
-41
Age 23
Ephesus
????
Éfeso (Ásia Menor)