Bernard II, duke of Saxony

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Bernard

German: Bernhard
Birthdate: (66)
Birthplace: Namur, Namur, Belgium
Death: Died in Lüneburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
Place of Burial: the Church of Saint Michael in Lüneburg., Lower Saxony, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Bernard I, duke of Saxony and Hildegard von Stade, duchess of Saxony
Husband of Bertrade Haraldsdotter and Eilika of Schweinfurt
Father of Ordulf (Otto) III, duke of Saxony; Hermann Prinz von Sachsen; Ida of Saxony; Gertrude of Saxony and Hadwig Billung?
Brother of Ida von Haldensleben; Äbtissin Godesti von Sachsen, princess, abbess von Meteln & Herford; Matilde von Sachsen, Princesse; Imma von Sachsen, Princesse; Thietmar von Sachsen and 1 other

Occupation: Duke of Saxony, Hertug, Duque de Sachsen, Herzog 1011-59, Greve av ballenstedt/Hertug a, Duke, Unknown GEDCOM info: Hertug af Sachsen, Greve af Billung Unknown GEDCOM info: 0, Hertug af Sachsen, Duke of Saxony 1011-1059.ger, Hertig, DUKE OF SAXONY, Greve
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Bernard II, duke of Saxony

Bernard II, Duke of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bernard II (c. 995 – 29 June 1059) was the Duke of Saxony (1011 – 1059), the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia.

Bernard expanded the powers of the duke in Saxony and is regarded as the greatest of the Billungers. He was originally a supporter of Emperor Henry II and he accompanied him into Poland and negotiated the treaty of Bautzen of 1018. In 1019-1020, he revolted and gained the recognition of the tribal laws of Saxony, something his father had just failed to do. He returned then to war with the Slavs and drew them into his sphere of power and influence through their leader, Godescalc (Gottschalk).

He supported Conrad II in 1024 and his son Henry III, though he began to fear the latter for his closeness to the Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen, an inveterate enemy of the dukes of Saxony. Though he was a critical ally of the Danes, so fundamental to Henry's wars in the Low Countries, Bernard was on the brink of rebellion until the death of Adalbert. The remainder of his reign, however, was quiet.

In 1045, he erected the Alsterburg in Hamburg. He died in 1059 and was succeeded without incident by his son Ordulf. He is buried in the Church of Saint Michael in Lüneburg.

Issue of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt

   * Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 – August 4, 1113) Married: Floris I, Count of Holland, Married (secondly): Robert I, Count of Flanders
   * Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (c. 1020 – March 28, 1072) Married: Ulfhilde or Wulfhilde of Norway (c. 1023 - May 24, 1070), daughter of Saint & King Olaf II (St.Olaf) of Norway & Astrid of Sweden
   * Hermann
   * Ida of Saxony Married: Albert III, Count of Namur

References

   * The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal ancestors of 300 American Families By Michel L. Call ISBN 1-933194-22-7 (chart 1557)
   * Per Frederick Lewis Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came To America Before 1700 (7th ed.), Gertrude is not a daughter of Elica von Schweinfurt, but of an unnamed 2nd wife.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_II%2C_Duke_of_Saxony


Regjeringstid: Sachsen: 1011 - 1059

Født: ukjent

Død: 1059

Foreldre: Bernhard I av Sachsen,

Hildegard av Stade

Ektefelle‍(r): Eilika av Schweinfurt

Barn: Ordulf av Sachsen

Herman

Gertrud

Ida

Hadwig

------------------------------------------

Bernhard II av Sachsen (fødselsår ukjent, død i 1059) var sønn av hertug Bernhard I av Sachsen og Hildegard av Stade. Han etterfulgte sin far som hertug av Sachsen i 1011. Han hadde et anspent forhold til Henrik II og med de religiøse myndighetene i Hamburg-Bremen. Videre kjempet han mot sorberne. Han var gift med Eilika av Schweinfurt, markgrev Henrik Is datter, og sammen fikk de barna:

Ordulf av Sachsen (1022-1072)

Herman (-1086)

Gertrud (-1115), gift med grev Floris I av Holland (-1061) i 1050 og med grev Robrecht I av Flandern (-1093) i 1063

Ida (-1102), gift med hertug Fredrik av Nieder-Lothringen (-1065) og med grev Albert III av Namur (-1102)

Hadwig, gift med grev Engelbert I av Spanheim (-1096).


