Brig. General James Irvine (Colonial Militia), 6th Vice-President of Pennsylvania

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Brig. General James Irvine (Colonial Militia), 6th Vice-President of Pennsylvania's Geni Profile

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James Irvine

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
Death: April 28, 1819 (83)
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
Place of Burial: Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of George Irvine and Mary Irvine
Husband of Elizabeth Irvine

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Immediate Family

About Brig. General James Irvine (Colonial Militia), 6th Vice-President of Pennsylvania

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Irvine_(Pennsylvania) Wikipedia]

James Irvine (August 4, 1735 – April 28, 1819) was a Pennsylvania soldier and politician of the Colonial, Revolutionary, and Post-Revolutionary periods. He was an officer of the Continental Army, a member of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, and Vice-President of Pennsylvania (a position comparable to Lieutenant Governor).


Early life


James Irvine was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of George Irvine and Mary Rush. George Irvine had immigrated to the Colonies from Ireland.


Military career


As a young man Irvine worked as a hatter, but in 1760 he enrolled in Samuel Atlee's provincial Pennsylvania unit and served in the French and Indian War. He spent most of his time along Pennsylvania's northern frontier. In 1763 he was promoted to captain. The following year, during Pontiac's Rebellion, he served with Henry Bouquet's expedition into the Ohio Country.


In the fall of 1775 Irvine was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the 1st Pennsylvania Battalion of the Continental Army. He served in Virginia and Canada, and was promoted to colonel in Pennsylvania's 9th Regiment in late 1776; he was then given command of the 2nd Regiment. Irvine resigned, believing that he should have been promoted to general. However, a few months later he was commissioned a brigadier general in the Pennsylvania militia.


After returning to the battlefield Irvine was captured by the British in a skirmish at Chestnut Hill, near Philadelphia, on December 5, 1777. He suffered neck injuries and lost three of the fingers on his left hand in the fight. He was held prisoner by the British for nearly four years, first in New York and then in Flushing. He was released June 1, 1781. He was active in planning the defense of Philadelphia against suspected British attack.


After the war, he held the rank of major general in the Pennsylvania militia from 1782 to 1793.


Political career


Irvine served on the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from 1782 to 1785, representing the City of Philadelphia. His party affiliation was Constitutionalist. On November 6, 1784 he defeated John Neville in the election for the Vice-Presidency of Pennsylvania, a position analogous to the modern office of Lieutenant Governor. He resigned the office on October 10, 1785 and was succeeded by Charles Biddle. No reason for his resignation appears in the Minutes of the Executive Council. Irvine served in the Pennsylvania General Assembly during the 1785–1786 term. In 1786 the Constitutionalist party lost much of its support and Irvine’s political career suffered. He did, however, serve in the State Senate from 1795 to 1799.


As Vice-President Irvine served as an ex officio member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, and continued as an elected Trustee after leaving office, serving until 1791. He was also an original Trustee of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and was considered to be a firm supporter of education.


Death


James Irvine died in Philadelphia on April 28, 1819, following a long illness.


Revolutionary War Militia Major General. Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he was the son of immigrants from Ireland.

Trained as a hatter in his youth, he joined the British/American Army in 1760 after the French and Indian war had been raging for a few years. He was assigned to the Battalion commanded by Captain Samuel John Atlee. Serving in the norther frontiers of Pennsylvania, he was promoted to Captain in 1763, and participated in Colonel Henry Bouquet's 1763 punitive expedition into the Ohio Valley to quell the uprising by Ottawa Indian chief Pontiac.

An ardent supporter of colonial independence, he was one of the first to openly advocate severing ties with the British. After the conflict began, he was commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Pennsylvania Battalion on November 25, 1775. After participating in the failed Invasion of Canada in 1776, he was commissioned as commissioned as Colonel of the 9th Pennsylvania Infantry regiment in October 1776, but held that command only briefly before being transferred to lead the 2nd Pennsylvania Infantry regiment. He held that command through the winter of 1777 and it's encampment near Morristown, New Jersey, and though until June 1, 1777.

Feeling slighted by being passed over for promotion he felt he earned, he resigned in Continental Army commission that day, and returned to Philadelphia. On August 26, 1777 he was appointed as a Brigadier General of Pennsylvania Militia, and was assigned to command the state's 2nd Militia Brigade. He led his men in the October 1777 Battle of Germantown, where it held the extreme right of the army.

On December 5, 1777, during a skirmish near Chestnut Hill outside of Philadelphia, he was wounded and captured by British forces. He would spend the next four years in British captivity, not being exchanged until June 1, 1781. Despite his long imprisonment, he returned to active duty immediately, and was one of the planners of the defenses of Philadelphia in the fall of 1781 when it was perceived that the British would make another attempt to occupy the city. He was placed in command of Fort Pitt (in what is today Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) in October 1781, and was commissioned as a Major General of Pennsylvania Militia, a rank he held from 1782 to 1793.

After the war he served in the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and was the body's Vice President from 1784 to 1785. He later served in the Pennsylvania State Senate, and as a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania before he died in Philadelphia in 1818. (bio by: [fg.cgi?page=mr&MRid=309" target="_blank Russ)]

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Brig. General James Irvine (Colonial Militia), 6th Vice-President of Pennsylvania's Timeline

1735
August 4, 1735
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
1819
April 28, 1819
Age 83
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
April 28, 1819
Age 83
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States