Brevet Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott Allen, USA

Is your surname Allen?

Research the Allen family

Brevet Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott Allen, USA's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Brevet Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott Allen, USA

Birthplace: Andover, Allegany County, New York, United States
Death: November 12, 1905 (80)
Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States
Place of Burial: Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Asa Smith Allen and Lydia Allen
Brother of Asst. Surgeon William Wirt Allen, USA

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brevet Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott Allen, USA

Thomas S. Allen is best remembered for his leadership of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. He also served as Wisconsin’s ninth secretary of state and published the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper after the war.


Allen was born in Andover, New York, in 1825. He attended common schools, learned the printer's trade, and attended Oberlin College. In 1847 he arrived in Iowa County, Wisconsin, where for the next 13 years he was engaged in mining, surveying, and teaching school in and around Dodgeville. He served in minor public offices, and was chosen by his neighbors to represent them in the state Assembly in 1857. In 1860 he moved to Madison.

Civil War Service

When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, Allen enlisted as a private in the Governor's Guards local militia (Co. K, 1st Wisconsin Infantry). But Gov. Alexander Randall asked him to form a company from southwestern Wisconsin. At the end of June, Allen headed south as captain of Co. I, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry. A month later he led his troops at the Battle of Bull Run, and over the next 18 months was promoted up through the ranks to lieutenant colonel. As a major, Allen led his troops into the Battle of Gainesville, where he was wounded in the neck and the wrist, but refused to leave the field. At the Battle of South Mountain he was again wounded.

In January 1863 Allen was promoted to colonel of the 5th Infantry. On May 3, he commanded the regiment at the bloody attack on Marye's Heights, during the Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. On November 7 he was wounded again, during the Battle of Rappahannock Station. When the 5th Infantry’s term of service was up in the summer of 1864, Allen volunteered to reorganize it with new recruits, and served through the end of the war. In 1865 he was brevetted brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers.

Postwar Career

Allen was elected secretary of state of Wisconsin in 1865 and served two terms, from 1866-1870. He helped organize the Grand Army of the Republic in Wisconsin, and served as its commander, 1869-1870.

After moving to Oshkosh in 1870, Allen took over as publisher of the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper. He ran the paper from 1870-1884 in partnership with John Hicks. With Julius Weidner, he ran a German newspaper, the Wisconsin Telegraph, from 1885-1902. Allen died at home of heart failure on December 12, 1905.


Thomas S. Allen was born on July 26, 1825 in Andover, New York. He attended Oberlin College, then moved to Iowa County, Wisconsin, where he was a surveyor, miner, and teacher. In 1857 he became a member of the Wisconsin State Legislature, and also served as a clerk in Madison, Wisconsin and as a militia member.

In 1861 he enlisted in the Governor's Guards, eventually becoming a Captain in the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment . He participated in the battles of Bull Run, Gainesville, and Antietam, where he was wounded on September 17, 1862.

He became Colonel of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment on January 26, 1863, commanding the regiment at Marye's Heights, Rappahannock Station, where he was wounded for a second time on November 7, 1863, and Petersburg. He mustered out on August 2, 1864. For his service he was brevetted Major General of United States Volunteers at the end of the war.

In 1866 Allen was elected Wisconsin Secretary of State on the Republican ticket for a four-year term. In 1869 he helped organize the Grand Army of the Republic in Wisconsin, and served as commander of the Wisconsin department for two years.

In 1870 he moved to Oshkosh, becoming a partner in the Oshkosh Northwestern until 1884. From 1885 until 1902 he published the Wisconsin Telegraph, a German newspaper. He died on December 12, 1905 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin.


Thomas Scott Allen (1825–1905) was a politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin. He served as the state's ninth Secretary of State for two terms from January 1, 1866 to January 3, 1870. He was a Republican and served under Governor Lucius Fairchild. He served in the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1853. During the American Civil War, he served as a colonel in the 5th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He would be brevetted a brigadier general.

He resided in Mineral Point, Wisconsin at the time of his election.

view all

Brevet Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott Allen, USA's Timeline

July 26, 1825
Andover, Allegany County, New York, United States
November 12, 1905
Age 80
Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States
Riverside Cemetery, Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States