Asclettino Quarrel Drengot, conte di Acerenza

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Asclettino Quarrel Drengot, Conte di Acerenza

Birthplace: Normandy, France
Death: circa June 1045
Immediate Family:

Father of Riccardo I Quarrel Drengot, I. principe di Capua and Matilde Quarrel Drengot
Brother of Rainulf "Drengot" Conte di Aversa, Duke of Gaeta; Gilbert "Buatère" (Buttericus) Drengot, di Aversa; Osmond "Drengot" di Aversa and Rodolfe "Drengot" di Aversa

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About Asclettino Quarrel Drengot, conte di Acerenza

Parents unknown. One of five Norman brothers who were the first Normans to migrate to Southern Italy in the 11th century.

Orderic Vitalis (XXVI, 47) records that Osmand Drengot killed Guillaume Repostel while hunting in the forest at the court of Duke Robert of Normandy after Repostel boasted loudly of having seduced Drengot's daughter. Other accounts (Aimé du Montcassin et Pierre le Diacre) say it was Osmond's brother Gilbert. In any case, all five brothers fled to Rome for an audience with the Pope, and there they met Melo de Bari, who apparently became their protector in Italy.


ASCLETTIN (-before Jun 1045).

  • The Chronica Monasterii Casinensis records that "Giselbertus…qui et Buttericus…[cum] quatuor fratribus suis, Rainulfo, Asclittino, Osmundo, atque Rodulfo" arrived in Capua (after Gilbert was banished from Normandy) where they joined "Melus", dated to [1015/16] from the context[324].
  • He is described as "Anschetillus de Quadrellis [Anquetil of Quarrel]" by Orderic Vitalis[325]. The Chronica Monasterii Casinensis records that "Stephano autem, Melo et Petro nepotibus præfati Melo" were granted "comitatum Cominensis" (by Emperor Heinrich II) together with "in auxilium Normannos, Giselbertum, Gosmannum, Stigandum, Torstainum balbum, Gualterium de Canosa et Ugonem Falluccam, cum aliis decem et octo", dated to [1022] from the context[326].
  • Chalandon identifies these Normans as "Gilbert, Osmond, Asclettin, Toustain le Bègue, Gautier de Canisy et Hugues Falluca"[327].
  • Lord of Acerenza from early 1042: Amatus records that "the Normans divided among themselves" the lands at Melfi, following their victories against the Byzantines dated to 1041, and that “William received Ascoli; Drogo had Venosa; Arnolin had Lavello; Hugh Toutebove had Monopoli; Rodulf had Canne; Walter, Civitate; Peter, Trani; Rodulf son of Bebena, Sant´Arcangelo; Tristan, Montepeloso; Hervey, Grumento; Asclettin, Acerenza; and Rainfroi, Malarbine”, adding that “Prince Guaimar of Salerno…invested each one of them”[328].
  • the Chronica Monasterii Casinensis records the division of properties agreed at Melfi, dated to Feb 1042, as follows: "Guilelmo Asculum, Drogoni Venusiam, Arnolino Labellum, Ugoni Tutabovi Monopolim, Petro Tranum, Gualterio Civitatem, Rodulfo Cannim, Tristaino Montem pilosum, Herveo Grigentum, Asclittino Acerentiam, Rodulfo Sanctum Archangelum, Raimfrido Monerbinum"[329].

m ---. The name of Asclettin's wife is not known.

Asclettin & his wife had [four] children: a) ASCLETTIN (-[Jul/Dec] 1045). The Chronica Mon. Casinensis records that "Asclittinus qui cognominatus est Comes iuvenis" succeeded Rainulf as Conte di Aversa[330]. Amatus records that "the Normans chose Asclettin, the son of Count Rainulf´s brother…an elegant youth", the choice being approved by Guaimar IV Prince of Salerno, but that "his death came too soon"[331]. His parentage is confirmed by a later passage in Amatus which records that "a man called Sarulus" held "the city of Genzano which has belonged to [Richard´s] brother Asclettin"[332]. b) RICHARD (-Apr 1078). Orderic Vitalis names Richard son of "Anschetillus de Quadrellis [Anquetil of Quarrel]"[333]. The Catalogus Principum Capuæ names "Riccardus comes de Aversa, primus princeps Normanus…filius Asclittini comitis"[334]. Amatus records that "Richard, the son of Asclettin…a young man" arrived in southern Italy, dated to [1046] from the context, that "his cousin Rainulf [Trincanocte]…asked Richard to leave" because he was too popular, and that Richard "went to his friend Humphrey, who was Drogo´s brother"[335]. Amatus records that "a man called Sarulus" held "the city of Genzano which has belonged to [Richard´s] brother Asclettin" and willingly granted it to Richard[336]. Amatus records that "Drogo seized Richard and imprisoned him", that "while Richard was in prison Count Rainulf of Aversa died" (dated to 1048), and that Guaimar IV Prince of Salerno "asked Drogo to surrender Richard to him" and installed him as Conte di Aversa[337]. A charter dated [Nov/Dec] 1050 is dated to the first year of "Richard count…the fourth year of the boy count Herman his nephew"[338]. The Chronica Mon. Casinensis records "Richardum filium Asclittini" succeeding "Raidulfus Trinclinocte comes" as Conte di Aversa[339]. Richard conquered Capua and succeeded in [1057] as RICHARD I Prince of Capua. - PRINCES of CAPUA. c) RAINULF (-1088). The Chronica Mon. Casinensis names "Richardus princeps Capuanus cum Iordane filio et fratre Rainulfo"[340]. Conte di Caiazzo. Amatus records that "the prince's [Richard Prince of Capua] brother Rainulf and his own son Jordan conspired to diminish the prince's honour and…took up arms against him"[341]. m ---. The name of Rainulf's wife is not known. Rainulf & his wife had two children: i) RICHARD . Amatus names "Richard son of Prince Richard's brother…cousin [of] Jordan" when recording that he was captured by the forces of Robert "Guiscard" who were besieging Lacedonia, the headquarters of Jordan[342]. "Ricardus filius Rannulfi comitis" is recorded by Orderic Vitalis as one of those who left with Bohemond of Apulia on the First Crusade in 1097[343]. William of Tyre also names "Richardus filius comitis Ranulfi" among those who accompanied Bohemond on crusade[344]. ii) ROBERT (-1115). The Chronica Mon. Casinensis names "Robbertus Caiatianorum comes, filius Raynulfi comes" in a paragraph recording events in 1105[345]. Conte di Alife 1086. Conte di Caiazzo. - CONTI di ALIFE. d) [daughter . Amatus records that Richard son of Asclettin gave his sister in marriage to his cousin Rainulf "Tricanocte"[346], although such a marriage between first cousins would seem surprising. One possible explanation is that she was Richard's uterine sister. m ([1046/47]) RAINULF "Tricanocte" Conte di Aversa, son of [GILBERT/OSMOND/RODOLPHE] & his wife --- (-1048).]

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