 Noted events in his life were:

• Acceded: Duke of Saxony, 1011.

Bernhard married Elika von Schweinfurt, daughter of Henry von Schweinfurt and Gerberge von Henneberg, circa 1020. (Elika von Schweinfurt was born circa 1000 and died after 1055.)


Links:

Bernhard II. (Sachsen)

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

Bernhard II. (* nach 990; † 29. Juni 1059) aus der Familie der Billunger war seit dem Jahr 1011 Herzog in Sachsen. Er war der Sohn von Herzog Bernhard I. und Hildegard. Sein jüngerer Bruder war Thietmar.

Er war Vogt zu Lüneburg, Verden, Möllenbeck, Minden, Herford, Kemnade und Fischbeck und besaß Grafenrechte bis nach Friesland hin.

Den Kaiser Heinrich II. unterstützte er nur lasch gegen Polen und vermittelte 1018 den Frieden von Bautzen.

1019/20 rebellierte er und erzwang die Anerkennung aller Stammesrechte.

Mit Hilfe von Fürst Gottschalk band er die Slawen wieder enger ans Reich. 1024 erkannte er Konrad II. an.

Er stand gegen die Grafen von Stade und von Werl. Ferner gegen die Erzbischöfe von Bremen und die sächsischen Bischöfe, ab 1043 besonders gegen den Erzbischof Adalbert von Bremen, dem er die Schuld am Tod seines Bruders gab. Thietmar soll angeblich 1048 einen Mordanschlag auf Heinrich III. geplant haben.

1045 ließ er die Alsterburg in Hamburg errichten. Nach seinem Tod wurde er in der St.-Michaelis-Kirche in Lüneburg begraben.

Nachkommen

Bernhard II. war verheiratet mit Eilika († 10. Dezember nach 1055/1056), einer Tochter des Heinrich von Schweinfurt, Markgraf des Nordgau. Er hatte mit ihr fünf Kinder:

  • Ordulf (Otto) († 28. März 1072) Herzog von Sachsen, begraben in St. Michaelis in Lüneburg ∞ I November 1042 Wulfhild von Norwegen († 24. Mai 1071) Tochter des Königs Olav II. Haraldsson
  • Hermann († 1088) Graf 1059/80
  • Gertrud († 4. August 1089 (oder 1093), ∞ I Floris I. Graf von Holland (ermordet 28. Juni 1061 bei Hemert) (Gerulfinger), ∞ II 1063 Robert I. der Friese († 13. Oktober 1092, 1062/71 Graf von Holland, 1071 Graf von Flandern
  • Ida († 31. Juli 1101) Erbin von Laroche (Ardennen) ∞ I Friedrich († 28. August 1065) 1046 Herzog von Lothringen (Wigeriche), ∞ II 1065/66 Albert III. († 22. Juni 1102) Graf von Namur, 1035 bezeugt (Haus Namur)
  • Hadwig/Hedwig (* um 1030/35, † 17. Juli um 1112), ∞ Engelbert I. († 1. April 1096), Graf von Spanheim, Markgraf von Istrien

Literatur

  • Ernst Steindorff: Bernhard II., Herzog von Sachsen. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 2. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, S. 435–437.

Weblinks

  • genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger

  • Bernhard I. Herzog von Sachsen 1011–1059

Nachfolger

  • Ordulf

Normdaten: PND: 138734895 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. April 2010 um 17:50 Uhr geändert


Bernard II Duke of Saxony Reign 1011–1059 Born c. 995 Died 29 June 1059 Predecessor Bernard I Successor Ordulf Consort to Eilika of Schweinfurt Royal House House of Billung Father Bernard I, Duke of Saxony Mother Hildegard


Leo, Europäische Stammtafeln, Band I, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von, Reference: Page 10.

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Bernard II, duke of Saxony's Timeline

993
993
Namur, Namur, Belgium
1011
1011
Age 18
Duke of Saxony
1020
1020
Age 27
Braunschweig, Lower Saxony, Germany
1030
1030
Age 37
Schweinfurt, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1030
Age 37
Saxony
1030
Age 37
Sachsen, Germany
1059
June 29, 1059
Age 66
Lüneburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
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