Capitán Blas María Villarreal de la Garza Falcón

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About Capitán Blas María Villarreal de la Garza Falcón

Capt. Blas María Villarreal de la Garza Falcón, colonizer of South Texas and Tamaulipas and the first settler of Nueces County, Texas, was born in Real de las Salinas, Nuevo León, Mexico, in 1712 to Gen. Blas de la Garza Falcón, twice governor of Coahuila, and Beatriz de Villarreal. His five brothers and six sisters spent their childhood at the hacienda Pesquería Chica near Monterrey. He probably received his education in Monterrey. By 1734 he was a captain at Presidio de San Gregorio de Cerralvo in Nuevo León. On January 4, 1731, Garza Falcón married Catarina Gómez de Castro, daughter of Capt. Antonio Gómez de Castro and Nicolasa Baes de Treviño, at the mining town of Boca de Leones, present-day Villaldama, Nuevo León. One daughter, María Gertrudis de la Garza Falcón, and two sons, Juan José and José Antonio de la Garza Falcón, were born to this marriage. After the death of Catarina, Garza Falcón married Josefa de los Santos Coy, daughter of Nicolás de los Santos Coy, alcalde of Cerralvo, and Ana María Guerra. No children were born to this marriage.

In 1747, José de Escandón, colonizer of Nuevo Santander, chose Blas María de la Garza Falcón to explore the south bank of the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte). Garza Falcón led a contingent of 50 men from the presidio of Cerralvo to the mouth of the river. Escandón's plan, as implemented by Garza Falcón, was to establish seven settlements along the river: Revilla, Camargo, Mier, Dolores, Reynosa, Laredo, and Vedoya.

On March 5, 1749, Garza Falcón arranged for 40 families from Nuevo León to settle at Camargo on the banks of the Rio Grande. He founded the villa of Camargo, a presidio for his military squadron, and a mission, San Agustín de Laredo, for the Indians. Escandón named him captain and chief justice of Camargo, the first settlement founded on the Rio Grande. In 1752, Garza Falcón established a ranch, Carnestolendas, now the site of Rio Grande City, Texas, on the north side of the river.

After two unsuccessful attempts to settle and colonize land near the Nueces River, Escandón gave the assignment to Garza Falcón. By 1766, Garza Falcón had established a ranching outpost named Santa Petronila five leagues from the Nueces River in what is now Nueces County, Texas. He took his family and employees there and started a ranching enterprise that served as a camp for the Spanish soldiers from Presidio Nuestra Señora de Loreto, who explored the vicinity while patrolling in 1767. The ranch, eight miles east of the Nueces River, served as an outpost and way station.

In 1767, Garza Falcón returned to Camargo, where he died and was buried in his private chapel, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe. After his death the land grants were distributed to the settlers; his family received land extending from the Rio Grande to the Nueces River in South Texas

Capt. Blas Maria DE LA GARZA Falcon [1178],[1179]

  • was born circa 1712 in Real de las Salinas, Nuevo Leon, New Spain.[1179]
  • He died in 1767 at the age of 55 in Camargo, Tamaulipas, New Spain.

He led the group of settlers from Cerralvo who established the Escandon settlement of Camargo in 1749. He was a Captain and "justicia mayor" in Camargo, and as such, was entitled to a porcion twice the size of the other original settlers. He was assigned Porcion 80 and established a ranch called Carnestolendas there (the present day site of Rio Grande City).

In 1762, he was assigned by Jose de Escandon the task of colonizing land near the Nueces River to serve as a way station for travelers between Nuevo Santander and the missions of East Texas and as a camp for the troops from the Presidio Nuestra Señora de Loreto who patrolled the area. Capt. Blas Maria de la Garza Falcon established a ranch in what is now Nueces County, Texas. He named the ranch Santa Petronila and brought his family and employees to live there and help run the ranch. The Santa Petronila ranch was situated on lands that some 70 years later would be included in the "El Chilpitin" land grant from the Mexican government to Blas Maria de la Garza Falcon, a great-grandson of Capt. Blas Maria de la Garza Falcon.

In 1767, Capt. Blas Maria de la Garza Falcon returned to Camargo and died there before the porciones were officially distributed to the settlers of Camargo. His son Jose Antonio succeeded him as Captain and "justicia mayor" of Camargo. It was Capt. Jose Antonio de la Garza Falcon who presided over the official granting of the porciones land grants and it was Jose Antonio who took officially took possession of Porcion 80, which had been originally assigned to his father.

