Brig.Gen. George Baylor (Continental Army)

Is your surname Baylor?

Research the Baylor family

Brig.Gen. George Baylor (Continental Army)'s Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


George W. Baylor

Birthdate: (32)
Birthplace: New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States
Death: March 1, 1784 (32)
Bridgetown, Saint Michael, Barbados
Place of Burial: Bridgetown, Saint Michael, Barbados
Immediate Family:

Son of John Baylor, III and Frances Lucy Baylor
Husband of Lucy Burwell
Father of John Walker Baylor
Brother of Lucy Page Armistead; Capt. John Walker Baylor and Robert Baylor, Sr.,

Managed by: Ric Kostick
Last Updated:

About Brig.Gen. George Baylor (Continental Army)

Educated in England

lieutenant colonel under George Washington

aide-de-camp to George Washington from August, 1775 to January 1777

1777 colonel of the Third Continental Dragoons. September that year he had a surprise attack by the british near Tappan, NY around midnight and received a bayonet thrust to the lungs from which he never fully recovered

commissioned Brevet Brigadier General in 1783, but pulmonary trouble developed from his wound at Tappan and he sought relief in the West Indies. He died in Barbados in 1783 and was buried there.


George Baylor (January 12, 1752, Newmarket, Virginia - March 1784, Bridgetown, Barbados) was an officer in the Continental Army, serving throughout the American Revolution.

Military career

Baylor was first aide-de-camp to George Washington, and brought the news of the Battle of Trenton to the Continental Congress. He was later appointed to lead the 3rd Regiment of Continental Light Dragoons, which often acted as the escort for Martha Washington. While commanding his Dragoons in September 1778, his forces were attacked on the night of the 28th as they slept in local homes and barns on Overkill Road in what is now River Vale, New Jersey. The attack came to be known as the Baylor Massacre.

Colonel Baylor and his men were on an information gathering assignment for General Washington when they were attacked by General "No Flint" Grey's men. The British had many loyal friends among the farmers of that area and it is suspected that one of the farmers alerted the British about the placement of Baylor's men. The American dead where thrown into tanning vats. The wounded were taken to the Tappan Dutch Reformed Church a few miles north over the New York border. There, Baylor's second in command Major Alexander Clough died. Baylor received a bayonet wound in the lung and was captured, but was later able to rejoin the Continental forces. Along with a number of other colonels, he was promoted to brevet brigadier general at the end of the war.

The location of their bodies remained a secret until they were unearthed in an archaeological dig in the 1960s. Many artifacts were found but, unfortunately, the location of them is now unknown.

There is a park dedicated to the Baylor Massacre on Rivervale Road in River Vale.


Baylor never completely recovered from his injuries, and following the end of the war in 1783 he journeyed to Barbados to regain his health. However, he continued to weaken and died there in 1784.


His nephew was US Congressman Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor.
His Great-nephews were Confederate Colonels John Baylor and George Wythe Baylor.
His father was Col. John Baylor III (1705–1772). On Col. Baylor III, see Thomas Katheder, The Baylors of Newmarket: The Decline and Fall of a Virginia Planter Family (New York and Bloomington, Ind., 2009).

view all

Brig.Gen. George Baylor (Continental Army)'s Timeline

January 12, 1752
New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States
April 13, 1779
Age 27
March 1, 1784
Age 32
Bridgetown, Saint Michael, Barbados
Bridgetown, Saint Michael, Barbados