Brevet Maj. General Horatio P. Van Cleve (USA)

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Horatio Phillips Van Cleve

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States
Death: Died in Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States
Place of Burial: Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Dr. John Van Cleve, MD and Louisa Anna Van Cleve
Husband of Charlotte Ouisconsin Van Cleve
Father of Elizabeth Archer Hall; Seymour Van Cleve; Edward Mortimer Van Cleve; Samuel H. Van Cleve; Carl Earnest Van Cleve and 1 other

Occupation: Army Officer, farmer, engineer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brevet Maj. General Horatio P. Van Cleve (USA)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horatio_Phillips_Van_Cleve

Horatio Phillips Van Cleve (November 23, 1809 – August 24, 1891) was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life

Van Cleve was born in Princeton, New Jersey. He studied for two years at Princeton University, and then entered the United States Military Academy. He graduated in 1831 and served at frontier posts in the Michigan Territory. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant of infantry on December 31, 1831. He resigned from the Army on September 11, 1836, and settled in Michigan. He taught in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1840–41, and then engaged in farming near Ann Arbor, Michigan. Van Cleve was an engineer in the service of the state of Michigan in 1855, and then United States Surveyor of Public Lands in Minnesota. In 1856, he engaged in stock-raising.

Civil War

After the start of the Civil War, he was commissioned as colonel of the 2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment on July 22, 1861. He met wife Charlotte Ouisconsin Clark Van Cleve, at Fort Winnebago, while both her father and Horatio were stationed there. She would write the book Three Score Years and Ten, Life-Long Memories of Fort Snelling, Minnesota, and Other Parts of the West, about the early days of Fort Snelling and her travels through the pioneer midwest. She was the first white woman born in the Wisconsin Territory, in the settlement of Prairie du Chien.

Van Cleve served under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas at Mill Springs, and was later promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on March 21, 1862, in recognition for his services at that battle. He commanded a brigade at the Siege of Corinth and a division at Perryville. He was disabled by a wound at Stones River, but returned to his division upon recovery. He fought at Chickamauga, and was in command of the post and forces at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, after the battle. He was in command of the defenses of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad until he was mustered out in 1865. In the omnibus promotions in 1866 following the war, he was brevetted major general, dating from March 13, 1865.

Postbellum life

He was adjutant general of Minnesota in 1866–70 and 1876–82.

Van Cleve's house in Minneapolis

Van Cleve died in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and is buried there in Lakewood Cemetery. His home in that city was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. He had his favorite horse buried in the front yard of that house before he died.


  • http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7442 United States Military Academy, West Point Class of 1831. Appointed to the Infantry and promoted to Second Lieutenant. Resigned commission in 1836, and was a farmer then a civil engineer. In the 1850's, he moved his family to Minnesota which was gaining popularity with settlers. In 1861 the Governor of Minnesota appointed him commander of the 2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment with the rank of Colonel. Later, he was promoted to command the division. As a Division Commander, with the rank of Brigadier General, he was assigned to Major General Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland, and fought at Chickamauga in September 1863, where his unit was routed on the first day of the heavy fighting. Regrouping that night, they reentered the fight and made a good account of themselves. He was brevetted to the rank of Major General, U.S. Volunteers in 1865, for his services to the Union, and was appointed State Adjutant General, serving two terms.
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Brevet Maj. General Horatio P. Van Cleve (USA)'s Timeline

1809
November 23, 1809
Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States
1846
November 25, 1846
Age 37
Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States
1849
January 13, 1849
Age 39
Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States
1851
1851
Age 41
Michigan, United States
1853
1853
Age 43
Michigan, United States
1856
January 1, 1856
Age 46
1861
June 25, 1861
Age 51
Long Prairie, Todd County, Minnesota, United States
1891
August 24, 1891
Age 81
Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States
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Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States