Brig. General Creswell Garlington

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Creswell Garlington

Birthplace: Rock Island, Rock Island, Illinois, United States
Death: Died in Savannah, Chatham, Georgia, United States
Place of Burial: Arlington, Arlington, VA, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Brig. General Ernest Albert Garlington and Anna Bowers Buford
Husband of Elise Alexandrine Alexandrine Garlington
Father of Creswell Garlington, Jr. and Henry Garlington
Brother of Buford Garlington and Sally Garlington

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About Brig. General Creswell Garlington

Distinguished Service Cross citation for action in World War I


Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army

General Staff, 77th Division, A.E.F.

Date of Action: September 14, 1918

General Orders No. 21, W.D., 1919

Citation: .

The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Creswell Garlington, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Merval, France, September 14, 1918. .

In preparation for an attack by units of his division, Lieutenant Colonel Garlington helped establish an advanced observation post. Learning a wounded officer was in front, Lieutenant Colonel Garlington made his way twice through intense fire from artillery and small arms to where the wounded officer lay and assisted in carrying him to safety.

Garlington graduated from West Point second in his class in 1910 and was commissioned 2nd Lt., Corps of Engineers.

After graduating from the Army Engineer School in 1912, he was assigned to duty with the Fortification Division of the Panama Canal, of which he became Chief in 1916.

He was an instructor at West Point from July 1916 to May 1917. He was detailed to the General Staff Corps and, after a brief period in Washington, became chief of staff of the eastern department at Governor's Island, N. Y.

He went overseas with the 77th Division in January, 1918, and served on its staff during action in the Baccarat and Vesle sectors and in the Oise-Aisne offensive.

He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in action near Merval, September 14, 1918, and also the Purple Heart, not for wounds, and the Belgian Order of the Crown.

He served for a while in Washington at the Office of the Chief of Engineers; also with the G-5 section of the General staff at Chaumont. He studied and taught at the Army General Staff College at Langres.

After the first World War, Garlington graduated in 1923 from the Ecole Superieure de Guerre in Paris; two years later from the Command and General Staff School, where he was designated a "distinguished graduate"; in 1928 from the Army War College.

He commanded the oth Engineer Battalion, 1925-1927, was assistant secretary of the War Department General Staff 1928-1932, and in 1936 was appointed Assistant Commandant, Engineer School, Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

He received various engineer assignments during the rearmament program and on October 18, 1941, was assigned to the Office of the Chief of Engineers. He served also as liaison officer between the War and Navy Departents.

In July, 1942, he was appointed Brigadier General. In January, 1943, he left Washington to take command of the Engineer Replacement Center at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Illness forced him to give up his command November 30, 1944.

He died at the age of 57, at Savannah, Georgia, while on leave awaiting retirement. For his work at Fort Leonard Wood, where by his broad professional knowledge and skillful planning, by his leadership and example he maintained high standards, he has been posthumously awarded the Legion of Merit.

In 1921, Creswell Garlington married Elise Alexandrine Fitch, who survives him, as does his daughter, Sally Garlington. One of his twin sons, Henry Fitch Garlington, '41, 2nd Lt., A.C., A.U.S., is a prisoner of war in Germany.

His other son, Creswell Garlington, Jr., '40, 2nd Lt., Inf., A.U.S., died December 3, 1944, of wounds received two days before in action in Germany.

Gen. Garlington is also survived by his mother, Mrs. Ernest A. Garlington, and by his sister, Mrs. Chamberlain.

Family links:

 Ernest Albert Garlington (1853 - 1934)
 Anna Buford Garlington (1864 - 1954)

 Elise Alexandrine Fitch Garlington (1886 - 1967)*

 Creswell Garlington (1922 - 1944)*
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Burial: Arlington National Cemetery Arlington Arlington County Virginia, USA Plot: Sec: SOUTH, Site: 3916-A

Created by: John C. Anderson Record added: Mar 05, 2010 Find A Grave Memorial# 49186838

Gen Creswell Garlington Added by: AlbFirefly


Gen Creswell Garlington Added by: A Horan


Gen Creswell Garlington Added by: A Horan


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Rest in peace.

- Michael

Added: Oct. 22, 2013 

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Brig. General Creswell Garlington's Timeline

Rock Island, Rock Island, Illinois, United States
Age 35
Age 58
Savannah, Chatham, Georgia, United States
Arlington, Arlington, VA, United States