Augustin Smith Clayton, US Congress

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Augustin Smith Clayton

Birthplace: Petersburg, Virginia, United States
Death: June 21, 1839 (55)
Athens, Clarke County, Georgia, United States
Place of Burial: Athens, Clarke County, Georgia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Lt. Philip Clayton; Philip Clayton and Mildred Clayton
Husband of Julia Clayton
Father of Edward Patrick Clayton; William Wirt Clayton; Phillip Clayton; Claudia Caroline Howze; Augusta Columbiana King and 3 others
Brother of George Rootes Clayton; Lucy Reade Rootes Clayton; Dixon Clayton; Mildred Dixon Clayton; Ann Marbury Clayton and 2 others
Half brother of Sarah Ann Clayton

Occupation: statesman, congress, judge, US Congressman; Georgia State Representative and Senator; judge, Georgia State Court
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Augustin Smith Clayton, US Congress

Augustin Smith Clayton (November 27, 1783 – June 21, 1839) was a jurist and politician from the American state of Georgia.

Clayton was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, attended the Richmond Academy in Augusta, Georgia, and graduated with the inaugural class of Franklin College (now known as the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences) at the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens with a Bachelor of Arts in 1804. While at UGA, Clayton founded the Demosthenian Literary Society.

After studying law under the tutelage of judge Thomas P. Carnes, Clayton was admitted to the state bar in 1806 and began practicing law in Carnesville, Georgia (which was named in the Judge's honor). In 1807, he married Judge Carnes' daughter, Julia, and they moved back to Athens in 1808. Clayton's granddaughter, Julia Carnes King, would marry another famous UGA alumnus, Henry W. Grady.

In 1810, Clayton was elected to represent Clarke County in the Georgia House of Representatives and served through 1812. In that same year, he became the secretary for the Board of Trustees for UGA. Clayton was appointed to the board in 1816 and remained on the board until his death.

Clayton also served as the clerk of the Georgia House from 1813 to 1815. In 1826 and 1827, he was elected to the Georgia Senate. Clayton also served as judge of the superior courts of the Western circuit of Georgia both preceding (1819–1825) and following (1828–1831) his state senate service.

In 1831, Clayton won a special election to fill the remaining term of the resigning Wilson Lumpkin in the United States House of Representatives, and Clayton won reelection to a second term in the regular election in 1832.

Clayton maintained business interests in the construction of a cotton mill in 1827 known as the Georgia Factory on the Ocoee River located south of Athens. He also played an instrumental role in securing the charter for the Georgia Railroad in 1836.

After his congressional service, Clayton returned to Athens and practiced law. He died in that city in 1839 and was buried in its Oconee Hill Cemetery. Clayton Street in Athens, Clayton, Georgia and Clayton County, Georgia were all named in his honor. His final residence in Athens was located on the north side of Clayton Street approximately halfway between Thomas and Jackson Streets.

US Congressman. Born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, he moved with his parents to Richmond County, Georgia, in 1784, attended Richmond Academy, graduated from Franklin College, in 1804, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1806 and commenced to practice law in Carnesville, Georgia. He was a member of the , Georgia State House of Representatives (1810-12), clerk of the State House of Representatives (1813-15), served in the Georgia State Senate (1826-27) and judge of the Georgia Superior Court, (1819-25, 1828-31). In 1832, he was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-second Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Wilson Lumpkin and reelected to the Twenty-third Congress, serving until 1835. After his term, he resumed the practice of law in Athens, Georgia, until his death at age 54.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Feb 5 2019, 5:51:29 UTC

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Augustin Smith Clayton, US Congress's Timeline

November 27, 1783
Petersburg, Virginia, United States
October 22, 1808
March 19, 1815
Athens, Clarke County, Georgia, USA
July 14, 1820
Athens, Clarke County, Georgia, USA
Athens, Clark, Georgia, United States
July 16, 1826
Athens, Clarke County, Georgia, USA
February 20, 1833
Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA