About Brevet Maj. General William Hopkins Morris (USA)
William H. Morris was born in New York City on April 22, 1826. He was graduated at the U.S. Military Academy, served three years in the army, but then resigned his commission and served as assistant editor of the New York Home Journal. On Aug. 20, 1861, he joined the volunteer army as Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. He served in the defenses of Washington and with the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular campaign, taking part in the battles of Yorktown, Williamsburg and Fair Oaks. He resigned his staff position on September 1, 1862, and the next day became Colonel of the 6th New York Heavy Artillery.
He was promoted Brigadier-General of volunteers November 29, 1862 and took part in the defense of Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry in that year. At Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863, he commanded the 6th Artillery held in reserve. He took part in the action at Wapping Heights, and the Rapidan campaign, where he commanded the 1st brigade, 3rd division, 6th Army Corps. He also took part in the action at Locust Grove on November 29, 1863. He participated in the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, where he commanded the 6th Army Corps part of the time and was severely wounded. He was on sick-leave in May and June of 1864, and then served on Courts-Marital. On August 24, 1865 he was mustered out of the service. He was brevetted Major-General of volunteers on March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of the Wilderness.
After the war, General Morris retired to his estate, the family home at Underfliff in Cold Spring, Putnam County, NY. He was a member of the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1869 and was the author of works on military tactics as well as the inventor of a conical repeating carbine.
General William H. Morris died at Long Branch, NJ on August 26, 1900.