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About Count Bartholomew Dupuy
Bartholomew "the Huguenot" Dupuy
Beginning in the reign of Francis I, the Reformation gained many adherents in France (see Huguenots). In 1560 religious conflict flared up in the first of the ferocious civil wars (see Religion, Wars of) that tore France asunder during the reigns (1560–89) of the last Valois kings, Charles IX and Henry III. The Catholics, led by the ambitious Guise family, eventually formed the Catholic League and obtained Spanish support against the Protestant Henry of Navarre, the legal heir of Henry III.
Navarre was supported by some moderate Catholics as well as by the Protestants. He defeated the League but had to accept Catholicism before being allowed to enter (1594) Paris.
Ruling as Henry IV, he became the first Bourbon king of France. With his great minister, Sully , he made France prosperous once again and encouraged French explorers in Canada.
Religious freedom and political security for Protestants were promulgated in the Edict of Nantes (1598; see Nantes, Edict of), but after Henry's assassination (1610) by a Catholic fanatic the rights of the Huguenots were steadily reduced.
Under his successor, Louis XIII (1610–43), and in the minority of Louis XIV, two great statesmen successively shaped the destiny of the kingdom—Cardinal Richelieu and Cardinal Mazarin. They led France to victory in the Thirty Years War (1618–48), which France entered openly in 1635, joining the Protestant allies against the Hapsburg powers, Austria and Spain. Austria was defeated in 1648 (see Westphalia, Peace of), Spain in 1659 (see Pyrenees, Peace of the ). At home, Richelieu destroyed the political power of the Huguenots, and Mazarin overcame the nobles in the wars of the Fronde .
Louis XIV(1643–1715), aided by the genius of Jean Baptiste Colbert (d. 1683) and François Louvois, completed Richelieu's and Mazarin's work of centralization. Raising the position of the king to a dignity and prestige hitherto unknown in France, Louis XIV made France the first power in Europe and his court at Versailles the cynosure of Europe. But his many wars undermined French finances, and his persecution of the Huguenots (the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685) caused serious harm to the economy as thousands of merchants and skilled workers left France. His successes in the War of Devolution (1667–68) against Spain and the Dutch War (see Dutch Wars) of 1672–78 inspired all Europe with fear of French hegemony and resulted in the diplomatic isolation of France. The War of the Grand Alliance (1688–97) against Louis XIV began to turn the tide; the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14), although it did not end with a clear victory over France, marked the end of French expansion in Europe. The reign of Louis XIV saw the height of French power in America. France, at the end of Louis's reign, was exhausted from its attempt at primacy; yet its latent strength and wealth were so great that it recovered prosperity within a few years.
Bartholomew enlisted in the French army at the age of eighteen.
For fourteen years he was the Captain of the Royal Household Guards of King Louis XIV, and received written orders directly from the King.
Bartholomew and his wife were staunch Huguenots.
The family feared for their lives after King Louis had revoked the Edict of Nantes.
Bartholomew Dupuy was the first of this family to come to America after 1685, when King Louis XIV ordered that only Catholics could live in France.
He left France because he was a Protestant. King Louis, being his friend, wrote a letter of amnesty for Bartholomew and his young bride Susanne Levillain (Comtess Susanne LeVillion). The letter said:
To the Seigneur Bartholomew Du Puy at his chateau of Velours in Saintonge. Ride in haste.
This to our trusted and well beloved Bartholomew Du Puy, one of our guardsmen, who has amnesty granted to him with his household until the first day of December, Any annoyance of the said Seigneur Duy Puy will be at the peril of the officer who commands it. Such is our royal will. Moreover, we pray our said trusted friend, Du Puy, to abjure his heresy and return to the bosom of the holy church, in which alone is rest.
Done at Versailles, this thirtieth day of October in the Year 1685.
Signed: Louis XIV, King of France
They secretly escaped from their family home in Gabrielles. Susanne was dressed as a page boy to get past the guards, and they escaped to Germany. Then they went to Holland, then England, and finally in 1699, they took a sailing ship to Virginia with their friends and family who were called the "French Huguenots".
The story, A Huguenot’s Sword, which was first published in Harper’s Magazine, April 1857, describes how he and his wife, dressed as a page, escaped from France to Germany. They remained in Germany until 1699 when they went to England and then later to the Huguenot’s Manakin Town settlement in Virginia. Bartholomew DuPuy was the father of several sons including John James Dupuy.
WILL OF BARTHOLOMEW DUPUY Goochland Co., VA Dated: 7 Mar 1742-3; Proved: 17 May 1743
In the name of God Amen. I, Bartholomew Dupuy of Goochland County and in King William Parrish Virginia being Sick in body but of good and perfect memory thanks be to the Almighty God, and calling to remembrance the uncertain estate of this transitory life, and that all flesh must yield unto death, when it shall please the Almighty God to call, do make Constitute ordain and declare this to be my last Will and Testament and none other and in manner and form following, Revoking and Annuling by these presents all and every Testament or Testaments Will or Wills heretofore by me made or declared, either by word or writing and this only to be taken only for my last Will and Testament and none other. And first being penitent and sorry from the bottom of my heart for my Sins past most humbly desiring forgiveness for the same. I give and Commit my Soul unto the Almighty God my Savior and Redeemer, In Whom and by whose merits I trust and believe assuredly to be saved and to have full remission and forgiveness for all my Sins past, and that my Soul with my body at the General day of Resurrection shall rise again with joy, and through the merits of Christs death and passion possess and Inherit the Kingdom of Heaven prepared for his Elect and Chosen. And me body to be decenlty buried in such place as it shall please my Executors hereafter named. and for the better settling my Temporal Estate Such Goods Chattles and implements as it has pleased the Almighty God to bestow on me above my deserts, I order and dispose the same in manner and form following, That is to say I will that those debts and Duties as I owe in Right and Conscience to any manner of person or persons whatsoever shall be well and truly Contented and paid or ordained to be paid within Convenient time after my decease by my Executor, hereafter named. Item. I give and bequeath to my Eldest Peter Dupuy five pounds Virginia Currency, to him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to my son John James Dupuy Ten pounds Virginia Currency, to him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to my Grandson John Bartholomew Dupuy Son to Peter Dupuy two pounds Virginia Currency, to him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to the poor of King William Parrish five pounds Current money. Item. My will and esire is that my son in Law John Levilain Junior, shall be Executor of this my last Will and Testament. And further I give and bequeath all my whole and sole Estate that I shall have and possess at my death unto my aforesaid Son in Law John Levilain, to him and his heirs forever, and I do acknowledge this to be my last Will and Testament and none other, and I renounce to all Laws and Customs that are Contrary to this my last Will and Testament. As Witness my hand and seal this 7th day of March 1742-3. Bartholomew Dupuy. (Seal) Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us, John Gordon, Stephen Mallet, Stephen Watkins. At a Court held for Goochland County May 17, 1743. This Will was proved by the Oaths of Stephen Mallet & Stephen Watkins Witnesses thereto to be the act and Deed of Bartholomew Dupuy Deced and was thereupon ordered to be recorded. A Copy Teste: Moses T. Monteiro, Clerk
Count Bartholomew Dupuy's Timeline
Perpignan, Pyrénées-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation
King William, King William County, Virginia, United States
April 7, 2000
April 1, 2003
April 8, 2003