Brevet Maj. Gen. Frederick Winthrop, (USA)
|Birthplace:||New York, New York County, New York, United States|
|Death:||Died in Petersburg, Prince George County, Virginia, United States|
|Cause of death:||Killed in the battle of Five Forks|
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching Brevet Maj. Gen. Frederick Winthrop, (USA)
About Brevet Maj. Gen. Frederick Winthrop, (USA)
General Winthrop was born in 1839, and entered the ranks of the famous Seventy-first in April 1861. His conduct on the field at the battle of Bull Run was conspicuous for coolness and gallantry, and insured him a Captaincy in the Twelfth Regiment Regular Infantry. He at once proceeded to raise his company and organize the same at Fort Hamilton, New-York Harbor, and with the first battalion of his regiment, joined the Army of the Potomac on the 11th of April, 1862. From that time, until the day of his death, he was on duty with that army, participating in all us famous battles.
Conspiuous in every action for his intelligence, cool courage and determination, he won for himself not only the love and respect of his comrades, but the commendation and esteem of his Commanders. He rose steadily from one position to another, until he reached the grade of Brevet Brigadier-General, which rank he held at the time he so nobly sacrificed his life on the field of battle to save a friend.
From private in the ranks to General commanding a brigade, his record has been stainless. Participating in all the principal battles fought in the East, his conduct in each was worthy of the man who in the heat of battle could die as he did in an act of quiet heroism and noble self sacrifice. He was a splendid soldier, skillful, gallant, cool and accomplished.
But those who knew him simply as a soldier were ignorant of the things that most endeared him to a multitude of friends. How many who served with him in the army of the Potomac or who met him in his few brief intervals of recreation will mournfully remember his kind genial manner, his generous love of pleasure, his frank hearted hearing and gentle courtesy in act and word, long after the victory with which his name is connected shall have become a tradition in the land.
BRIG.-GEN. WINTHROP.; His Funeral Service--Grand Military Demonstration--Sketch of his Life. THE PALL-BEARERS AT THE CHURCH IN THE CHURCHYARD, GEN. FREDERICK WINTHROP Published: April 13, 1865
Brevet Brig.-Gen. FREDERICK WINTHROP, a gallant officer of the Army of the Potomac, was killed at the battle of Five Forks, near Petersburgh, Va., on the 1st instant, and buried with fitting ceremony in Trinity Church-yard, yesterday afternoon. In pursuance of orders from headquarters the Seventy-first. Twelfth and Twenty-second regiments were detailed as escort for the remains of the deceased and formed near Union-square at 3 o'clock. At the residence of Gen. WINTHROP's parents, in Fourteenth-street, a large assemblage of near friends met early in the afternoon and participated in the solemn services which were led by Rev. Dr. SEABURY, the Pastor of the church whereat the deceased was wont to attend. At the conclusion of these ceremonies the more public testimonies of esteem and respect were manifested, the coffin being placed in the hearse, and the grand procession formed in line. A more imposing cortege has rarely been seen on Broadway, and the silent crowds which uncovered as it mournfully moved along, regarded with an affectionate interest the enflagged coffin, which contained all that was left of him who but a few days since was the light of a loving home, and the pride of a fighting host.
Pallbearers were men of whom the country has reason to be proud, men who have fought under the true flag and received stout blows in its behalf. Their names are:
Brig.-Gen. Warren, Brig.-Gen. Morris,
Brig.-Gen. Sweeny, Brig.-Gen. Van Vliet,
Lieut.-Col. Clitz, Lieut.-Col. O'Beirne,
Lieut.-Col. King, Capt. Ellis.
Accompanying these veteran soldiers of the Republic were a large number of officers of the army and navy, and very many of our most respected citizens. The street was cleared of vehicles of every description, and the procession marched to the grand music of the regimental band down toward old Trinity.
The crowd was immense. Capt. HELM, with Sergt. GARLAND and fifteen men, had their hands full to keep the outer way clear; while the church itself was thronged to excess, with the exception of the pews in the middle aisle, which were reserved for the friends of the family. Officer WICKES, of the Twenty-seventh Precinct, was stationed in the church to keep the aisle free from intruding visitors, while Mr. PLACE, at the vestry door, was fairly overwhelmed by ladies, who insisted upon getting in.
At a little after 5 o'clock the hearse reached the church of the Rev. Dr. CUTLER, and his admirable choir had taken their stations. Rev. Dr. MORGAN DIX, Rev. Dr. VINTON, Rev. Dr. OGILBY, and Rev. Dr. SEABURY walked to the vestibule to receive the remains; while the solemn tones of the organ thrilled the house, and the entire congregation arose. Intoning the initiatory portion of the service, Rev. Dr. DIX preceded the coffin and the procession up the broad aisle. The body was inclosed in a handsome rosewood coffin, lined with lead, and wrapped in the American flag, upon which were laid wreaths of flowers of purest white.
