Historical records matching Boedhe mac Cináeda
About Boedhe mac Cináeda
Boete, Boite, Beoedhe, Bode Father of Gille and Gruoch who married Macbeth
Etymology of his name is obscure; it may be cognate with Irish "Buadach" (victorious; cf. Boudica), or "Buite" (a saint's name), or "Beoaodh" (living fire); or he may have been directly named for the philosopher Boethius (c. 480–524 AD), who had a high reputation throughout the Middle Ages.
Death date of "1058" is not confirmed, and he may not have survived the purges of Malcolm II. If he did, he had some flaw (perhaps as minor as a port-wine birthmark of the face) that disqualified him (but not his descendants) from the kingship.
BOITE [Bodhe] (-before 1033). His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record that "the grandson of Baete son of Cinead was killed by Mael Coluim son of Cinaed" in 1033 [Annals of Ulster, 1033.7, p. 473]. m ---. The name of Boite's wife is not known. Boite & his wife had two children:
a) GILLE . Inquisitions by "David…Cumbrensis regionis princeps", dated 1124, concerning land owned by the church of Glasgow refer to donations by "…Gille filius Boed…"[Early Scottish Charters L, p. 46 - but Lawrie drew no conclusions as to identity]. same person as…? son. m ---. m ---. The name of this son's wife is not known. He & his wife had one child:
i) son (-murdered in infancy 1033). The Annals of Ulster record that "the grandson of Baete son of Cinead was killed by Mael Coluim son of Cinaed" in 1033 [Annals of Ulster, 1033.7, p. 473].
b) GRUOCH (-). "Machbet filius Finlach…et Gruoch filia Bodhe, rex et regina Scottorum" made grants to the church of St Serf, although the document also names "Malcolmus Rex filius Duncani" which casts doubt on its authenticity [Early Scottish Charters V, p. 5 - it being a "Notitia", or statement after the fact, may account for anachronisms]. The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified. m firstly GILLACOMGAIN Mormaer of Moray, son of MAELBRIGTE & his wife --- (-burned alive 1032). The Annals of Ulster record that "Gilla Comgán son of Mael Brigte, earl of Moray was burned together with fifty people" in 1032 [Annals of Ulster, 1032.1, p. 472]. m secondly (after 1032) MACBETH, son of FINDLAECH MacRory Thane of Angus, Mormaer of Moray & his wife [Donada] of Scotland (-killed in battle Lumphanan 15 Aug 1057, bur Isle of Iona). He succeeded in 1040 as MACBETH King of Scotland. Gruoch & her first husband had one child:
i) LULACH (-killed in battle Essie, Strathbogie 17 Mar 1058, bur Isle of Iona). The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Macheth filius Findleg xvii, Lulac nepos filii Boide iv mensibus et dimidium…" as kings [Skene (1867), XVI, Chronicle of the Scots 1165, Cronica Regum Scottorum, p. 131]. The Continuation of the Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach records Lulach as son of Macbeth[Skene (1867), XII, Continuation of Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach, p. 119]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "on the death of Machabeus, some of his kinsfolk" installed "his cousin Lulath…the Simple" as king at Scone but that King Malcolm killed him 3 Apr 1057, adding that he was buried "in the island of Iona" [John of Fordun (Skene), Book V, VIII, pp. 193-4]. He succeeded his stepfather 1057 as LULACH "the Simple" King of Scotland, crowned Aug 1057 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Lulag" was killed "…in Martio"[Mariani Scotti Chronicon 1040, MGH SS V, p. 55]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Lulach son of Gilla Comgain, over-king of Scotland was killed in battle by Mael Coluim son of Donnchad" in 1058 [Annals of Ulster, 1058.2, p. 496], although curiously this entry precedes the record of the death of King Macbeth in the same year. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Lulach rí Alban” was killed by “Mael-Coluimb, son of Donnchad” in 1058 [Annals of Tigernach II, p. 290], also preceding the record in the same source of the death of King Macbeth. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Lulach fatuus" reigned 4 months, was killed "in Esseg in Strathbolgin" and was buried "in Iona insula" [Skene (1867), XXIII, Chronicle of the Scots and Picts 1177, p. 152].]
- MORMAERS of MORAY.
[this section has been deleted from Medlands]:
m FINNGHUALA, daughter of SINILL Mormaer of Angus & his wife ---. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.
Boite mac Cináeda
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(Redirected from Bodhe)
Boite mac Cináeda ("Boite son of Kenneth") (also, Bodhe, Boedhe, etc) (985-1058) was a Scottish prince, son of either King Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Choluim) or King Kenneth III (Cináed mac Duib).
He was the father of Gruoch of Scotland and friend to Findláech of Moray, Macbeth's father. He arranged the marriage of Macbeth and Gruoch in 1032, which permitted Macbeth to assume the throne of Scotland in 1040. Later he was behind the short-lived ascension of Lulach, his grandson, to the throne in 1057.
[Alternative accounts have it that Malcolm II did include him in a purge of all possible rivals to his grandson Duncan - which would give Gruoch an even stronger motive for revenge.]
Kenneth III of Scotland
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Whether Boite mac Cináeda was a son of this Kenneth [III], or of Kenneth II, is uncertain, although most propose this Kenneth. A son, or grandson of Boite, was reported to be killed by Malcolm II in 1032 in the Annals of Ulster.
Note that descent from Kenneth II would give Gruoch, and therefore Macbeth, a *far* stronger claim to the throne. On the other hand, that would make Macbeth and Gruoch first cousins once removed, and they would have had to get a dispensation from the Pope for that (which, admittedly, was sometimes granted after-the-fact).