Baldwin IV the Bearded, count of Flanders

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Dutch: Boudewijn, French: Baudouin
Also Known As: "Boudewyn IV met den Board", "Boudewijn IV van Vlaanderen", "le Barbu", "the Bearded", "Fair Beard", "Baldwin the Bearded", "6th Count of Flanders", "Bearded", "MET DE SCHONE BAARD", "Baldvin den skjeggete", "Greve Balduin IV le Barbu von Flandern", "The Fair"
Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium
Death: May 30, 1035 (55)
Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium
Place of Burial: Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Son of Arnulf II the Young, count of Flanders and Rozala d'Italie, Reine Consort de France
Husband of Ogive of Luxembourg and Eleanor of Normandy
Father of Hermengarde van Vlaanderen, II; Baldwin V, count of Flanders and Judith of Flanders
Brother of Mathilde De Flanders

Occupation: Hertig, Greve, Greve av Flandern, Count of Flanders, Greifi af Flandern., greve av Flandern
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Baldwin IV the Bearded, count of Flanders

Baudouin IV 'le Barbu' de Flandre Boudewyn IV, met den Board (980 - 30 meie 1035), was groaf van Vloandern van 988 tout an zyn dôod.


Parents: Arnoul de Flandre (Arnold II van Vloandern) & Rozala de Lombardie

Spouses: 1. Otgive de Luxembourg Son: Baudouin V 'le Pieux' (Baldwin the Pious) Daughter (uncertain): Ermengarde, married Adalbert

2. Eléanore de Normandie Daughter: Judith de Flandre Daughter (uncertain): married Reignier de Louvain



BAUDOUIN de Flandre ([980]-30 May 1035). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "Balduinum Barbatum" as son of "Arnulfus…et…Ruzelam quæ et Susanna"[187]. He succeeded his father in 987 as BAUDOUIN IV "le Barbu/Pulchrae Barbae" Count of Flanders, presumably under a regency considering his youth although the name of the regent has not yet been identified. Hugues Capet King of France recognised Baudouin's claim to all of Flanders, including the part previously taken by King Lothaire, and also arranged Baudouin´s mother's second marriage to the king´s son and heir, apparently as a reward for Flemish help when he seized power in 987[188]. "Baldwinus marchysus cum matre sua Susanna" donated "villam Aflingehem…jacentem in pago Tornacinse" to Saint-Pierre de Gand, after the death of "Arnulfi marchysi", by charter dated 1 Apr 988, signed by "…Waldberto advocato, Theoderico comite, Arnulfo comite, Artoldo comite, Baldwino comite, item Arnulfo comite…"[189]. After Count Baudouin's mother returned to Flanders following her repudiation, France retained Montreuil-sur-Mer, which provoked Flanders into joining a rebellion against King Hugues. The result was the return of Artois and Ostrevant to Flanders, although Ponthieu remained with France[190]. Count Baudouin established control over the northern part of the Ternois, including Thérouanne, Fauquembergues and Saint-Omer, which were previously under the suzerainty of the county of Boulogne[191]. "Susanna regina…cum filio suo Baldwino" donated "alodem suum…in pago Flandrensi…in Holtawa…in Fresnere…in Clemeskirca…in Jatbeka…in Sclefteta…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated 1 Jun 1003[192]. Baudouin captured the march of Valenciennes from Germany in 1006, but lost it in the following year when Emperor Heinrich II invaded Flanders and captured Gent. Count Baudouin subsequently arranged an alliance with the emperor who, in 1012, helped him install a new bishop of Cambrai, and enfeoffed him with the islands of Zeeland and, in 1015, with Valenciennes. The emperor, however, invaded Flanders again in 1020, supported this time by Robert King of France[193]. Count Baudouin arranged the betrothal of his son to the French king's daughter to help restore good relations[194]. His son rebelled against Baudouin after 1028. Count Baudouin was forced to take refuge in Normandy, where he married the duke's daughter and from where he returned to Flanders with reinforcements. His son submitted, but his father permitted him to rule jointly[195]. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1035 of "Balduinus, gloriosus marchisus"[196]. The Annales Elnonenses Minores record the death in 1035 of "Balduinus comes filius Susannæ"[197].

m firstly ([1012]) OGIVE de Luxembourg, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau Vogt von Stablo [Wigeriche] & his wife --- heiress of Gleiberg [Konradiner] (-21 Feb or 9 Mar 1030, bur Gent St Peter). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "filiam Gisleberti comitis Odgivam" as wife of "Balduinum Barbatum"[198], the marriage presumably being arranged by Emperor Heinrich II as part of the alliance negotiated in 1012. Ogive is shown as daughter of Graf Friedrich in Europäische Stammtafeln[199]. There is no reference to Friedrich's older brother Gislebert having married and had children. The chronology does not favour Ogive being the daughter of Giselbert, son of Friedrich. It is therefore assumed that the reference to "Gisleberti comitis" is an error, although the primary source has not yet been identified which confirms that Friedrich was Ogive's father. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1030 of "Odgiva comitissa"[200]. The Memorial of "Odgiva…Balduino domino" records her death "IX Mar"[201].

m secondly ([after 1030]) [ELEONORE] de Normandie, daughter of RICHARD II Duke of Normandy & his first wife Judith de Rennes [Brittany]. The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana refers to "filiam secundi Ricardi ducis Normannorum" as wife of "Balduinum Barbatum" after the death of Ogive[202]. The Annalista Saxo states that the mother of Judith was "cognatione beati Ethmundi regis", without naming her or giving a more precise origin[203]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Richard and his wife Judith had three daughters, of whom the second (unnamed) married "Baudouin de Flandre"[204]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. Count Baudouin IV & his first wife had one child:

a) BAUDOUIN de Flandre ([1012/13]-Lille 1 Sep 1067, bur Lille St Pierre). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "Balduinum Insulanum" son of "Balduinum Barbatum [et] Odgivam"[205]. He succeeded his father in 1035 as BAUDOUIN V "le Pieux/Insulanus" Count of Flanders.

Count Baudouin IV & his second wife had one child:

b) JUDITH de Flandre ([1033]-[5] Mar 1094, bur St Martin Monastery). The Annalista Saxo names "Iudhita…amita Rodberti comitis de Flandria ex cognatione beati Ethmundi regis" as husband of "Haroldi" (in error for Tostig) but correctly names her second husband "Welphus filius Azzonis marchionis Italorum"[206]. The Genealogia Welforum names "filiam comitis Flandrie, reginam Anglie, Iuditam nomine" as wife of Welf[207]. Florence of Worcester says that Judith was "daughter of Baldwin Count of Flanders" but does not specify which Count Baldwin, nor is this clear from the context[208]. According to the Vita Ædwardi Regis, Judith was the sister of Count Baudouin V[209]. On the other hand, Alberic de Trois Fontaines asserts that Judith was one of the children of Baudouin V Count of Flanders and his wife Adela de France[210], but there are other clear errors in Alberic's listing of this couple's children so the statement should be viewed with caution. Judith is also listed as the daughter of Count Baudouin V (after Mathilde) in a manuscript whose attribution to Orderic Vitalis is disputed, which also shows her first marriage[211]. The date of her first marriage is confirmed by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle which records that she fled with her husband and parents-in-law after the Council of 9 Sep 1051[212]. Judith moved to Denmark after her first husband was killed. "Dux Gewelfo eiusque…uxor Iudita" donated property to Kloster Weingarten, with the consent of "filiorum suorum Gwelfonis et Heinrici", dated 12 Mar 1094[213]. The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1094 IV Non Mar" of "Iuditha uxor ducis Welfonis Baioariæ" and her burial "apud monasterium…Sancti Martini" built by her husband[214]. The necrology of Raitenbuch records the death "III Non Mar" of "Iudinta regina Anglie, filia marchionis de Este uxor Welfonis nostri fundatoris"[215], exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage and confusing her paternity. The necrology of Weingarten records the death "III Non Mar" of "Judita dux regina Anglie"[216], also exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage. m firstly (before Sep 1051) TOSTIG Godwinson, son of GODWIN Earl of Wessex & his wife Gytha of Denmark ([1025/30]-killed in battle Stamford Bridge 25 Sep 1066). He was created Earl of Northumbria in 1055[217]. m secondly ([1071]) as his second wife, WELF I Duke of Bavaria [Este], son of ALBERTO AZZO II Marchese d'Este & his first wife Kunigunde von Altdorf [Este] ([1030/40]-Paphos Cyprus 9 Nov 1101, bur Weingarten, near Lake Constance).

------------------------------ WIKIPEDIA (fr.) Baudouin IV de Flandre[1], dit Baudouin le Barbu ou Baudouin Belle-Barbe (° 980 - † 30 mai 1035[2]). Comte de Flandre (987 - 1035). Fils du comte Arnoul II et de Rozala de Toscane (v. 950 - 1003)

Son surnom est dû à sa brune et large barbe, merveilleusement belle et bien séante[3].

Résumé de sa vie Baudouin se préoccupa particulièrement de l'est et du nord de son comté, laissant la partie méridionale dans les mains de ses vassaux, les comtes de Guines, de Hesdin, et de Saint-Pol.

En 1006, Baudouin IV s'empara de la ville de Valenciennes, en terre d'empire. En conséquence, il dut faire face à une coalition réunissant le roi de Germanie Henri II, le roi Robert le Pieux et le duc Richard II de Normandie. L'expédition fut un échec pour cette coalition.

Détail de sa vie Baudouin IV est encore mineur à la mort de son père ; le châtelain de Gand, Gilbod, en profite pour se proclamer comte indépendant. La révolte est matée une fois le comte de Flandre majeur.

Aux environs de l’an 1000, l’empereur Otton avait créé une marche militaire à Anvers pour contrer les expéditions militaires flamandes dirigées vers l’Est. Le souverain germanique Henri II entre en lutte vers 1006/1007 contre Baudouin IV, qui prend parti pour les comtes de Louvain et de Namur, lesquels refusent la suzeraineté, imposée par Henri II, du duc de Basse Lotharingie Godefroid Ier d’Ardenne. Baudouin s’empare de Valenciennes, et s’y maintient malgré un siège soutenu par Henri II et ses alliés, le roi de France Robert II et le duc de Normandie Richard II. La venue de l'hiver les oblige à lever le siège.

Changeant d’objectif, Henri II se saisit au printemps suivant de Gand et s’empare d’un important butin, tant matériel qu’humain. Baudouin est obligé de rendre Valenciennes et de se soumettre à Aix-la-Chapelle, ce qu’accepte d’autant plus aisément Henri II que le pouvoir du comte de Flandre est un sérieux contrepoids face aux comtes de Namur et de Louvain. Vers 1012 - 1015, le souverain germanique lui remet même en fief Valenciennes et plusieurs îles de Zélande (Walcheren, Borssele, Noord-Beveland et Zuid-Beveland, Wolphaartsdijk).

Après avoir fait épouser Adèle de France, fille du roi Robert II, à son fils, le futur Baudouin V, il doit essuyer une révolte de ce dernier, qui s’est mis à la tête de barons mécontents. Baudouin IV est même chassé de son comté et doit se réfugier en Normandie. Avec le puissant appui de son protecteur, le duc Robert, il récupère néanmoins très rapidement ses possessions et en matant la rébellion et en soumettant son fils à Audenarde, 12 septembre 1028.

