About Artabanus IV, king of Parthia and Media
Occupation: King of Parthia
Artabanus IV (also known as Artavan) of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from 216 to 224. Artabanus IV rebelled against his brother Vologases VI of Parthia (reigning 208–228), and soon gained the upper hand, although Vologases VI maintained himself in a part of Babylonia until about 228.
The Roman emperor Caracalla (reigning 211–217), wishing to make use of this civil war for a conquest of the East in imitation of his idol, Alexander the Great (336–323 BC), attacked the Parthians in 216. He crossed the Tigris, destroyed the towns and spoiled the tombs of Arbela, but when Artabanus IV advanced at the head of an army, he retired to Carrhae. There he was murdered by Martialis on April 8, 217. Caracalla's successor, the Praetorian Prefect of the Guard Macrinus (217–218), was defeated at Nisibis and concluded a peace with Artabanus IV, in which he gave up all the Roman conquests, restored the booty, and paid a heavy contribution to the Parthians.
At about this time, the Persian dynast Ardashir I (216–224) had already begun his conquests in Persia and Carmania. When Artabanus IV tried to subdue him his troops were defeated. The war lasted several years; at last Artabanus IV himself was vanquished and killed in 226. His brother Vologases VI's realm succumbed to Ardashir I a few years later. Thus the 400-year rule of the Arsacid Dynasty came to an end.
See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artabanus_IV_of_Parthia for more information.
Son of Vologases V. Reign 216 - 224 AD. King of Media. Civil war with brother, Vologases VI. Defeated Macrinus in battle near Nisibus. Macrinus had to pay two hundred million sestertii for peace. Killed in the battle of Hormuzdagan in 224 AD.
Artabanus IV of Parthia
Artabanus IV (flourished 1st century) was a Parthian Prince of Iranian and possibly of Greek ancestry.
From surviving coins that he issued from his reign have some resemblance of the issued coins from the reign of Artabanus III. From this, Artabanus IV can be seen as a possible son of Artabanus III.
He was a rival for the crown of the Parthian Empire during the reign of Pacorus II of Parthia, against whom he revolted. His own reign as King extended from about 80 to 90. On coinage, he is known as Arsaces Artabanus. Artabanus IV was strong enough at one point to support the Roman Terentius Maximus, a pretender to the Roman Empire who rose in Anatolia under the name of the Roman emperor, Nero. However Artabanus IV couldn’t maintain himself against Pacorus II.