Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy

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Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy

Italian: Berengario II d'Ivrea, re d'Italia, French: Bérenger II d'Ivrée, roi d'Italie, German: Berengar II. von Ivrea, könig von Italien
Also Known As: "Berengarius"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Torino, Piemonte, Italy
Death: August 04, 966 (62-70)
Bamberg, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Place of Burial: France
Immediate Family:

Son of Adelbert I, Margrave of Ivrea and Gisla del Friuli
Husband of Willa
Father of Adalbert II, king of Italy; Guido, marchese d'Ivrea; Gisla d'Ivrea; Conrad of Ivrea, Conon; Gilberga d'Ivrea and 2 others
Brother of Bertha Anscarica, abbess of Modena
Half brother of Anscario II d'Ivrea, Marquis de Camarin and Adalberto Atto II d'Ivrea, conte di Pombia

Occupation: margrave of Ivrea 950-961 & king of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berengar_II_of_Italy

Berengar II (c. 900 – 4 August 966) was the King of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961. He was a scion of the Anscarid and Unruoching dynasties, and was named after his maternal grandfather, Berengar I. He succeeded his father as Margrave of Ivrea around 923 (whence he is often known as Berengar of Ivrea), and after 940 led the aristocratic opposition to Kings Hugh and Lothair II. In 950 he succeeded the latter and had his son, Adalbert crowned as his co-ruler. In 952 he recognised the suzerainty of Otto I of Germany, but he later joined a revolt against him. In 960 he invaded the Papal States, and the next year his kingdom was conquered by Otto. Berengar remained at large until his surrender in 964. He died imprisoned in Germany two years later.

Ruling Ivrea (923–50)

Berengar was a son of Margrave Adalbert I of Ivrea and his wife Gisela of Friuli, daughter of the Unruoching king Berengar I of Italy. He succeeded his father as margrave about 923 and married Willa, daughter of the Bosonid margrave Boso of Tuscany and niece of King Hugh of Italy. The chronicler Liutprand of Cremona, raised at Berengar's court at Pavia, gives several particularly vivid accounts of her character.[1]

About 940 Berengar led a revolt of Italian nobles against the rule of his uncle. To evade an assault by Hugh's liensmen, he, forewarned by the king's young son Lothair, had to flee to the court of King Otto I of Germany. Otto avoided taking sides; nevertheless, in 945 Berengar was able to return to Italy with hired troops, welcomed by the local nobility. Hugh was defeated and retired to Arles, and he was nominally succeeded by Lothair. From the time of Berengar's successful uprising, all real power and patronage in the Kingdom of Italy was concentrated in his hands, with Hugh's son Lothair as titular king. Lothair's brief reign ended upon his early death in 950, presumably poisoned.

Ruling Italy (950–61)

Berengar then assumed the royal title with his son Adalbert as co-ruler. He attempted to legitimize his kingship by forcing Lothair's widow Adelaide, the respective daughter, daughter-in-law, and widow of the last three Italian kings, into marriage with Adalbert. However, the young woman fiercely refused, whereafter Berengar had her imprisoned at Garda Castle, allegedly mistreated by Berengar's wife Willa. With the help of Count Adalbert Atto of Canossa she managed to flee and entreated the protection of King Otto of Germany. Otto, himself a widower since 946, took the occasion to gain the Iron Crown of Lombardy: Adelaide's requests for intervention resulted in his 951 invasion of Italy. Berengar had to entrench himself at San Marino, while Otto received the homage of the Italian nobility, married Adelaide himself, and assumed the title of a King of the Lombards. He afterwards returned to Germany, appointing his son-in-law Conrad the Red Italian regent at Pavia.

Berengar by Conrad's agency appeared at the 952 Reichstag in Augsburg and paid homage to Otto. He and his son Adalbert remained Italian kings as Otto's vassals, though they had to cede the territory of the former March of Friuli to him, which the German king enfeoffed to his younger brother Duke Henry I of Bavaria as the Imperial March of Verona. When Otto had to deal with the revolt of his son, Duke Liudolf of Swabia in 953, Berengar attacked the Veronese march and also laid siege to Count Adalbert Atto's Canossa Castle.

Losing control and death (961-966)

In 960, Berengar invaded the Papal States under Pope John XII, on whose appeal finally King Otto, aiming at his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor, again marched against Italy. Berengar's troops deserted him and Otto by Christmas 961 had taken Pavia by default and declared Berengar deposed. He proceeded to Rome, where he was crowned emperor on 2 February 962. He then once more turned against Berengar, who was besieged at San Leo.

Meanwhile, Pope John had entered on negotiations with Berengar's son Adalbert, which in 963 caused Otto to move into Rome, where he deposed the pope and had Pope Leo VIII elected. The next year, Berengar finally surrendered to Otto's forces, he was captured and imprisoned at Bamberg in Germany, where he died in August 966.[2] His wife Willa spent the rest of her life in a German nunnery.


-http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORTHERN%20ITALY%20900-1100.htm#BerengarioIIitalydied966B

BERENGARIO d´Ivrea, son of ADALBERTO I Conte e Marchese d'Ivrea & his first wife Gisela di Friulia ([900]-in prison Bamberg 6 Jul 966, bur Regensburg). Liutprand names Berengar as son of "Adelberto Eporegiæ civitatis marchione [et]…Gisla Berengarii regis filia"[537]. He took part in the battle of Firenzuola against his maternal grandfather. He succeeded his father in [923/24] as BERENGARIO II Marchese d'Ivrea. In [940], he was forced to flee Ivrea by Ugo King of Italy who abolished the March of Ivrea. He was invited to the court of King Ugo, who intended to blind him, but was warned by Ugo's son Lothar and made his escape. He found refuge with Hermann Duke of Swabia, and later settled at the court of Otto I King of Germany. After returning to Italy in 945, he defeated King Ugo who was declared deposed by a diet at Milan, although Berengario allowed him to retain the title of king and himself assumed the title summus consiliarius[538]. He was proclaimed BERENGARIO II King of Italy by a general diet at Pavia 15 Dec 950, after the death of Lothar King of Italy. However, King Otto invaded Italy, on the pretext of King Berengario's mistreatment of Adelais, the wife of his predecessor King Lothar, and himself took the title King of Italy at Pavia 23 Sep 951. Having submitted to Otto, Berengario proposed himself as viceroy in Italy, which was accepted by the council of Augsburg Aug 952. Berengario reasserted his independence. Otto sent his son Liudolf to reimpose order, but the latter died there of fever in 957. After several further years of tyrannical rule, Otto invaded Italy again in Aug 961 in response to requests for his intervention from Pope John XII and Hubert [de Provence] Duke of Spoleto, one of Berengario's main vassals. He forced Berengario's retreat to the fortress of San Giulio near Montefeltro in 962. He finally captured Berengario in 963, and took him as a prisoner to Bamberg, where he died soon after[539]. The necrology of Fulda records the death "966 2 Non Aug" of "Berenger rex"[540]. Regino records the death of Berengario and his burial at Regensburg[541].

m ([930/31]) WILLA d’Arles, daughter of BOSO Comte d’Avignon Marchese of Tuscany & his wife Willa --- ([910]-Bamberg after 966). "Bertam, Willam, Richildam et Gislam" are named (in order) as the four daughters of Boso and Willa by Liutprand[542]. Willa is named "rex Hugo neptim suam…ex Willa uxore sua Boso Tusciæ provinciæ marchio regis frater" by Liutprand when he records her marriage to Berengario[543]. She ordered the imprisonment of Adelheid, widow of her husband's predecessor Lothar [de Provence] King of Italy. She retreated with her husband to the fortress of San Giulio in the face of Otto King of Germany's invasion, but was captured and taken to Bamberg with Berengario. Regino records that Willa became a nun after her husband died before he was buried[544].

Berengario & his wife had [seven] children:


-http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/berengario-ii-marchese-d-ivrea-re-d-italia_(Dizionario-Biografico)/






Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy M, #3913, b. circa 900, d. 6 August 966 Last Edited=10 May 2003

    Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy was born circa 900. He was the son of Abelbreta d'Ivrea and Gisella (?). He married Willa di Toscana, daughter of Boson di Toscana, Marchese di Toscana and Willa II di Borgogna, before 936. He died on 6 August 966.
    Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy gained the title of King Berengar II of Italy in 950. He was deposed as King of Italy in 963.

Children of Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy and Willa di Toscana -1. Urraca d'Ivrea+ -2. Adalbert, King of Italy d. c 9721 -2. Rozela d'Ivrea+ b. bt 950 - 960, d. 25 Jan 1003

Forrás / Source: http://www.thepeerage.com/p392.htm#i3913


http://www.thepeerage.com/p7514.htm#i75135 Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy M, #3913, b. circa 900, d. 6 August 966

Last Edited=10 May 2003

    Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy was born circa 900. He was the son of Abelbreta d'Ivrea and Gisella (?). He married Willa di Toscana, daughter of Boson di Toscana, Marchese di Toscana and Willa II di Borgogna, before 936. He died on 6 August 966.
    Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy gained the title of King Berengar II of Italy in 950. He was deposed as King of Italy in 963.

Children of Berengar II d'Ivrea, King of Italy and Willa di Toscana Urraca d'Ivrea+ Adalbert, King of Italy1 d. c 972 Rozela d'Ivrea+ b. bt 950 - 960, d. 25 Jan 1003

Citations [S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 98. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.


From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_142.htm

Also called BERENGARIO, MARCHESE D'IVREA E DI GISLA, grandson of Berengar I and king of Italy from 950 to 952.

Berengar was important in the career of the German king and Holy Roman emperor Otto I the Great. For several months in 951 he held captive Adelaide, the daughter and widow of kings of Italy; she escaped and married Otto, who assumed the title of king of the Lombards and made Berengar his vassal. Later (from 960) Berengar and his son Adalbert attacked Pope John XII, on whose appeal Otto marched into Rome and was crowned emperor (962). John's subsequent negotiations with Berengar caused Otto to depose the pope and imprison Berengar in Germany (963).

Forced to do homage to German King Otto I in 952. Died in captivity.

Alternate spelling: Berengarius

References: [Weis1],[ES],[PlantagenetA],[WallopFH],[Paget1], [AR7]


Courtesy of fantastically full family tree cf.:

Hughes of Gwerclas 1/2/3/4:

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_1.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_2.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_3.htm

http://www.maximiliangenealogy.co.uk/burke1/Royal%20Descents/hughesofgwerclas_4.htm


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Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy's Timeline

886
886
- 896
Bayeux et Rennes, France
886
- 896
Breton (Neustria) March, France
886
- 896
Bretagne, France
900
900
Torino, Piemonte, Italy
917
917
Age 17
932
932
Age 32
Ivrea, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
935
935
Age 35
Ivrea, Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy
940
940
Age 40
Ivrea, Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy
940
Age 40