Brig. General Duncan McArthur, Governor

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Duncan McArthur

Birthplace: Dutchess County, New York
Death: Died in Chillicothe, OH
Place of Burial: Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio
Immediate Family:

Son of John McArthur and Margaret McArthur
Husband of Nancy McArthur
Father of Efie Allen; Mary Trimble and Eliza A. Anderson
Brother of <private> Mc Arthur

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Brig. General Duncan McArthur, Governor

Duncan McArthur (June 14, 1772 – April 29, 1839) was a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 11th Governor of Ohio.

Born to Scottish immigrants in Dutchess County, New York, McArthur grew up in western Pennsylvania and later moved to Kentucky, where he was employed as an Indian ranger. In 1796, he became one of the earliest inhabitants of Ross County, Ohio and acted as a spy among Indian tribes. McArthur moved in 1797 to the new town of Chillicothe, Ohio, which was to become the state capital in 1803. McArthur grew wealthy investing in land in the surrounding area.

He was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Ohio's 3rd congressional district while serving in the militia during the War of 1812, but never qualified for office, preferring to continue serving in the military. He was appointed colonel of Ohio volunteers and was second-in-command to General William Hull at Fort Detroit. He and Colonel Lewis Cass were not present at Detroit when Hull surrendered and were greatly angered to hear that Hull had included both of them in the capitulation. When a British officer notified him of the surrender, McArthur is said to have torn off his epalettes and broke his sword in a fit of rage, although historians note similar stories were told about other officers as well. He was paroled and returned to Ohio.

He was appointed a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army and commanded a brigade under William H. Harrison during the battle of the Thames. Shortly thereafter he was placed in charge of the Army of the Northwest following Harrison's resignation. He did not face much action but was instead engaged in negotiating treaties with the Indians. In 1817, he was one of two commissioners (along with Lewis Cass) who negotiated the Treaty of Fort Meigs, which was signed September 29 of that year with several Native American tribes.

McArthur served intermittently thereafter in the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio State Senate, as well as a single term from 1823-1825 in the United States House of Representatives before winning election to the governorship in 1830. McArthur served a single term and did not seek re-election.

McArthur is buried in Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, USA. The small village of McArthur, Ohio, the seat of Vinton County, is named for him.

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Brig. General Duncan McArthur, Governor's Timeline

June 14, 1772
Dutchess County, New York
Age 31
Age 42
Age 45
April 29, 1839
Age 66
Chillicothe, OH
Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio