Brig.-Gen. Montgomery Meigs Macomb

Is your surname Macomb?

Research the Macomb family

Brig.-Gen. Montgomery Meigs Macomb's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Brig.-Gen. Montgomery Meigs Macomb

Birthplace: Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, USA
Death: January 19, 1924 (71)
District Of Columbia, USA
Place of Burial: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Col. John Navarre Macomb, Jr and Ann Minerva Macomb
Husband of Caroline Walter Macomb
Brother of Colonel A. C. Macomb
Half brother of John Navarre Macomb, III

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brig.-Gen. Montgomery Meigs Macomb

Montgomery Meigs Macomb (October 12, 1852 – January 19, 1924) was a United States Army Brigadier General. He was a veteran of the Spanish–American War and World War I, and was notable for serving as commander of the Hawaiian Department, the Army War College, and Fort Sill.

Early life

Montgomery M. Macomb was born in Detroit, Michigan on October 12, 1852. The son of Colonel John Navarre Macomb and Ann Minerva Rodgers Macomb, the daughter of John Rodgers. Montgomery Macomb was connected by ancestry and marriage to several prominent families, including those of Philip Livingston, Alexander Macomb, and Montgomery C. Meigs.

Macomb attended Hughes Center High School in Cincinnati, and attended Yale University from 1869 to 1870. He then transferred to the United States Military Academy (West Point), from which he graduated in 1874. Ranked fourth in his class, his high standing facilitated his assignment into a coveted post with the Field Artillery. (At the time, top graduates were usually selected for the Engineers or Field Artillery.)

Start of career

His initial assignments were a posting to the Presidio (1874), Fort Wrangel, Alaska (1874–1875), and duty as aide-de-camp to Montgomery C. Meigs in Europe (1875–1876).

Macomb took part in the Wheeler Survey of the western United States from 1876 to 1883, after which he carried out assignments at the Artillery School and with the 4th Field Artillery Regiment. From 1887 to 1891 he was an instructor at West Point, teaching both mathematics and drawing.

From 1891 to 1896 Macomb was assigned to special duty with the Intercontinental Railway Commission, using skills developed during the Wheeler Survey to carry out exploration, surveying and mapmaking of potential railroad routes in Central and South America. He served with the 4th Field Artillery at Fort Riley from 1896 to 1898.

Spanish–American War

During the Spanish–American War Macomb commanded Light Battery M, 7th Field Artillery Regiment in Puerto Rico (1898–1900) and the Philippines (1900–1902). Later in 1902 he was a member of the board which surveyed and reported on the defense of harbors in the Philippines.

Post-Spanish–American War

Upon returning to the United States in 1902 Macomb was appointed to the Army Ordnance Board and the Board of Ordnance and Fortification.

In 1904 and 1905 he was a US military attaché in Manchuria during the Russo-Japanese War, and observed the battles of Liaoyang, Shaho, and Mukden. Macomb used his observations in Manchuria to author several professional journal articles on the use of machine guns.

He commanded an artillery sub-post at Ft. Riley from 1906 to 1908 and organized the 6th Field Artillery Regiment, of which he was the first commander. From 1908 to 1910 he served on the Army staff at the War Department and as President of the Field Artillery Examining Board. He was promoted to Brigadier General in November, 1910.

In 1910 Macomb was one of the founders of the United States Field Artillery Association, and served as its first president.

Macomb commanded the District of Hawaii from 1911 to 1913, and the Department of Hawaii from 1913 to 1914. He commanded the 1st Hawaiian Brigade from 1913 to 1914. During his assignments in Hawaii Macomb also served on the board of officers that surveyed Oahu and planned its defenses (the Macomb Board).

From 1914 to 1916 Macomb was President of the Army War College. He served on the Army staff from June to October, 1916, when he reached the mandatory retirement age of 64.

World War I

Macomb requested to return to active duty for World War I. In October, 1917 he was appointed to command Fort Sill, where he oversaw the mobilization and training of soldiers preparing to serve in combat in France. He retired again in June, 1918.

Retirement, death and burial

In retirement Macomb resided in Washington, D.C. He died there on January 19, 1924 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 1, Grave 157.


Macomb was married to Caroline Luce Walter Macomb (1857–1933), the daughter of Stephen Bleecker Luce, a Rear Admiral in the United States Navy and the first President of the Naval War College.


Macomb Ridge at Yosemite National Park is named for him. Macomb had mapped the Yosemite area as part of the Wheeler Survey.


Born at Detroit, Michigan, October 12, 1852, he graduated from Hughes High School, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1869, Yale, 1 year. He was the son of John Navarre Macomb and Ann Minerva Rodgers Macomb (of the Rodgers Naval family). Appointed September 1870 from Illinois and graduated number 4 in his 1874 class at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated from the Artillery School, 1886. He married Mrs. Caroline Luce Walter, October 7, 1908. in Newport, Rhode Island. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, 4th United States Artillery, June 17, 1874, First Lieutenant, September 6, 1879, Captain, 7th United States Artillery, March 8, 1898, Major, Artillery Corps, November 4, 1901, Lieutenant Colonel, March 26, 1906, Colonel, April 5, 1907. Assigned to the 6th Field Artillery, June 6, 1907, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, November 15, 1910.

Served on frontier duty, at Fort Wrangel, Alaska, January-June 1875, on duty in Europe, aide-de-camp to Montgomery C. Meigs, 1875-76. With the US Geologic Expeditions west of 100th meridian (Wheeler Survey), 1876-83. At the Artillery School and duty with his regiment, 1884-87. Instructor in mathematics and Assistant Professor of drawing, West Point, 1887-91. Special duty with intercontinental Railway Commission in charge of surveys and explorations in Central America and making report on same, 1891-96. Duty with his regiment, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1896-98. Commanding, Light Battery M, 7th Artillery, in Puerto Rico, Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines, 1900-02.

Member of a board reporting on defense of principal harbors, Philippines, 1902. Recalled to the US, August 1902, and detailed as member of Ordnance Board and Board of Ordnance-Fortification, War Department General Staff, August 15, 1903-March 26, 1906, May 23, 1908-November 14, 1910. Military attache with Russian army in Manchuria during Russo-Japanese War, 1904-05, battles of Liaoyang, Sha River, Kukden. Commanding an artillery subpost, Fort Riley, Kansas, October 1, 1906-June 15, 1908, also President, Field Arty Examining Board, and a board to determine best type of field guns and field works.

He organized the 6th Regiment of Field Artillery (Horse), June 1907, and commanded same to June 15, 1908. Commanding District of Hawaii, October 1, 1911-February 14, 1913. Commanding Department of Hawaii, February 15-April 3, 1913, also January 23-Mar 12, 1914. Commanding 1st Hawaiian Brigade, February 15, 1913-February 25, 1914. Member, Board of Officers on defense of Oahu, 1912-14. President, Army War College, April 23, 1914-October 12, 1916, and member, General Staff, June 3-October 12, 1916. Retired by operation of law, October 12, 1916.

Again on active duty, October 30, 1917-March 22, 1918, commanding post, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, November 1, 1917-March 19, 1918.

He was an Episcopalian and made his home in Washington, D.C.

He died in Washington, D.C. on January 19, 1924, and buried in Section 1, Grave 157, of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Caroline Luce Walter Macomb (1857-1933), is buried with him. Her her father was Rear Admiral Stephen Bleecker Luce, first President of the Naval War College.

PHILADELPHIA, February 11, 1933 - Mrs. Caroline Luce Macomb, widow of Brigadier General Montgomery Meigs Macomb, died yesteeday at the home of her sister, Mrs. Boutelle Noyes, in Chestnut Hill. Funeral services will be held at St. John's Church in Washington on Tuesday, with burial in Arlington National Cemetery.

Mrs. Macomb was a native of Washington. She was married in 1908 to General Macomb, who had been President of the Army War College and commanded FortSill, Oklahoma, during the World War. He died in 1924. Mrs. Macomb is survived by her sister and two newphews, Dr. Stephen B. Luce of Boston and Robert B. Luce of Puerto Rico.

He graduated 4rh in his class from the USMA in 1874. Early in his career, Montgonery served on the frontier and on US Geologic Expeditions in the West. He graduated from Artillery School in 1886 and continued his long and distinguished military service in many overseas campaigns as well as in the USA. On Oct 7, 1908,he married Caroline Luce Walter in Newport, Rhode Island. He was commissioned, Brig. Gen. US Army Nov. 15, 1910

At the time of his retirement, Oct 12, 1916, he was President of the Army War College.  He was placed on active duty again from October 30, 1917-March 22, 1918, as Post Commander of Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

His wife is here with him as are 3 sisters and a brother.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Jun 19 2019, 8:03:41 UTC

view all

Brig.-Gen. Montgomery Meigs Macomb's Timeline

October 12, 1852
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, USA
January 19, 1924
Age 71
District Of Columbia, USA
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA