Ashur-bel-nisheshu Assyrië, van, King of Assyria

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Ashur-bel-nisheshu Assyrië, van, King of Assyria

Birthdate: (62)
Birthplace: Assyria
Death: -1398 (62)
1398 BCE, Assyria
Immediate Family:

Son of Ashur-nirari II Assyrië, van, King of Assyria and N.N.
Husband of N.N.
Father of Eriba-Adad I, King of Assyria; Ashur-nadin-ahhe II, King of Assyria and Ashur-rim-nisheshu, King of Assyria

Occupation: reigned 8 years; 46th King of Old Assyria, koning van Assyrië
Managed by: Flemming Allan Funch
Last Updated:

About Ashur-bel-nisheshu Assyrië, van, King of Assyria

Ashur-bel-nisheshuFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Schroeder's line art for one of Aššūr-bēl-nīšēšu’s memorial cones.[i 1]Aššūr-bēl-nīšēšu, inscribed mdaš-šur-EN-UN.MEŠ--šú,[i 2][i 3][i 4] and meaning “(the god) Aššur (is) lord of his people,”[1] was the ruler of Assyria from 1417–1409 BC or 1407–1398 BC (short chronology), the variants due to uncertainties in the later chronology. He succeeded his father, Aššur-nērārī II, to the throne and is best known for his treaty with Kassite king Karaindaš.

[edit] BiographyAs was the practice during this period of the Assyrian monarchy, he modestly titled himself “vice-regent”, or išši'ak Aššur, of the god Ashur.[2] The Synchronistic Chronicle[i 5] records his apparently amicable territorial treaty with Karaindaš, king of Babylon, and recounts that they “took an oath together concerning this very boundary.”[3]:158 His numerous clay cone inscriptions (line art for an example pictured) celebrate his re-facing of Puzur-Aššur III’s wall of the “New City” district of Assur.[2]

Contemporary legal documents detail sales of land, houses, and slaves and payment in lead. The Assyrian credit system was fairly sophisticated, with loans issued for commodities such as barley and lead, interest coming due when repayment way delayed. The security posted for loans could include property, the person of the debtor or indeed his children.[4]

There is a discrepancy over his son and eventual successor. The Assyrian King Lists give his immediate successor, Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu, as his son but Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu's own contemporary inscription[i 6] names his father as Aššur-nērārī II, suggesting that he may have been a brother of Aššūr-bēl-nīšēšu. The confusion is further compounded with the Khorsabad Kinglist[i 3] and the SDAS Kinglist[i 4] identifying Eriba-Adad I, who ascended the throne eighteen years later, as his son[3]:209 while the Nassouhi copy[i 2] identifies him as the son of Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu.[5]

[edit] Inscriptions1.^ Cone VAT 7442, first published KAH 2 no. 22 (1922). 2.^ a b Nassouhi King List, Istanbul A. 116 (Assur 8836), iii 11–12. 3.^ a b Khorsabad King List, IM 60017 (excavation nos.: DS 828, DS 32-54), iii 5–6. 4.^ a b SDAS King List, tablet IM 60484, ii 38. 5.^ Synchronistic Chronicle (ABC 21), tablet K4401a, i 1–4. 6.^ Cone VAT? 2764, first published KAH 1 no. 63 (1911).

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