After the lesson, which was sung antiphonally by the choir, Rev. Dr. VINTON read the service, which was followed by CUTLER's service in G minor. The scene was an impressive one. The full attendance of the clergy, the choristers in their robes of white, the silent coffin upon the tressels, the presence of a brilliant staff of officers, the bereaved mourners, and the vast sympathizing audience, formed a picture of dramatic intensity not often seen.
the DEPEYSTER's family vault was opened, and drawn up on one side were Companies Band F of the Seventy-first Regiment, under charge of Capt. UNDERHILL, detailed as the firing party. At the close of the solemn services in the church the coffin, accompanied by the pall-bearers and preceded by the clergymen and the choir, was taken to the vault. Here too a scene pregnant with beauty and sadness was displayed. From a score of flagstaffs drooped at half-mast the national colors, in the street stood the escorting regiments, on the sidewalks thronged the multitude, all eyes intent upon the official group at the grave, and the narrow box in which lay the mortal part of young WINTHROP. After the service appropriate to the occasion had been read by Rev. Dr. VINTON, with responses by the choir, the coffin was lowered, and the order given to the troops to load at will. Three vollies were fired in honor of the dead, and to a quickstep his old companions marched away into the street again crowded with bustling men and noisy carts.
Frederick Winthrop, Civil War. Captain Frederick Winthrop, Twelfth infantry, Brevet Brigandier General of Volunteers, killed in battle at Five Forks Virginia, April 1, 1865.
Frederick Winthrop, of New York, was promoted Captain on October 26, 1861, was promoted to Major by Brevet June 27, 1862, for distinguished services in the battle before Richmond.
Fifth New York Vet. Infantry.
WINTHROP, FREDERICK, Age,26 years. Captain, Twelfth United States Infantry; promoted colonel of this regiment and mustered in, August 6, 1864; wounded, August 18, 1861; killed in action, April 1, 1865, at Five Forks, V a. ; commissioned colonel, August 2, 1864, with rank from July 16, 1864, vice H . W. Ryder, declined.
No. 106. Report of Bvt. Brigadier General Frederick Winthrop, Fifth New York Veteran Infantry, commanding First Brigade, of operations February 5-7. 1865.
HDQRS. FIRST BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION, FIFTH CORPS, February 14, 1865.
MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the command during the recent movement on Hatcher's Run:
At 8 a.m., on the 5th instant, broke camp near Gurley's house and marched down the Halifax road to Rowanty Creek; crossed the creek and so on to the intersection of the military pike road with the Vaughan road. Here the command lay in line of battle until midnight, when it moved back on the Vaughan road and occupied a line of breast-works to the left of the road, about a mile west of the run. At 1 p.m. moved out to the support of Gregg's cavalry, who were skirmishing heavily with the enemy some distance farther down the road. Relieved the cavalry pickets with the One hundred and forty-sixth New York Volunteers, and deployed the Fifth New York Veteran Volunteers and One hundred and fortieth New York Volunteers on the right-hand side and the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery on the left-hand side of the road in a large open field. These dispositions had hardly been made before our cavalry advanced to the attack with two brigades, and a third in support. They soon became actively engaged with the enemy's infantry, and, getting rather roughly handled, retired in considerable confusion, the enemy closely following. I immediately ordered up my three regiments at a double quick, and, delivering some very fair volleys, succeeded in checking their advancing column and driving it back to its shelter in the woods. Once or twice again the enemy attempted to advance over the open, but each time were handsomely repulsed by my troops, who fought with great spirit. Finally, about 5 p.m., being relieved by the First Brigade, First Division, and having replenished our cartridge boxes, we were ordered out on picket, covering the road leading to Dabney's Mill, where we remained until the afternoon of the 7th.
I regret to mention the loss of Captain Charles S. Montgomery, commanding Fifth New York Veteran Volunteers, who was shot through the brain during the engagement. He handled his regiment in a most creditable manner, and is a severe loss to the command. It is but simple justice to say that I have rarely seen troops fight with more animation or maintain their ground so stubbornly against such superior numbers as confronted them in the earlier part of the engagement. With such troops I shall always feel confident of success. From my staff-Lieutenant Campbell, acting assistant adjutant-general, and Lieutenant Leatz, aide-de-camp, and Lieutenant Raymond, pioneer officer-I received the most efficient assistance, and each and all of these gentlemen were conspicuous along the line, encouraging the men by their gallant bearing.
I have the honor to remain, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant, FRED. WINTHROP, Brevet Brigadier-General, Commanding.
General Griffin's report says:
In nearly every one of the numerous battles we have had with the enemy, my command had to lament the loss of some of its bravest and best, and the battle of Five Forks was not an exception to our former experience. Bvt. Brigadier General Frederick Winthrop, colonel of the Fifth New York Volunteers, commanding First Brigade, Second Division, was mortally wounded at the head of his command while making a successful assault. His conduct had always been distinguished for gallantry of action and coolness of thought, and no one carried with him more of the confidence and inspiration that sustains a command in trying scenes. His countrymen have lost no one of their soldiers who more deserves a lasting place in their memory.
Frederick Winthrop. Birth: Aug. 3, 1839. Death: Apr. 1, 1865. Burial: Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York.
Frederick Winthrop. August 3, 1839 - April 1, 1865, from The New York Times, April 13, 1865. http://localhistory.morrisville.edu/sites/unitinfo/winthrop.html