Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton

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Edwin Henry Stoughton

Birthdate: (30)
Death: December 25, 1868 (30)
Place of Burial: Rockingham, Windham, Vermont, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Evander Stoughton and Laura Elmina Stoughton
Brother of Brevet Brig. General Charles B. Stoughton and Susan Laura Stoughton

Managed by: Private User
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About Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton

Edwin Henry Stoughton (June 23, 1838 - December 25, 1868), was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and a lawyer.

Early life

Stoughton was born in Chester, Vermont, the son of Henry Evander and Laura (Clark) Stoughton.

He was appointed a cadet at the United States Military Academy on July 1, 1854, and graduated with the class of 1859. He served garrison duty as a brevet 2nd lieutenant in the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment from July to September 1859. He was promoted to 2nd lieutenant, and transferred to the U.S. 6th Infantry Regiment.

Civil War

He resigned his regular commission in March 1861, and in September was appointed colonel of the 4th Vermont Infantry, and led his command in the Peninsula Campaign. Stoughton was only 23 years old and said to be the youngest colonel in the army at the time of his appointment.

In November 1862, he was appointed Brigadier General, Volunteers, and assumed command of the 2nd Vermont Brigade on December 7, replacing Colonel Asa P. Blunt. Stoughton's brother, Charles B. Stoughton, assumed command of the 4th Vermont Infantry in his stead.

Mosby's Rangers (led by Confederate partisan John S. Mosby) led a daring raid into Union Territory and captured Stoughton at Fairfax Court House on March 9, 1863. Stoughton had hosted a party for his visiting mother and sister, who were staying at the home of Confederate spy Antonia Ford. After leaving the party, Stoughton retired to a nearby house that served as his headquarters. Mosby allegedly found Stoughton in bed, rousing him with a slap to his rear. Upon being so rudely awakened, the general shouted, "Do you know who I am?" Mosby quickly replied, "Do you know Mosby, general?" "Yes! Have you got the rascal?" "No but he has got you!" Apparently, Edwin H. Stoughton was not popular with the officers and men of the brigade, and few mourned his loss. President Lincoln, on hearing of the capture, said "he did not so much mind the loss of a brigadier general, for he could make another in five minutes; 'but those horses cost $125 apiece!'" Colonel Blunt assumed command of the brigade again, turning it over to the new commander, Brigadier General George J. Stannard, on April 20, who led the brigade until the Battle of Gettysburg.

After a two month stay in Richmond's Libby Prison, Stoughton was exchanged, but saw no further service, as the United States Senate had not confirmed his initial appointment.

Stoughton was an attorney after the war, and died young in New York City. He is buried in Immanuel Cemetery, Rockingham, Vermont.


Birth: Jun. 23, 1838 Chester Windsor County Vermont, USA Death: Dec. 25, 1868 Dorchester Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA

Civil War Union Brigadier General. Graduated from the USMA in 1859, placing 17th out or 22 (one of his classmates was future CSA General Joseph Wheeler). Served in garrison duty for two year before resigning his commission on the eve of the Civil War. On September 25, 1861 he entered the Volunteer service, being appointed Colonel and commander of the 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry. He led his unit in the Spring 1862 Peninsular Campaign, participating in the actions of the Army of the Potomac's VI Corps. In July 1862 he went on a leave of absence, and did not return until November. Upon his return he was promoted to Brigadier General, US Volunteers, becoming at age 24 the youngest General in the Union Army. From November 1863 to March 1863 he commanded a brigade of Vermont regiments within the defenses of Washington, DC, and in the area of Fairfax Court House, Virginia. On March 8, 1863 he was captured in the dead of night by Confederate partisan Colonel John S. Mosby. Mosby's men stole through the heavily manned Union camp in the dead of night and took General Stoughton in his bed (the Rebels also captured 32 others Union soldiers). He was held in Richmond's Libby Prison from March until May, when he was exchanged. His Volunteer General commission expired while he was being held by the Confederate, and he received no further command after his release; his military career ended by his lack of vigilance. He spent some time in New York City as a lawyer before dying on Christmas Day in 1868 at the young age of 30. His brother was Union Brevet Brigadier General Charles B. Stoughton, who commanded the 4th Vermont after his brother's promotion. (bio by: Russ Dodge)

Burial: Immanuel Cemetery Bellows Falls Windham County Vermont, USA

Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: Jun 07, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 22652

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Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton's Timeline

June 23, 1838
December 25, 1868
Age 30
Rockingham, Windham, Vermont, United States