About Brevet Brig. General Nirom M. Crane (USA)
Nirom Marium Crane
Birth: Dec. 13, 1828 Death: Sep. 19, 1901
Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General. He entered the Union Army with a commission of Lieutenant Colonel in the 23rd New York Volunteer Infantry on May 16, 1861. After a time as the regiment's second-in-command he was detailed to the staff of Major General John F. Reynolds, serving as his Assistant Inspector General. He was then detailed to served as the Deputy Provost-Marshal-General of the Army of the Potomac before being mustered out on May 22, 1863 when his enlistment expired by law.
He rejoined the Union war effort a short time later, receiving a commission of Colonel and commander of the 107th New York Volunteer Infantry, replacing Colonel Alexander S. Diven, who had been elected to the United States Congress. Very soon after he joined his new command, led his regiment at the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, where they fought on Culp's Hill and at the Spangler Spring.
He and his men were soon transferred to Major General William T. Sherman's Army in the South, and participated in the Atlanta Campaign, the March to the Sea, and the operations in the Carolinas that ended the War in that region. Colonel Crane occasionally commanded a Provisional Brigade during that time. He was brevetted Brigadier General, US Volunteers on March 13, 1865 for "gallant and meritorious services during the recent campaign in Georgia and the Carolinas". (bio by: Russ Dodge)
Promoted to Full Lt Colonel (23rd NY Inf)
Promoted to Full Colonel (107th NY Inf)
Promoted to Brevet Brig-Gen
107th New York Infantry
During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Greene’s Brigade in Geary’s Division of the Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Col. Nirom M. Crane (1828-1901). Banker living in New York City.
Number Engaged: 319
Casualties: 2 wounded
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. Nirom M. Crane:
Gen. Nirom M. Crane was born in Penn Yan, Yates Co., N. Y., Dec. 13, 1828. The family of Crane is of English descent, and the ancestor of the family, Henry Crane,—born 1635,—came to America about the year 1660, as record is found of his descent as son of John Crane, of Norfolk, England. Gen. Crane traces his descent from Capt. John Crane, son of Henry Crane, who was born in 1664, and commanded a company in an expedition against Canada, in 1711, and died in New York, as the result of hardship and exposure in that campaign. His grandfather, Daniel Crane,—born 1756,—was a soldier during the Revolutionary war. He, with others, being at church when the news of the battle of Concord came, at once enlisted in the service of his country. About the year 1806 he removed from Connecticut with his family, and settled in Yates Co., N. Y., in what is now the town of Benton,—then a wilderness. Hence he was a pioneer in that county, and there spent the remainder of his life as a farmer, dying at about the age of seventy. Gen. Crane's father, Nirom Crane, one of nine children, was a volunteer and ranked as second lieutenant of a rifle company in the war of 1812 ; was engaged in the battle of Queenstown Heights, Canada. He led a quiet life as a farmer, and died, at the age of sixty-one, in the year 1845, leaving two sons and five daughters who reached maturity, of whom the subject of this notice was the youngest. At the age of fifteen he became a clerk in a general merchandise store in Wayne, this county, and continued as such, in that place and Penn Yan, during the remainder of his minority. In the year 1849 he established himself in business as a merchant at Wayne, which he continued successfully for three years, and removed to Hornellsville, where he carried on mercantile business until 1856, when, being chosen vice-president of the Bank of Hornellsville (the first bank established there), he remained in connection with the business of that bank until it was closed, in 1859. He at once started a private bank, the business of which he carried on until the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion. In April, 1861, inspired with that patriotism and loyalty to country so characteristic of his ancestors, he raised a company of volunteers, and in May following, as lieutenantcolonel of the 23d New York Volunteers (called the Southern Tier Rifles), hastened to the capital, reaching Arlington Heights the next morning after the battle of Bull Run. As lieutenant-colonel he commanded the regiment through Pope's campaign, and led it successively in the more important battles of Rappahannock, Groveton, Bull Run (second), Chantilly, South Mountain, and Antietam. After the latter battle he was detailed as acting inspector- general on the stafi" of the 1st Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj.-Gen. John F. Reynolds, where he remained until after the close of the battle of Fredericksburg, and on which he officiated as aide-de-camp to Gen. Reynolds, and was complimented in general orders for gallantry on the battle-field by him. Subsequently he was assigned assistant provost-marshalgeneral on the staff of Gen. Hooker, in the Army of the Potomac, where he remained until the expiration of his term of service of two years, when, after only two weeks' respite at home he returned to his regiment as colonel of the 107th New York Volunteers, joined the regiment at Leesburg, Va., then on the march to Gettysburg. In the battle of Gettysburg he had command of the regiment in the thickest of the fight, yet losing only a few men. His corps (the 20th) was then sent, under command of Gen. Hooker, to join Sherman at Chattanooga. To follow his career through " Sherman's march to the sea would be to give an outline sketch of the victories, privations, marches, etc., of that renowned campaign, the principal of which were Resaca, Cassville, Dallas, Peach-Tree Creek, and Atlanta, and the taking of Savannah, followed by the march through the Carolinas, and the capture and surrender of Johnston's army. During the campaign in South Carolina, for gallant and meritorious conduct, he was brevetted brigadier-general with rank from March, 1865. Gen. Crane was mustered out of the service in June, 1865, and returned home. In the fall of the same year he opened a private bank, under the name of N. M. Crane & Co., which he continues to carry on. In 1869 he was chosen county clerk, which oflice he held one term. Upon the organization of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, at Bath, N. Y., Gen. Crane was appointed by Governor Robinson as one of the nine trustees, and is also the treasurer of that institution. Gen. Crane has been identified with the Republican party since its organization, although not in any sense of the term a professional politician. In the year 1852, Oct. 19, he married Marie Louise, second daughter of Matthew MacDowell, of Wayne, Steuben Co., a lady of rare culture, and descended from English ancestry on the maternal, and Scotch ancestry on the paternal side. Their children are Sidney H., Marion Louise, and Guy MacDowell.
source: History of Steuben County New York, p. 119