Sous son gouvernement, Dunkerque est fondée ; Bruges reçoit les premières libertés communales de Flandre et des murailles commencent à ceindre la ville de Lille. Baudouin IV a dû faire face au danger d’émiettement féodal, qui avait frappé à un niveau de maillage plus lâche tout l’empire carolingien au siècle précédent. Il a affirmé son autorité dans ses états de deux façons : d’une manière très ferme sur sa région de base, c’est-à-dire les pays de Gand, de Bruges, de Lille et de St-Omer ; d’une façon plus discrète sur le reste du territoire. On note ainsi l’émergence de plusieurs familles nobles (Aubigny, Béthune, Faucquembergue, Houdain, Lens, Lillers, Pas, Phalempin, Wavrin): vers 993-994, Baudouin IV a en effet institué les “comitati” ("comtés"), à l’origine quatre circonscriptions administratives, qui, en se fractionnant donneront naissance au onzième siècle aux châtellenies, dont les familles mentionnées ont la responsabilité, sans être seigneurs de la terre. Un moyen pour le comte de garder la mainmise sur l’ensemble de son territoire, sans devoir agir directement sur chacun de ses éléments.

Il imposa également la Trêve de Dieu dans les diocèses d'Arras et de Tournai. Baudouin IV est le véritable fondateur de la puissance flamande dans ses limites historiques.

Mariage et enfants Vers 1012, il épouse en premières noces Ogive de Luxembourg (v. 990 † 1030), fille de Frédéric de Luxembourg, comte en Moselgau, et a deux enfants :

   * Baudouin V (1012 † 1067), comte de Flandre
   * Ermengarde, mariée à Adalbert († 1032), comte de Gand

Veuf, il se remarie en avril 1031 avec Éléonore de Normandie (v. 1010 † v. 1071), fille de Richard II, duc de Normandie, et de Judith de Bretagne. Ils ont :

   * Judith (1037 † 1094), mariée en 1058 à Tostig Godwinson († 1066), comte de Northumbrie, puis vers 1071 Welf IV († 1101), duc de Bavière
   * Une fille, mariée avec Régnier de Louvain, châtelain à Ename en 1033/1034, fils du comte Lambert Ier de Louvain.


WIKIPEDIA (Eng) Baldwin IV of Flanders (980–May 30, 1035[1])[2], known as the Bearded, was Count of Flanders from 988 until his death. He was the son of Arnulf II, Count of Flanders. His mother was Rozala of Lombardy.

History In contrast to his predecessors Baldwin turned his attention to the east and north, leaving the southern part of his territory in the hands of his vassals the counts of Guînes, Hesdin, and St. Pol.

To the north of the county Baldwin was given Zeeland as a fief by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II, while on the right bank of the Scheldt river he received Valenciennes (1013) and parts of the Cambresis and Hainaut.

In the French territories of the count of Flanders, the supremacy of the Baldwin remained unchallenged. They organized a great deal of colonization of marshland along the coastline of Flanders and enlarged the harbour and city of Brugge.

Family Baldwin first married Ogive of Luxembourg, daughter of Frederick of Luxembourg, by whom he had a son and heir Baldwin V.

He later married Eleanor of Normandy, daughter of Richard II of Normandy, by whom he had at least one daughter Judith who married Tostig Godwinson and Welf I, Duke of Bavaria.

His granddaughter, Matilda of Flanders, would go on to marry William the Conqueror, therefore starting the line of Anglo-Norman Kings of England.

Source: The book, 'The Kings & Queens of Great Britain'

Baldwin IV "fought successively both against the Capetian king of France and the emperor Henry II" who was forced to grant him "in fief Valenciennes, the burggraveship of Ghent, the land of Waes and Zeeland. The count of Flanders thus became a feudatory of the empire as well as of the French crown. The French fiefs are known in Flemish history as Crown Flanders, the German fiefs as Imperial Flanders." {Encycl. Brit., 1956, 9:356} His nickname is "Handsome Beard". He m. (2) a daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

Baldwin IV "fought successively both against the Capetian king of France and the emperor Henry II" who was forced to grant him "in fief Valenciennes, the burggraveship of Ghent, the land of Waes and Zeeland. The count of Flanders thus became a feudatory of the empire as well as of the French crown. The French fiefs are known in Flemish history as Crown Flanders, the German fiefs as Imperial Flanders." {Encycl. Brit., 1956, 9:356} His nickname is "Handsome Beard". He m. (2) a daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

Baldwin IV "fought successively both against the Capetian king of France and the emperor Henry II" who was forced to grant him "in fief Valenciennes, the burggraveship of Ghent, the land of Waes and Zeeland. The count of Flanders thus became a feudatory of the empire as well as of the French crown. The French fiefs are known in Flemish history as Crown Flanders, the German fiefs as Imperial Flanders." {Encycl. Brit., 1956, 9:356} His nickname is "Handsome Beard". He m. (2) a daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

b. c. 980 d. May 30, 1035 by name BALDWIN THE BEARDED, French BAUDOUIN LE BARBU, Dutch BOUDEWIJN DESCHONE BAARD, count of Flanders (988-1035) who greatly expanded the Flemish dominions. He fought successfully both against the Capetian king of France, Robert II, and the Holy Roman emperor Henry II. Henry found himself obliged to grant to Baldwin IV in fief Valenciennes, the burgraveship of Ghent, the land of Waes, and Zeeland. The count of Flanders thus became a feudatory of the empire as well as of the French crown. The French fiefs are known in Flemish history as Crown Flanders(Kroon-Vlaanderen), the German fiefs as Imperial Flanders(Rijks-Vlaanderen). Baldwin's son--afterwards Baldwin V--rebelled in 1028 against his father at the instigation of his wife Adela, daughter of Robert II of France; but two years later peace was sworn at Oudenaarde,and the old count continued to reign until his death. Copyright c 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Balduin IV av Flandern, född 980, död 1036, var greve av Flandern från 988. Balduin var son till Arnulf II av Flandern och Rosela av Lombardiet som 988 blev fransk drottning genom giftermål med Robert II av Frankrike. Far till sin efterträdare Balduin V av Flandern.

Under Balduins styre inleddes Flanderns länsförhållande till Tysk-romerska riket då Valenciennes och Walcheren erhölls som tyskt län.

Se även  [redigera]

Lista över Flanderns regenter

Källor  [redigera]

Nordisk familjebok (1908) band 8, sp. 540

Courtesy of fantastically full family tree cf.:

Hughes of Gwerclas 1/2/3/4:

When Baldwin IV, Count of FLANDERS was born in 980, his father, Arnulf, was 20 and his mother, Rosela, was 43. He had one son with Ogive of LUXEMBOURG in 1012. He died on May 30, 1035, at the age of 55.


Baldwin IV, Count of FLANDERS was born in 980 to Rosela of Italy, Princess of Lombardy IVREA, age 43, and Arnulf II, Count of FLANDERS, age 20.



20 Mar


Age 7

Death of Father

His father Arnulf II, Count of passed away on March 20, 987, at the age of 27.

Arnulf II, Count of FLANDERS



20 MAR 987


26 Jan


Age 23

Death of Mother

His mother Rosela of Italy, Princess of Lombardy passed away on January 26, 1003, in Gent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, at the age of 66.

Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium

Rosela of Italy, Princess of Lombardy IVREA



26 JAN 1003 • Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium



Age 32

Birth of Son

His son Baldwin V, Count of was born in 1012 in France.

Flanders, France

Baldwin V, Count of FLANDERS



1012 • Flanders, France


30 May


Age 55


Baldwin IV, Count of FLANDERS died on May 30, 1035, when he was 55 years old.

30 MAY 1035

view all 18

Baldwin IV the Bearded, count of Flanders's Timeline

January 8, 980
Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium
Age 24
Flanders now Belgium
Age 26
Count of Valenciennes
August 19, 1012
Age 32
Bihorel, Haute-Normandie, France
Age 52
Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
May 30, 1035
Age 55
Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium
Age 55
Ghent, Vlaanderen, Belgium