  • Parents: Gen. Blas DE LA GARZA Falcon and Beatriz de VILLARREAL.
  • Spouse: Catarina GOMEZ de Castro. Catarina GOMEZ de Castro and Capt. Blas Maria DE LA GARZA Falcon were married on 4 January 1731 in Boca de Leones, Nuevo Leon, New Spain.[1178],[1179] Children were:
    • 1. Maria Gertrudis DE LA GARZA Falcon,
    • 2. Capt. Jose Antonio DE LA GARZA Falcon,
    • 3. Juan Joseph DE LA GARZA Falcon.
  • Spouse: Josepha de los SANTOS COY. Josepha de los SANTOS COY and Capt. Blas Maria DE LA GARZA Falcon were married.1179



  • was born 1712 in Real de las Salinas, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, and
  • died 1767 in Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
  • He married (1) MARIA-CATARINA GOMEZ-DE-CASTRO January 04, 1731 in San Pedro, Boca de Leones, Villaldama, Nuevo Leon, Mexico,
    • daughter of ANTONIO GOMEZ-DE-CASTRO and MARIA-NICOLASA DE TREVINO. She was born Bet. 1712 - 1715, and
    • died Bet. 1741 - 1745.
  • He married (2) MARIA-JOSEFA DE-LOS-SANTOS-COY Abt. 1742 in Cerralvo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico,
    • daughter of NICOLAS-MANUEL DE-LOS-SANTOS-COY and ANA-MARIA GUERRA-CANAMAR-DE-LA-GARZA. She died Aft. July 12, 1757 in Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
      • Notes for CAPTAIN BLAS-MARIA DE-LA-GARZA-FALCON: Founder and Chief Justice of Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
      • In 1752, he and Don Nicolas de los Santos Coy, (his father-in-law) received from Escandon, 433,500 acres of land across the Rio Grande river. He named this grant Carnestolendas. This ranch would later be named Rancho Davis. Named after one of his grandaughter's husband. Source:El Rancho in South Texas, Continuity and Change from 1750, by Joe S. Graham
      • He, his second wife, and children from his first marriage are listed on the June 3rd, 1750 census, Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
      • On July 12, 1757 he and his family are listed on the census for the town Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico
      • 1759 - Listed on the census for Guerrero Viejo, Tamaulipas, Mexico
      • Notes for MARIA-JOSEFA DE-LOS-SANTOS-COY: July 12, 1757 - Listed on the census for the town Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico
      • Marriage Notes for BLAS-MARIA DE-LA-GARZA-FALCON and MARIA-JOSEFA DE-LOS-SANTOS-COY: No issue from this 2nd marriage.


    • b. 1734, Cerralvo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico;
    • d. Aft. August 18, 1789;
    • m. JOSEPH-SALVADOR DE-LA-GARZA-ELIZONDO, 1754, Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico;
      • b. May 25, 1738, Sagrario Metropolitano, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico;
      • d. September 1781, Rancho Viejo, Cameron County, Texas.
        • Notes for MARIA-GERTRUDIS DE-LA-GARZA-FALCON-GOMEZ: Heiress to one sixth of the Potrero del Espiritu Santo land grant. This grant included the town of Brownsville, Texas. Source:From the book, The King Ranch by Tom Lea. On August 18, 1789, she signed her last will and testament.
        • Notes for JOSEPH-SALVADOR DE-LA-GARZA-ELIZONDO: In 1781, he received the Espiritu Santo land grant from the King of Spain. He and his wife are listed on the July 12th 1757 census, Camargo, Tamaulipas,Mexico
    • b. 1738, Cerralvo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico;
    • d. August 17, 1797, Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico;
    • m. MARIA-LEONOR MENDEZ-GONZALEZ, April 12, 1774, Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
    • b. 1741, Cerralvo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico;
    • d. August 02, 1796, Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexico;
    • m. MARIA-CANDIDA-FRANCISCA GUERRA-DE-LA-GARZA, April 02, 1770, Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico;
      • b. October 18, 1742, Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexico;
      • d. May 1803.

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Capitán Blas María Villarreal de la Garza Falcón's Timeline

Real de las Salinas, Nuevo Reino de León, Reino de Nueva España
Age 22
Cerralvo, Nuevo Reino de León, Virreinato de Nueva España
Age 26
Cerralvo, Nuevo Reino de León, Virreinato de Nueva España
Age 29
Cerralvo, Nuevo Reino de León, Virreinato de Nueva España
Age 55
Camargo, Nuevo Santander, Reino de Nueva España
Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico